IMPRESSIONIST ERA IN FRANCE• Impressionism in France began in the middle of the 19 th century and gained its most significant influence near the last quarter of the century (Moffat 1).• Was driven by multiple factors including: anti-establishment movements, and influences from Asiatic as well as other foreign cultures.• Artists’ of the time period crafted images of modern life, countering earlier forms of art based in history and mythology (Moffat 1).
IMPRESSIONIST TREND• Impressionism evolved from the realist movement.• Artists’ wished to break away from traditional forms of art not only in the understanding of the images but also techniques used.• One of the revolutionary techniques used in Impressionist art was the application of the paint. Very small brush strokes were used, focusing on every minor detail, especially accurate depictions of light.
THE ARTISTS OF IMPRESSIONISMEugene Boudin• 1824-1898
THE ARTISTS OF IMPRESSIONISMMary Cassatt• 1844-1926
THE ARTISTS OF IMPRESSIONISMGustave Caillebotte• 1848-1894
THE ARTISTS OF IMPRESSIONISMPaul Cezanne1839-1906
THE ARTISTS OF IMPRESSIONISMEdgar Degas1834-1917
THE ARTISTS OF IMPRESSIONISMPaul Gauguin• 1848-1903
THE ARTISTS OF IMPRESSIONISMEdouard Manet• 1832-1883
THE ARTISTS OF IMPRESSIONISMClaude Monet• 1840-1926
THE ARTISTS OF IMPRESSIONISMBerthe Morisot• 1841-1895
THE ARTISTS OF IMPRESSIONISMCamille Pissarro• 1830-1903
THE ARTISTS OF IMPRESSIONISMAuguste Renoir• 1841-1919
THE ARTISTS OF IMPRESSIONISMGeorges Seurat• 1859-1891
THE ARTISTS OF IMPRESSIONISMAlfred Sisley• 1839-1899
IMPRESSIONIST FOCUS• Similar to the perceptions found in naturalist literature, impressionist painting focuses on natural landscape and human experience in nature (Poplawski 193).• Natural elements found in the painting include: pastoral scenes, rural society, villages, roads, bridges, fields, orchards, gardens, roofs, parks, and rivers (Poplawski 193).• The use of lighting in the paintings explores the “impression” of the moment.
INFLUENCE ON LITERATURE• Impressionist writing includes both realism and naturalism in opposition to symbolism (Kronegger 25).• The goal of the literature is to capture the human experience from a realistic perspective.• The literature from the time period deals with impressions found in nature or in a raw settings (Poplawski 194).• The visual imagery found in impressionist paintings can also be found in impressionist literature.• Similar to impressionist art, the literature is highly subjective, with many gaps to be filled in by the reader, creating multiple impressions.
BIBLIOGRAPHYMoffat, Charles. "French Impressionism." Art History Archive. (2007): n. page. Web. 3 Mar. 2013.http://www.arthistoryarchive.com/arthistory/impressionism/French-Impressionism.html.Poplawski, Paul. Encyclopedia of Literary Modernism. Wesport: Greendwood Publishing Group, 2003. Web.<http://books.google.com/books?id=1OpUU_ShWvsC&pg=PA195&dq=impressionistwriters&hl=en&sa=X&ei=wCw0Ub2hO-ediAK1yoCABw&ved=0CEsQ6AEwBQEsaak, Shelley. "The Artists of Impressionism." About.com. (2013): n. page. Web. 4 Mar. 2013.http://arthistory.about.com/od/impressionism/ig/impressionism/03_people.htm.Kronegger, Maria. Literary Impressionism . Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 1973. Web.http://books.google.com/books?id=PP5jQctICoIC&dq=impressionist writers&lr=&source= gbs_navlinks_s.YouTube Video. The Impressionists. Documentary series on A&EUploaded on Jan 14, 2011. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9RHGbWBgDvI