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-l      L       L          II.
AbbreviationsAE                  amerikan. Englisch   American EnglishAkk.                Akkusativ            accusativeA...
LANGENSCHEIDT         Basic    German Vocabulary                  A Learner’s Dictionary               divided into subjec...
Translation: Carol L. & Charles J. JamesThe spelling in Basic German Vocabulary corresponds to theOrthography Reform of 19...
ContentsWho needs a “Basic Vocabulary”? ...........................                         VIIWhy a “Basic Vocabulary”? ....
4     Man and Society           ................................                   1264.1   Identification ..................
v9        Environment ....................................                         2699.1      City.Town. Village ...........
VI     15      Quantity and Measure ...........................                     348     15.1    Concepts of Quantity ....
VIIWho needs a “Basic Vocabulary”?Any student learning a foreign language must master a certain vocabularybase before he o...
Vlll       Therefore, many monolingual textbooks have bilingual vocabulary lists or       glossaries.       Because it is ...
IX In addition to the thematic presentation, all entries are presented contex-tually, i.e., sample sentences accompany eac...
Frequency of use and usefulness of the word determined inclusion intothe Basic Vocabulary.Likewise, the Basic Vocabulary i...
XI8. Langenscheidt’s Basic Vocabulary German is independent of specifictextbooks. It is suitable, however, for reviewing t...
XI I                                                                                        i       Not all the possibilit...
I Themenbezogene Begriffe I                                  I                                                 I          ...
2    Haar [ha:*] n, -(e)s, -e              hair n     Bald hat er keine Haare mehr auf      Soon he won’t have any more ha...
1 The Human Beingstark [park] A d j , starker, am        strong starksten FurdieseArbeit bist du nicht stark      You’re n...
4                                                                                   I    Leib [laip] m, -(e)s, -er        ...
1 Der Mensch                 5                                                     1 The Human Being1 1.2 AussehenI       ...
6    blass [blas] A@.., -er, am -esten     pale     Er erschrak sich und wurde blass.     He was frightened and turned    ...
11 Der Mensch I                                                    I                        I                             ...
8    Erinnerung [ea*inaruq] f -, -en           memory n     Sie hatte gute Erinnerungen an             She had good memori...
11 Der Mensch              1   9                                                  1 The Human Beingklug [klu: k] Adj, klug...
10     vernunftig [f~a*nynftiq"]                             Adj.             reasonable, sensible      Man kann gut mit i...
1 The Human Being                     v/t,erfassen [~a*fas(a)n] erfass-        realize v te, hat erfasst                  ...
12     verruckt [fea*rykt] A@., -er, am       crazy         -esten         Er ist ein verruckter Junge, aber    He is a cr...
11 Der Mensch I                                               I                          I                                ...
fair [ f m y Adj.                       fair, honest Das war ein faires Spiel.               That was a fair game.faul [fa...
11 Der Mensch I                                                   I                            I                          ...
16     freuen [fni(a)n] V/refl. + Prap. (an,     look forward to, be happy about      auf, uber, wegen, mit), freute, hat ...
11 Der Mensch I              17                                                      1 The Human Beinglieb [li:p] A@.     ...
18     Gluck [glyk] n, -(e)s, kein PI.         luck, good fortune n      Sie hat in ihrem Leben vie1 Gluck       She has h...
11 Der Mensch              I   19                                                1 The Human BeingArger "ergs*] m, -s, kei...
20     sorgen [‘zxg(a)n] VA.,       + Prap.    worry (about), be concerned      {fur), ref/..,                   sorgen, h...
11 Der Mensch            1   21                                                   1 The Human BeingAufregung [aufre:gug] (...
22     hassen [‘has(a)n] V/t., hasste, hat     hate v      gehasst      Jens brauchst du nicht einzula-         You don’t ...
11 Der Mensch I                                                   I                       I                               ...
24     husten [hu:st(a)n] VA., hustete,          cough v      hat gehustet      Wenn jemand raucht, muss ich              ...
1 The Human Being    wohl [vo:~]              Adl!                          good, well     Du siehst schlecht aus.        ...
16     schmerzhaft [‘jmsrtshaft] Adj.,             painful         -er, am -esten         Die Wunde ist nicht gefahrlich, ...
11 Der Mensch I                                                  I                       I                                ...
28     Tod [to:t] m, -es, -e                  death n      Ihr plotzlicher Tod hat alle uber-     Her sudden death surpris...
11 Der Mensch            1   29                                                1 The Human Beingjugendlich [ju:g(a)ntli~] ...
30   1 Handlungen und Aktivitaten 1     I      2                                                   I         2 Actions and...
12 Handlungen und Aktivitaten                    I   31                          2 Actions and ActivitiesGeruch [ga’rux] m...
32     spuren [jpy:r(a)n] V/t., spurte, hat   feel v      gespurt      Spurst du Schmerzen im Arm?            Do you feel ...
12 Handlungen und Aktivitaten                    I   33                          2 Actions and Activitieseinschlafen [ainJ...
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Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_
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Langenscheidt basic german_vocabulary__only_text_

  1. 1. -l L L II.
  2. 2. AbbreviationsAE amerikan. Englisch American EnglishAkk. Akkusativ accusativeAdj. Adjektiv adjectiveAdv. Adverb adverbBE brit. Englisch British Englishdem. demonstrativ demonstrativef feminin femininGen. Genitiv genitiveindekl. indeklinabel indeclinableKomp. Komparation comparitionKonj. Konjunktion conjunctionMod.v. Modalverb modal verbm maskulin masculinen (german column) neutrum neutern (engl. column) Nomen nounF! Person personPI. Plural pluralPron. Pronomen pronounPrap. Praposition prepositionsg. Singular singularV Verb verbVh. intransitivesVerb intransitive verbV/refl. reflexives Verb reflexive Verbv/t. transitives Verb transitive verbEP. reziprok reciprocalPronunciation see p. 419
  3. 3. LANGENSCHEIDT Basic German Vocabulary A Learner’s Dictionary divided into subject categories with example sentencesEdited by the German as a Foreign Language Department LANGENSCHEIDT BERLIN . MUNICH. VIENNA. ZURICH . NEW YORK
  4. 4. Translation: Carol L. & Charles J. JamesThe spelling in Basic German Vocabulary corresponds to theOrthography Reform of 1998.0 1991 Langenscheidt KG, Berlin and MunichAll rights reserved. No part of this material may be reproduced in any formwithout the permission of the publishers.Printed in Germany. ISBN 3-468-49 400-9
  5. 5. ContentsWho needs a “Basic Vocabulary”? ........................... VIIWhy a “Basic Vocabulary”? ................................. VIIWhy a bilingual “Basic Vocabulary”? ......................... VIIWhythesewords? ....................................... VlllHow is the “Basic Vocabulary” arranged?...................... Vlll“Langenscheidt’s Basic German Vocabulary” and “Workbook” . . . . . IXHow to work with the “Basic Vocabulary”? ..................... XNotes .................................................. XITopical ConceptsI The Human Being ............................... 11.1 TheBody ......................................... 11.2 Appearance ...................................... 51.3 MindandReason .................................. 71.4 Character ........................................ 121.5 Pleasant and Neutral Emotions ....................... 151.6 Negative Emotions ................................. 181.7 Health and Illness (See also: Doctor and Hospital 5.9). . . . . . 231.8 LifeandDeath ..................................... 262 Actions and Activities ........................... 302.1 The Senses and Body Functions ...................... 302.2 Hygiene and Cleanliness ............................ 342.3 Doing ........................................... 372.4 Movement and Rest ................................ 432.5 Moving of Objects and Beings ........................ 492.6 GivingandTaking .................................. 512.7 Handling Objects and Beings ......................... 552.8 Learning and Knowledge (See also: School and Education 8.4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 763 Language and Speech Intentions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 853.1 General ......................................... . 853.2 Speech ......................................... . 873.3 Writing and Reading ............................... . 913.4 Information ...................................... . 933.5 Expressing Opinions............................... . 963.6 Acceptance and Rejection .......................... 100 .3.7 Certainity and Doubt ............................... . 1053.8 Positive Evaluation and Neutrality..................... 112 .3.9 Negative Evaluation ............................... 118 .3.10 Wish. Request. Order .............................. 120 .3.1 1 Courtesy Formulas. Exclamations. ConversationalFillers . . . 124
  6. 6. 4 Man and Society ................................ 1264.1 Identification ...................................... 1264.2 Family and Relatives ................................ 1284.3 SocialTies ........................................ 1344.4 Professions ....................................... 1354.5 Social Position .................................... 1404.6 Positive and Neutral Social Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1404.7 Negative Social Behavior ............................ 1454.8 Contacts and Events................................ 1474.9 Fate and Coincidence ............................... 1515 Every Day Life................................... 1555.1 HouseandApartment............................... 1555.2 Furnishings ....................................... 1605.3 Bask Commodities ................................ 1635.4 Clothing and Jewelry ............................... 1685.5 Meals, Restaurant .................................. 1735.6 Groceries. Food ................................... 1765.7 Fruits and Vegetables ............................... 1815.8 Drinking and Smoking............................... 1835.9 DoctorandHospital ................................ 1866 Business and Administration..................... 1906.1 General .......................................... 1906.2 Storesandshopping ............................... 1916.3 MoneyandProperty ................................ 2016.4 Work ............................................ 2076.5 Postoffice.Telephone ............................... 2156.6 Authorities. Police .................................. 2196.7 Law ............................................. 2227 The Arts and Fields of Interest.................... 2297.1 Theater. Film. FineArts .............................. 2297.2 Music ........................................... 2347.3 Media ........................................... 2367.4 Leisure Activities ................................... 2397.5 Sports ........................................... 2418 Public Life ...................................... 2458.1 Government and Politics............................. 2458.2 Warand Peace .................................... 2558.3 Church and Religion ................................ 2608.4 SchoolandEducation............................... 264
  7. 7. v9 Environment .................................... 2699.1 City.Town. Village .................................. 2699.2 Landscape ....................................... 2719.3 Nature: General.................................... 2749.4 Animals .......................................... 2799.5 Plants ........................................... 2839.6 Weather and Climate ............................... 28410 Technology and Materials ....................... 28810.1 Technology ....................................... 28810.2 Materials ......................................... 29211 Travel and Traffic ................................ 29611.1 Travel ............................................ 29611.2 Street Traffic ...................................... 30111.3 Vehicles .......................................... 30411.4 Rail. Plane. Ship ................................... 30812 Countries and People ........................... 31112.1 Geographical Names ............................... 31212.2 Nationalities. Inhabitants. Languages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313General Concepts13 Time ........................................... 31613.1 Division of the Year ................................. 31613.2 The Names of the Months ............................ 31813.3 Weekdays ........................................ 31813.4 TimesofDay ...................................... 31913.5 ClockTime ....................................... 32013.6 Other Concepts of Time ............................. 32113.6.1 Nouns ........................................... 32113.6.2 Verbs ............................................ 32313.6.3 Adjectives ........................................ 32613.6.4 Adverbs .......................................... 32813.6.5 Prepositions ...................................... 33313.5.6 Conjunctions ...................................... 33414 Spatial Concepts................................ 33514.1 Nouns ........................................... 33514.2 Adjectives ........................................ 33814.3 Adverbs .......................................... 34014.4 Prepositions ...................................... 346
  8. 8. VI 15 Quantity and Measure ........................... 348 15.1 Concepts of Quantity ............................... 348 15.2 Cardinal Numbers.................................. 354 15.3 Measurementsand Weights .......................... 355 16 Order and Reference ............................ 358 16.1 Order, Division..................................... 358 16.2 Ordinal Numbers................................... 366 17 Ways and Methods, Comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368 17.1 WaysandMethods ................................. 368 17.2 Degree. Comparison ................................ 369 18 Colors .......................................... 374 19 Forms .......................................... 375 20 Cause and Effect ................................ 377 21 Condition and Change........................... 381 Structure Words 22 Pronouns ....................................... 383 22.1 Personal Pronouns ................................. 383 22.2 Reflexive Pronouns ................................. 382 22.3 Possessive Adjectives............................... 387 22.4 DemonstrativeAdjectives ............................ 387 22.5 Question Pronouns, Relative Pronouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 388 22.6 Indefinite Pronouns................................. 389 23 Conjunctions ................................... 391 24 Adverbs ........................................ 394 Index ................................................. 396 Pronunciation ......................................... 419
  9. 9. VIIWho needs a “Basic Vocabulary”?Any student learning a foreign language must master a certain vocabularybase before he or she can communicate or read in that language.Acquisition of that base vocabulary requires study, often outside of theclassroom setting.Langenscheidt’s Basic German Vocabulary is designed to facilitate theacquisition of that core vocabulary in the easiest and most efficientmanner possible. It is meant for use by beginning learners with noprevious knowledgeof the German language, by more advanced studentsas a review and for test preparation, and by anyone as preparation forpleasure or business travel into a German-speaking country.Those who have successfully worked through Langenscheidt’s BasicGerman Vocabulary will have the necessary knowledge to function andcommunicate in all everyday situations in German.Why a “BasicVocabulary”?The German Language, like any other language, is comprised of millionsof words, yet 50 YO of normal spoken and written texts are comprised ofonly 66 words. Students rightfully ask, which words do I have to learn inorder to carry on an everyday conversation or read a text written for theaverage German speaker?The magic answer is usually 2,000 words, i.e., a student who has master-ed the basic 2,000 core vocabulary words has learnedthe most importantwords used in 80% of all written and oral communication.Langenscheidt’s “Basic German Vocabulary” contains two times 2,000words.The core 2,000 words are followed by a second group of the 2,000next most frequently used words which comprise afurther 5 YO-10 YOof allwritten and oral communication.The division of the thematically-organized entries into two groups,“1 -2,000” and “2,001 -4,000”, identifies for the learner those words whichshould be learned immediately and those which can be reserved forsecond level learning. Once they have mastered the first 2,000 words,students have the option of increasing their vocabulary over a widesubject range, or concentrating on specific areas of interest, such as law,economics, etc.Why a bilingual “Basic Vocabulary”?The use of the target language to teach the language is the norm in mostprograms today. Usually a new word is explained in simple German andillustrated with practical examples.The practical teaching situation, however, requires flexibility in using thenative language, especially when difficult concepts need to be clarified.
  10. 10. Vlll Therefore, many monolingual textbooks have bilingual vocabulary lists or glossaries. Because it is meant to be used independently by the learner to study and review outside class, a text like the Basic Vocabulary must be 100% bilingual. It is not meant to, and should not, replace a regular German- English/English-German dictionary where a learner can find many more words and definitions, nor a comprehensive grammar text. The Basic Vocabulary is only meant to serve as a supplement for study and learning. Why these words? Langenscheidt’s Basic Vocabulary selects the most important words for a student to learn and use. The Basic Vocabulary is based on evaluation of numerous lists of basic German vocabulary published in Germany, Aus- tria, Switzerland and other countries.All the important sources of informa- tion on word frequency in written and spoken German were considered. An exact source list would go beyond the purpose of this introduction.For those interested, we mention here the vocabulary statistics of Kaeding, Meier, Ortmann, the Mannheimer Korpus 1 and 2, the Bonner Zeitungs- korpus and the minimum vocabulary lists prepared by the Council of Europe, vocabulary for the “Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache” (Certifi- cate of German as a Foreign Language),the “Deutscher Volkshochschul- verband” (GermanAdult EducationAssociation) and the Goethe Institute. The choice of words was not based only on frequency. Factors such as how familiar and useful a word is in everyday conversation were also considered. Langenscheidt’s experience in producing dictionaries and teaching materials also helped. The critical choice of example sentences was made by native speakers on an outside of our regular staff. How is the “Basic Vocaljulary” arranged? Words and expressions in Langenscheidt‘s Basic Vocabulary German are arranged by topic, not simply in alphabetical order. Educational research indicates that trying to learn words alphabetically is not effective. Similari- ties in orthography lead to confusion and spelling errors. Most impor- tantly, words are very difficult to learn without context and topic. Alphabe- tical arrangement can become an obstacle to correct use in a specific thematic situation. Learning basic words in subject areas is easier and more effective. The contextual relationships among words and the physi- cal proximity of words on the page encourage the development of associations in memory. For all these reasons, we emphasize learning in subject areas.
  11. 11. IX In addition to the thematic presentation, all entries are presented contex-tually, i.e., sample sentences accompany each basic word and its pronun-ciation. The presentation of the basic word in sentences is importantbecause the learner sees the word used correctly.The danger of using theword later in the wrong context will disappear. Example sentences oftencan be used word-for-word because they are taken from common every-day speech an represent frequently used idiomatic expressions.In the Workbook to the Basic Vocabulary there are further examples ofusage. In each of the sample sentences, care has been taken so that thevocabulary used, as far as possible, does not include any words beyondthose found in the basic vocabulary.“Langenscheidt’sBasic German Vocabulary”and “Workbook”The Workbook accompanies the Basic Vocabulary. It is left up to thelearner whether to study only with the Basic Vocabulary or to do furtherexercicesfor vocabulary building. For a quick and certain expansion of thevocabulary, we recommend the use of the workbook as well as the text.Systematic work with the two volumes creates a certain confidence invocabulary building which helps the acquisition of new words.Although gender information and irregularverb forms are given next to thebasic word, the text and Workbook are not meant to replace, but rathersupplement, the use of a dictionary and grammar book.In some cases a word has various meanings which are clarified in thesample sentences.For example:FuOball rfu:sbal] m, -(e)s, kein PI. football, soccer n FuBball ist bei uns die beliebteste Football is the most popular sport Sportart. in our country. (footballas a game)butFuOball m, -(e)s, FuBballe football, soccer ball n Die FuBballe sind aus Leder. Footballs are made of leather. (football as an object)Naturally a vocabulary list cannot present all the meanings and uses of aword in all circumstances. For example, there are seldom-used forms ofverbs that learners will not find here because they are not necessary foracquiring a basic knowledge of the language. There are also very fewtechnical words included; only the common meanings of words are given.
  12. 12. Frequency of use and usefulness of the word determined inclusion intothe Basic Vocabulary.Likewise, the Basic Vocabulary includes only a handful of the manycompound words so common in German. But a solid knowledge of basicvocabulary should enable a learner to understand and build a widervocabulary of compound words.How to Work with the “Basic Vocabulary”?Here are nine suggestions for working with the material:1. Learn the words in the “1-2,000’’ group first. Do those in the“2,001 -4,000” group later.2. Take advantage of the arrangement by subject area. Don’t work on apage-by-page basis, but try to cover one topic at a time (e.g., “Money”).The words of a subject area contain associations which aid memorization.Use the designations of subject areas as learning aids.3. Work through the individual categories one by one, first covering thosewhose topics most appeal to you. Always review each category alreadycovered after working on a new category.4. Set up your own learning system. Learn the amount of material thatbest suits you. Read an item (the main word in bold print with its examplesentences) and memorize the category the word belongs in. Go througheight to ten words this way. Then cover the left column and repeat aloudthe covered words. If you wish, also read aloud the sample sentence.Check your progress by uncovering the left column. Work through your“set” this way. Make a mark in the left margin next to the words youhaven’t memorized yet and work on just those words. For the final checkof each “set”, speak and write every word again.5. Vary your study habits: Cover the right column instead of the left, andwork as described in suggestion 4 above. Only learn the example senten-ces that help fix the meaning of the words in your memory.6. You can also take an individual word that you have had to look up in analphabetical list, put it in a category, and learn it in a meaningful context.Z Every day learn a specific amount, taking breaks in between eachsession. In a few weeks you will have systematically learned a corevocabulary; the actual amount of vocabulary items depends on you. Don’tforget to repeat and test yourself at regular intervals.
  13. 13. XI8. Langenscheidt’s Basic Vocabulary German is independent of specifictextbooks. It is suitable, however, for reviewing the vocabulary learned in acourse, in order to: a) prepare the appropriate vocabulary before freecommunication exercises or going through certain reading texts; b) workon vocabulary areas after working through a specific text whose variousparts include this word field; c) develop and expand from a single word toa complete vocabulary category.You can also arrange the topics and word families according to thematerial you have just learned in the chapters of the textbook.9. Langenscheidt’s Basic Vocabulary German and its Workbook have avery practical format. You can learn anywhere, whenever you have time.For example, why not review the chapter “Traffic” in the bus going to orfrom work? Good luck and have fun!Notes:For regular nouns, the pronunciation, the gender, the genitive and nomi-native plural forms are provided after the basic word. Only irregular formsof the plural are spelled out.For example:Ball [ball m, -s, BalleFor verbs, three forms: present infinitive, first person singular of theimperfect, and third person singular with haben or sein, are presented.After that come the various possibilities for using it in transitive or reflexiveforms. There are also examples of common prepositions used with it.For example:~ _ _ _ _ _ ~anmelden [‘anmeld(a)n] VA., ref/., register, sign up for v iRap. (fur) meldete an, hat an- gemeldet Das Auto wird morgen ange- The car will be registered to- meldet. morrow. Ich habe mich fur die Prufung an- I’ve signed up for the test. gemeldet.
  14. 14. XI I i Not all the possibilities of using averb are included,just the most frequent. ( ) in the phonetic script indicate that particular pronunciation is optional. For adjectives, the comparative forms are given only if they vary from normal formation. For example: ______ gut [gu:t] A@., besser, am besten good, well Er ist ein guter Handwerker. He is good with his hands. Es aeht mir aut. I’m doina well. If a main word appears twice, the example meanings and/or the gramma- tical differences will clarify matters. For example: abgeben [‘apge:b(a)n] V/t., i turn in, hand in v Rap. (an, bei, in) gab ab, hat ab- gegeben Bitte geben Sie den Brief an der Please hand in the letter at the Rezeption ab. reception desk. abgeben V X , iRap. (von) give v Kannst du mir von den Broten Can you give me one of the sand- eines abgeben? wiches/loaves of bread? Since most adjectives in German can be used as adverbs, no distinction is made in English between adjectives and adverbs, even for those words that are “pure” adverbs. wirklich [‘virkli~] A@., keine real, true Komp. Ein wirklicher Freund hatte dir in A real friend would have helped dieser Situation geholfen. you in this situation. Hast du wirklich geglaubt, dass Did you really believethat she told sie dir alles erzahlt hat? you everything?
  15. 15. I Themenbezogene Begriffe I I I 1 Topical Concepts11 Der Mensch 1 1 The Human Being 1.I Korper 1.1 The BodyArm [arm] rn, -(e)s, -e arm n Ich habe beim Sport meinen rech- I hurt my right arm while exerci- ten Arm verletzt. sing.Auge [‘auga] n, -s, -n eye n Meine Schwester und ich haben My sister and I have brown eyes. braune Augen.Bauch [baux] rn, -(e)s, Bauche stomach n Er schlaft am liebsten auf dem He prefers to sleep on his sto- Bauch. mach.Bein [bain] n, -(e)s, -e leg n Kannst du lange auf einem Bein Can you stand on one leg for a stehen? long time?Blut [blu:t] n, -(e)s, kein PI. blood n Ich mag kein Blut sehen. I can’t stand the sight of blood.Brust [brust] t -, kein P. I chest n Reiben Sie Brust und Rucken mit Rub this salve on your chest and dieser Salbe ein! back.Brust t -, Bruste breast n Das Baby trinkt Milch an der Brust The baby drinks milk from its mo- der Mutter. ther’s breast.Finger [woay rn, -s, - finger n Sie tragt an jedem Finger einen She wears a ring on each finger. Rina.Fun [fu:s] rn, -es, FuOe foot n Nach dem Spaziergang hatte sie After the walk her feet were cold. kalte MOe.Gesicht [ga’zicjt] n, -(e)s, -er face n Es war dunkel. Ich konnte ihr Ge- It was dark. I couldn’t see her sicht nicht sehen. face.
  16. 16. 2 Haar [ha:*] n, -(e)s, -e hair n Bald hat er keine Haare mehr auf Soon he won’t have any more hair dem KoDf. on his head. Hals [hals] m, -es, Hake neck n Sie hat einen langen Hals. She has a long neck. Hand [hant] f -, Hande hand n Sie gingen Hand in Hand spa- They were walking hand in hand. zieren. Haut [haut] f -, kein PI. skin n Seine Haut ist immer aanz rot. His skin is alwavs verv red. Hem [herts] n, -ens, -en heart n Mein Hew schlagt manchmal un- Sometimes my heartbeat is irre- regelmaflig. gular. Knie [kni:] n, -s, - knee n Ich habe den ganzen Tag auf den I spent all day on my knees wor- Knien am Boden gearbeitet. king on the floor. Kopf [kz~pf] -(e)s, Kopfe m, head n Hatte er einen Hut auf dem Kopf? Did he have a hat on his head? Korper [‘kcerpa*l m, -s, - body n Sie hat einen durchtrainierten Her body is in good shape. Korper. Mund [munt] m, -es, Munder mouth n Bitte hake den Mund und sei still! Please shut your mouth and keep auiet! ~ Nase [na:za] f -, -n nose n Deine Nase ist rot. Hast du Your nose is red. Do you have a Schnupfen? cold? Ohr [o:a*] n, -(e)s, -en ear n Sie halt sich die Ohren zu. She covers her ears (so she doesn’t have to listen). Rucken [‘ryk(a)n] m, -s, - back n Er hat einen schiefen Rucken. He has a crooked back. schwach [Jvax] Adj., schwacher, weak am schwachsten Nach der Krankheit fuhlte sie sich After the illness she felt weak for a noch lange schwach. long time.
  17. 17. 1 The Human Beingstark [park] A d j , starker, am strong starksten FurdieseArbeit bist du nicht stark You’re not strong enough for this genug. work.Zahn [tsa:n] rn, -(e)s, Zahne tooth n Meine Zahne sind alle gesund. All my teeth are healthy.Zunge [‘tsuqa] f -, -n tongue n Der Arzt sagt: ,,Zeigen Sie mir bit- The doctor says, “Please show te lhre Zunge!“ me your tongue!“Atem [‘a:tam] rn, -s, kein P. I breathing, breath n Sein Atem geht schwer und unre- His breathing is difficult and irre- gelmaBig. gular.atmen [‘a:tman] W., atmete, hat breathe v geatmet Sie atmet ganz leise. Sicher ist sie She’s breathing very softly. She eingeschlafen. must have fallen asleep.Backe [‘baka] I -, -n cheek n Unser Kind hat dicke, rote Our child has chubby red cheeks. Backen.Ellbogen [~lbo:g(a)n] -s, - rn, elbow n Weil er keine Hand frei hatte, off- He didn’t have a free hand so he nete er die Tur mit dem Ellboaen. opened the door with his elbow.Faust [faust] -,Fauste fist n Sie schlug mit der Faust auf den She banged on the table with her Tisch. fist.Gehirn [ga’hirn] n, -s, -e brain n Hoffentlich ist das Gehirn nicht We hope the brain is not injured. verletzt.Gelenk [ga’lqk] n, -(e)s, -e joint n Ich kann mein Handgelenk nicht I can’t move my wrist. bewegen.Handgelenk wrist nFuOgelenk [FuRknochel] ankle nKinn [kin] n, -(e)-s, kein PI. chin n Sie hat ein spitzes Kinn. She has a pointed chin.Knochen [‘kn~x(a)n] -s, - rn, bone n Der Knochen ist gebrochen. The bone is broken.
  18. 18. 4 I Leib [laip] m, -(e)s, -er body n Sie hat am ganzen Leib rote She has red spots all over her Flecken. bodv. (Augen-)Lid [li:t] n, -(e)s, -er (eye)lid n Das rechte Augenlid tut weh. The right eyelid is sore. Lippe [‘lipa] f -,-n lip n Komm aus dem Wasser! Du hast Get out of the water! Your lips are schon ganz blaue Lippen. all blue. Lunge [‘luga] f -, -n lung n Hor auf mit dem Rauchen! Deine Stop smoking! Your lungs must Lunge ist bestimmt schon ganz be all black by now. schwarz. Magen [‘rna:g(a)n]m,-s,Magen stomach n Ich kann nicht vie1 essen. Mein I can’t eat much. I’m having pro- Magen ist nicht in Ordnung. blems with my stomach. Muskel [‘musk(a)l] m, -s, -n muscle n Er hat starke Muskeln. He has strong muscles. Nerv [nerf] m, -s, -en nerve n Gott sei Dank hat der Zahnarzt Thank God the dentist didn’t hit a beim Bohren keinen Nerv ge- nerve while he was drilling! troffen. Schulter [‘Julta*]f -, -n shoulder n Das Kind saO auf ihren Schultern. The child sat on her shoulders. SchweiO [Jvais] m, -es, kein P . I sweat n Der SchweiO lief ihr von der Stirn. Her face was dripping with sweat. Stirn [jtirn] f -,-en forehead n Das Kind hat kein Fieber. Die Stirn The child doesn’t have a fever. ist aanz kalt. His forehead is cool. Zeh [tse:] m, -s, -en toe n Zehe [‘tse:a] f -, -n toe n Ich bin mit den Zehen gegen ein I stubbed my toes on a table leg. Tischbein gestoOen.
  19. 19. 1 Der Mensch 5 1 The Human Being1 1.2 AussehenI 11 I 1 1-2000 1.2 Appearanceaussehen [‘ausze:(a)n] Vh., + appear, look (like) v Prip. (wie), sah aus, hat ausge- sehen Sie ist erst 17, aber sie sieht aus She is only 17, but she looks (like) wie 20. 20.dick [dik] Adj. fat, thick Findest du mich zu dick? Do you think I’m too fat?dunn [dyn] Adj. thin Warum bist du denn so dunn? Why are you so thin anyway?grot3 [gro:s] Adj., groBer, am big, large, great, tall groOten Ich bin grol3er als mein Mann. I am taller than my husband.hubsch [hypJ]Adj., -er, am -esten pretty Das Kleid sieht hubsch aus. The dress looks pretty.klein [klain] Adj. small, little Ich habe sehr kleine FuOe. I have very small feet.schlank [Jlagk]Adj. sIender Er ist groO und schlank. He is tall and slender.schon [jmn] Adj. beautifulSie hat schone Augen. She has beautiful eyes.abnehmen [‘apne:man] Vh., take off, lose weight v nahm ab, hat abgenommen Er hat uber 10 Pfund abge- HelostoverlOpounds. nommen.Bart [ba:a‘t] rn, -(e)s, Barte beard n Dein Bart muss geschnitten Your beard has to be trimmed. werden.
  20. 20. 6 blass [blas] A@.., -er, am -esten pale Er erschrak sich und wurde blass. He was frightened and turned Dale. blond [blmt] Adj., -er, am -esten blond Als Kind war ich blond. When I was a child I was blond. Brille [‘brila] [ -,-n (pair of) glasses n Die Brille brauche ich nur zum I only need my glasses for rea- Lesen. ding. elegant [ele’gant] AH., -er, am elegant -esten Das Kleid ist zu elegant fur diese The dress is too elegant for this Partv. Zieh lieber eine Jeans an! Dartv. Put ieans on instead. Figur [fi’gu:ar f -, kein PI. figure n Sie hat eine tole Figur. She has a great figure. Frisur [fri’zu:ar [ -, -en hair style n Die neue Frisur steht dir gut. Your new hair style looks good. hasslich rh~sliq] Adj. ugly Er hat ein hassliches Gesicht. He has an ualv face. Locke [‘bka] f -, -n curl n o Hater Locken? o Does he have curly hair [curls]? Nein, seine Haare sind ganz No, his hair is straight. glatt. mager [‘ma:ga*] Adj. thin, gaunt, skinny Seit ihrer schweren Krankheit ist Since her severe illness she has sie sehr mager. become very thin. zart [tsa:a*t] Adj., -er, am -esten delicate, tender Sie ist ein zartes Kind. She is a delicate child. Sie hat eine zarte Haut. She has soft skin. zunehmen [‘tsu:ne:man] VL., put on, gain weight v nahm zu, hat zugenommen o Hast du zugenommen? o “Have you put on weight?” Ja, drei Kilo. Yes, three kilos.
  21. 21. 11 Der Mensch I I I 7 1 The Human Being1 1.3Geist und VerstandI 1- I 1 I 1.3 Mind and Reasonaufpassen [aufpas(a)n] VA., + look out (for) v Prap. (auf), passte auf, hat aufge- passt Look out! Acar is coming from the Pass auf! Von links kommt ein left.~bewusst [bavust] A@., -er, am aware -esten Es ist ihm bewusst, dass er fur He is aware of the fact that he has seinen Fehler die Verantwortung to take responsibility for his mis- ubernehmen muss. take.denken [degk(a)n] VAL + Pr@. think v (uber, von, an), dachte, hat ge- dacht Bei dieser Arbeit muss man nicht For this work you dont have to vie1 denken. think much. Denken Sie an den Termin urn You will think of the appointment 20.00 Uhr? at 8:OO pm., wont you? Was denkst du uber den Vor- What do you think of the sugges- schlag? tion?erfahren [~a*fa:r(a)n] VA., + hear v Rap. (von, uber), erfuhr, hat er- fahren Hast du von Eva etwas Neues Have you heard anything new erfahren? from Eva?Erfahrung [~a*fa:rug] -,-en f experience n Er ist ein guter Atzt. Er hat vie1 He is a good physician. He has a Erfahrung. lot of experience.erinnern [&a*ina*n] V X , ref/., + remind, remember v Rap. (an), erinnerte, hat erinnert Erinnere Eva bitte an ihr Verspre- Please remind Eva of her pro- chen! mise. Kannst du dich an ihn erinnern? Do you remember him?
  22. 22. 8 Erinnerung [ea*inaruq] f -, -en memory n Sie hatte gute Erinnerungen an She had good memories of her ihre Kindheit. childhood. erkennen [ea*ksnan] VZ., i recognize v Prap. (an), erkannte, hat erkannt Er tragt jetzt einen Bart, deshalb He has a beard now; thats why I habe ich ihn nicht sofort erkannt. didnt recognize him immediately. Gedachtnis [gade~tnis] -ses, n, memory n kein PI. Ich habe ein schlechtes Ge- I have a poor memory. dachtnis. Gedanke [gadagka] rn, -ns, -n thought, idea n Dieser Gedanke gefallt mir. I like this idea. Geist [gaist] rn, -es, kein PI. mind, spirit, soul n Sie ist schon uber 90 Jahre alt, She is over 90 years old, but her aber ihr Geist ist noch jung. mind is still young. intelligent [inteligcnt] A@., -er, intelligent am -esten Sie ist intelligent, aber leider nicht She is intelligent, but unfortunate- zuverlassig. ly not reliable. lnteresse [intaresa] n, -s, -n interest n An Sport habe ich kein Interesse. I have no interest in sports. interessieren [intarssi:r(a)n] interest v V X , i., ref/., iRap. (fur, an), inte- ressierte, hat interessiert Kunst interessiert ihn nicht. Art does not interest him. Er ist an Kunst nicht interessiert. He is not interested in art. Ich habe ihn fur Kunst nicht inte- I have not been able to interest ressieren konnen. him in art. Er interessiert sich nicht fur alte He is not interested in old pic- Bilder. tures. kennen [kenan] V/t., kannte, hat know v gekannt Die StraOe kenne ich gut. I know the street well. Ich kenne ihn nicht gut. I do not know him well. Kenntnis [kentnis] f -, -se knowledge n Er hat sehr gute Kenntnisse in His knowledge of mathematics Mathematik und Physik. and physics is excellent.
  23. 23. 11 Der Mensch 1 9 1 The Human Beingklug [klu: k] Adj, kluger, am klugs- smart clever, intelligent, wise, ten sensible Wir haben alle vie1 getrunken. Es We all had a lot to drink. It would ist kluger, ein Taxi zu nehmen. be wiser to take a taxi.konnen [‘kcenan] V / t , Mod. K can, could, be able vm know v Er kann kein Franzosisch. He doesn’t know French. Das kann er auch nicht erklaren, He cannot explain that either; bitte frage jemand anderen. please ask someone else.merken [msrk(a)n] V/t., + Prgp. note, remember, retain, notice v (an, von), ref/., merkte, hat ge- merkt Ich merke schon, dass sich die I have noticed that the times are Zeiten andern. changing. Sie kann sich keine Zahlen She cannot retain numbers. merken.missverstehen [‘misf~a*Jte:(a)n] misunderstand v V/f. rnissverstand, hat missver- standen Das habe ich nicht gesagt, da bin I didn’t say that; I must have been ich missverstanden worden. misunderstood.Missverstandnis [‘misfsa*Jtent- misunderstandingn nis] n, -ses, -se So habe ich das nicht gesagt, das I didn’t say it like that; that is a ist ein Missverstandnis. misunderstandina.nachdenken [‘na:xds~k(a)n]VA., think about v + Prap. (uber), dachte nach, hat nachgedacht Hast du uber meinen Vorschlag Have you thought about my sug- nachgedacht? gestion?vergessen [f~a*’ges(a)n] ver- V/t, forget v gaO, hat vergessen Ich habe meinen Schirm im Hotel 1 forgot my umbrella at the hotel. vergessen. Entschuldigung, ich habe lhren Excuse me, I’ve forgotten your Namen vergessen. name.Vernunft [fsa*’nunft] f -, kein PI. reason, common sense n Das ist gegen jede Vernunft. That violates common sense.
  24. 24. 10 vernunftig [f~a*nynftiq"] Adj. reasonable, sensible Man kann gut mit ihr reden. Sie ist She is good to talk to. She is a sehr vernunftig. very sensible person. Verstand [f~a*jtant] -es, kein rn, mind n PI. Hast du den Verstand verloren? Have vou lost vour mind? verstehen [f~a*Jte:(a)n] V/t, i., i understand v Prap. (von), ref/. verstand, hat verstanden Am Telefon konnte ich ihn nicht I could not understand him very richtig verstehen. well on the telephone. Ich verstehe nicht, warum sie das 1 dont understand why she does macht. that. Verstehst du diesen Satz? Do you understand this sen- tence? Er versteht etwas vom Kochen. He knows something about cooking. Wir verstehen uns gut. we getalong well. vorstellen [fo:a*jt~l(a)nl ref/., VA., imagine, picture v stellte vor, hat vorgestellt Ich kann mir vorstellen, dass das I can imagine that it will work out. klappt. 12001-4000 1 begreifen [bagraif(a)n] V/t., be- understand, comprehend, v griff, hat begriffen Diese Frage begreife ich nicht. I dont understand this question. Jetzt kann ich begreifen, warurn Now I can understand why he er keine Lust hatte. wasnt interested. dumm [durn] Adj., dummer, am dumb,stupid dummsten Erzahl nicht so dumme Witze! Dont tell such stupid jokes. Einfall [ainfal] rn, -s, Einfalle notion, idea n Nachts schwimmen gehen -was Going swimming at night? What a fur ein verruckter Einfall. crazv idea! einsehen rainze:(a)n] V k , sah see, realize v ein, hat eingesehen Ich glaube, er hat seinen Fehler I think he realized his mistake. jetzt eingesehen.
  25. 25. 1 The Human Being v/t,erfassen [~a*fas(a)n] erfass- realize v te, hat erfasst Before anyone realized what was Bevor jemand die Situation er- going on, the whole house was on fasste, brannte das qanze Haus. fire.erfinden [~a*find(a)n] V/t., er- invent, make up v fand, hat erfunden Die Geschichte hat sie erfunden. She made up the story. Diese technische Losung habe I invented this technical solution ich selbst erfunden. myself.Erfindung [~a*findurj -,-en f invention n Die Erfindung war gut, aber kein It was a good invention, but in- lndustriebetrieb hatte daran Inte- dustry wasnt interested in it. resse.Erkenntnis [~a*ksntnis] -,-se f information, (research)data n Es wurden neue Erkenntnisse New data on the cause of the uber die Ursache der Krankheit disease have been collected. gewonnen.gescheit [gajait] A@.., -er, am intelligent,clever -esten Bevor wir anfangen, mussen wir Before we begin, we have to for- einen gescheiten Plan machen. mulate an intelligent plan.geschickt [gajikt] Adj., -er, am skillful, deft -esten Sie arbeitet sehr aeschickt. She works vew skillfullv.gewandt [gavant] Adj., -er, am nimble, skillful, skilled -esten Sie ist sprachlich sehr gewandt. She is very articulate.ldee [ide:] f -, -n idea n Hast du eine Idee, was wir ihr Do you have any idea what gift we schenkenkonnen? could aive her?Phantasie [fantazi:] t -, kein PI. fantasy, imagination n Den Architekten fehlt manchmal Sometimes architects have little ein bisschen praktische Phan- practical imagination.uberlegen [y:ba*leg(a)n] V/t., consider v ref/., uberlegte, hat uberlegt Hast du dir uberlegt, ob du das Have you considered whether Angebot annimmst? you are going to accept the offer?
  26. 26. 12 verruckt [fea*rykt] A@., -er, am crazy -esten Er ist ein verruckter Junge, aber He is a crazy boy, but I like him. ich maa ihn. Vorstellung [fo:a*Jtelug] f -,-en idea n Ich habe noch keine klarevorstel- I still dont have a clear idea how lung, wie man das Problem losen we can solve the problem. konnte. wahnsinnig [va:nzini$q A@. insane, crazy Dieser Larm macht mich wahn- This noise is driving me crazy. sinnig. weise [vaiza] A@., -er, am -esten wise Das war eine weise Entschei- That was a wise decision. duna. I I I 11 I 11.4 Charakter 1-20001 1.4 Character anstandig [anJtondi$q A@. respectable, well behaved Bitte benimm dich anstandig! Please behave yourself! ~ bescheiden [baJaid(a)n]A@. modest Obwohl sie reich sind, leben sie Although they are rich, they live sehr bescheiden. very modestly. Charakter [karaktaq m, -s, -e character, personality n Sei vorsichtig, er hat einen Be careful; he has poor chziracter. schlechten Charakter. ehrlich [e:a*liq] A@. honest Ich sage es lhnen ganz ehrlich: Ihr 111 be quite honest with yo1 your u; Kind ist sehr krank. fleinig [flaisic"] A@. child is very ill. hard-working - ! Er ist ein fleil3iger Arbeiter. He is a hard-working emplloyee. ~ Geduld [gadult] f -,kein PI. patience n Herr Kurz kommt gleich. Bitte ha- Mr. Kurz is coming right away. ben Sie etwas Geduld! Please be patient.
  27. 27. 11 Der Mensch I I I 13 1 The Human Beinggeduldig [ga’duldiCq A q . patient Sie wartete geduldig auf die She waited patiently for the next nachste StraOenbahn. street car/tram.gerecht [ga’re~t]A@., -er, am fair -esten Sie ist eine gerechte Lehrerin. She is a fair teacher.nett [net] A@., -er, am -esten nice Sie ist nett und freundlich. She is nice and friendly.neugierig [‘n3igi:riqo]Adj. curious, nosy Unser Nachbar ist sehr neugierig. Our neighbor is very curious.sparsam [‘Jpa:*za:m] A@. frugal, economical Sie leben sehr sparsam und sind They live very frugally and are bescheiden. modest.streng [jtret)] A@. exacting, demanding Sie ist eine ziemlich strenge She is a rather demanding boss. Chefin.zuverlassig [‘tsu:fea*lesiq,] A q . reliable Sie ist zuverlassig und immer She is reliable and always on punktlich. time. I2001 -4000IEigenschaft [‘aig(a)njaft] f -, -en quality, feature n o Sie ist faul, dumm und un- o She is lazy, dumb, and un- freundlich. friendly. Hat sie denn gar keine guten Doesn’t she have any good Eigenschaften? qualities?Einbildung [‘ainbildug] f -,-en imagination n Das gibt es nur in deiner Einbil- That’s only in your imagination. dung.eingebildet [‘aingabildat] A@. conceited Sie ist eingebildet und auch noch She is conceited and dumb, too. dumm.ernst [ernst] Adj., -er, am -esten serious Du bist in letzter Zeit so ernst. You’ve been so serious lately. Do Hast du Probleme? you have problems?
  28. 28. fair [ f m y Adj. fair, honest Das war ein faires Spiel. That was a fair game.faul [faul] AQ. lazy Wenn du nicht so faul warst, If you weren’t so lazy, you could konntest du mehr Geld ver- make more money. dienen.groBziigig [‘gro:stsy:giGq A@. generous Sie hat zum Geburtstag ein Auto She got a car for her birthday. Her bekommen. lhre Eltern sind sehr parents are very generous. grol3zugig.humorvoll [hu’mo:a*f31] AQ. with a sense of humor, humo- rous Er ist ein humorvoller Mensch. He is somebody with a good sense of humor.Laune [‘launa] f -, -n mood n Morgens hat sie immer schlechte In the morning she is always in a Laune. bad mood.leichtsinnig [‘laiqtziniqq Adj. careless Ich finde, dass du sehr leichtsin- I think you drive very carelessly. nig fahrst.Mut [mu:t] m, -(e)s, kein PI. courage n Sie hat dem Chef ihre Meinung She told the boss off. She is really gesagt. Sie hat wirklich Mut. brave.nervos [ n e r ’ v ~ : ~ ] Adj., -er, am nervous -esten Dieser Larm hier macht mich ganz The noise here really makes me nervos. nervous.Neugier [‘nAgi:aq t -, kein PI. curiosity n Warurn willst du das wissen? Dei- Why do you want to know about ne Neugier ist wirklich schlimm. that? Your curiosity is really a pro- blem.ordentlich [‘~~rd(o)ntli~] Adj. neat, orderly Petras Buro ist immer aufge- Petra’s office is always neat. She raumt. Sie ist sehr ordentlich. is very orderly.schuchtern [‘jy~$a*n]AQ. shy, timid o Hat dein Bruder immer noch o Doesn’t your brother have a keine Freundin? girlfriend yet? a Nein, er ist sehr schuchtern. No. He is very shy.
  29. 29. 11 Der Mensch I I I 15 1 The Human Beingselbstandig [‘zelpJtendiq]Aq. independent Ich muss seine Arbeit nicht kon- I don’t have to check his work. He trollieren. Er ist absolut selb- is absolutely independent. standig.Sorgfalt [‘zz~rkfalt] -, kein P. f I attentiveness, care, attention to detail n Bei dieser Arbeit ist Sorgfalt sehr This job requires great care. wichtig.sorgfaltig [‘z~kfeltiq”] Adj. careful, thorough Korrigierenerfordert sehr sorgfal- Correcting requires very careful tiges Lesen. reading.stolz [Jtdts] A@., -er, am -esten proud Er ist stolz auf seine Erfolge. He is very proud of his success.verlegen [fea*’le:g(a)n]A@. embarrassed Dein Lob macht mich verlegen. Your praise embarrasses me. I I II 1.5 Positive und neutrale Gefuhle 1 I 1-2000 II ’ I 1.5 Pleasant and Neutral Emotionsangenehm [angane:m] Adj. pleasant, comfortable 1st die Wassertemperatur ange- Is the water temperature comfor- nehm? table?dankbar [‘daqkba:*] Adj. grateful Wir sind lhnen fur die Hilfe sehr We’re very grateful for your help. dankbar.empfinden [em’pfind(a)n] V/t., react, feel about v empfand, hat empfunden Wie empfindest du diese starke How do you feel about this ex- Kalte? treme cold?erleichtert [~a*’laiqta*t] Adj. relieved Ich bin erleichtert, dass es ihr I’m relieved that she is feeling besser aeht. better.Freude [‘fr~~ida] -n f -, happiness, pleasure n Mit deinem Geschenk hast du Your gift gave him great pleasure. ihm eine groOe Freude gemacht.
  30. 30. 16 freuen [fni(a)n] V/refl. + Prap. (an, look forward to, be happy about auf, uber, wegen, mit), freute, hat v gefreut. Ich freue mich auf das Wochen- I’m looking forward to the week- ende. end. froh [fro:] A q . happy, glad Ich bin froh, dass es dir gut geht. I’m happy that you’re doing well. fuhlen [‘fy:l(a)n] V/t., ref/., fuhlte, feel v hat gefuhlt Im Bein fuhle ich keinen Schmerz. I feel no pain in my leg. Ich fuhle mich ausgezeichnet. I feel excellent. gemutlich [ga’my:tlirJ Adj. nice, pleasant, cozy Kennen Sie hier im Ort einen ge- Do you know a nice place to eat mutlichen Gasthof? around here? genieOen [ga’ni:s(a)n] V/t., ge- enjoy v noss, hat genossen Ich habe meinen Urlaub genos- I enjoyed my vacation. gern(e) [gea*n(a)] Adj, lieber, am gladly; like to v liebsten Stehst du gern(e) fruh auf? Do vou like to aet UD earlv? gliicklich [glykliq] A@. happy Er hatte eine gluckliche Kindheit. He had a happy childhood. hoffen [h3f(a)n] VA., + Prap. (auf), hope (for) v hoffte, hat gehofft Wir hoffen seit Tagen auf besse- For days we’ve been hoping for res Wetter. better weather. t Hoffnung [‘h3fnut-~] -,en hope n Ich habe groOe Hoffnung, dass I have great hopes that 1’11 be dis- ich nachste Woche aus dem charged from the hospital next Krankenhaus entlassen werde. week. lachen [‘lax(a)n] VA., + Rap. laugh (at) v (uber), lachte, hat gelacht Uber Witze kann ich nicht lachen. I can’t laugh at jokes. lacheln [‘lepln] Vh., + ‘Prap. smile v (uber),Iachelte, hat gelachelt Siegab ihm die Hand und Iachelte She shook his hand and smiled. freundlich.
  31. 31. 11 Der Mensch I 17 1 The Human Beinglieb [li:p] A@. dear, nice, lovely Sie hat mir einen lieben Brief ge- She wrote me a nice letter. schrieben. Der Hund ist lieb, er beil3t nicht. The dog is nice; he won’t bite. Liebe Frau Kurz, ... (Anrede in Dear Ms. Kurz, ... (greeting in a einem Brief). letter)Liebe [‘li:ba] f -, kein PI. love n Sie haben aus Liebe geheiratet. They married for love.lieben [‘li:b(a)n] V/f., liebte, hat ge- love v liebt Ich liebe dich! I love you!Lust [lust] f -, kein PI. interest, desire, inclination n Ich habe Lust auf Eis. I want some ice cream.Stimmung [‘jtimug] f -,-en mood, atmosphere n Die Stimmung auf der Feier war The atmosphere at the celebra- prima. tion was great. 2001-4000 Ierfreut [~a*’frz~it] A@., -er, am pleased -esten Ich bin erfreut, Sie wieder zu I’rn pleased to see you again. sehen.Erleichterung [~a*’laiqtarug] -, f relief n -en Die gute Nachricht horten wir mit We heard the good news with groOer Erleichterung. great relief.erstaunt [~a*’Jtaunt] A@., -er, am amazed, astonished -esten Ich bin erstaunt, dass das Res- I’rn amazed that the restaurant is taurant so voll ist. so crowded.frohlich [‘frmli~] A@. happy, cheerful Sven ist meistensfrohlich und hat Sven is happy and in a good aute Laune. mood most of the time.Gefuhl [ga’fy:l] n, -(e)s -e feeling n Hoffentlich ist nichts passiert. Ich I hope nothing happened. I have a habe so ein komisches Gefuhl. funny feeling.
  32. 32. 18 Gluck [glyk] n, -(e)s, kein PI. luck, good fortune n Sie hat in ihrem Leben vie1 Gluck She has had a lot of good luck in gehabt. her life. heiter [‘haita*]AQ. light-hearted Dieser Film ist mir zu traurig. Wol- This movie is too sad. Wouldn’t len wir nicht lieber einen heiteren we rather see something more sehen? liaht-hearted? sehnen [‘ze:nan] WrefI., iPrSp. long for, look forward to (very (nach), sehnte, hat gesehnt much) v Ich sehne mich danach, euch I’m really looking forward to see- endlich wieder zu sehen. inq you aqain. Spat3 [Jpa:s] m, -es, SpaiOe fun n Diese Arbeit macht mir keinen This work is no fun for me. SpaO. staunen [Jtaunan] VX, + Prap. be astonished, be surprised v (uber), staunte, hat gestaunt Alle staunen uber den niedrigen Everyone is surprised how little Benzinverbrauch meines Autos. aas (BE: aetrol) mv car needs. verliebt [fea*’li:pt] Adj., -er, am in love with -esten Er ist in Susi verliebt. He is in love with Susi. zartlich [‘ts&:rtIiq]AQ. tender Sie streichelte zartlich ihre Katze. She petted her cat tenderly. zufrieden [tsu’fri:d(a)n] A@. satisfied Ich bin mit lhrer Arbeit sehr zu- I’m very satisfied with your work. frieden. I 1.6 Negative Gefuhle 1-1 1.6 Negative Emotions Angst [agst] -,Angste fear, anxiety n Hast du Anast vor der Prufunq? Are vou afraid of the test? angstlich [‘~qstliq] AQ. anxious, fearful Sie will nachts nicht alleine im She does not like to stay home Haus bleiben. Sie ist sehr angst- alone at night. She is very fearful. lich.
  33. 33. 11 Der Mensch I 19 1 The Human BeingArger "ergs*] m, -s, kein PI. anger, irritation, trouble n Tu bitte, was er will, und mach’ Please do what he wants, and keinen Arger! don’t make any trouble!argerlich [‘~rga’li~] A@. irritating, maddening, annoying Der letzte Bus ist weg. Das ist The last bus is gone. That is really wirklich araerlich. annovina.bedauern [ba’daua*n] V/t., be- be sorry, regret v dauerte, hat bedauert Ich bedauere sehr, dass ich lhre I am very sorry that I cannot ac- Einladung nicht annehmen kann. cept your invitation.befurchten [ba’fyrqt(a)n]V/t., be- fear v furchtete, hat befurchtet Ich befurchte, es ist etwas I fear that something terrible has Schlimmes passiert. happened.bose [‘berza] A@., boser, am bo- angry sesten Sie wurde bose, als ich ihr die She got angry when I told her the Geschichte erzahlte. story.furchten [fyr~t(a)n] i., ref/., + V/t., fear, be afraid (09v Prap. (vor), furchtete, hat ge- fijrchtet Ich fijrchte, dass wir zu spat I am afraid that we will be late. kommen. Ich furchte mich vor dem Hund. I am afraid of the dog. Der Hund wird von allen ge- The dog is feared by everyone. furchtet.leider [‘laida*]Adv: unfortunately Morgen konnen wir leider nicht Unfortunately, we cannot come kommen. tomorrow.Schrecken [‘Jr&k(a)n] -s, - m, shock, fright, panic n Als er die Polizei sah, bekam er When he saw the police, he was einen groBen Schrecken. frightened.Sorge [ ‘ z ~ g af] -, -n worry, trouble, sorrow n Warum hast du nicht fruher ange- Why didn’t you call earlier? I was rufen? Ich habe mir Sorgen ge- worried. macht.
  34. 34. 20 sorgen [‘zxg(a)n] VA., + Prap. worry (about), be concerned {fur), ref/.., sorgen, hat gesorgt (about), care for v Wer sorgt fur den Hund, wenn ihr Who is going to care for the dog im Urlaub seid? while you are on vacation (BE: on holiday)? Sorg dich nicht um mich! Ich wer- Don’t worry about me! I’ll be de vorsichtig sein. careful. Trauer [‘traua*] f -, kein PI. sorrow, grief n Er zeigte keine Trauer uber den He showed no sorrow at the Tod seiner Frau. death of his wife. ~ traurig [‘trauriq’] AQ. sad, sorrowful Sie ist traurig, weil ihre Katze ge- She is sad about the death of her storben ist. cat. unangenehm [‘unangane:m] unpleasant A@. Ich habe ihm unangenehme Fra- I asked him unpleasant ques- gen gestellt. tions. unglucklich [‘unglykli~] AQ. unhappy n Er ist unglucklich, weil seine He is unhappy because his girl- Freundin ihn verlassen hat. friend has left him. verzweifelt [fea*’tsvaifalt]AQ. desperate Sie war so verzweifelt, dass sie She was so desperate that she nicht mehr leben wollte. didn’t want to live any more. Wut [vu:~] -, kein PI. f rage, anger n Sie wurde rot vor Wut. She turned red with anger. wutend [‘vy:tant] AQ. (violently) angry, furious ,,Lass mich in Ruhe!“, schrie er “Leave me alone!” he screamed wutend. anarilv. I2001-4000I aufregen [‘aufre:g(a)n] V/t., refl., excite, get excited, upset v iPrap. (uber, wegen), regte auf, hat aufgeregt Er hat ein schwaches Hem He has a weak heart. Deshalb durfen wir ihn nicht auf- That’s why we must not upset regen. (Deshalb darf er sich nicht him. (That’s why he must not get aufregen.) excited.)
  35. 35. 11 Der Mensch 1 21 1 The Human BeingAufregung [aufre:gug] ( -,-en excitement n Sie hatte vor Aufregung verges- She was so nervous she forgot sen, was sie sagen wollte. what she wanted to say.besorgt [baz~kt]A@.., -er, am concerned, worried (about) -esten Jens hat sich seit Wochen nicht Jens has not called in weeks. His gemeldet. Seine Eltern sind des- parents are therefore very halb sehr besorat. concerned.beunruhigen [baunru:ig(a)n] upset, bother, disturb, worry v Vk., refl., beunruhigte, hat beun- ruhigt Du bist so nervos. Beunruhigt You are so nervous. Is something dich etwas? (Warum beunruhigst bothering you (Why are you so du dich?) worried)?Eifersucht [aifa*zuxt] I: -, kein PI. jealousy n Die Eifersucht meines Mannes My husbands jealousy is getting wird immer schlimmer. worse.eifersuchtig [aifa*zyqtiq"]Aq. jealous Sie darf keinen anderen Mann an- She cannot look at another man. sehen. Ihr Freund ist schrecklich Her boyfriend is terribly jealous. eifersuchtia.einsam [ainza:m] A@. lonely Ohne dich fuhle ich mich einsam. Without you I feel lonely.erregt [~a*re:kt] A@. -er, am excited -esten Eine erregte Menschenmenge An excited crowd demonstrated demonstrierte vor dem Parla- before the parliament building. ment.erschrecken [~a*Jrek(a)n]VA., be startled, be shocked erschrak, ist erschrocken Er erschrak, als er die hohe Rech- He was startled when he saw the nuna sah. hiqh bill. Aq.erschuttert [~a*Jyta*t] shocked Alle waren von seinem fruhen Tod Everyone was shocked by his un- erschuttert. timely death. r:Furcht [furct] -, kein PI. fear n Unsere Katze hat keine Furcht vor Our cat has no fear of dogs. Hunden.
  36. 36. 22 hassen [‘has(a)n] V/t., hasste, hat hate v gehasst Jens brauchst du nicht einzula- You don’t need to invite Jens. He den. Er hasst Paws. hates parties. Hass [has] m, -es, kein PI. hate n Er hat ihn aus Hass erschossen. He shot him out of hate. hoffnungslos [‘hz~fnugslb:~] hopeless Adj., -er, am -esten Die Situation ist ernst, aber nicht The situation is serious but not hoffnungslos. hopeless. leid [lait] (tun) A& auch Leid be sorry, regret Es tut mir leid, dass ich Sie storen I’m sorry I have to disturb you. muss. schamen [‘jmnan] V/refl.,+Rap. be or feel ashamed v (vor, wegen, fur), schamte, hat geschamt Er schamt sich vor den Leuten He is ashamed because of his big weaen seiner grol3en Ohren. ears. Schock [j3k] m, -(e)s, -s shock n Der Tod seines Sohnes war ein The death of his son was a great grol3er Schock fur ihn. shock for him. schockieren [j3’ki:ran] V / t , shock v schockierte, hat schockiert Er schockierte seine Eltern, als er He shocked his parents when he mit grunen Haaren nach Hause came home with green hair. kam. Unruhe [‘unru:a] f -,-n disturbance, unrest n Der Regierungswechsel fuhrte zu The change in government led to starken Unruhen. serious unrest. Unruhe f -, nur Sg. restlessness, inner turmoil n Er zeigte seine innere Unruhe He did not show his inner turmoil, nicht, obwohl er Angst hatte. although he was afraid. vermissen [f~a*’mis(a)n] ver- V/t., miss (someone) v misste, hat vermisst Ich habe dich sehr vermisst. I missed vou verv much. Verzweiflung [fsa*’tsvaiflug] r; -, despair n kein PI. Trotz unserer Verzweiflung haben In spite of our despair we still have wir noch immer Hoffnung. hope.
  37. 37. 11 Der Mensch I I I 23 1 The Human BeingZorn [tsarn] m, -(e)s, kein PI. anger, rage n Als wir uber ihn lachten, geriet er When we laughed at him, he flew in Zorn. into a rage.zornig [‘tsarni~~] Adj. angry, enraged Er sprach mit lauter und zorniger He spoke in a loud and angry Stimme. voice.I 1.7 Gesundheit und Krankheit I I I I I 1-2000 1.7 Health and Illnessbluten [‘blu:t(a)n] VA., blutete, hat bleed v geblutet Die Wunde hat nur kurz geblutet. The wound only bled a little.erkalten [ea*’kelt(a)n] V/refl., er- catch a cold v kaltete, hat erkaltet Ich habe mich erkaltet. I caucrht a cold.Erkaltung [ea*’keltug] f -, -en cold n Sie hat eine starke Erkaltung. She has a bad cold.Fieber [‘fi:ba*] n, -s, kein PI. fever n Sie hat hohes Fieber. She has a high fever.gesund [ga’zunt] Adj., gesunder, healthy am gesundesten Es ist ein sehr gesundes Kind. He/She’s a very healthy child.Gesundheit [ga’zunthait] f -, health n kein PI. Zum Geburtstag wunschen wir For your birthday we wish you dir Gluck und Gesundheit. good luck and health.Grippe [‘gripa] f -,kein PI. influenza,flu n Ich mochte ein Medikament ge- I would like some medicine forthe gen Grippe. flu.Husten [‘hu:st(e)n] m, -s, kein PI. cough n Haben Sie noch Husten? Do you still have a cough?
  38. 38. 24 husten [hu:st(a)n] VA., hustete, cough v hat gehustet Wenn jemand raucht, muss ich When someone smokes, I have to husten. cough. kraftig [krcftiq"] AQ. powerful, strong Vor seiner Krankheit war er ein Before his illness he was a strong kraftiger Mann. man. krank [kraqk] AQ., kranker, am sick, ill (BE) krankesten Wie lanae ist Uwe schon krank? How lona has Uwe been sick? Krankheit [kragkhait] f -,en disease, sickness, illness n Gegen diese Krankheit gibt es There is still no medicine for this noch kein Medikament. disease. leiden [laid(a)n] VA., + Prap. (an, suffer v unter) litt, hat gelitten Er leidet an einer todlichen Krank- He is suffering from a fatal dis- heit. ease. Ich leide unter diesem standigen Im bothered by this constant Krach. noise. Pille [pila] f -, -n pill n Vergessen Sie nicht, die Pille zu Dont forget to take the pill. nehmen. Schmerz [Jmcrts] m, -es, -en pain n Ich habe haufig Magenschmer- I frequently have stomach pains. zen. Verband [fea*bant] m, -es, Ver- bandage, dressing n bande Der Verband muss taglich ge- The bandage must be changed wechselt werden. dailv. verletzen [fca*lets(a)n] V / t , ref/., injure v verletzte, hat verletzt Sie hat sich am Finger verletzt. She injured her finqer. Verletzung [fca*letsug] f -, -en injury n Wegen dieser Verletzung musst You dont have to go to the doctor du nicht zum Arzt gehen. for this injury. weh tun [ve:tu:n] VA., tat weh, hurt, be sore v hat weh getan Mir tun die FuOe weh. My feet hurt.
  39. 39. 1 The Human Being wohl [vo:~] Adl! good, well Du siehst schlecht aus. You look bad. Don’t you feel Fuhlst du dich nicht wohl? good? Wunde [‘vunda] f -, -n wound n Die Wunde blutet immer noch. The wound is still bleeding. blind [blint] Adj.,keine Komp. blind Der alte Mann ist fast blind. The old man is nearly blind. giftig [‘giftiq”] Adj. poisonous Diese Pilze kann man nicht essen, One can’t eat these mushrooms; die sind giftig. they’re poisonous. Halsschmerzen sore throat n [‘halsJmcrts(a)n]nur PI. (Halsweh, n, -s, kein PI.) Ich habe Halsschmerzen (Hals- I have a sore throat. weh). klagen [‘kla:g(a)n] VA., iPrap. complain (about) v (uber), klagte, hat geklagt Der Patient klagt uber groOe The patient is complaining about Schmerzen. great pain. Kopfschmerzen headache n [‘k3pfJmE rts(s)n] nur PI. (Kopfweh, n, -s, kein PI.) Seit Tagen habe ich Kopfschmer- I’ve had a headache for days. Zen (Kopfweh).Lebensgefahr [‘le:b(a)nsgafa:*] critical condition, mortal danger f - , kein PI. n Bei dem Unfall gab es acht Ver- Eight were injured in the accident letzte. Zwei sind noch in Lebens- and two are still in critical condi- gefahr. tion.Ohnmacht [‘o:nmaxt] f -, kein PI. unconsciousnessn Als er das viele Blut sah, fie1 er in When he saw so much blood, he Ohnrnacht. fainted.~ohnmachtig [‘o:nrn~qtiq”] Adj. unconscious Der Verletzte lag ohnmachtig am The injured man lay unconscious Boden. on the ground.
  40. 40. 16 schmerzhaft [‘jmsrtshaft] Adj., painful -er, am -esten Die Wunde ist nicht gefahrlich, The wound is not dangerous, but aber schmerzhaft. Dainful. taub [taup] Adj., keine Komp. deaf Mein Vater ist auf einem Ohr taub. My father is deaf in one ear. verbinden [fsa*’bind(a)n]V X , bandage, dress v verband, hat verbunden Die Wunde muss sofort verbun- The wound must be bandaged den werden. right away. Zahnschmerzen toothache n [‘tsa:nJmerts(a)n] nur PI. (Zahn- weh, n, -s, kein PI.) Hast du eine Tablette gegen Do you have something for Zahnschmerzen? toothache? zittern [‘tsita*n] Vb., + Rap. (vor, shiver v wegen) Der Junge zittert vor Kalte. The boy is shivering from the cold. Ubelkeit [‘y:b(a)lkait] f -, kein PI. nausea n Nach dem Unfall klagte sie uber After the accident she com- Kopfschmerzen und Ubelkeit. plained of headache and nausea. ubel [‘y:b(a)l] Adj., ubler, am nauseous ubelsten Mir ist ubel, weil ich zu vie1 geges- I feel nauseous because I ate too sen habe. much. 1 1.8 Leben und Tod I 11 I1 1-20001 I 1.8 Life and Death alt [alt] Adj., alter, am altesten old Wie alt sind Sie? How old are you? Der alte Herr ist 92 Jahre, aber The old gentleman is 92 years old noch immer gesund. but still healthy.
  41. 41. 11 Der Mensch I I I 27 1 The Human Beinggeboren (sein, werden) born [ga’bo:r(a)n] Unsere Tochter wurde zu Hause Our daughter was born at home. geboren. Wann bist (wurdest) du geboren? When were you born?Geburt [ga’bu:a*t] ( -,-en birth n Herzlichen Gluckwunsch zur Ge- Congratulations on the birth of burt lhres Kindes! your child!Geburtstag [ga’bu:a*tsta:k] m, birthday n -(e)s, -e Mein Vater hat morgen Ge- My father’s birthday is tomorrow. burtstag.Jugend [‘ju:g(a)nt] r; -, kein PI. youth n In ihrer Jugend war sie eine gute In her youth she was a good Sportlerin. athlete.jung [jug] A@., junger, am jungs- young ten Sie waren beide sehr jung, als sie They were both very young when heirateten. they got married.Kindheit [‘kinthait] ( -, kein PI. childhood n Meine Geschwister und ich hat- My siblings and I had a happy ten eine gluckliche Kindheit. childhood.leben [‘le:b(a)n] VA., lebte, hat ge- live v lebt WeiOt du, wann dieser Maler ge- Do you know when that painter lebt hat? lived?Leben [‘le:b(a)n] n, -s, kein PI. life n Er ist unzufrieden mit seinem He is unhappy with his life. Leben.Leiche [‘laiqa] ( -, -n corpse n Am Seeufer wurde gestern die Yesterday the corpse of a young Leiche eines jungen Mannes ge- man was found on the lakeshore. funden.sterben [‘Jterb(a)n] VA., + Prap. die v (an, durch, vor), starb, ist ge- storben Wissen Sie, woran er gestorben Do you know of what he died? ist?
  42. 42. 28 Tod [to:t] m, -es, -e death n Ihr plotzlicher Tod hat alle uber- Her sudden death surprised ev- rascht. ervone. todlich [‘t~:tliq] AQ. fatal, deadly Seine Krankheit ist todlich. His illness is fatal. tot [to:t] AQ., keine Komp. dead Vor unserer Haustur liegt ein toter A dead bird is lying outside our Vogel. door. I2001-40001 Alter [‘altaq n, -s, kein PI. age n Trotz ihres hohen Alters macht sie In spite of her advanced age she noch weite Reisen. still does a lot of traveling. Erst jetzt im Alter ist er ruhiger Only now in old age has he be- aeworden. come calmer. aufwachsen [‘aufvaks(a)n] VA., grow up v wuchs auf, ist aufgewaehsen In diesem Dorf bin ich aufge- I grew up in this small town. wachsen. beerdigen [ba’e:rdig(a)n] V X , bury v beerdigte, hat beerdigt Unser Opa wird morgen urn 10.00 Our grandfather will be buried to- Uhr beerdiat. morrow at 10 o’clock. Begrabnis [ba’grcpnis] n, -ses, burial, funeral n -se Zu dem Begrabnis kamen viele Many came to the funeral. Leute. Erbe [‘~rba] -s, kein PI. n, inheritance n I Gleich nach seinem Tod begann Arguing about the inheritance be- der Streit urn das Erbe. gan right after his death. Friedhof [‘fri:tho:fl m, -es, Fried- cemetery n hofe Der Friedhof liegt direkt bei der The cemetery is right by the Kirche. church. Grab [gra:p] n, -(e)s, Graber grave n In diesem Grab liegen meine My grandparents are buried in GroOeltern. this grave.
  43. 43. 11 Der Mensch 1 29 1 The Human Beingjugendlich [ju:g(a)ntli~] A@. young, youthful Am Telefon hat sie eine jugend- On the telephone her voice liche Stimme. sounds young.Selbstmord [‘zelpstrnxt] m, -es, suicide n -e Man weiO nicht, ob es ein Unfall We don’t know if it was an acci- oder ein Selbstmord war. dent or suicide.Testament [tcsta’ment] n, -(e)s, will (and testament) n -e Das Testament hat sie kurz vor She made her will shortly before ihrem Tode gemacht. her death.Tote [to:ta] m/t -n, -n fatalities, casualties, dead n Bei dem Ungluck gab es uber In the accident there were over 20 20 Tote. fatalities.
  44. 44. 30 1 Handlungen und Aktivitaten 1 I 2 I 2 Actions and Activities I 12.1 Sinne und Korperfunktionen 1I I 1 1-2000 1 I 2.1 The Senses and Body Functions anfassen ranfas(a)n] V X , fasste touch v an, hat angefasst Fass den Hund nicht an, er beifit! Dont touch the dog; he bites! ansehen [anse:(a)n] V X , sah an, look at, watch, see v hat angesehen Ich habe mir gestern einen Krimi- Yesterday I watched a detective nalfilm angesehen. film. Ich sah sie die ganze Zeit an. I looked at her the whole time. bemerken [bam~rk(a)n] be- V/t., notice v merkte, hat bemerkt Wann hast du bemerkt, dass du When did you notice that you had deine Handtasche verloren hast? lost your purse/handbag (BE)? beobachten [bao:baxt(a)n] V/t., watch, observe v beobachtete, hat beobachtet Sie wurde von der Polizei beob- She was observed by the police. achtet. betrachten [batraxt(a)n] V/t., look at, study, examine v betrachtete, hat betrachtet Sie betrachtete die Bilder ganz She looked at the pictures very genau. closely. blicken [blik(a)n] VA., + Prap. view, look v (aus, auf), blickte, hat geblickt Er blickte aus dem Fenster, als ich He looked out (of)the window just ins Haus ging. as I was entering the house. Blick [blik] m, -(e)s, -e view n Von diesem Punkt hat man einen From this point you have a won- schonen Blick auf die Berge. derful view of the mountains. frieren [vri:r(a)n] VA., fror, hat ge- be cold, be freezing, freeze v froren Wenn du frierst, kannst du meine If you are cold, you can have my Jacke haben. jacket.
  45. 45. 12 Handlungen und Aktivitaten I 31 2 Actions and ActivitiesGeruch [ga’rux] m, -s, Geruche odor, smell, aroma n Viele Leute mogen den Geruch Many people do not like the smell von Knoblauch nicht. of garlic.Geschmack [ga’jmak] m, -s, kein (sense of) taste n P1. Der Geschmack jedes einzelnen Everyone’s sense of taste is dif- Menschen ist verschieden. ferent.horen [‘ho:r(a)n] V/t., i., horte, hat hear v gehort Hast du das Gerausch gehort? Did you hear the sound? Hast du etwas Neues gehort? Have you heard anything new?mude [‘my:da] A@., muder, am tired, exhausted mudesten Ich gehe ins Bett, ich bin mude. I’m going to bed; I am tired.riechen [ri:q(a)n] V/t., i., + Prap. smell v (nach), roch, hat gerochen Der Hund hat das Fleisch gero- The dog smelled the meat. chen. In der Kuche riecht es nach Ku- In the kitchen you can smell cake chen. baking.schauen [‘Jau(a)n] VA., schaute, look (at) v hat geschaut Er schaute aus dem Fenster, weil He looked out (09 the window, er auf den Besuch wartete. because he was waiting for com- Danv.Schlaf [Jla:fl m, -(e)s, kein PI. sleep n Sie hat einen festen Schlaf. Her sleeL) is sound.schlafen [‘jla:f(a)n] VA., schlief, sleep v hat geschlafen Haben Sie gut geschlafen? Did you sleep well?schwitzen [‘jvits(a)n] VA., + Rap. sweat v (vor, wegen), schwitzte, hat ge- schwitzt Schwitzt du nicht in dem dicken Aren’t you sweating in that thick Pullover? sweater?sehen [‘ze:(a)n] V/t., i., sah, hat see v gesehen Ich habe Thomas in der Stadt ge- I saw Thomas in town, sehen. Ich sehe schon, du bist beschaf- I see you are busy. tigt.
  46. 46. 32 spuren [jpy:r(a)n] V/t., spurte, hat feel v gespurt Spurst du Schmerzen im Arm? Do you feel pain in your arm? Trane [trcna] f -, -n tear n Ich sah Tranen in seinen Augen. I saw tears in his eyes. Traum [traum] m, -(e)s,Traurne dream n Heute Nacht hatte ich einen Last night I had a terrible dream. schrecklichenTraum. traumen [tr3iman] Vh., iRap. dream v (von),traumte, hat getraumt Ich traume oft vorn Fliegen. I often dream of flying. wach [vax] Adj., -er, am -esten awake Ich bin morgens immer sehr fruh I always wake up very early in the wach. morning. weinen [vainan] Vh., + Rap. cry v (uber, vor, um), weinte, hat ge- weint Er weinte vor Freude. He cried for joy. I2001 -4000I aufwachen [aufvax(a)n] Vh., wake up v wachte auf, ist aufgewacht Er braucht keinen Wecker, er He doesn’t need an alarm clock; wacht jeden Morgen vor 6.00 Uhr he wakes up every morning be- auf. fore 6 o’clock. aufwecken [aufvsk(a)n] V/t., wake (up) v weckte auf, hat aufgeweckt Sprich leise, du weckst sonst das Speak softly; otherwise you’ll Baby auf! wake up the baby! Beobachtung [ba’o:baxtur~]f -, observation n -en Die Beobachtungen der Zeugin The observations of the witness waren sehr genau. were verv exact. Duft [duft] m, -(e)s, Dufte aroma, pleasant smell, scent n Ich mag den Duft von Rosen. I like the scent of roses.
  47. 47. 12 Handlungen und Aktivitaten I 33 2 Actions and Activitieseinschlafen [ainJla:f(a)n] VA., go to sleep, fall asleep v schlief ein, ist eingeschlafen Meine Frau schlaft immervor dem My wife always falls asleep in Fernseher ein. front of the television.ermuden [ea*my:d(a)n] V/t., i., tire, exhaust v ermudete, hat (ist) ermudet Der lange Spaziergang hat ihn er- The long walk tired him. mudet. Durch das schnelle Tempo waren The horses were exhausted be- die Pferde schnell ermudet. cause of the fast pace.erschopft [ea*Jcepft]Adj., -er, am exhausted -esten Du siehst erschopft aus. Mach You look exhausted. Take a vaca- doch ma1 Urlaub! tion (BE: holidav).schlafrig [JIe:friq"] Adj. sleepy Der Hund lag schlafrig in der The dog lay sleepy in the sun. Sonne.sichtbar [ziqtba:q AQ. visible Das Haus ist von der StraOe aus The house is not visible from the nicht sichtbar. street.starren [Jtaran] VA., + Prap. (au9, stare at v starrte, hat gestarrt Er starrte auf das Bild, ohne etwas He stared at the picture without zu saaen. savinu anvthinu.wahrnehmen [va:*ne:man] V/t., perceive, notice v nahm wahr, hat wahrgenommen Niemand nahm ihn wahr, als er Nobody noticed him when he left aus dem Haus ging. the house.wecken [vek(a)n] V / t , weckte, awaken, wake up v hat geweckt Wir wurden um 230 Uhr geweckt. We were awakened at 7:30.zusehen rtsu:ze:(a)n] VA., + watch v Rap. (bei), sah zu, hat zugesehen Ich habe ihm bei der Arbeit zuge- I watched him working. sehen.

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