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Types of academic writing

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Types of academic writing

  1. 1. Types of Academic Writing Prof. Vivian B. Margutti Faculdade de Letras/UFMG
  2. 3. <ul><li>Essay : argumentative text, usually short (1,500 to 6,000 words). </li></ul><ul><li>Research paper : longer essay involving library research (3,000 to 6,000 words). </li></ul><ul><li>Research article : an essay written to be published in scientific journals. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Dissertation : long essay involving study and research (6,000 to 20,000 words). </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis : completed over a number of years. Offers an original contribution to the research area. (20,000 words). </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Technical report : describes process, progress and results of scientific research. </li></ul><ul><li>Research project : describes the ideas for an investigation on a certain topic. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Basic structure of Academic Writing
  6. 7. Report
  7. 8. Project <ul><li>Describes the ideas for an investigation on a certain topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Title (hypothesis) </li></ul><ul><li>Background Analysis and Information </li></ul><ul><li>Literature Review </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>4.Research Questions and Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>5. Significance of Project </li></ul><ul><li>6. Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>7. Timetable </li></ul><ul><li>8. Bibliography </li></ul>
  9. 10. Argumentative Essay <ul><li>Presents an argument through reasoning and the use of evidence. </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis statement: expresses the researcher’s position in relation to a given problem. It is normally stated in the introduction of an essay. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Topic sentences: give support to the thesis statement in the body of the essay. </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence and examples: from reading, reflection and analysis, support the topic sentences. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Structure of Argumentative Essay <ul><li>Title page: title, date, course, instructor’s name, student’s name. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction: background of argument, content of essay, theoretical perspectives used, definition of key terms, line of argument and organization of essay. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Body: presents support to thesis statement, contains developing sentences that extend topic sentences, gives evidence to support topic sentences, provides a concluding sentence. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Conclusion: restates the line of argument, summarises the points that support the thesis, suggests further research. </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography: sources cited in paper listed alphabetically. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Appropriate tone and style
  15. 16. <ul><li>Formal, impersonal, objective </li></ul><ul><li>Cautious language </li></ul><ul><li>Technical vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Structure according to genre </li></ul><ul><li>Analytical and critical </li></ul><ul><li>References to other writers’ publications </li></ul>
  16. 17. Bibliography <ul><li>ACADEMIC Essay: Academic Tip Sheet. Edith Cowan University, Australia. Available in: < http://www.ecu.edu.au/CLT/tips/docs/essay.pdf > (access: 21/07/2011). </li></ul><ul><li>JORDAN, R. R. Academic Writing Course : Study Skills in English. Pearson Education: England, 1999. </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>WHAT IS Academic Writing. Available in: < www.wwnorton.com/college/film/.../ writing .../what-is academic - writing .pdf > (access: 21/07/2011). </li></ul><ul><li>ZEMLIANSKY, Pavel, LOWE, Charles(ed.). Writing Spaces : Readings on Writing. Vol 1. Indiana: Parlour Press, 2010. </li></ul>

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