MANGALYAAN

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INDIA'S FIRST INTER PLANETARY MISSION
MOM BY ISRO

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MANGALYAAN

  1. 1. FUTURE INSTITITE OF ENGINEERING & MANAGEMENT Name : Vishal Kumar Singh Department: Electrical Engineering Class roll no. : 30 Wbut roll no. : 14801611062 Wbut reg. no. : 111480110468 MANGALYAAN MARS ORBITER MISSION (MOM) OF ISRO
  2. 2. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION OBJECTIVES LAUNCH -PSLV XL SPACECRAFT PAYLOADS -LYMAN ALPHA PHOTOMETER (LAP) -MITHANE SENSER FOR MARS (MSM) -MARS EXOSPHERIC NEUTRAL COMPOSITION ANALYSER (MENCA) -THERMAL INFRARED IMAGING SPECTROMETER (TIS) -MARS COLOR CAMERE (MCC) TRACKING AND COMMAND -INDIAN DEEP SPACE NETWORK (IDSN) -INTERNATIONAL GROUND STATIONS
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), informally called Mangalyaan (Sanskrit: , "Mars-Craft"), is a Mars orbiter launched into Earth orbit on 5 November 2013 by the Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO). The mission is a "technology demonstrator" project aiming to develop the technologies required for design, planning, management and operations of an interplanetary mission.
  4. 4. OBJECTIVES Exploration of Martian Surface Features Morphology Topography Mineralogy Study of Martian Upper Atmosphere Detect and measure Methane with an accuracy of ppb Explore the Martian Exosphere (>= 400 km above the surface of Mars) neutral density and composition Optical Imaging Mars Phobos and Deimos Context for Science Payloads
  5. 5. LAUNCH The ISRO used its PSLV-XL (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) rocket to launch the Mars Orbiter Mission.[The launch, on 5 November 2013, placed the Mars Orbiter Mission into Earth orbit. Six orbit raising operations were conducted on 6, 7, 8, 10, 11 and 16 November by using the craft's on-board propulsion system, which is a derivative of the system used on India's communications satellites.These manoeuvres raised the orbit to one with an apogee of 192,000 km and perigee of 252 km , where it will remain for about 15 days. A firing on 1 December 2013 will send MOM onto an interplanetary trajectory. Mars orbit insertion is planned for 24 September 2014.The Mars Orbiter will have to travel a distance of 780 million kilometers to reach Mars.
  6. 6. PSLV XL The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle , commonly known as PSLV, is an expendable launch system developed and operated by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It was developed to allow India to launch its Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites into sun synchronous orbits. PSLV-XL is the uprated version of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle in its standard configuration boosted by more powerful, stretched strap-on boosters.
  7. 7. SPACECRAFT Mass The lift-off mass was 1,350 kg , including 852 kg of propellant mass. Dimensions Cuboid in shape of approximately 1.5 m . Power Electric power is generated by three solar array panels of 1.8 × 1.4 m each. Electricity is stored in a 36 Ah Li-ion battery. Propulsion Liquid fuel engine of 440 N thrust is used for orbit raising and insertion in Martian orbit, and 8 numbers of 22 N thrusters are used for attitude control . Communications Two 230 W TWTAs and two coherent transponders. The antenna array consists of a low-gain antenna, a medium-gain antenna and a high-gain antenna.
  8. 8. PAYLOADS Atmospheric studies •Lyman-Alpha Photometer (LAP) •Methane Sensor For Mars (MSM) Particle environment studies Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser (MENCA) Surface imaging studies •Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS) •Mars Color Camera (MCC)
  9. 9. LYMAN ALPHA PHOTOMETER (LAP) Lyman Alpha Photometer (LAP) is an absorption cell photometer. It measures the relative abundance of deuterium and hydrogen from lymanalpha emission in the Martian upper atmosphere (typically Exosphere and exobase). Measurement of D/H (Deuterium to Hydrogen abundance Ratio) allows us to understand especially the loss process of water from the planet.
  10. 10. Methane Sensor for Mars (MSM) MSM is designed to measure Methane (CH4) in the Martian atmosphere with PPB accuracy and map its sources. Data is acquired only over illuminated scene as the sensor measures reflected solar radiation. Methane concentration in the Martian atmosphere undergoes spatial and temporal variations.
  11. 11. Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser (MENCA) MENCA is a quadruple mass spectrometer capable of analyzing the neutral composition in the range of 1 to 300 amu with unit mass resolution.
  12. 12. Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS) TIS measure the thermal emission and can be operated during both day and night. Temperature and emissivity are the two basic physical parameters estimated from thermal emission measurement. Many minerals and soil types have characteristic spectra in TIR region. TIS can map surface composition and mineralogy of Mars.
  13. 13. Mars Color Camera (MCC) This tri-color Mars color camera gives images & information about the surface features and composition of Martian surface. They are useful to monitor the dynamic events and weather of Mars. MCC will also be used for probing the two satellites of Mars-Phobos & Deimos. It also provides the context information for other science payloads.
  14. 14. TRACKING AND COMMAND The Indian Space Research Organisation Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network performed navigation and tracking operations for the launch with ground stations at Sriharikota, Port Blair, Brunei and Biak in Indonesia, and after the spacecraft's apogee becomes more than 100,000 km, two large 18-metre and 32-metre diameter antennas of the Indian Deep Space Network will be utilised.NASA's Deep Space Network will provide position data through its three stations located in Canberra, Madrid and Goldstone on the U.S. West Coast during the non-visible period of ISRO's network.
  15. 15. WISH FOR A GREAT SUCCESS THANK YOU

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