© 2000-2011 Vicki Lague
ISBN-13: 978-0757566370
Essay = Introduction + Body + Conclusion
X= + +
 Introduce the topic
 Set the context
 Get the reader interested
 Lead up to the thesis statement
 State the thesis
 Lead-in
Why should someone
read the essay?
 Thesis
What point is being
made in the paper?
 Develop ideas that support the thesis
statement
 Provide concrete and specific details for
each supporting idea
 Minimum Length
At least one body
paragraph!
 Best Length
As many paragraphs
as it takes to explain
the thesis well!
Each body paragraph should include:
› A topic sentence
› Body sentences: facts, examples,
statistics, description
› As man...
 Add more supporting ideas
 Develop additional body paragraphs for
one idea
Note: When developing additional body
paragr...
 All topic sentences support the thesis.
 All body sentences support the
paragraph’s topic sentence.
 Elements of Coherence:
› Transitional words and phrases
› Transitional sentences
› Synonyms
› Repeated important words
›...
 Purpose: bring essay to logical close
 Length: at least two sentences
THE END
It’s not really the end! There’s a lot more
information on basic essay structure in
Chapter 2 of Formulas for Comp...
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Formulas for Composition, Chapter 2: Quick and Dirty Essay Structure

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Excerpt from my book Formulas for Composition ISBN 978-0757566370

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Formulas for Composition, Chapter 2: Quick and Dirty Essay Structure

  1. 1. © 2000-2011 Vicki Lague ISBN-13: 978-0757566370
  2. 2. Essay = Introduction + Body + Conclusion X= + +
  3. 3.  Introduce the topic  Set the context  Get the reader interested  Lead up to the thesis statement  State the thesis
  4. 4.  Lead-in Why should someone read the essay?  Thesis What point is being made in the paper?
  5. 5.  Develop ideas that support the thesis statement  Provide concrete and specific details for each supporting idea
  6. 6.  Minimum Length At least one body paragraph!  Best Length As many paragraphs as it takes to explain the thesis well!
  7. 7. Each body paragraph should include: › A topic sentence › Body sentences: facts, examples, statistics, description › As many body paragraphs as needed › New paragraphs: change of time, change of place, logical spot to break up too- long paragraphs
  8. 8.  Add more supporting ideas  Develop additional body paragraphs for one idea Note: When developing additional body paragraphs for one idea, a topic sentence is needed only for the first paragraph of the group.
  9. 9.  All topic sentences support the thesis.  All body sentences support the paragraph’s topic sentence.
  10. 10.  Elements of Coherence: › Transitional words and phrases › Transitional sentences › Synonyms › Repeated important words › Pronouns
  11. 11.  Purpose: bring essay to logical close  Length: at least two sentences
  12. 12. THE END It’s not really the end! There’s a lot more information on basic essay structure in Chapter 2 of Formulas for Composition. .

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