Atlantis - Myth or Reality its up to you!!


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Atlantis - Myth or Reality its up to you!!

  1. 1. A PresentationonATLANTIS: The Lost CityOrichalcumSymbol of Atlantis"Aurichillikem"
  2. 2. ATLANTIS•Was Atlantis real? Well probably never be able to prove such arich and powerful land that suddenly went belly up in the AtlanticOcean never existed.•The story of Atlantis is usually referred to as a parable and as suchis not intended to be taken literally, but there is nothing in thestory that proves its made up.• Even serious geologists cant entirely debunk it.•The story of Atlantis comes to us from Timaeus, a Socraticdialogue, written in about 360 B.C. by Plato.•There are four people at this meeting who had met the previousday to hear Socrates describes the ideal state.•Socrates wantsTimaeus of Locri, Hermocrates, and Critias to tellhim stories about Athens interacting with other states.•The first is Critias, who talks about his grandfathers meetingwith Solon, one of the 7 sages, an Athenian poet and famouslawgiver.•Solon had been to Egypt where priests had compared Egypt andAthens and talked about the gods and legends of both lands.•One such Egyptian story is about Atlantis.
  3. 3. •Solon(638 BC–558 BC) was a famous Athenianstatesman, lawmaker, and Lyric poet who allegedlyheard the story of Atlantis from Egyptian priests that hewas visiting that claimed that the Athenians hadforgotten their true history because from time-to-timetheir civilization had been largely destroyed bycatastrophes.•The Egyptian priests referred to the “Declamation ofHeavenly Bodies”, meaning meteorites, which causedevastation on the planet.•-----The Egyptian priests understood that from time-to-time there were serious natural catastrophes thatinvolved fire and water (from which they had beenlargely immune).•They attributed these to the actions of the Gods
  4. 4. Atlantis: The IslandThe Island of Atlantis, as described by Plato, is often perceived to be huge, the size of Asia and Libya (North Africa)combined. Published satellite imaging of the underwater regions of the world clearly indicates that no such landmass ever existed. (Still, this is not a perfected science and as recently as 2004, new underwater mountain rangeswere being discovered) More relevant is the fact that any earthquake powerful enough to completely destroy allevidence of this Island, one at least the size of modern Australia, would have effectively ended 95% of all life onearth. (If not through the quake itself then through the ensuing volcanic activity.)The Island has a small central mountain (cone) surrounded by ripples or water filled depressions. There are manyfissures, not manmade, in the ground.There are lakes surrounding this cone. Hot and cold springs are evident.Thelands surrounding this central mountain are very fertile.There are cliffs at the edge of the sea.This is a very clear, consistent and accurate description of a volcanic island. The central cone could be an ancient(dormant) volcano. Hot springs are definite indications of geothermal activity. Lands surrounding volcanoes areoften very fertile - just look at the fields surrounding Naples and MountVesuvius. Finally, volcanic islands,particularly those of the Atlantic often have steep cliffs where they meet the sea.The critical aspect of this description of Atlantis is not just what it describes – rather it is the fact that thecomponents are consistent with each other. In other words, it sounds like the depiction of a real place rather thanone conjured from the imagination. More importantly, Plato did not have easy access to the Internet or theEncyclopedia Britannica to check his facts – he wrote them as he understood them. This makes this description evenmore remarkable.
  5. 5. ATLANTIS: Real or Myth?To find Atlantis it is sensible to use a system that cross references what weknow from the original source. An island (or part of one) that was near Gibraltar,sunken in the sea, was warm and had had access to rough gold.The only way to assess the validity of the storyof Atlantis is through Literary Forensics. Thisis a process that examines each key point anddetermines how well it stands up to historicalrecord (proof) and scientific evidence. Thebest place to begin is also the most startlingand often overlooked. Plato refers to thefollowing text:“Thereupon one of the (Egyptian) priests, whowas of a very great age, said: O Solon, Solon,you Hellenes are never anything but children,and there is not an old man among you. Solonin return asked him what he meant. I mean tosay, he replied, that in mind you are all young;there is no old opinion handed down among youby ancient tradition, nor any science which ishoary with age. And I will tell you why.Therehave been, and will be again, manydestructions of mankind arising out of manycauses; the greatest have been brought aboutby the agencies of fire and water, and otherlesser ones by innumerable othercauses.” (Plato - 360 BC -Translated byBenjamin Jowett)According to Graham Hancock, author of Underworld; (since the lastice age) “More than 15 million square miles of habitable land weresubmerged underwater, resulting in a radical change to the Earth’sshape and the conditions in which people could live.”
  6. 6. Another reference:“To coordinate the explorations of his skin-diving friends,Gargallo has organized theMediterranean Institute of UnderwaterArchaeology. In his apartment off RomesPiazza, diSpagna, he has a map of Italy andSicily with coloured pins indicating the site of20 to 30 ruins known to his skin-divers.Thereis a big underwater city nearVenice.Another, off Mondragone, north of Naples,runs along the bottom for nearly threemiles.” (Time Magazine -1959)Many experts believe we are actually livingin an ice age and this pleasant enoughclimate we enjoy is just a warm interglacialperiod. Geological evidence has confirmedthat the last IceAge completely finishedonly 10,000 years ago.So again, Plato is accurate in his statements.So, let’s for the moment, assume that the description of Atlantis is both literal and accurate. If so, thenAtlantis existed11,500 to 9,300 years ago towards the later period of the last ice age. This is highly significant because sea levels wouldhave been dramatically different than they are today.According to geological studies, sea levels have risen 130 meters or 400ft in since the last Ice age. Also, it rules out anynorthern locations for the city as they would certainly not had the temperate climate described by Plato. (However, placesthat are extremely hot today would have been just pleasantly warm.)Plato wrote that the sea god Poseidon (Neptune) was givenAtlantis and on a hill in the middle of the island the god builthis mortal wife a large home.This palace was surrounded by five rings of water and land connected only by tunnels largeenough for ships to pass through.
  7. 7. Atlanteans were amazing engineers.They built palaces, temples, harbors, docks and a complicated water system - allabout 12,000 years ago. Farmers grew the food on a field not much larger than Oklahoma State. Behind this massive fieldthere where mountains touching the sky where many of the wealthy villagers lived. Plato described spectacular buildings,fountains that had both hot and cold water, stone walls covered with precious metals and huge statues made of gold.Thewife of Poseidon had 10 sons (five sets of twins.) Each son ruled a part of Atlantis. For generations Atlantis was peacefuland all was well. As time passed each succeeding king tried to outdo the other and built a greater kingdom. EventuallyAtlanteans became greedy and corrupt. Zeus decided to teach them a lesson so he called all the gods together. Platoended his story here so we never really know what happened.
  8. 8. LOCATION"Beyond the Pillars of Hercules andwithin the Ocean of Atlas there liesAtlantis - rich in wisdom, power andwealth.”All the evidence based on the original texts indicate that the Canary Islands are thelocation for Atlantis.There is evidence that they may have been very much larger inthe past. Also - before the end of the last ice age the sea levels would have been muchlower.It was an island, probably smaller thanSouthern Italy. It was somewhere in theAtlanticOcean but close enough for its shipsto pass the Straits of Gibraltar and enter theMediterranean.It’s civilisation originated towards the end ofthe last IceAge. Later, it had significant tradewith other nations.There were elephants(imported?) and chestnut trees. It was closeenough toAfrica to be able to dominate thelands of Libya. Orichalcum could be mined onthe island. It was probably volcanic. It wasdestroyed by an earthquake (volcanism).It must be close enough to North Africa for itto have been able to control the coastal landsof Libya up to the borders of Egypt.Onelocation isThe Canary Island. It matchesPlato’s descriptions.“He (Juba II) said that in this island there are traces of buildings; thatwhile they all have an abundant supply of fruit and of birds of every kind,Canaria also abounds in palm-groves bearing dates and in conifers; thatin addition to this there is a large supply of honey, and also papyrusgrows in the rivers,”Even so, where is the conclusive evidence? Well itmay well be on the bottom of the sea between (and to the south) of theislands that may be all that remain of the northern mountains describedby Plato.One theory regarding Atlantis that has been put forward is thatas recently as 10,000 years ago some of theCanary Islands, as we knowthem today, were actually linked together (or more likely surrounded) byan unstable plateau or rim of volcanic rock (basalts) and soil that hadbuilt up over the 60,000 years of the previous ice age.
  9. 9. Satellite image of theislands of Santorini.Thislocation is one of manysites purported to havebeen the location ofAtlantis
  10. 10. Atlas (king of Atlantis), in the Greek mythology, one of thesons of Poseidon the god of the Sea, appointed by his fatheras supreme sovereign of Atlantis. Atlas is the elder brother ofthe ten sons of Poseidon and Clito, a girl living in the mythicalisland of Atlantis, domain of the god of the Sea.Poseidon cut Atlantis in ten parts, one for each of his sons.Atlas, who receives the central mountain, is also appointed byPoseidon as the supreme sovereign of the island.Legend tells us that he was a good king, and makes histerritory prosperous, among the richest in the world.Atlas
  11. 11. Fast Facts About Atlantis•A war once took place between theAthenians and theAtlanteansTheAthenians apparently came from Athens.•TheAtlanteans apparently came from an island beyond the pillars of Hercules (Straights of Gibraltar)•The war took place 9,000 years before the time of writing which was approximately 2,500 years before today – so ineffect 11,500 years ago.•Atlantis was allegedly an island greater in size than Libya andAsia combined.•Atlantis was eventually destroyed by an earthquake.•TheAthenian Gods were at peace with each other.•The story had been forgotten by the Athenians because of a great deluge whereby only the illiterate people of themountains had survived.•Solon inferred that the event took place before the time ofTheseus.•At the time theAthenians ruled a land from the Isthmus (of Corinth) to the heights of the Cithaeron (a mountainrange in what is today central Greece) and Parnes. Oropus was the boundary on the right and the river Asopus theboundary on the left.• Poseidon was patron and God of Atlantis. (God of the sea and earthquakes)•Atlantis was an Island with a small mountain at its centre with fertile plains surrounding it.•The central mountain had rings of water surrounding it.•Water flowed from underground - some hot, some cold.•Crops flourished in the fertile soil.•Poseidon’s first child (born on Atlantis) was namedAtlas and the ocean around the Island was namedAtlantic.•From beyond the Pillars of Hercules the lost city of Atlantis controlled islands and lands as far as Egypt.•They had extensive trade with other countries.•Orichalcum (an unknown red colored metal or alloy possible a mixture of copper and gold) was common on theIsland.The Island was well forested.There were a great number of elephants on the Island.The Island had chestnut trees.TheCity / island existed long enough for many rulers / kings to develop it.
  12. 12. •The lost city of Atlantis had a canal from the sea to an inner lagoon.•Three kinds of stone, one red, one black and one white were quarried on the Island of Atlantis.•They used brass to cover their dwellings and brass, tin and orichalcum to cover the outer walls of their cities.•Poseidon’s temple at the centre had a barbaric appearance and the roof (interior) was made of Ivory.•In the temple there was a statue of the god in a chariot.•The lost city of Atlantis made use of private and public baths and then saved the water for use on their fields.•The later docks hadTriremes and many naval supplies.•The Island had cliffs on most sides but was otherwise a plateau with a small mountain at its centre and mountains tothe North.•The North of the Island had high and beautiful mountains.•The plain featured a circular ditch (canyon) of such size (a 100 ft in depth) that it could not have been manmade.•The military had war chariots.They benefited from winter rains.Their shields were small.•The land was divided into ten kingdoms each with its own city.•No King was to ever make war on another Atlantean King.•This rule lasted for a great time but in the end the Kings became victim to mortal desires and sins.PLATO