Filler ppt-homophobia


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Filler ppt-homophobia

  1. 1. Homophobia<br />Why does homophobia exist and where did it begin?<br />
  2. 2. This presentation seeks to educate the audience about homophobia: what is it, where it came from, and why it occurs. The information is based on Gregory M. Harek’s article “Beyond Homophobia: Thinking About Social Justice in the 21st Century,” and Daniel Wickberg’s “Homophobia: On the Cultural History of an Idea.”<br />
  3. 3. Beyond Homophobia: Thinking About the Social Stigma and Prejudice in the 21st Century<br />Author: Dr. Gregory M. Davis<br />Professor of Psychology at UC Davis<br />Internationally recognized contributor on homosexual prejudice, hate crimes, etc.<br />Runs a blog, Beyond Homophobia, <br /><br />
  4. 4. Homophobia: On the Cultural History of an Idea<br />Author: Daniel Wickberg<br />Assistant professor at the University of Dallas, on the research of ideas<br />He has an expertise in American social thought, modern American culture, and historical thought.<br />
  5. 5. Creation of the Term<br />George Weinberg first coined the term homophobia, which was later used in magazine articles and publications.<br />George Weinberg was a heterosexual psychologist trained in psychoanalytical techniques, and at the time, homophobia was considered a pathology<br />It was first published in the article “Words for the New Culture in Gay magazine, defining homophobia as “the dread of being in close quarters with homosexuals, and in the case of homosexuals themselves, self loathing”<br />
  6. 6. Male Gender Norms<br />Homophobia can be stemmed from the apparent male gender norms, such as:<br />It was okay for women to show much more compassion and love for one another, but for men, this was seen as unmasculine<br />Women were allowed to appreciate the beauty of both men and women, such as in art and fashion. But men could not<br />Fathers were not expected to kiss or hug their sons, but for mothers, this was expected<br />
  7. 7. Variations of the term<br />The term homophobia serves as a model for conceptualizing a variety of negative attitudes based on sexuality and gender.<br />Lesbophobia (Kitzinger, 1986)<br />Biphobia (Ochs and Deihl, 1992)<br />Transphobia (Norton, 1997)<br />Effeminophobia(Sedgwick, 1993)<br />Heterophobia (Kitzingerand Perkins, 1993)<br />
  8. 8. Breaking Down the Word<br />Homophobia can be broken down in two ways: Latin or Greek<br />Using Latin roots, homophobia means “fear of man”, meaning it is ultimately a man’s fear that other men will expose him as insufficiently masculine, according to sociologist Michael Kimmel<br />Using Greek roots, homophobia becomes “the fear of the same or oneself”, which is inaccurate and not what Weinberg intended of the word<br />
  9. 9. Sexual Stigma<br /> Homosexuals are only associated with their sexual orientation rather themselves as a human. There is a sexual stigma that prevents homophobic persons from looking past their sexuality. The homosexual lifestyle, community, and relationships are considered “sick, immoral, and at best, less than optimal in comparison to that which is heterosexual” (15) which ties to…<br />
  10. 10. Heterosexism<br />“prescribes that sexual stigma be enacted in a variety of ways, most notably through enforced invisibility of sexual minorities and, when they become visible, through overt hostility.” (15)<br />Different from homophobia in that it is “a cultural idealogy manifested in society’s institutions” while homophobia is “individual attitudes and actions deriving from that ideology”<br />It is society’s attitudes toward homosexuality, compared to homophobia, which is a persons attitudes toward someones sexuality<br />
  11. 11. Sexual Prejudice<br />Negative attitudes based on sexual orientation.<br />Is not limited to homophobic attitudes from homosexuals, but the other way around as well.<br />Hate crimes, exclusion, bullying, etc.<br />
  12. 12. Study Links Homophobia With Sexual Arousal<br />In 1996 at the University of Georgia, an experiment was conducted with 35 homophobic and 29 non-homophobic men, all identifying as heterosexual.<br />They were exposed to videos of sexually stimulating heterosexual, lesbian, and gay situations<br />66% of the non-homophobic men were unaroused by the homosexual videos, but only 20% remained unaroused by the videos<br />