HISTORY OF EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY A summary ICT IN ELT 2012Students: Rodriguez Saracho, Viviana Carbajales, Paula
The Beginning (US) 1951 - Little technology used in schools, primarily TV 1956 - School overcrowding growing; school dropout rate rapidly declining; schools still based on the teacher/manager model in individual teacher-controlled classrooms 1958 - Some new money and some new technology primarily in vocational education. Mainframe host computers are not widely accepted in schools.
1963 - New money supporting the use oftechnology in schools; mainframe andminicomputers use batch processingmethods that do not fit well with the singleteacher-as-manager-of-learning methods inuse.1965 - New money into schools fortechnology. Mainframes and minicomputersare put into place in some schools, but mostare used for administration/schoolcounselling.
1967 - High-level programminglanguages such as Fortran are beingtaught are in universities. Schoolvocational training programs begin toinclude computer maintenance.1970 - Mainframes andminicomputers in use in some schools,but very little use in the delivery ofinstruction.
1971 - Intels first microprocessor developed; the first microcomputers (PCs) are developed; a few software companies begin to develop mainframe and minicomputer- based instructional programs. 1975 - Some Apple 1 PCs are donated to schools; some schools have adopted mainframes and minicomputers and refuse to consider PCs.
1981 - Drill and practice CAI gains acceptance in schools. The first educational drill and practice programs are developed for personal computers. 1983 - The Apple II computer finds widespread acceptance in education because PCs better fit the teacher/manager model of instructional delivery. 1994 - Most US classrooms now have at least one PC available for instructional delivery, but not all teachers have access to a computer for instructional preparation.
The Internet era1995 - The Internet and the world wideweb begin to catch on as businesses,schools, and individuals create web pages;most CAI is delivered on CD-ROM disks andis growing in popularity.1997 - Educational software becomesmore useful and interesting to students asgraphics and video are incorporated.
Argentina, 2011 onwards National government: “El Programa Conectar Igualdad es una iniciativa que busca recuperar y valorizar la escuela pública con el fin de reducir las brechas digitales, educativas y sociales en toda la extensión de nuestro país.” City of BA government: “Creado para promover la innovación pedagógica, el Plan Sarmiento BA apunta a desarrollar recursos que, con abordajes integrales, den respuesta a los cambios en la educación que demandan la cultura y la comunicación del siglo XXI.”
References History, the History of Computers, and the History of Computers in Education http://www.csulb.edu/~murdock/histofc Conectar Igualdadhttp://www.conectarigualdad.gob.ar/sobre-el-pr Plan Sarmiento BA http://sarmientoba.buenosaires.gob.ar/