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India’s Fight for Independence
Countries of South Asia 
I. Indian Independence 
A. Early 1600’s Britain established the East India 
Company to trade for ...
Indian Cotton 
C. India known for high quality cotton industry (cashmere, chintz and muslin) 
Britain colonial system used...
D. Mohandas Gandhi 
Later called Mahatma “great soul” 
1. Early Life 
a. Born October 2, 1869 
b. Studied law in England 
...
Gandhi 
3. Nationalism and Independence in India 
a. Nationalism? 
b. Western ideas of individual rights and self 
governa...
Boycott and Independence 
• National boycott of cotton goods from England 
1. symbol of national pride- Spinning wheel 
2....
Boycott and Independence 
• National boycott of cotton goods from England 
1. symbol of national pride- Spinning wheel 
2....
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India:ghandi intro

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India:ghandi intro

  1. 1. India’s Fight for Independence
  2. 2. Countries of South Asia I. Indian Independence A. Early 1600’s Britain established the East India Company to trade for Indian spices. B. By mid 1800’s Britain controlled most of India- Imperialism British influence on India’s Culture 1. English language 2. Parliamentary government system of democracy 3. Railroads
  3. 3. Indian Cotton C. India known for high quality cotton industry (cashmere, chintz and muslin) Britain colonial system used Indian cotton to create machine made textiles in England and sell back to Indians.
  4. 4. D. Mohandas Gandhi Later called Mahatma “great soul” 1. Early Life a. Born October 2, 1869 b. Studied law in England c. Married Kasturba Gandhi 2. Law practice in S. Africa (also colony of England) a. where first experienced racial discrimination b. fought prejudice leading marches, letters, community meetings, and boycotts. Many of the protests lead to his arrest c. After 21 years in Africa returned to India to fight for independence
  5. 5. Gandhi 3. Nationalism and Independence in India a. Nationalism? b. Western ideas of individual rights and self governance spread c. “Most powerful weapon is nonviolence” opposing oppressor by any means other then violence.
  6. 6. Boycott and Independence • National boycott of cotton goods from England 1. symbol of national pride- Spinning wheel 2. British cloth sales fell sharply in India e. Independence 1. Supported by other nations throughout world 2. India gained independence in 1947 3. Gandhi words and actions inspired the world....MLK
  7. 7. Boycott and Independence • National boycott of cotton goods from England 1. symbol of national pride- Spinning wheel 2. British cloth sales fell sharply in India e. Independence 1. Supported by other nations throughout world 2. India gained independence in 1947 3. Gandhi words and actions inspired the world....MLK

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