Country Presentation Presented by Megha Mishra Ajay Kumar Singh Harshit Srivastava Arpan Vivek Thota
Our country Australia is a unique and diverse country in every way . Culture Australian culture is as broad and varied as the countryslandscape. Multicultural and multiracial.
History Australias first inhabitants, the Aboriginal people. While Captain James Cook is credited with Australias European discovery in 1770. The first European settlement of Australia was in January 1788.
Geography Covering a total area of 7.69 million square kilometers. Australia is the world’s largest island - but smallest continent. Canberra is Australias capital city.Natural Resources Australia as known as the land down under is not only known for its beautiful holiday spots but also with its inextricably intertwined natural resources and mineral exploitation.Mineral Resources The most important mineral resources are bauxite, gold and iron ore.
Energy resources Australia has extensive deposits of coal. Natural gas is abundantly present. Australia also contains one-third of the worlds uranium supply.Land resource Australias land itself can be considered as a resource. Australian soil is used to grow food. Australian forests are used as a source of wood for building and making paper.
The Great Ocean Road Fraser Island Daintree Rain Forest & Cape Tribulation
Government Australia’s system of government is founded in the liberal democratic tradition. Based on the values of religious tolerance, freedom of speech and association, and the rule of law. Australia’s institutions and practices of government reflect British and North American models.A written constitution The Australian Constitution defines the responsibilities of the federal government, which include foreign relations, trade, defense and immigration.
Parliamentary sovereignty The Australian Constitution sets out the powers of government in three separate chapters—the legislature, the executive and the judiciary—but insists that members of the legislature must also be members of the executive. Frequent elections A national general election must be held within three years of the first meeting of a new federal parliament. Voting Parties
Economy• The economy of Australia is one of the most developed, modern market economies in the world, with a GDP of approximately US$1.6 trillion. 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 GDP(US$) 1,033.5 976 1,242.2 1,486.5 1,586 GDP per 47,559 44,101 55,341 65,497 68,916 capita (US$) Real GDP 2.2 1.5 2.4 2.2 3 growth(%change yoy) Goods & 22.5 19.9 21 21.8 22.6 servicers export(% GDP)
Major Australian exports Iron ores & concentrates Coal Gold Crude petroleum Natural gasMajor Australian imports Crude petroleum Refined petroleum Passenger motor vehicles Medicaments (incl. veterinary) Telecom equipment & parts
CurrencyAustralian dollar The Australian dollar is, as of 2012, the third-most-traded currency in the world. In 1988, Australia introduced its first polymer bank note and in 1996, Australia became the first country in the world to have a complete series of polymer notes.
Kangaroos The kangaroo is one of Australia’s most iconic animals. There are over 60 different species of kangaroo.The kangaroo industry Australia’s kangaroo industry began exporting kangaroo meat to Europe in 1959 in response to interest from the European game meat industry.