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Political parties in India.


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CBSE-CCE-Political Parties-PPT-Grade 10

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Political parties in India.

  1. 1. By: V Vivek ( Follow Me on Twitter @ POLITICAL PARTIES
  2. 2. NEED FOR POLTICAL PARTIES Meaning of Political Party Function of Political Parties Necessity of Political Party for representation of society
  3. 3. NO. OF POLITICAL PARTIES & THEIR WORKING SYSTEM • No. of Political Party in India (1750) • One Party System----- China • Two Party Rule------- USA & UK • Multi Party--------India
  4. 4. NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTY INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS • Founded in 1885 (gone through splits) • Dominant role played by Nehru • Build secular, democratic republic in India • Believes in secularism • Focus on weaker sections • Supports new economic reform (Non- Alignment) • Emerged as the largest party • Currently UPA coalition
  5. 5. BJP ( (BHARTIYA JANATA PARTY) • Founded in 1980 • Strong modern nation by embibing Indian culture (Hindutva) • Wants full political integration of Kashmir • Ban religious controversies. • Currently the opposition party
  6. 6. BSP (BAHUJAN SAMAJ PARTY) • Formed in 1984 • Founder was Kanshi Ram • Focus on Bahujan Samaj (dalits & adivasis) • Inspiring characters were Sahu Maharaj, Mahatma Phu, Ramaswami Naicker & Ambedkar • Main base was Uttar Pradesh
  7. 7. CPI-M (COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA- MARXIST) • Founded in 1964 • Marxism- Leninism • Supports socialism, secularism and democracy. • Opposes communalism and imperialism • Strong support in West Bengal and Kerela • Critical to new economic policies.
  8. 8. CPI • Founded in 1925 • Accepts parliamentary democracy • Promotes working class • Became weak after the split with CPI-M 1964 • Currently supports UPA
  9. 9. NCP (NATIONALIST CONGRESS PARTY) • Formed in 1999 following a split in the Congress Party • Espouses democracy • Believes in Gandhian secularism, equity, social justice and federalsim. • Base in Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Manipur , Assam • A member of UPA
  10. 10. STATE PARTIES • Apart from the 6 Parties discussed the other parties registered under Election Commission are called State Parties. • Examples- Samajwadi Party, Asom Gano Parishad, Telugu Desam Party etc. • The state parties are conscious about their state identities. • Their focus area is their own state. • Over the last some years number of parties have been expanded. This made the Parliament more and more diverse.
  11. 11. CHALLENGES TO POLITICAL PARTIES Popular dissatisfaction led to focus on 4 problems. • Lack of internal democracy • Dynastic Succession • Growing role of money & muscle power • Do not seem to offer meaningful choice
  12. 12. MEASURES TO REFORM PARTIES • Defection to an end • To hold organizational election & file their income tax returns • Compulsory for all pol. Parties to maintain a register of its members • Give a minimum number of tickets 1/3rd to women • To reduce influence of money and criminals • State funding election
  13. 13. THE END • By: V Vivek ( • Follow Me on Twitter @