Using Technology in EducationQAIS Heads PresentationVincent JansenApril 22, 2012.(ref: John Page, author of Math Open Reference)Modified by V. Jansen
The question is….Why should we include technology in the education of our children?
1. Expansion of time and place In a typical school student has access to teacher 40 min per day. That’s 5% of teaches waking day. Spread this out for 25 students. Student has access to Internet 100 % of the time. That’s 20X better. Technology no substitute for an engaging teacher, Online materials are far more available. Using a textbook plus classroom approach, the places for learning is limited. A wireless laptop to class learning materials and Internet anywhere. This is vastly larger resource than contianed in the backpack. Technology allows anytime, anyplace learning.
2. Depth of Understanding Interactive simulations and illustrations can produce much greater depth of understanding of the concept. Virtual manipulatives much better than chalk and talk. Using a projector, on screen investigations are more meaningful than words. Students have access to the same tools n the web, they can review and repeat simulations anytime, anyplace.
3. Learning vs Teaching Technology allows tables to be turned. Flipped Classroom. Instead of need to ‘push’ more material, students conduct projects that ‘pull’ necessary material themselves. Can access materials anytime, anywhere. Projects include interests of the student and not just interests of the teacher in the ‘pull’ method.
4. New media for self expression In past students wrote in notebook, which as seem by only the teacher. Today, with technology, they can use PowerPoint, record video, use digital photography, run a website, claymation, create music, write on a blog. The tools today permit more mediums for creativity and sharing of ideas to an authentic audience.
5. Collaboration A vital skill in the digital world is to work collaboratively. This is doe via, the web, instant messaging, email, video chat and cell phone more than face-to-face. Rather than doing homework alone, they work in small groups wherever they happen to be at any time. This used to be called cheating, but now is formalized and taught as a skill. This is how projects are constructed using global teams today.
6. Going Global The students world view is expanded because of low cost of communications to people around the globe. (Skype) The Internet permits free video conferencing for interactions in real time with learners around the world. Promote understanding of other cultures through direct dialog and collaboration.
7. Individual pacing and sequence Technology can permit students to learn a their own pace that suits themselves and break step with the class. Without disrupting the class, they can repeat lessons, review, and explore for deeper understanding. With time they this is more like accessing a private tutor, rather than sit lost in class.
8. Weight Three textbooks and three binders easily weight 25 lbs. A laptop weighs about 7-8 lbs., and provides infinitely more storage on the HDD and the Internet. A regular hard drive can hold millions of pages, with text, illustrations, video and other interactive content. Textbook is static. Students get back injuries lugging around a tiny subset of the black marks from slices of dead trees.
9. Personal Productivity Students need productivity tools for same reasons you do. They need to read, write, communicate, organize and schedule. Students life same as any knowledge worker. Make students and teacher life more effective. If really want to impact this schools can go paperless.
10. Lower Cost Textbooks cost upwards of $120, and in higher ed purchased by students themselves. Through use of open, free educational tools, reliance on paper is reduced. Growing movement is OER, and OCW. Today, a decent laptop can be bought for $399, the price of a few textbooks. Right now we still need both but in the future textbooks will disappear.
Summary We are preparing students to succeed in the world of tomorrow, not the classroom of today. The majority of students will not be working in your school, so we should school them where they may be working. Purchasing technology and putting it in the classroom isn’t enough, we need the teachers to facilitate student learning. This is where the problem lies… professional development of our teachers. One thing is for sure… technology is here to stay.
1:1 computing Power of 1:1 lies in availability as a personal device For learning in and out of school day Increases productivity Improves motivation Define the combination of technology, content and pedagogy t maximize learning Limiting factors: leadership, professional development, school culture, curricular design and teacher preparation
Monitoring use of personal devicesHow many hours per day (on average) do you use your laptop [Note this is total time per day and not class periods]? 180 160 4-5 hrs 3-4 hrs 2-3 hrs 1-2 hrs 0-1 hr 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 In class At home
Technology to improve student outcomes Leverage technology for seamless learning both in and out of school Implement mobile learning initiatives Setting up virtual schools More online courses (blended learning) Replace textbooks with e-books Using data to track performance
Online (blended learning) Meet needs of diverse student body (low and high achievers) Achieve many desired instructional outcomes Higher engagement Self-motivated to learn Low cost Wise use of existing resources