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Osteoporosis

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Back to the Table. Discusses nutrition therapy for osteoporosis

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Osteoporosis

  1. 1. OsteoporosisPresented by the Dairy and Nutrition Council
  2. 2. Outline Pre-test Definition Occurrence Risk Factors Signs and Symptoms Incorporating Dairy Recipe Ideas Post-test
  3. 3. What is Osteoporosis Osteoporosis translates to“porous bones.”This is a diseasewhere the matrix inside of the bone has become weakand brittle, which can causebones to fracture or break easily. Bones can become sobrittle that every- day activities such as coughing cancause fractures.
  4. 4. Prevalence 1 in 5 women over the age of 50 have osteoporosis About half of all women over the age of 50 will experience a fracture of the hip, wrist, or spinal vertebra
  5. 5. Risk FactorsInherited Factors Lifestyle Factors Gender  Decreased or low calcium More common in women intake Diminished bone density Frame Size  Tobacco use Smaller frames or those with low BMIs are at a Can contribute to higher risk weakened bones Race  Eating disorders Increased risk for Increases risk for low bone density Caucasian and Asian decent  Sedentary lifestyle Age Lack of weight-bearing exercise increases risk Aging increases osteoporosis risk  Excessive alcohol consumption Family History Can interfere with the Having family members body’s ability to absorb with osteoporosis calcium
  6. 6. Signs and Symptoms  Bone pain or tenderness  Fractures with little or no trauma  Loss of height over time  Neck or low back pain due to fractures  Stooped posture,
  7. 7. Prevention Consume adequate calcium and vitamin D- rich foods daily Do weight-bearing exercise each day such as walking or lifting light weights Avoid smoking or excessive alcohol consumption
  8. 8. Incorporate Dairy! Dairy products are naturally rich in calcium, vitamin D, and phosphorus to aid in bone health Additionally, dairy products are also excellent sources of protein, magnesium, potassium, water, carbohydrates, and B vitamins
  9. 9. Aim for 3 Servings Daily  Try to consume 3 servings of calcium-rich dairy each day  Vary your choices!  Milk  Yogurt  Cheeses  Ice Cream One serving equals:  Sour Cream8 oz milk = 6 oz of yogurt = 1 ½ oz cheese  Cottage Cheese  Cream Cheese
  10. 10. Recipe Idea! Make a refreshing smoothie. Simply blend your choice of fruit and low fat milk or yogurt to make a delicious calcium-rich beverage. For a sweeter treat, try adding low fat ice cream or frozen yogurt!
  11. 11. ReferencesOsteoporosis. Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia. January 4, 2010. Available at: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000360.htm. Accessed June 24, 2010.Osteoporosis. MayoClinic.com. April 8, 2010. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/osteoporosis/DS00128. Accessed June 23, 2010.

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