Ecological Society of America


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Presentation at the ESA 09

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  • Add a NODES component to this SLIDE as GBIF historical focus has collections as a core
  • Native distribution, 100 pts as white squares, purple ramp shows ENM based on those points
  • North American projection of SE Asian ENM for Aedes
  • Actual progress of invasion of this species … red = new counties, blue = keeping the tally Click and you see the comparison … NOTE THAT THE SPECIES invaded in NA ONLY out to the limits of its SE Asian ecological potential
  • Ecological Society of America

    1. 1. GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION FACILITY Nick King and Vishwas Chavan GBIF Secretariat WWW.GBIF.ORG The Global Biodiversity Information Facility: Building the Biodiversity Informatics Commons Building the Biodiversity Informatics Commons Albuquerque, 2-7 Aug. 2009
    2. 2. Key Millennium Assessment Solutions GBIF is a multi-country response to the need to mobilise information in order to facilitate improved decision-making... ” data without borders”
    3. 3. GBIF is a Govt-sponsored science research infrastructure initiative... <ul><li>responsive to government needs/demands in biodiversity management – govt-initiated, and govt funded ; </li></ul><ul><li>developing an advanced informatics infrastructure for the global scientific (+ national research institutions) community for accessing and sharing data and thereby making better use of the huge investments in data collection, storage, management and updating of biodiversity information in countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Only started in 2001.... </li></ul>
    4. 4. GBIF’s growing global network Currently, 50 countries, 40 international organisations
    5. 5. <ul><ul><li>data provider / aggregator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catalyse building a global informatics research infrastructure by: </li></ul></ul>GBIF’s multilateral mandate <ul><ul><li>- promoting global participation, working through and linking up a global network of partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Enabling publishing of biodiversity data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- promoting development of data exchange standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- building an informatics architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- capacity building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- catalysing development of analytical tools </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Seamless integration of data from many sources </li></ul><ul><li>Searches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxonomic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographic, by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>country, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>region, or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>bounding-box </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By dataset </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or a combination of these </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Taxonomic browse navigation using choice of classification </li></ul><ul><li>Web services </li></ul>The GBIF Data Portal
    7. 7. Georef’d data via GBIF portal (>181m records mapped to a 1 X 1 degree grid)
    8. 8. In summary…GBIF’s Informatics Improved access to Names, Metadata and Primary Biodiversity Data Distributed GBIF informatics architecture Faster and easier publishing of data
    9. 9. At the core, a Discovery System Consumers Data Publishers Searching Retrieving Discovering Discovery System Registering Service Publishers Others…
    10. 10. That links to resources… A distributed service ………… .. which resolves to information resources Who? Institutions, Collections … What? Where? When? How Data, Services, GUID/LSID… Location, Access points… Temporal Scope… Formats, protocols, qualities … ./
    11. 11. GBRDS: empowering discovery
    12. 12. Key Components: the IPT IPT The Integrated Publishing Toolkit is a state-of-the-art tool to simplify the mobilization of biodiversity information resources such as Names, Metadata and primary biodiversity data Data Publisher Registration (GBRDS) + Publishing of Names, Metadata, Primary biodiversity data etc…
    13. 13. Simple process! The Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT) is designed to simplify the mapping, indexing and harvesting of Names, Metadata and Primary Biodiversity Data!
    14. 14. Building a comprehensive global architecture for nomenclature
    15. 15. Data mobilised by the USA, including other countries of origin
    16. 16. GBIF Data portal and data access/sharing/ repatriation
    17. 17. Integrating Biodiversity Data… Spain Madagascar Data processing from the two databases Each Protected Area polygon processed…. World Database on Protected Areas Primary Biodiversity Data Species geo-referenced data. taxonomic resolution (intelligence) >177 M specimen and observation data >60,000 protected areas Visualisation on WDPA site Protected areas GBIF data GBIF geo-referenced Spain 271 2.2 M 51% Madagascar 72 0.35 M 61%
    18. 24. Moving towards … global integration Threatened Spp.; Red List Spp. Migratory Spp. Invasives, crop wild relatives, medicinals, etc. ?
    19. 25. Mapping Disease Vectors <ul><li>Aedes albopictus “Asian Tiger Mosquito” </li></ul><ul><li>Invader - fastest spreading mosquito in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Aggressive daytime biter and pest </li></ul><ul><li>Known to transmit Dengue, La Crosse, St. Louis, Eastern Equine, Ross River, Rift Valley, and West Nile Viruses </li></ul>
    20. 26. Aedes albopictus – native range Modeled native range in Asia from specimens & observations (ENM)
    21. 27. Aedes albopictus : potential USA invasion Projected Asian niche onto present USA to create invasion risk-map.
    22. 28. Aedes albopictus : actual USA invasion (by county)
    23. 29. Aedes albopictus : world risk-map (present)
    24. 30. Using GBIF data in CC models Sterculiaceae (Meliaceae, Dipterocapaceae)
    25. 31. Summary of CC impacts <ul><li>All families and genera suffer habitat loss; </li></ul><ul><li>Some do gain habitat potential, but this requires migration and suitable habitat (for forests) at destination; </li></ul><ul><li>Important implications for REDD and other CC adaptation/mitigation programmes </li></ul>
    26. 32. Conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity Monitoring of status and trends of biodiversity (sound science) GBIF- accessible data Policy development and decision making (at local, national, regional, and global levels)
    27. 33. Thank you! Nick King: [email_address] Vishwas Chavan: [email_address]