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Value addition of tea


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horticulture plantation crops (tea)

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Value addition of tea

  1. 1. Value addition of Tea From Pre harvest to Post harvest Name Vivek Yadav Dept. of Horticulture SIKKIM UNIVERSITY
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • Tea is the second most popular consumed drink in the world after water. It is a pleasant, popular, socially accepted, economical and safe drink that is enjoyed every day by hundreds of millions of people across all continents. Tea is globally one of the most popular and cheapest beverages with major production centres in India, China, Kenya, Sri Lanka, Turkey & provides employment to more than one million workers. India is largest producer, consumer, exporter of tea in world Queen of beverage crop Scientific name : Camellia sinensis Family: Theaceae
  3. 3. Benefits of Tea Tea is a zero calorie healthy beverage Successfully used to deliver nutrients Good carrier for herbs/ vitamins/other
  4. 4. Production Map of India Kangra Darjeeling Assam Dooars Nilgiri Munnar
  5. 5. Market overview, Production, Export Source: Tea Board of India
  6. 6. Value addition steps and supply chain
  7. 7. Service/Policy In order to encourage the small growers form Tea Producers’ Society (TPS) Tea Board under the 10th plan period has given special subsidies for setting up of TPS.
  8. 8. • Support • Information • Fund • Policy • Subsidy Services • Resistant • High yielding • Climate suitable • Disease free Planting material • More production • Better crop growth Planting system • Quality planting material • Healthy plants Nursery • Weeding • Pruning/Tranin g • Fertilizer • Irrigation I/C operation • Quality harvesting • Proper harvesting • Perfect time Harvesting Pre Harvest value addition
  9. 9. Planting Material • Infilling biclonal seed stocks, UPASl : BSS–I to BSS-5. • Graft combinations such as UPASI–3 / UPASI–2, UPASI–3 / UPASI6, UPASI-8 / UPASI-2. • Clones like UPASI-2,TRI.2025, ATK-1, W-35,SA-6 and C–1. • Drought prone areas ATK-1, TRI- 2025 • Wind prone areas: CR–6017 and UPASI-26 Planting System • About 13,000 plants are planted in one hectare following double hedge system of planting (spacing: 135 X 75 X 75 cm). One year old plants are planted in pits with a dimension of 30 X 45 cm. • The selected plants for planting should have 14 to 16 healthy mature leaves
  10. 10. Organic culture  Organic manure: Composting, Vermicompost, Biodynamics,  Nitrogen fixation in Temi tea garden: Crotolaria, Lemon grass. other Neem rich material e.g. Neem cakes, castor cakes  Nursery to raising planting material organically  Integrated animal husbandry  Propagation: sections are clonal and seedlings; propagated by single node leaf cutting  Control of paste and diseases in the organic tea garden: use extract of plant like neem, banmara, dhutra by foliar application; spray of Sishnu jhol, Lime spray, Nemagold  Methods of weed control in Temi tea garden: Mulching, Manual weeding  Shade tree in Temi tea garden: Dhuppi (Cryptomeria spp.); Paiyun (Prunus spp.); Ghora neem (Melia azedarach); Cassia siamea; Acacia auriculiformis; Crotolaria spp.
  11. 11. Harvesting Course Plucking Fine Plucking Fine plucking we harvest only the bud, second and third leaves so that we get the most from a harvest of tea. Harvesting tea needs to be done in the early morning. This type of harvesting tea makes very fine and delicate flavoured tea. It is usually lighter and sweeter in taste. Coarse plucking technique produces a lower quality of tea than fine plucking. In coarse plucking you will also harvest the bud but will include more than two leaves whilst harvesting the tea. This is generally done at a very fast pace. This technique of harvesting tea makes a stronger flavour tea than that of fine plucking
  12. 12. Technology /Invention Withering troughs Green leaf sifter Green Leaf shredder Orthodox roller Orthodox roller Fermentation drum Continuous fermenting machine Vibro fluid bed drier Combination drier Fibre extractor Sorter Fluid bed drier ECP drier: Continuous fermenting machine
  13. 13. Research and Development • In India research and development work is mainly done by four pioneer institutes: UPASI DTRC Tocklai (Assam) IHBT ISTS Tea Research Foundation, Kenya Chinese Tea Research Institute, China Objective of R&D Objective of R&D: Yielding variety Disease Resistant Pest Resistant Good tea stimulate :Tenin,Theol,Thein Organic practices Economic standard
  14. 14. Grading D- Dust Fanning BOPFOP OP Golden Tippy Processing Methods CTC Orthodox Light Strength Tea Strong Strength
  15. 15. Packaging Transporting Marketing Plywood Chest Polythene bag Fabric bag Paper bag Jute bag Wooden box Metal box Ship, truck, railroad, aircraft (transport of sample chests to port of destination for purposes of comparison). Tea, especially Darjeeling, is increasingly being transported by air and is known as "air freighted" tea. Tea is predominantly transported in standard containers Domestic International
  17. 17. Other value added products Jasmine tea Rose tea Ginger tea Tulsi tea Herbal tea Lemon tea Green tea Black tea oolong tea Royal tea Instant tea slim tea Ever spring tea Mint tea
  18. 18. Thanking you Main Sources :Tea Board of India,UPASI,DTRC,IHBT