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  1. 1. Macbeth What has happened so far?
  2. 2. Act 1 – Scene 1 “Fair is foul, and foul is fair.” (I.I.12) ● In thunder and lightning the three witches meet at the beach talking to each other about how they need to meet Macbeth. “In thunder, lightning, or in rain?” (I.I.2)
  3. 3. Act 1 – Scene 2 “What he hath lost, noble Macbeth hath won.” (I.II.78) ● King Duncan of Scotland and Malcolm (his elder son) are listening to the news about the battle from a captain. It is being told that Macbeth (Thane of Glamis) was brave and strong enough to defeat the Irish and Norwegian enemies. Duncan hearing this decides to give the title “Thane of Cawdor” to Macbeth.
  4. 4. Act 1 – Scene 3 “So foul and fair a day I have not seen.” (I.III.39) ● Macbeth and Banquo ( Macbeth's good friend and a general in the army of King Duncan) are riding home when they meet the three witches who greet Macbeth and predict that he will become the Thane of Cawdor and then the king. [“Hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor! All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter!” (I.iii.52-53)] Banquo and Macbeth have doubts about what the witches tell them so Banquo challenges them by asking about his own future. The witches predict that he himself won't be king but his descendants will be. [“Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none.” (I.iii.70)] When Macbeth is about to question the witches further they disappear in the air.
  5. 5. ● Then Macbeth 'jokes' with Banquo that his kids will become kings one day when suddenly Ross (Scottish noble) comes to them with the news that King Duncan decided to honour Macbeth with the title “Thane of Cawdor”. Both Banquo and Macbeth are terrified hearing this as the witches predicted exactly the same thing just few minutes ago. [“What can the devil speak true?” (I.iii.113)] After all that, they barely have doubts about what the witches told them but for then they stopped talking about it.
  6. 6. Act 1 – Scene 4 “My worthy Cawdor.” (I.IV.54) ● Macbeth and Banquo arrive to King Duncan who welcomes them gladly. He assures Macbeth about the title given to him then he announces that he is going to visit Macbeth's castle the same night.
  7. 7. Act 1 – Scene 5 “Leave all the rest to me.” (I.VI.86) ● Lady Macbeth (Macbeth's wife) is reading Macbeth's letter that tells her about the witches predictions. Lady Macbeth hearing this, immediately plans on killing King Duncan to take his crown. Though she has doubts about Macbeth's strength and braveness to kill him she doesn't give it up. [“Yet do I fear thy nature; it is too full o' th' milk of human kindness to catch the nearest way.” (I.V.16-18)] When Macbeth arrives, without hesitation she tells Macbeth that Duncan shall never leave their castle alive again. [“O, never shall sun that morrow see!” (I.Vi.71-72)] From what Macbeth replies to her, it is clear that Macbeth is not fully dedicated to take action in order to get the crown. He finishes their talk saying: “We will speak further.” (I.Vi.83)
  8. 8. Act 1 – Scene 6 “Fair and noble hostess, we are your guest tonight.” (I.VI.30-31) ● King Duncan arrives to Macbeth's castle and is welcomed by Lady Macbeth. Lady Macbeth acts as she would be glad to have him as her guest for the night. She shows care and respect towards Duncan not revealing her back stabbing plan at all. King Duncan then wants to see his brave “Thane of Cawdor” so Lady Macbeth accompanies him into the castle to Macbeth.
  9. 9. Act 1 – Scene 7 “When you durst do it, then you were a man;” (I.VII.56) ● Macbeth is talking to himself about whether he should kill King Duncan or not. He first lists the things why he shouldn't do it but then Lady Macbeth enters and starts throwing things at his face such as he is not a man if he doesn't do it. Macbeth still have doubts about doing it as he questions Lady Macbeth about what they would do if they fail. [“If we should fail---” (I.Vii.68)] Then Lady Macbeth explains her exact plan to Macbeth,how they will give wine to the chamberlains (who keep Duncan's room safe) till they get knocked out. When they are asleep they will sneak into Duncan's room where they stab him and then put the blood on the chamberlains who won't remember anything and even if they try to plead not guilty, nobody will believe in them. At the end Macbeth is convinced and as he doesn't want to seem weak and is actually wanting to have bigger power, sticks with the original plan to kill Duncan.
  10. 10. Act 2 – Scene 1 “Is this a dagger which I see before me, the handle toward my hand?” (II.I.44-45) ● Banquo and Fleance (Banquo's son) are walking around in the castle at night when Macbeth enters with a servant. Banquo is kind of surprised that Macbeth is not sleeping yet but has no suspicion what so ever. He gives Macbeth a diamond that is from King Duncan to Lady Macbeth. He also mentions that he dreamed about the three sisters the night before. When they all go to bed (except for Macbeth) he sees a flying bloody dagger in front of him. He thinks it is a sign that he has to kill King Duncan. All his doubts and hesitations are gone and is fully dedicated to commit the crime.
  11. 11. Act 2 – Scene 2 “Go, carry them and smear the sleepy grooms with blood.” (II.II.63-64) ● Macbeth goes to King Duncan's room and kills him while he is asleep. While he stabbed him, he heard some voices saying things such as: “Sleep no more! Macbeth does murder sleep” (II.ii.47-48) and “Glamis hath murdered sleep, and therefor Cawdor shall sleep no more. Macbeth shall sleep no more.” (II.ii.55-57) When he is done, he meets Lady Macbeth and asks if she has heard the voices too. Then Lady Macbeth realizes that Macbeth has the daggers so she instructs him to go and put blood on the chamberlains. But Macbeth seems to have remorse as he says: “I'll go no more. I am afraid to think what I have done.” (II.ii.65-66) He is clearly scared to face the truth that he had done so instead of him Lady Macbeth goes and puts the blood on the men. She talks in a way that make us think that she is proud of herself doing such thing. [“My hands are of your color, but I shame to wear a heart so white.” (II.ii.82-83)] Then they agree on going to their room and wear nightgowns so that people won't suspect anything.
  12. 12. Act 2 – Scene 3 “O horror, horror, horror! Tongue nor heart cannot conceive nor name thee!” (II.III.73) ● Macduff and Lennox (Scottish nobles) are knocking on the door (the sound that Macbeth and Lady Macbeth heard previously) for a long time when finally the Porter lets them in. Soon after, Macbeth enters and he is asked by Macduff if the king is still asleep. Macbeth shows Macduff the door to the king's room. Until Macduff is gone, Macbeth and Lennox talk to each other for a bit when suddenly Macduff comes terrified by what he had seen in the room. He tells them that King Duncan has been killed. Macbeth and Lennox are shocked to hear this and go to check it out themselves. (Macbeth is of course acting surprised). Then Macduff starts shouting Banquo's, Malcolm's and Donalbain's name to wake them up and come down. Then the bell rings and Lady Macbeth “awakes” and horrified to hear that the king has been killed.
  13. 13. ● Then finally Banquo comes as well as Macbeth, Lennox and Ross. It is being told to Banquo that Duncan has been killed. Soon after Duncan's sons, Malcolm and Donalbain come down too and hear the news about their father's death. Macbeth is trying to act his best and acts as he would be terribly sad about Duncan's death. He states: “Had I but died an hour before this chance...” (II.iii.107) He also assures that the two chamberlains will be killed after all this. Malcolm and Donalbain know that if their father has been killed, they will probably be the next ones. So, they decide to run away. Malcolm goes to England and Donalbain goes to Ireland.
  14. 14. Act 2 – Scene 4 “He is already named and gone to Scone to be invested.” (II.IV.43-44) ● Ross and an old man are talking about the strange happenings of the past few days. The old man states that he has never seen such terrible thing as King Duncan's murder. Then Macduff enters and tells them that Macbeth has been chosen to become the new king and that he is riding out to Scone to get his crown. He also mentions that it is suspicious that Malcolm and Donalbain have been fled. Then he returns home to Fife and Ross goes to Scone.
  15. 15. Act 3 – Scene 1 “It is concluded. Banquo, thy soul's flight, if it find heaven, must find it out tonight.” (III.I.161- 162) ● Macbeth and Lady Macbeth have given the title king and queen at Forres royal palace. Macbeth invites Banquo for a dinner the same night that he holds for his other friends too. Banquo accepts it but tells him that he will be riding out the afternoon. As Macbeth realizes that by King Duncan's death he is still not having a stable power (because of the witches prediction about Banquoe's descendants becoming kings) he decides to kill Banquo and his son Fleance so that they can't take the crown. Instead Macbeth's descendants will. Then Macbeth talks to a servant about two men who are waiting outside to be called in. They enter and Macbeth tells them to kill Banquo and Fleance just how they agreed about it yesterday. He tells them to wait outside until he gives them sign.
  16. 16. Act 3 – Scene 2 “We have scorched the snake, not killed it.” (III.II.15) ● Lady Macbeth asks her servant to call Macbeth there because she has a few words to tell him. Macbeth comes and tells her that their business only started by killing King Duncan and has not finished yet. He reminds Lady Macbeth about the witches prediction that Banquo's sons will become kings one day so that he must take action in order to prevent that from happening. He tells Lady Macbeth to be the kindest to Banquo during dinner so that nobody will suspect that they are behind the upcoming crime.
  17. 17. Act 3 – Scene 3 “O treachery! Fly, good Fleance, fly, fly, fly! Thou mayst revenge –O slave!” (III.III.25-26) ● The (now three) murderers are hiding, waiting for Banquo and Fleance to appear. Soon after, Banquo and Fleance enter riding on horses but get off and light a torch. The three murderers attack them and kill Banquo right away. Fleance is lucky enough to run away as his father's instructs him with his last words. The murderers then take the body and go to Macbeth to let him know about what has happened.
  18. 18. Act 3 – Scene 4 “Thy bones are marrowless; thy blood is cold; thou hast no speculation in those eyes which thou dost glare with.” (III.IV.114-116) ● Macbeth and Lady Macbeth welcome their guests when one of the murderers appear in the doorway. He tells Macbeth that Banquo has been killed but Fleance escaped. Macbeth is not happy to hear this but returns to his guests. But when he is about to sit down into his chair, he realizes that Banquo's ghost is sitting there. He starts yelling at him while the other guests are shocked and confused as for them Banquo's ghost is invisible. Lady Macbeth tries to explain her husband's strange behaviour and tells them that sometimes he has visions but the best is to ignore it.
  19. 19. ● Then the ghost disappears and Lady Macbeth questions Macbeth about his previous behaviour. When they return to the rest of the company, Banquo's ghost appear again and Lady Macbeth is forced to come up with excuses again. Finally, she tells the guests to leave the house. When everybody is gone Macbeth lets Lady Macbeth know about his plan that he is going to visit the three witches so that he will know whether he has anybody to be afraid of and learn more about his future.
  20. 20. Act 3 – Scene 5 “Shall draw him on to his confusion. He shall spurn fate, scorn death, and bear his hopes 'bove wisdom, grace, and fear.” (III.V.29-31) ● The witches meet with Hecate the goddess of witches. Hecate is angry at them because they predicted to Macbeth without asking her about it. So she tells them that when tomorrow Macbeth comes to them, they must create visions and spirits that will confuse Macbeth. Then Hecate leaves and the three witches are getting ready for Macbeth's arrival.
  21. 21. Act 3 – Scene 6 “And this report hath so exasperate [the] King that he prepares for some attempt of war.” (III.VI.41-43) ● Lennox and another lord are talking about what has happened to the kingdom. Though it seems that Fleance killed Banquo as he fled, they believe that Macbeth is behind all of the crimes. The lord tells Lennox that Macduff is going to England to join Malcolm where they will prepare a war for Macbeth.