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# Observations v Inference

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Exploring the difference between an observation and an inference

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### Observations v Inference

1. 1. Black Like Me (1961)
2. 2. Note the Differences • In laboratory exercises, record observations NOT inferences • Inferences may be used when writing the conclusion in your lab report. • Let’s test your observation skills
3. 3. Take a good look at this picture
4. 4. Question 1 Are there cars parked on the sides of the road?
5. 5. Question 2 What color is the pickup truck driving in the road?
6. 6. Question 3 Any minivans around?
7. 7. Question 4 What does the blue sign say?
8. 8. Question 5 What's the speed limit?
9. 9. Question 6 Are there any pedestrians on the road?
10. 10. Answers • 1. Yes • 2. Blue • 3. Yes • 4. Yard Sale • 5. 35 mph • 6. No
11. 11. What would some inferences be for this street?
12. 12. Observation vs Inference • On the next slide, state whether the statement is an observation or an inference
13. 13. 1. There is a representation of a face on one side of the coin. 2. The Latin word "Dei" means "God." 3. The coin was made by deeply religious people. 4. The date 1722 is printed on one side of the coin. 5. The coin was made in 1722. 6. The face on the coin is a representation of the nation's president. 1. There is a representation of a face on one side of the coin 2. The coin was made by deeply religious people 3. The date 1722 is printed on one side of the coin 4. The coin was made in 1722 5. The culture that made this coin respected the man whose face is on it
14. 14. How many legs does the elephant have?
15. 15. What do you see?
16. 16. Who is in this picture? • Do you see former President Bill Clinton and Al Gore? • Actually, it’s Clinton’s face twice with 2 different hair cuts!
17. 17. What do you see? Hint: There are 3 images. 1. An old lady 2. A young woman 3. A man with a big brown mustache
18. 18. Take a very close look at the 2 vertical lines. Is one line is longer than the other?
19. 19. Compare this picture to the next one
20. 20. What’s the difference?
21. 21. Can you build these shelves?
22. 22. Does the square have curved sides?
23. 23. Read this sign
24. 24. What do you see?
25. 25. Can you stack these blocks?
26. 26. What animal do you perceive? A Duck, Bunny, or BOTH?
27. 27. This image contains a picture and a word. Do you see both of them?
28. 28. What images do you see?
29. 29. Can you pick the tallest soldier? They are all the same height!
30. 30. What do you see? The Landscape of Faces
31. 31. Do you see the face on Earth? How about now?
32. 32. These circles are not moving, your brain is making them appear to move. Try focusing on one circle. It will stop moving.
33. 33. Are these dots moving?
34. 34. Why Did I Show You These Pictures? • 1) They’re awesome • 2) To show you that your eyes OBSERVE one thing, but your BRAIN infers another
35. 35. Observations • Observations must be taken in with one of the five senses – Touch – Sight – Taste – Sense – Smell
36. 36. Inferences • Inferences take observations and then draw conclusions about them
37. 37. Black Like Me (1961)