Copy of the northern mountains


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Northern Mountains

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Copy of the northern mountains

  1. 1. The Northern Mountains
  2. 2. Himalayas The mountain range covering north and north eastern part of our country is called the Himalayas The Himalaya is the highest mountain range in the world
  3. 3. Extension ofHimalaya is2500 kms.
  4. 4. Meaning of the word HimalayaThe word ‘Himalaya’ in Sanskrit means Abode of Snow
  5. 5. Mountain Peaks Out of the 10 highest mountain peaks in the world nine peaks are in Himalayan Range Which is the highest mountain peak in the world?
  6. 6. Mount Everest
  7. 7. Highest peaks in Himalaya Mt Everest 8848 m height
  8. 8. Mt. K2 ( Mt. Godwin Austin) 8611 m. height
  9. 9. Kangchenjunga, 8586 m
  10. 10. Lhotse,8516 m
  11. 11. Makalu,8485 m
  12. 12. Cho Oyo,8201 m
  13. 13. Dhaulagiri, 8167 m
  14. 14. Manaslu,8163 m
  15. 15. Nanga Parbat, 8126 m
  16. 16. Annapurna, 8091 m
  17. 17. Divisions of the Himalayas The Himalaya has 3 mountain ranges The Himadri ( Greater Himalaya) The Himachal ( Middle Himalaya) The Shiwalik ( Outer Himalaya)
  18. 18. In which range of Himalaya Mt. Everest is situated?
  19. 19. The Himadri (Greater Himalaya) Himadri ( Greater Himalayas)•Northern most range ofHimalaya•Highest of the three ranges•It contains all the highestpeaks•It is extremely cold
  20. 20. Life in Himadri Trees such as fir, spruce, shrubs and some wild flowers grow in the lower regions of the Himadri Only a few valley have human settlements
  21. 21. How do these rivers were formed? 1st they arise from the moving sheets of the ice called Glaciers As the glaciers move down to warmer regions, the ice melts, giving rise to rivers
  22. 22. From which glacier the river Ganga is originating?
  23. 23. Gangotri
  24. 24. Adventurers who climbed the Himadri Tenzing Norgay of IndiaEdmund Hillari of New zealand Were the first to climb Mt. Everest in 1953
  25. 25. Tenzing Norgay
  26. 26. Edmund Hillari
  27. 27. Who was the first Indianwoman to climb Mt. Everest?
  28. 28. Bachendri Pal in 1984
  29. 29. The Himachal or Middle Himalaya•Lies south of Himadri•The mountains are not ashigh as in Himadri•Only some peaks are snowbounded throughout the year•There so many beautiful valleys inthe region
  30. 30. Hill towns in Himachal Mussoorie Shimla Dargiling Nainital Kangra
  31. 31. Mussorie
  32. 32. Shimla
  33. 33. Darijiling
  34. 34. Nainital
  35. 35. Kangra
  36. 36.  People living in plains go to these hill stations during summer season
  37. 37. Himachal forestHimachal Rangehas forests coveredwith pine
  38. 38. oak
  39. 39. Deodar and fir tees
  40. 40. e The climate of Himachal is ideal for the growth of fruits such as apple, cherries, pears, plums, apricots and peaches Rice, maize and barely are the main crops Potato is widely grown
  41. 41. Farmers practice terrace farming or step farming here
  42. 42. The Shiwalik or Outer Himalaya Southern most or lowest range of Himalaya The slopes are covered with thick forests Rice and wheat are the main crops grown in terrace farms fruit trees are grown in orchards
  43. 43. Terai region The area at the foothills of the Shiwalik range is called the Terai region It receives heavy rain fall and the land is fertile Rice, wheat and sugar cane are the main crops over here
  44. 44. Deforestation Because of the deforestation in shiwalik and terai region many forests has destroyed
  45. 45. Actions made by the govt. against Deforestation The govt. has made several protected forest areas such as The Corbett National Park Kaziranga National Parkto stop deforestation and protect animalsPlanting of trees is also being taken up
  46. 46. Mountain passes