Hsu Shan-hsin's Seven Groves (597)</li></ul>The fourfold classification scheme:<br /><ul><li>First devised in the 3rd century by Cheng Mo, for an imperial catalog of the Wei dynasty known as Chung Ching (Medium Canon)
Added notation in the form of the first four characters of the ten "Celestial Stems," Chia, I, Ping, Ting</li></li></ul><li>The fourfold classification scheme:<br /><ul><li>Li Ch'ung, Eastern Chin dynasty (345-357)
Draft History of the Ch'ing Dynasty (1927, allowed to continue, though not to finish, by the People’s Republic)
Complete Collection of Four Treasuries (1773-1782):
2,000+ scholars worked to preserve and annotate 10,254 works in 36,275 volumes color-coded to correspond with their classification
Green for classics, red for history, blue for philosophy, brown for literature
4 main divisions, 99 classes and subclasses</li></li></ul><li>Modernization: Chinese Library Classification<br /><ul><li>Dewey Decimal Classification introduced late 19th century, adopted by some university libraries to classify their foreign collections.
Evolution of catalog entries from book to loose-leaf to card
Initial effort to centralize library cataloging by National Library of Beijing, which distributed catalog cards starting in 1931
Used by almost all public, academic, and school libraries around China for Chinese, Korean, and Japanese materials, which has helped to standardize national information research and retrieval language</li></ul> <br />
Chinese Library Classification<br />A. Marxism, Leninism, Maoism & Deng Xiaoping Theory<br />§ A1 The Works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels<br />§ A2 The Works of Vladimir Lenin<br />§ A3 The Works of Joseph Stalin<br />§ A4 The Works of Mao Zedong<br />§ A49 The Works of Deng Xiaoping<br />§ A5 The Symposium/Collection of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin, Mao and Deng Xiaoping<br />§ A7 The biobibliography and biography of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin, Mao and Deng Xiaoping<br />§ A8 Study and Research of Marxism, Leninism, Maoism & Deng Xiaoping Theory<br />B. Philosophy and Religion<br />§ B0 Philosophical schools<br />§ B1 Philosophy (World-wide)<br />§ B2 Philosophy in China<br />§ B22 Pre-Qin Dynasty Philosophy( ~before 220 BC)<br />§ B222 The Confucian School<br />§ B222.2 Confucius (KǒngQiū, 551-479 BC)<br /> <br />Image of the 5th edition of the CLC from http://www.nlc.gov.cn/en/2010/0902/article_185.htm<br />
An example of Chinese classification at work:<br />D923.4 = Intellectual property<br />Image source: Judiciary Library of Hong Kong, http://library.judiciary.gov.hk/search<br />
Works Cited<br /><ul><li>Lee, H.-L. (2010), Organizing knowledge the Chinese way. Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 47: 1–7. DOI: 10.1002/meet.14504701019.
Liu, S., & Shen, Z. (2002, January 01). The Development of Cataloging in China. Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 35, 137-154. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lih&AN=27648450&site=ehost-live.
Tsien, T.-H. (1952, January 01). A History of Bibliographic Classification in China. The Library Quarterly, 22, 4, 307-324. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4304148.
Zhang, W. (2003, January 01). Classification for Chinese Libraries (CCL): Histories, Accomplishments, Problems and Its Comparisons. Jiao Yu Zi Liao Yu TuShu Guan Xue (Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences), 41, 1-22. Retrieved from http://joemls.dils.tku.edu.tw/fulltext/41/41-1/1-22.pdf.</li>