History and Rules
The origin of soccer can be found in every
corner of geography and history.
The Chinese, Japanese, Italian, Ancient
Greek, Persian, Viking, and many more
played a ball game long before our era.
The Chinese played "football" games date
as far back as 3000 years ago.
The Ancient Greeks and the Roman used
football games to sharpen warriors for
battle. In South and Central America a
game called "Tlatchi" once flourished.
Mesoamerican civilizations also
devised a game played with rubber
balls, which resembled a combination
between soccer, basketball and
The game involved two teams, playing
in a sort of basin dug below ground
level, with baskets strapped in several
locations on the side walls.
The teams would then have to kick
the ball towards these baskets, and
score a goal.
Soccer in Europe
As we go forward on the history of
soccer timeline, we notice that the
game has gradually entered European
territory, Europe being the place
where modern day soccer will start in
Middle age soccer is covered in a
combination of myth and historical
One popular form of the game (Mob
soccer) involved entire villages or
towns and was rather chaotic.
Soccer in Europe (cont.)
The teams could have unlimited players,
as long as they were from the same
village or town. Both teams had to kick
the ball towards specific landmarks, and
defend their own.
To add more chaos, the ball was made out
of inflated pigs' bladders, or leather skins
stuffed with all sorts of materials.
Picture two masses of people running
towards a poor pig bladder ball, kicking,
stomping, punching and pushing each
other in the attempt to kick the object to
Soccer in Europe (cont.)
In medieval France, a game called "La
Choule" was usually played in town
gatherings, such as just after Sunday
church, or on special occasions or
The game itself looked like a
combination of soccer, handball,
hockey, baseball and kickboxing, since
the players of each team had to strike
the ball into the opponent's goal, using
whatever means necessary and
whatever accessories necessary.
For example, one record shows that
players were allowed to use sticks or
clubs to hit the ball around, although it
wasn't always the ball that got hit.
The game was violent in
nature and I assume there
were plenty occasions where
the after-church Choule
match ended up with another
trip to the church to confess
some violent sins.
In England, the game was
surrounded by an aura of
violence and was considered a
dangerous and sinful game.
As such, it was banned in
1314 by Nicholas de
Farndone, the Mayor of
Soccer Grows Popular
Despite this ban, soccer became to
grow in medieval England and it was
not long that it was introduced in
English public schools in order to
keep young boys fit.
Since soccer was growing strong in
English public schools, the idea of
having an organized tournament
sparked in the 19th century.
In 1862, a solicitor by the name of Cobb
Morley, formed a semi-professional soccer
club in Barnes, called the Barnes Club.
Cobb Morley is rightfully considered the
father of soccer, but that's not just
because he was the one to spark the idea
of the Soccer Association.
He also drew up the Laws of the Game,
probably the most important document
in the history of soccer, since it held all
the official rules around which the game
would be played.
It is a team sport played between
two teams of eleven players each.
Players use a spherical ball which is
a round, leather covered, inflated
rubber bladder 27-28 inches in
circumference and 397-454 grams in
The game is played within a clearly
defined area on a rectangular grass
or artificial turf with a goal in the
centre of each of the short ends.
•The object of the game is to score by
driving the ball into the opponents goal.
The Rules of Soccer
There are 11 players for each team.
All players wear shin guards to in order to
protect their shins.
The goalkeeper isthe only player who can get
the ball with his hands.
A goal is scored when the whole of the ball
passes over the goal line, between the goalposts and
under the crossbar, provided that no faults has been
committed previously by the team scoring the goal.
The team scoring
the greater number
of goals during the
match is the
If both team are tied
at the end of
match will be
recorded as a tie
during regular the
Penalty Kick is
when a player
commits any foul
within his own
Corner kick is
when the ball
goes out of
bounds over the
end line and was
last touched by
A player who
receives 2 Yellow
Cards is given a
Red card: the
leave the field
and he can’t play
the next game.
When a defender
slides on the
ground and kick
the ball away
from the player.
B. left fullback
C. right fullback
D. center back
E. left back
F. right back
G. left midfield
H. right midfield
I. left forward
J. center forward
K. right forward
Spanish Words for Playing
Fuera de lugar –
tiro de esquina corner kick
tiro libre - free kick
falta - foul
penal - penalty
lateral - throw in
saque del arco - goal
delantero - forward
portero - goalkeeper
se fue - the ball went out
mano - handball (literally
empujon - push
pelota - ball
mediocampista - midfielder
defensor - defender
cruze - cross
cabezazo - header
Toque - pass it back
Hay que bajar or baja - guys we need to get downfield and
defend more or specifically you need to go help out
Dos - when two teamates are running towards a loose ball
and one needs to ease off so as to avoid a mishaps.
Centro - cross it in
Solo - no pressure is on you so go ahead and shoot it or
dribble it upfield
¡Te llegan! - man on!
Calmado - don't rush your passing or dribbling
Tiro- shoot it
Marca - defend your nearest or assigned oppenent
Entrale - tackle your opponent now or apply pressure
Pásame la pelota – pass me the ball