Plymouth Colony First settlement, Plymouth 1620 Founded by the Separatists (Pilgrims) Separatists, in search of religious freedom, first traveled to Holland (The Netherlands) Left Holland for North America on the Mayflower 102 passengers of which half died in the first winter.
Massachusetts Bay The Great Migration Between 1629 and 1640 15,000 people left England for New England. Governor John Winthrop The Puritans Governing the Colony King Philip’s War The Salem Witch Trials
Voting in MassachusettsBay Belong to the Church White Male 21 Years Old Own Land
King Philip’s War Metacom or King Philip and the Wampanoag raided English towns in New England in 1675 600 settlers killed 12 towns ruined War lasted 14 months Resulted in the enslavement of 1000 Native Americans
The Salem Witch Trials 1692 Betty Parris, 9 years old, and Abigail Williams, 11 years old, began to have seizures. Tituba Accusations Spectral Evidence Examination of a Witch
Salem Witch Trials The Lesson of Fear or Mass Hysteria 150 People imprisoned, 26 people went on trial, 19 people executed (14 Women and 5 Men), at least 5 people died in prison, 6 dogs hanged. Giles Corey pressed to death. Hysteria ended when important powerful people were accused as witches.
Roger Williams Puritan Minister in Salem Ma. Banished from Massachusetts Bay due to beliefs Separation between church and state Land belongs to Native Americans and should be purchased from them Religious toleration
Anne Hutchinson Devout Puritan Friends met at her home to discuss sermons. Developed her own opinions. General Court of Ma. Reacts. Trial Banishment to Rhode Island
Connecticut 1636, Thomas Hooker, a Puritan Minister settles 100 followers at Hartford Ct. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Gave vote to all men who were property owners including people who did not belong to the church Limited the governor’s power
New Hampshire Originally part of Massachusetts Bay Land grant given to John Mason and Sir Fernando Gorges in 1629. Odiorne Point near Rye settled by fisherman led by David Thompson in 1623. Strawberry Banke, 1629 Separated from Ma. In 1680.