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V Rolfe - open education and innovation


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Presentation for #Opened15 Friday 20 November 2015

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V Rolfe - open education and innovation

  1. 1. Open education projects – through the lens of innovation Dr Vivien Rolfe @vivienrolfe University of the West of England, Bristol, UK For OpenEd 2015 Conference, Vancouver 19-21 November 2015
  2. 2. Innovation is messy!
  3. 3. “Violent fondness to change and greater eagerness after novelties” 1 LATEST INNOVATION “IT” WORDS Disruptive Open Social Ambidexterous Grassroots Democratised Radical 1700s Invention (new step) Innovation (new application) Imitation X © Bower & Christiansen3 Theories of disruptive technology. Not a great fit for education? 1990s Eric Von Hippel5 Democratizing Innovation. People innovating for themselves. 2015 1990s Innovation processes, knowledge management, IPR, competitive advantage 4 Education innovation as driver of prosperity? Didn’t achieve much more than a “shuffling of feet” 2 1940s 50s "Laika (Soviet dog)". Wikipedia Fair Use
  4. 4. Research goals • Review the impact of 5 OER projects through the blurry lens of innovation 3-7 years post funding. • Conducted 8 staff interviews in March 2015. • Identified themes relating to innovation - defined as novel or unexpected outcomes. • The aim was to share our findings and our failings. Rolfe OER15 Conference, Cardiff 2015. Rolfe paper submitted.
  5. 5. OER projects at De Montfort University, UK 2009 Virtual Analytical Laboratory (VAL) – static HTML 2010 Sickle Cell Open (SCOOTER) – WordPress blog / SEO 2010 TIGER (Leicester, Northampton) – DMU repository 2012 Biology Courses Midwifery – DMU repository 2012 Biology Courses Forensics, Biomedical – WordPress / SEO Biology Courses
  6. 6. OER in multiple formats = accessible = discoverable Rolfe & Griffin 2011 Guide to SEO
  7. 7. Emerging themes
  8. 8. People • Reliance on champion (3 mentions)… – “Part of the problem was you scedaddled – the champion – I’m not blaming you, but the champion effectively had gone and there was no way other teaching fellows or NTFs were able to own it” • But others had followed… – “It has changed my practice in terms of whenever I’m doing anything I think how could this be an OER or how could it supplement what I’m doing”
  9. 9. New local partnerships • Local partnerships…. – “So we did that by working closely with a college, Leicester College and getting their theatrical makeup students to make the injuries for our manikin” – “I rang up the police and they actually came back to us and come out and told us the calculations that we need to make mock skid marks”
  10. 10. • OERs translated into Nigerian dialects… – “The particular university had already got their project on sickle cell in schools which was a bit more about giving information to teachers, and had gone for the spirit of OER, adapted it, …” • OER translated into Portuguese… – “It was a full blown socio linguistic evaluation looking at the tone of the author…they’ve gone through several stages from a literal translation to a cultural adaptation”. New global partnerships
  11. 11. Technology tussle Creative and digital learners (7 mentions)… – “I think that they are used and there is great potential to do more and students like being digital learners and media learners” – “The students themselves are filming each other doing simple tests”…. “And those local to us here are happy to come in during the holidays to develop something” In a constraining IT infrastructure (9 mentions) – “The main problem is getting dedicated time to produce proper videos with proper editing that is good enough to go out”. – “The team has a range of other pressures on them –we need a lecture capture solution, we need a multimedia solution, a eAssessment solution, and the idea of open is kind of secondary. (Not as shiny). It’s a set of kind of cultural approaches, it is a mind set, it is not a shiny thing”. – “We are effectively saying to say to staff we are going to narrow down your pedagogic choices based on our technology you have to use these two tools unless you go through the whole palaver of opting out”.
  12. 12. When OER goes bad tdc1004 When Guinea Pigs Go Bad
  13. 13. • Difficulty of cultural translations for a health policy document in UK vs US….non-compliance with CC license but referenced. – “They appointed someone from their team to work on it and I hoped it would be an adaptation in the full spirit of OERs and what it ended up as a document that really was entirely different but did link to the original OERs so there was some reference”. • UK vs Ghana….non-compliance with CC license and not referenced. – “They didn’t seem to want to recognise the spirit of OER. Whether it was at an early stage they hadn’t understood the principles although we spent long and long emails spelling it out”. – “They wanted complete copyright control…not to share”. When OER goes bad
  14. 14. Summary • The technological approaches (WordPress Blogs, Social Media, SEO) provide a low-cost sustainable means of curating and distributing OER globally. • ‘Bottom-up’ ‘champion’ approach works if people follow, but is vulnerable to change. • OER ignites new partnerships – gives a reason to go and talk about education but a small fraction is vulnerable to abuse – not entering into the spirit of OER. • Students and staff are the digital drivers of innovation but are at odds with institutional infrastructure/policy. • Lots more.
  15. 15. Recommendation 1 OER Research Hub Impact Hypothesis 12? Impact via new partnerships? 6
  16. 16. Recommendation 2 • We need more evaluation and sharing of our experiences – good and bad. • OER license terms can be misused and damage partnerships. • In negotiating, how can we ensure clarity of license terms with ‘high stakes’ OER?
  17. 17. Bedtime reading 1 Godin, B. (2008). Innovation: the History of a Category. Project on the Intellectual History of Innovation Working Paper. (From The Fable of the Bees, 1732). 2 Nisbet, R. I., & Collins, J. M. (1978). Barriers and resistance to innovation. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 3(1), 1. (Referring to Trump). 3 Bower, J. L., & Christensen, C. M. (1995). Disruptive technologies: catching the wave (pp. 506-20). Harvard Business Review Video. 4 Johannessen, J. A., Olsen, B., & Olaisen, J. (1999). Aspects of innovation theory based on knowledge-management. International journal of information management, 19(2), 121-139. 5 Von Hippel, E. A. (2005). Democratizing innovation. 6 OERMAP.ORG. Impact hypotheses. 7 Rolfe V and Griffin SJ (2011). A Guide to SEO resources/resources/scooter80/SCOOTER80a_SEO_Guidelines.pdf 8 Rolfe OER15 9 Rolfe Sustainability and vulnerability of OER. In press. Preprint here.
  18. 18. Thanks De Montfort University staff, students and collaborators. Thanks to funders #UKOER And for this conference trip @UWECC BY SA Jacob Escott, Biology Courses