Samartha Bharat Parva is the celebration of Strength of India, observed from 25th December - the first day of Swami Vivekananda’s meditation on Rock in 1892 to 12th January – Swami Vivekananda’s birth anniversary.
In almost all the fields of knowledge and action,
India in Past and Present has contributed
significantly to the world. Also, the Future is bright
and open for India. World needs the eternal values
of India. As Swamiji has said," On India depends
the future of World.” Swamiji had tremendous faith
on youth to make India what it is destined to be –
Spiritual Guide to the World
"India was the motherland of our race
and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages.
India was the mother of our philosophy,
of much of our mathematics, of self-government
and democracy. In many ways, Mother India is
the mother of us all."
- Will Durant , American Historian 1885-1981
The first University was established in Takshila
in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all
over the World studied more than 60 subjects.
The University of Nalanda built in the
4th century BC was one of the Greatest
achievements of ancient India in the field of
Ayurveda is the oldest school of medicine
codified by Charaka 2,500 years ago.
Sushruta, the father of surgery, conducted
complicated procedures dealing with cataracts,
artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones, plastic
surgery, caesarean section and brain surgery
2,600 years ago. Over 125 surgical
instruments were in use. The use of
anesthesia was also known in ancient India.
Astronomy is one area which has fascinated all mankind from the
beginnings of history. In India the first references to astronomy are to
be found in the Rig Veda (which is dated around 6000-9000 BCE).
Vedic Aryans saw divinity in the Sun, Stars and Comets. Astronomy
was then interwoven with astrology and since ancient times Indians
have involved the planets (called Grahas) with the determination of
human fortunes. Ancient Indian astronomers had recognized that
stars are same as the sun, that the sun is center of the universe
(solar system) and that the circumference of the earth is 5000
Yojanas. One Yojana being 7.2 kms., the ancient Indian estimates
came close to the actual 11
“Many of the advances in the sciences
that we consider today to have been
made in Europe were in fact made in
India centuries ago."
- Grant Duff, British Historian of India
The art of navigation was born in the river
Sindhu 5000 years ago. The very word
„Navigation‟ is derived from the Sanskrit word
„We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us
how to count, without which no worthwhile
scientific discovery could have been made.‟
- Albert Einstein
"In India I found a race of mortals
living upon the Earth, but not adhering to it.
Inhabiting cities, but not being fixed to them,
possessing everything but possessed by nothing".
- Apollonius Tyanaeus, Greek Thinker and
Traveller 1st Century AD
India contributed to the number system by the number 0,
innovated by Aryabhatta. Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus
originated in India. The quadratic equation was solved by
Sridharacharya in the 11 century. The Greeks and Romans
contented themselves with rather small numbers, while Hindus
used units as big as 10 raised to the power 53 with specific names
as early as 6000-9000 BCE. during the Vedic period. The place
value system, the decimal system was developed in India dating
back to at least 100 BC. The solar year was calculated as
365.25875684 days by Bhaskaracharya in the 5th century,
hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. The value of pi
was first calculated by Bodhayana, who also discovered the
Pythagorean Theorem in the 6th century, long before the
„Yoga‟ is one of the most unique
contributions of India to the World.
MASTER ASTRONOMER AND MATHEMATICIAN
Born in 476 CE in Kusumpur ( Bihar ), Aryabhatt's intellectual brilliance remapped the boundaries
of mathematics and astronomy. In 499 CE, at the age of 23, he wrote a text on astronomy and an
unparallel treatise on mathematics called "Aryabhatiyam." He formulated the process of
calculating the motion of planets and the time of eclipses. Aryabhatt was the first to proclaim that
the earth is round, it rotates on its axis, orbits the sun and is suspended in space - 1000 years
before Copernicus published his heliocentric theory. He is also acknowledged for calculating p (Pi)
to four decimal places: 3.1416 and the sine table in trigonometry. Centuries later, in 825 CE, the
Arab mathematician, Mohammed Ibna Musa credited the value of Pi to the Indians, "This value
has been given by the Hindus." And above all, his most spectacular contribution was the concept
of zero without which modern computer technology would have been non-existent. Aryabhatt was
a colossus in the field of mathematics. 19
GENIUS IN ALGEBRA
• Born in the obscure village of Vijjadit (Jalgaon) in Maharastra,
Bhaskaracharya's work in Algebra, Arithmetic and Geometry catapulted him to
fame and immortality. His renowned mathematical works called "Lilavati" and
"Bijaganita" are considered to be unparalled and a memorial to his profound
intelligence. Its translation in several languages of the world bear testimony to
its eminence. In his treatise " Siddhant Shiromani " he writes on planetary
positions, eclipses, cosmography, mathematical techniques and astronomical
equipment. In the " Surya Siddhant " he makes a note on the force of gravity:
"Objects fall on earth due to a force of attraction by the earth. Therefore, the
earth, planets, constellations, moon, and sun are held in orbit due to this
attraction." Bhaskaracharya was the first to discover gravity, 500 years before
Sir Isaac Newton . He was the champion among mathematicians of ancient
and medieval India . His works fired the imagination of Persian and European
scholars, who through research on his works earned fame and popularity
FOUNDER OF ATOMIC THEORY
• As the founder of " Vaisheshik Darshan "- one of six principal philosophies of India -
Acharya Kanad was a genius in philosophy. He is believed to have been born in Prabhas
Kshetra near Dwarika in Gujarat . He was the pioneer expounder of realism, law of
causation and the atomic theory. He has classified all the objects of creation into nine
elements, namely: earth, water, light, wind, ether, time, space, mind and soul. He says,
"Every object of creation is made of atoms which in turn connect with each other to form
molecules." His statement ushered in the Atomic Theory for the first time ever in the world,
nearly 2500 years before John Dalton . Kanad has also described the dimension and
motion of atoms and their chemical reactions with each other. The eminent historian, T.N.
Colebrook , has said, "Compared to the scientists of Europe , Kanad and other 21 Indian
scientists were the global masters of this field."
WIZARD OF CHEMICAL SCIENCE
He was an extraordinary wizard of science born in the nondescript village of
Baluka in Madhya Pradesh . His dedicated research for twelve years produced
maiden discoveries and inventions in the faculties of chemistry and metallurgy.
Textual masterpieces like " Ras Ratnakar ," "Rashrudaya" and "Rasendramangal"
are his renowned contributions to the science of chemistry. Where the medieval
alchemists of England failed, Nagarjuna had discovered the alchemy of
transmuting base metals into gold. As the author of medical books like
"Arogyamanjari" and "Yogasar," he also made significant contributions to the field
of curative medicine. Because of his profound scholarliness and versatile
knowledge, he was appointed as Chancellor of the famous University of Nalanda 22
. Nagarjuna's milestone discoveries impress and astonish the scientists of today.
FATHER OF PLASTIC SURGERY
A genius who has been glowingly recognized in the annals of medical science. Born to sage
Vishwamitra, Acharya Sudhrut details the first ever surgery procedures in " Sushrut Samhita ," a
unique encyclopedia of surgery. He is venerated as the father of plastic surgery and the science of
anesthesia. When surgery was in its infancy in Europe , Sushrut was performing Rhinoplasty
(restoration of a damaged nose) and other challenging operations. In the " Sushrut Samhita ," he
prescribes treatment for twelve types of fractures and six types of dislocations. His details on human
embryology are simply amazing. Sushrut used 125 types of surgical instruments including scalpels,
lancets, needles, Cathers and rectal speculums; mostly designed from the jaws of animals and
birds. He has also described a number of stitching methods; the use of horse's hair as thread and
fibers of bark. In the " Sushrut Samhita ," and fibers of bark. In the " Sushrut Samhita ," he details
300 types of operations. The ancient Indians were the pioneers in amputation, caesarian and23 cranial
surgeries. Acharya Sushrut was a giant in the arena of medical science.
EMINENT ASTROLOGER AND ASTRONOMER
Renowned astrologer and astronomer who was honored with a special
decoration and status as one of the nine gems in the court of King Vikramaditya
in Avanti ( Ujjain ). Varahamihir's book "panchsiddhant" holds a prominent place
in the realm of astronomy. He notes that the moon and planets are lustrous not
because of their own light but due to sunlight. In the " Bruhad Samhita " and "
Bruhad Jatak ," he has revealed his discoveries in the domains of geography,
constellation, science, botany and animal science. In his treatise on botanical
science, Varamihir presents cures for various diseases afflicting plants and trees.
The rishi-scientist survives through his unique contributions to the science of
astrology and astronomy. 24
FATHER OF YOGA
The Science of Yoga is one of several unique contributions of India to the world.
It seeks to discover and realize the ultimate Reality through yogic practices.
Acharya Patanjali , the founder, hailed from the district of Gonda (Ganara) in
Uttar Pradesh . He prescribed the control of prana (life breath) as the means to
control the body, mind and soul. This subsequently rewards one with good health
and inner happiness. Acharya Patanjali 's 84 yogic postures effectively enhance
the efficiency of the respiratory, circulatory, nervous, digestive and endocrine
systems and many other organs of the body. Yoga has eight limbs where
Acharya Patanjali shows the attainment of the ultimate bliss of God in samadhi
through the disciplines of: yam, niyam, asan, pranayam, pratyahar, dhyan and
dharna. The Science of Yoga has gained popularity because of its scientific
approach and benefits. Yoga also holds the honored place as one of six
philosophies in the Indian philosophical system. Acharya Patanjali will forever be
remembered and revered as a pioneer in the science of self-discipline, happiness
PIONEER OF AVIATION TECHNOLOGY
• Acharya Bharadwaj had a hermitage in the holy city of Prayag and was an ordent apostle of
Ayurveda and mechanical sciences. He authored the " Yantra Sarvasva " which includes
astonishing and outstanding discoveries in aviation science, space science and flying
machines. He has described three categories of flying machines: 1.) One that flies on earth
from one place to another. 2.) One that travels from one planet to another. 3.) And One that
travels from one universe to another. His designs and descriptions have impressed and
amazed aviation engineers of today. His brilliance in aviation technology is further reflected
through techniques described by him:
• 1.) Profound Secret: The technique to make a flying machine invisible through the
application of sunlight and wind force.
• 2.) Living Secret: The technique to make an invisible space machine visible through the
application of electrical force.
• 3.) Secret of Eavesdropping: The technique to listen to a conversation in another plane.
• 4.) Visual Secrets: The technique to see what's happening inside another plane.
• Through his innovative and brilliant discoveries, Acharya Bharadwaj has been recognized 26
as the pioneer of aviation technology.
FATHER OF COSMOLOGY
• Celebrated as the founder of Sankhya philosophy, Acharya Kapil is believed to
have been born in 3000 BCE to the illustrious sage Kardam and Devhuti. He
gifted the world with the Sankhya School of Thought. His pioneering work
threw light on the nature and principles of the ultimate Soul (Purusha), primal
matter (Prakruti) and creation. His concept of transformation of energy and
profound commentaries on atma, non-atma and the subtle elements of the
cosmos places him in an elite class of master achievers - incomparable to the
discoveries of other cosmologists. On his assertion that Prakruti, with the
inspiration of Purusha, is the mother of cosmic creation and all energies, he
contributed a new chapter in the science of cosmology. Because of his
extrasensory observations and revelations on the secrets of creation, 27 is
recognized and saluted as the Father of Cosmology
Each period of science has led to some model of nature. For classical science it was the clock ; for
nineteenth century science, the period of industrial revolution , it was an engine running down .
What will be the symbol for us ? What we have In mind perhaps be expressed by a reference to
sculpture , from Indian or pre-Columbian art to our time. In some of the most beautiful
manifestations of sculpture, be it the dancing Shiva or in the miniature temples of Guerra, there
appears very clearly the search for a junction between stillness and motion , time arrested and
time passing . We believe that this confrontation will give our period its uniqueness.
“Order Out of Chaos” by
Ilya Prigogine & Isabelle Stengers
UP 199,581,477 greater than PAKISTAN 163,579,000
MH 112,372,972 greater than PHILIPPINES 88,574,614
BR 103,804,637 greater than GERMANY 82,244,000
A.P. 84,665,533 greater than IRAN 71,208,000
WB 91,347,736 greater than ETHOPIA 77,127,000
TN 72,138,958 greater than U.K. 71,208,000
0-14 years: 29.3%
Nearly 40 per cent of the Indian
15-64 years: 65.2%
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/th population is aged 13 to 35 years.
e-world-factbook/geos/in.html (defined as youth in the National Youth Policy).
By 2020, it is expected that 325 million people in India will reach working age, which will be the
largest in the world. This will come at a time when the rest of the developed world will be faced
with an ageing population. It is estimated that by 2020, US will be short of 17 million people of
working age, China by 10 million, Japan by 9 million and Russia by 6 million
India‟s population represents worlds 18% population.
One presidents of India is equivalent to 34 presidents of different countries!
In 2030 India will be a major center of business in the world and claim to be the
India is the largest Democracy in the World
India has one of the largest pool
of scientists and engineers in the
The Kumbh Mela Festival, held
every 12 years in the city of
2.5 Crore people 36
About 110 Millions people are expected to visit during
Mahakumbh-2013 at Allahabad. Nearly 60 Millions
people are likely to visit on 10-Feb-2013
( Mouni Amavasya)
27 January-25 February 2013
SBI California SBI London SBI Tsim sha tsui Hongkong
The State Bank of India is
World‟s Largest Bank in terms
of branches. (SBI has 21,500 branches)
Total Bank branches (All bank ) In INDIA 70,000
Highest in World. 38
ONE OF THE WORLDS LARGEST NET WORKS
UNDER A SINGLE MANAGEMENT
Route Length : 63122 Km
Staff Strength: 14.72 Lakhs, Total Stations: 6906
India is the only country other than
the US and Japan, to have built a
super computer indigenously. 42
Supercomputer developed by Tata group ranked 4th fastest
in the world and fastest in Asia (*2007), currently 186. Named as
Eka (Sanskrit word for number one), is a Hewlett-Packard based
system with a performance of 117.9 teraflops. A teraflop
equals a trillion calculations per second.
Recently (November 2012) India's seven supercomputer stands
in worlds top 500 list.
Some Indian supercomputer name :
Param, Saga, Eka, Virgo, param yuwa, Annapurna 43
Indian Armed Force is the World's
Second largest with more than 13 lakhs
soldiers in active service and about
11 lakhs reserve troops,.
Resul Pookutty dedicates Oscar to India
"I dedicate this award to my country. This is not just a sound award but a
piece of history that has been handed over to me,“
"I come from a country and civilisation that gave the world the word that
precedes silence and is followed by more silence. That word is 'Om'. So I
dedicate this award to my country,"
With 800 movies per year, India‟s Film
industry overshadows Hollywood 45
Of the Fortune 500 companies, 220
outsource their software related
work to India
National Stock Exchange is the third
largest Stock Exchange in the World in
terms of the number of trades in
equities.It is the Second Fastest
growing stock exchange in the World.
India is the World‟s premier centre
for diamond cutting and polishing.
Nine out of every ten stones sold in
the World pass through India
The ancient Chola town of Thanjavur has made its artistic and aesthetic
contribution to the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), which
discovered the Higgins Boson particle, as the Lord Nataraja‟s idol in the cosmic
dance pose placed at the lab is made by sculptors from Swamimalai, near
Kumbakonam in Thanjavur, Tamilnadu.
The 12-feet bronze idol was ordered by the Indian Government through the
National Indian Arts and Crafts Corporation and gifted to the CERN research lab
In India, which has launched satellites for years and is preparing
for a moon orbit this decade, Kalpana Chawla is a new
kind of heroine. Born in Karnal, Chawla earned a degree in
engineering from Punjab Engineering College in 1982 and then
went to the United States, where she earned her Master's and
doctorate in aerospace engineering. She joined NASA in 1995
as an astronaut candidate. became the first Indian woman to
enter space in 1997, when she was part of the Columbia
mission that orbited the earth.
Half Indian half American, commander Sunita Williams is
a graduate of the US Naval Academy. She is one of only six
women NASA has put in space since 1965. Her father is an
Indian-born doctor. Sunita‟s' mission, the 20th to the space
station, will include a complex set of tasks carried out over three
spacewalks, including adding a small structural truss to the
orbiting laboratory and reconfiguring the station's electrical
system to begin drawing power from solar panels added on the
last mission. The astronauts will also move an older set of solar
arrays out of the way of the new arrays, which will turn on their 57
axis like a paddlewheel as the station follows its orbital path.
I AM INDIA
The land of India is my own body.
The Comorin is my feet, the Himalayas my head.
From my hair flows the Ganga, from my head come the
Brahmaputra and the Sindhu.
The Vindhyachalas are girt round my loins.
The Coromandel is my left and the Malabar my right leg.
I AM THE WHOLE OF INDIA, and its East and West are my
arms, and I spread them in straight line to embrace humanity.
When I walk, I feel it is India walking.
When I speak, I feel it is India speaking.
When I breathe, I feel it is India breathing.
I am India.
-Swami Rama Tirth
Song of Youth
As a young citizen of India,
armed with technology, knowledge and love for my nation,
I realize, small aim is a crime.
I will work and sweat for a great vision,
the vision of transforming India into a developed nation
powered by economic strength with value system.
I am one of the citizens of a billion,
only the vision will ignite the billion souls.
It has entered into me,
the ignited soul compared to any resource,
is the most powerful resource
on the earth, above the earth and under the earth.
I will keep the lamp of knowledge burning to achive the vision –
Developed India. 69
- Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
Make sankalpa that
you would do your
work with all
perfection, you would
study more about
India and plan and
work for her glorious
Swamiji believed 110 years before and told
India would rise. When she is rising believe
her and work to make her great.