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WaCasa 10 2013


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WaCasa 10 2013

  1. 1. It Takes a Village: Exploring Domestic and Sexual Violence Presented by Victoria Ybanez Kalispel Tribe July 31 and August 1, 2013 Envisioning a World without Violence
  2. 2. It takes a village…
  3. 3. Native women are the most battered, raped, stalked and murdered group of women in the United States 70% of the time by nonnative offenders.
  4. 4. Before colonization Violence against women was extremely rare, and consequences were immediate and severe
  5. 5. Power and control Frequency and Severity
  6. 6. Domestic Violence • Patterned behavior • Abusive or coercive behavior used to control an intimate partner.  Physical and sexual abuse/violence  Psychological and emotional abuse  Verbal abuse
  7. 7. Women who leave their batterers are at a 75% greater risk of being killed by the batterer than those who stay (National Coalition Against Domestic Violence)
  8. 8. 4 Possible Outcomes • The batterer stops the abuse/violence • She leaves • She lives with the violence • Someone dies
  9. 9. Definition of Sexual Assault Any act of sexual contact or intimacy performed upon one person by another and without mutual consent or with inability of the survivor to give consent due to age or mental/physical incapacity. 9
  10. 10. Defining Sexual Violence The term sexual violence includes: Rape Sexual assault Attempted sexual assault Incest Molestation, fondling, groping Sexual harassment Exposure 10
  11. 11. Dynamics of DV v. SA 11
  12. 12. Safety Planning Differences Domestic Violence Sexual Assault Focus safety planning on anticipating the actions of the abuser, looking at dangers, recognizing that abusers shift their tactics, adaptable, exploring options, considerations for children, putting in place strategies to protect, to inform support, and to escape. Focus safety planning on knowing community resources, normalizing potential responses and triggers, creating a sense of safety within themselves and within their personal space as well as anticipating dangers that may result from the perpetrator. Dating Violence Stalking Many people minimize the seriousness of the abuse, safety planning will need to make sure supports will believe the victim. Social media and social community can be used to vilify the victim and further isolate, with possible retaliation. Stalking may not be the result of an intimate relationship. The abuser may not have had a relationship but is infatuated/obsessed with the person being stalked. Documentation is critical to demonstrate the existence and extent of the stalking.
  13. 13. Facts Over Myths Myth: Sexual assault happens to careless people who are “asking for it” by the way they dress or where they are. Fact: No one asks to be assaulted. All kinds of people, young and old, are sexually assaulted in all kinds of place and at all times. The idea that victims provoke assault by being in the wrong place at the wrong time assumes that they have no right to be free as you are. This myth shifts blame from the perpetrator the victims of this crime. No one “deserves” to be sexually assaulted. 13
  14. 14. Facts Over Myths Myth: Women often lie about being raped. Fact: Less then 2% of victims have lied about sexual assault according to the Department of Justice 2002. 14
  15. 15. Facts Over Myths Myth: Men who rape other men are homosexual. Fact: The vast majority of males who sexually assault other males (including children) are heterosexual. Perpetrators assault both genders for basically the same reasons: in order for the assailant to exercise hostility and to gain a sense of power. 15
  16. 16. Facts Over Myths Myth: Someone who was drinking or drunk when another person sexually assaulted him/her is at least partially to blame for their own sexual assault. Fact: Sexual assault survivors are never responsible for the attack, no matter what, no matter how much alcohol was consumed. Responsibility lies with the perpetrator; the survivor is never responsible for the assailant’s behavior. Alcohol may increase the risk of sexual assault, and may make someone incapable of giving consent or protecting themselves, but it is not the cause of the injury. 16
  17. 17. Victim Barriers and Societal Attitudes There are many barriers to Reporting Sexual Assault. • Fear of retaliation • Historical Oppression • Multigenerational Trauma • Shame o Self-blame o Relative/friend employed at clinic/hospital or law enforcement • Perpetrator status in • • • • the community Perpetrator is a friend or family member Geographic distance to obtain SAE Under the scope of child protection Minor outstanding warrants 17
  18. 18. Impact on Victims of Sexual Assault Emotional − − − − − − − − − − − − Anxiety, Guilt, Shame, Depression, Fear, Anger, Self destructive behavior, Affection toward offender, Isolation, Dissociation, Flashbacks, and/or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Physical − Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI), − Pregnancy, and/or − Forensic Exam. Legal − Outstanding warrants, − Child Protection, − Not enough evidence for prosecution, or − Facing perpetrator in court.
  19. 19. Critical Question Why did she …?
  20. 20. Studies examining sexual assault disclosure demonstrate that the role of the advocate is significant in being helpful to survivors seeking help. SOURCE: Goldstein, Siegel, Sorrenson, Burnam and Stein. 1997.
  21. 21. Native Maze Map: Navigating Systemic Responses to Battering Women have complex and immediate needs for safety. We need to work to enhance the safety of battered women while recognizing how multiple systems play a role in their life…
  22. 22. Homeless shelter,Court oversees and churches & charities, sanctions Conditions plan programs for rentals, and of release community help network Child placement No-contact order Services offered for possible reconciliation with THA or alternative housing Pre-Trial/ Arraignment Trial options hearing hearing CD assessment, psych/mental health, CHIPS COURT parenting education, visitation, individual or family therapy, DV classes Eviction hearing CP case mgmt Tribe, BIA or sheriff evicts Service plan EPC hearing Warning Sentencing given Monitoring/ Conflict probation managemen Child sessions t protection screening Safety plan for the victim and plan for the batterer Emergency Issue resolvedresponsible for to be with placement safety of the tolerance, patience and victim realization that hardship is likely because of domestic violence CP investigation For both with exposure. emphasis on perpetrator of domestic violence Exit planning Initial Intervention Non-bondable contacted Unit Nutritional, Jail Tribal Housing offense status physical, Authority (THA) preferredemotional and If determined educational notified Arrest DV related, assessment Non-Arrest report case opened report in the man’s name if he is Wellness responsible support, Arrest No arrest Judge reviews Tribal police Child welfare for the DV walking Risk BIA police or Safety assessment exercise, diet assessment sheriff assessment adjustment, Squads 911 Ex-parte Ex-parte serves Civil court relaxationmeditation / investigat call denied granted respondent Women’s hearing acupuncture Child e education Advocacy maltreatment Files for Seeks Files OFP Shelter intake School groups Emergency program assessment divorce shelter medical services Counseling Law enforcement (EMT) Seeks OFP OFP Guardian (traditional notified Squads Victim shelter Women’s Children’s granted denied tribal, human Ad Littum Victim needs services, Advocate Advocate carry victim Tribal or family Advocate Advocat Other needs addressed assessed and plan mental health, advocate court hearing notified e when appropriate Tribal developed from Victim notification info given faith-based notification respond social Physical and options Interviews by Referral for DV Relationship Single cards s Victim Advocate services sexual abuse reality evaluator services if needed parenting Temporary from Perpetrator referred OFP needs men’s groups Shelter chores adjustment issues custody makes contact to Men’s Groups filed Community House Sweat lodge, Custody Supervised Need to find resources meeting ceremonies,Custody Conflict hearing awarded Supervised exchange/visitation Supervised Visitation Smudging, and Custody Final divorce medicine management healing Center that exchange/v Medical assessments, evaluation hearing Child Reliefs granted planning and understands DV isitation wellness activities with a Support meetings Talking Circles healing plan established
  23. 23. A Shared Understanding about Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault • Offenders are responsible to stop their violence • The power of the state should be restricted to controlling the illegal activity of the offender • Victims are rarely free to cooperate with the system to hold offenders accountable • System must account for power differences between victim and offender