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Azcadv Non Native Relatives10 07

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Azcadv Non Native Relatives10 07

  1. 1. For Our Non-Native Relatives: Strategies for Working with Native Communities <ul><li>Presented by: Vicki Ybanez, Executive Director </li></ul><ul><li> Red Wind Consulting, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li> PO Box 62639, Colorado Springs, CO 80962-2639 </li></ul><ul><li>Email ybanez @red-wind.net </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Website www .red-wind.net </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone (719) 266-9129 </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Vicki Ybanez ~ Red Wind Consulting … to a nation, to a people than the right to freely determine its social, economic, political and cultural future without external interference. The fullest expression of this right occurs when a nation freely governs itself. No right is more sacred
  3. 3. Core Native Values <ul><li>Humility </li></ul><ul><li>Truth </li></ul><ul><li>Courage </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty </li></ul><ul><li>Respect </li></ul><ul><li>Love </li></ul><ul><li>Wisdom </li></ul>Vicki Ybanez ~ Red Wind Consulting
  4. 4. Multigenerational Trauma <ul><li>Trauma that is passed on from one generation to the next because of psychological, social, and environmental traumatic conditions and stressors that are unresolved within a family system, community, or population. </li></ul>Vicki Ybanez ~ Red Wind Consulting
  5. 5. Historical Context <ul><li>Early Period Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Removal Period 1816 to 1846 </li></ul><ul><li>Boarding School Era begins 1850 to 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>Reservation Period middle to late 1800’s </li></ul><ul><li>Policy of Toleration 1930 to 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>Policy of Termination 1944 to 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Child Welfare Act 1978 </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Freedom Act 1978 </li></ul><ul><li>Today . . . </li></ul>Vicki Ybanez ~ Red Wind Consulting
  6. 6. Features of Oppression <ul><li>Pervasiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Restricting </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchical </li></ul><ul><li>Complex, multiple, cross-cutting relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Internalized </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ism”: Shared Distinctive Characteristics </li></ul>Vicki Ybanez ~ Red Wind Consulting
  7. 7. Important Laws <ul><li>Major Crimes Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ That's not justice, somebody needs to be hanged, by God.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pubic Law 280 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Granted criminal & civil jurisdiction to specific states </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Full Faith and Credit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent, temporary and ex parte protection orders that comply with the statute’s requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Olephant v. Suquamish </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the Supreme Court negated tribal jurisdiction over non-Indian defendants who commit crimes in Indian country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indian Child Welfare Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing protections to Indian children </li></ul></ul>Vicki Ybanez ~ Red Wind Consulting
  8. 8. Native Women’s Research Project Mending the Sacred Hoop <ul><li>Values that seem absent in our criminal justice system responses </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Honor all our relationships </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be holistic </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Respect women </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Integrity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Vicki Ybanez ~ Red Wind Consulting
  9. 9. Key actions for advocates to take: <ul><li>Identify mechanisms in place </li></ul><ul><li>Identify what cooperation is in place </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange for some local people to provide advocates with some background on the mechanisms and co-operations that exist </li></ul><ul><li>Create good working relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Use local resources </li></ul>Vicki Ybanez ~ Red Wind Consulting
  10. 10. How a Non - Native person might collude with Native oppression … <ul><li>Not recognizing the sovereignty and 1st Nations status of Native people </li></ul><ul><li>Not confronting comments, statements or jokes that are racist or oppressive in nature </li></ul><ul><li>Not having policies, procedures or protocols in place that create space that is culturally relevant or competent for Native people to participate </li></ul><ul><li>Acting as if the exclusion of Native people in decision making, planning and developing of programs or projects for Native people is okay </li></ul><ul><li>Pretending not to see, hear or know what is happening when Native people are being excluded </li></ul>Vicki Ybanez ~ Red Wind Consulting
  11. 11. A Message For Our Non - native Relatives <ul><li>Know yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Educate yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Engage in the community </li></ul><ul><li>Work to understand the multiple experiences native people have </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge yourself </li></ul>Vicki Ybanez ~ Red Wind Consulting
  12. 12. An Ally … <ul><li>Recognizes the impact of genocide and colonization </li></ul><ul><li>Adopts the attitude that it is their role to fight oppression </li></ul><ul><li>Respects and continually works to understand sovereignty. </li></ul><ul><li>Makes sure that Native people regain control of their own decision making and development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>self-determination. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is willing to be in the forefront of difficult situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Is beside you or behind you and has your back </li></ul>Vicki Ybanez ~ Red Wind Consulting
  13. 13. Homeless shelter, churches and charities, programs for rentals, and community help network Shelter intake Seeks shelter Nutritional, physical, emotional, and educational assessment Wellness support, walking exercise, diet adjustment, relaxation, meditation, and acupuncture Counseling: traditional tribal, human services, mental health, and faith-based Sweat lodge, ceremonies, smudging, and healing medicine Physical and sexual abuse needs Women’s education groups Shelter chores House meeting School Community resources Children’s Advocate Women’s Advocate Medical assessments, wellness activities with a healing plan Exit planning Talking Circles Conflict management and planning meetings 911 call Squads investigate Arrest No arrest Arrest report Non-Arrest report Jail Arraignment hearing No-contact order Conditions of release Pre-Trial/ hearing Trial Sentencing Monitoring/probation Non-bondable offense status preferred Victim needs assessed and plan developed from options Squads carry victim advocate notification cards Victim Advocate notified Advocate responds Other needs addressed when appropriate Emergency medical services (EMT) Police Notified Child protection screening Child returned home CD assessment, psych/mental health, parenting education, visitation, individual or family therapy, DV classes Child placement EPC hearing and other Court appearances CHIPS COURT Court oversees and sanctions plan Child placement Child Protection Notified Child placed in emergency protective care (EPC) Child Protection Service plan Risk assessment Safety assessment Child Neglect determination Child Abuse determination Tribal Housing Authority (THA) notified Warning given Eviction hearing Tribe, BIA or sheriff evicts Services offered for possible reconciliation with THA or alternative housing options Native Maze Map: Navigating Systemic Responses to Battering Developed by: Praxis International 5402 North Shore Drive Duluth, MN 55804 Advocacy program Files for Protection Order Seeks shelter Ex-parte granted Tribal police BIA police or sheriff serves respondent Ex-parte denied Judge reviews Civil court hearing Protection Order denied Protection Order granted Reliefs granted Protection Order filed Supervised exchange/visitation Perpetrator referred to men’s groups Victim Advocate from men’s groups makes contact Victim notification info given Supervised exchange/visitation Files for divorce Tribal or family court hearing Final divorce hearing Custody evaluation Interviews by evaluator Custody awarded Child Support established Custody hearing Temporary custody Referral for DV services if needed Relationship reality adjustment Single parenting issues Need to find Supervised Visitation Center that understands DV
  14. 14. Building Connections … <ul><li>Recognize the fundamental principle of trust building </li></ul><ul><li>Engage in process of relationship building </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize and respect Indian styles of communication </li></ul><ul><li>Be accountable to supporting and protecting Tribal sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate Indian participation into planning and research. </li></ul><ul><li>Create culturally appropriate forums </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate an approach of working with, not for </li></ul>Vicki Ybanez ~ Red Wind Consulting

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