The nature of learner language

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The nature of learner language

  1. 1. By: NOVITA ARUM SARI 2201410104
  2. 2. *) The Good Reasons Why we Should focus on Errors1) Rising the important question of “why do learners make errors?”2) It is useful for teachers to know what errors learners make
  3. 3. To identify errors youshould compare thesentence learners producewith what seem to be thenormal or “correct”sentence in the targetlanguage which correspondwith them.
  4. 4. The difference of errors and mistakes;1) errors reflect gaps in learners‟ knowledge, they occur because the learner does not know what is correct.2) mistakes reflect
  5. 5. There are several ways to classify errors into categories;*) Grammatical errors1) omission leaving out an item that is required for an utterance to be considered grammatical
  6. 6. 3) Misordering  putting the words in an utterance in the wrong orderThe most common generalerror type is „misinformation‟For example;A. the use of „big‟ instead of „bigger‟
  7. 7. Errors appears to beexplained, because errorsare universal. The point isthat, why this errors couldoccur.@ The types of errors:1) Overgeneralization errors
  8. 8. The purpose of the erroranalysis is to help learnerslearn an L2, there is a needto evaluate errors.There are 2 kind of errors:*) Global error*) Local error
  9. 9. We can explore theuniversality of L2acquisition by examining thedevelopment patternlearners follow:*) The early stages of L2language:A. A silent period
  10. 10. B. The order of acquisitiontime, when learners begin to learn the grammar of the L2.C. Sequence of acquisitionwhen learners acquire a grammatical structure they do so gradually, moving trough a series of
  11. 11. The conclusions that reachedfrom the study of learnererrors, L2 acquisition is :a) Systematicb) To a large extentc) Universald) Reflecting ways in which internal cognitive mechanism control acquisition
  12. 12. learners‟ language systematic  variableThe variability of learners using in L2:@ Linguistic context@ Situational context@ Psycholinguistic context
  13. 13. At any given stage ofdevelopment, learnerssometimes employ one formand sometimes another.Example :*) Yesterday the thief stealthe suitcase*) yesterday the thief
  14. 14. We have already seenevidence of systematicvariability. learners‟ choiceof past tense marker(progressive form or correctpast tense form) depends, inpart, on whether the verbrefers to an event, an
  15. 15. Learners vary in theirusing of the L2 according tolinguistic content, they useone form while in anothercontext they use alternateform. The effect oflinguistic context are alsoevident in learners‟ use of
  16. 16. Learners also vary thelinguistic forms they use inaccordance with thesituational context. In thisrespect, learners are nodifferent from nativespeakers, when the nativespeaker of English aretalking to friends, for
  17. 17. Another importantfactor that accounts for thesystematic nature ofvariability is thepsycholinguistic context-learners only use thecorrect forms of L2 whenthey have the opportunity to
  18. 18.  THANKS 

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