Legal Definitions Assistive Technology DevicesThe Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a federallaw enacted in 1990 and reauthorized in 1997 and 2004. InSection 300.5, it states, “Assistive technology device means anyitem, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquiredcommercially off the shelf, modified, or customized that is usedto increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities ofchildren with disabilities.” (Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(1))
Legal Definitions Assistive Technology ServicesIn IDEA Section 300.6, it states , “Assistive technology service means any servicethat directly assists a child with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of anassistive technology device.” (Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(2))This term includes:• The evaluation of the needs of a child with a disability• Purchasing, leasing, or otherwise providing for the acquisition of assistive technology devices• Selecting, Designing, Fitting, Customizing, Adapting assistive technology devices• Maintaining, Repairing, or replacing assistive technology devices• Coordinating and using other therapies, interventions, or services with assistive technology devices• Training or technical assistance for a child with a disability or, if appropriate, that childs family• Training or technical assistance for professionals
IDEA Facts• Almost 30 years of research and experience has demonstrated that the education of children with disabilities can be made more effective by supporting the development and use of technology, including assistive technology devices and assistive technology services, to maximize accessibility for children with disabilities. (Section 601 (H)).• To support the use of technology, including technology with universal design principles and assistive technology devices, to maximize accessibility to the general education curriculum for children with disabilities. (Section 611 (v)).• Encouraging and supporting the training of special education and regular education teachers and administrators to effectively use and integrate technology into curricula and instruction, including training to improve the ability to collect, manage, and analyze data to improve teaching, decisionmaking, school improvement efforts, and accountability. (Section 654 (2)).
IEPS and AT• The IEP team must consider whether the child needs assistive technology devices and services. (Section 614 (B)).• Students receive assistive technology through their IEP.• If assistive technology is suggested through the IEP, the school must provide a student with it according to the law.• Multiple perspectives from a number of disciplines will ensure that the needs of the student will be addressed and services are provided across all school environments.• Members of the team may include the following: Student, Parent(s), Assistive Technology Specialist, Intervention Specialist, Regular Education Teacher, Special Education Coordinator, Occupational Therapist, Speech and Language Pathologist, Physical Therapist, School Psychologist and Classroom Assistant(s).
Assistive Technology ContinuumA continuum of tools and strategies that match a student’s needs and abilities. They are used to improve or increase functional capabilities of our students. Assistive technology devices and services help individuals with disabilities: See, hear, communicate, read, write use a computer, study and remember. Mid Tech Tools High Tech Tools • Books on tape • Computer • Word processor • Smartphones • Adapted keyboard • Smartpens • Adapted mouse • Switch, joystick access • E-books • Augmentative • Talking spell checker, communication devices dictionary • Scanning access • Adaptive eating • Environmental control utensils devices • Adaptive scissors • Voice recognition • iPads • iPods
AT and InclusionWhy Assistive Technology? What does Assistive Technology• Increases independence Provide Access to in the Curriculum?• Increases productivity • Motor aspect of writing• Promotes self esteem • Communication• Enhances performance • Composing written work• Improves quality of life • Reading• Helps students with disabilities • Math learn material at a level they • Activities of daily living understand • Positioning• Eliminates barriers students may • Learning and studying face that prevent them from being • Organization at the same level as their peers • Needs of students with deficits in hearing or vision • Physical access to classroom tools and computers
Types of AT in the ClassroomAT Category- ReadingExamples-• Read the Words www.readthewords.com Converts anything to speech.• Book share www.bookshare.org Accessible books and periodicals for readers.• Read Outloud: Don Johnston http://www.donjohnston.com/products/read_ outloud/ Provides access to electronic books.
Explore AssistiveTechnology Accessto Reading in theLab for 20 Minutes
Types of AT in the ClassroomType of AT Category- WritingExamples-• https://bubbl.us/ Brainstorming online• Kidspiration http://www.inspiration.com/Kidspiration Strengthen Writing skills• Custom Typing www.customtyping.com Learn to type online
Explore AssistiveTechnology Access toWriting in the Lab for 20Minutes
Types of AT in the ClassroomType of AT Category- Reading and WritingExamples-• Word Talk http://www.wordtalk.org.uk/Home/ A free text-to-speech plugin• Exploratree http://www.exploratree.org.uk/ Online library of thinking guides• Read and Write Gold www.mayer-johnson.com Provides reading and writing support for students• Classroom Suite www.store.cambiullearning.com Software intervention tool to help students achieve mastery mastery in reading and writing.• Dragon Naturally Speaking www.nuance.com Control your PC by talking into it
Reading and Writing Devices• Neo (www.alphasmart.com)• Livescribe Smart Pen (www.livescribe.com)• iPad (www.apple.com)• iPod www.apple.com)Explore Assistive Technology Accessand Devices to Reading and Writing inthe Lab for 30 minutes
Assistive Technology Solutions OnlineOnline Resources- Literacy• Tar Heel Reader (www.tarheelreader.org)• Tumble books (www.tumblebooks.com)• Story Place (www.storyplace.org)• Star Fall (www.starfall.com)• Magic Keys (www.magickeys.com)• Woodlands Junior School(www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk)
Online Resources: Games and Activities• Priory Woods (http://www.priorywoods.middlesbrough.sch.u k/)• Do 2 Learn (www.do2learn.com)• Help Kidz learn (http://www.helpkidzlearn.com/)• Hooda Math (www.hoodamath.com)• Learning games for kids (www.learninggamesforkids.com)
Explore Online AssistiveTechnology Solutionsand Resources in the Labfor 20 Minutes
AT Evolves Over Time• As a student’s work gets more difficult, their technology needs may change and new strategies and tools may be required.• New technology becomes available that may be better suited to meet the student’s diverse learning needs.• The IEP team or another professional may decide that another piece of assistive technology will be better for a student to meet their needs in the school environment.
Tips For Teachers• Use Assistive Technology!• Learn how to use the Assistive Technology in your classroom and why a student or students are using it in your class.• Incorporate Assistive Technology throughout the school day.• Sit in on IEP meeting when it is possible to attend.• Work with the special education team to provide the greatest benefit to the student using the assistive technology.• Ask for HELP when you need it!
ReferencesU. S. Department of Education. Retrieved from http://idea.ed.gov/Family Center on Technology and Disability. Retrieved from www.fctd.infoEducation World. Retrieved from www.educationworld.comSouth Carolina Assistive Technology Program. Retrieved from http://www.sc.edu/scatp/ld.htm