Jaipur, the most spectacular land of India, has mountains on the burning desert sand, lakes, forts and temples. Ruled by number of rulers, the city depicts history of honour and chivalry, wealth and power. <br />The city attracts tourists from all across the world for its Hawa Mahal, City Palace, Jantar Mantar and its rich cultural heritage.<br />Jaipur is linked with Delhi, Mumbai, Kota, Bikaner and Agra from National Highways. These highways pass through Jaipur district covering a total distance of 366 kilometres.<br />Introduction<br />
Apart from private travelling, city bus also operates and covers whole city, which makes travelling easy and convenient. Tourists also prefer to travel within the city and nearby places through auto rickshaw, cycle rickshaw and taxis. <br />Though, government has come up with a transit rail project under the name of Jaipur Metro. It is expected to provide faster communication and make the journey less cumbersome.<br />Continue…<br />
We need good public transport<br />Traffic in Jaipur has become a very serious problem due to ever increasing number of vehicles on road.<br />We definitely need a very good public transport which alone can solve the traffic problem<br />There are various public transport options available – normal bus, BRT, Tram, LRT, Monorail, Metro<br />Whatever transport system or combination of systems we choose, it must be need based, efficient, affordable, people friendly and fit into the fabric of the city.<br />
Metro<br /><ul><li>Metro conjures up a very rosy picture and we may have a feeling that it is high time we now have Metro in Jaipur</li></ul> Nothing wrong, but first we need to be clear about what metro isand what metro is not<br /><ul><li>What Metro is not –</li></ul>Metro is not a magic wand which will make the traffic problems of the city disappear<br />Metro is not a system which Jaipur should have, simply because it is the most advanced mass transport system <br />Metro is not a system which Jaipur should have, simply because it is now a big, growing city – IT, industrial, education hub…. <br />Metro is not a system which Jaipur must have whatever be the impact and price to be paid<br />
Metro<br /><ul><li>What metro is</li></ul>Metro is the most expensive mass transport system in the world with a minimum costing of Rs 200 crores per km or more depending on metro type and site conditions<br />Metro operation, maintenance, security is also a very expensive affair<br />Metro train has a high carrying capacity – normal about 600 to1000 passengers and maximum about 1000 to 1500 passengers (depending on number of coaches - 4 or 6)<br />Metro needs to have a certain minimum number of passengers per trip or per hour to make it viable in view of very high capital and operating costs.<br />
The analysis period of the project is taken as 36 years from the base year 2009 as follows: <br />Base Year 2009<br />Construction period – 2010 to 2014 (5 years)<br />Project opening for traffic – 2015<br />End of the analysis period –2044<br />No. of operating years, considered for economic analysis – 30 years<br />Thus, 30 years of operation, in effect, from the start of operation i.e. 2015, has been considered for economic evaluation for the project.<br />Analysis Period..<br />
<ul><li>The first part of the first line stretches up to 9.2 kilometres from Mansarovar to Chandpole with 8 elevated and 1 underground station.
The phase II is underground from Chandpole and would connect Ambabari to Sitapura through a 24 kilometre stretch.
The corridor II of Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation (JMRC) stretches from Panipech to Sitapura. This line will have 26 elevated stations, covering a total distance of 27 kilometres. The survey approved the installation of Metro rail rolling stock along with signal network in the first phase itself.</li></ul>Jaipur Metro Proposal<br />
The objective of the cost- benefit analysis is to identify and quantify the economic benefits and costs associated with the project (implementation of 28.55 kms of metro corridors in Jaipur), in order to select the optimum solution along with the economic viability in terms of its likely investment return potential.<br /> The cost – benefit analysis is carried out by using the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) technique to obtain the economic internal rate of return (EIRR %) and economic net present value (ENPV) for the proposed investments linked with the project.<br />Cost Benefit Analysis<br />
Estimated cost Rs 9,100 crore <br /><ul><li>The estimated cost of Rs 9,100 crore Metro Rail project is estimated that Ajmer Road, Tonk Road and includes the cost of modifications made to the Corridor.
The Phase I and Phase II at Rs 7850 crore to Rs 1250 crore have been underrated. Rajasthan housing board and the Pratap Nagar Metro Rail line to Sitapura Rico Industrial Area.
The Phase II is proposed to be expanded so that these areas could also get the benefits of Metro. The expansion will cost Rs 900 crore. In addition to Mansarovar from the Metro Rail line plan Jnsuvydhaoan Rajasthan Sarovar will expand the housing board. </li></li></ul><li>The project cost stream comprises capital cost, operation and maintenance cost. Cost components considered for the purpose of this exercise include:<br />1.Capital cost of infrastructure<br />2.Operation and Maintenance cost of the system<br />The project cost is taken as Rs. 7531 Crores (which is given by DMRC). The Operation & Maintenance Cost (O & M cost) is assumed as 3% of the project cost/annum. This cost has been converted to economic price by applying a factor of 0.85.<br />Continue…<br />
Social benefits <br /> <br />Reduction in accidents and pollution from vehicles<br />Reduced road stress<br />Better accessibility to facilities in the influence area<br />Economic stimulation in the micro region of the infrastructure<br />Increased business opportunities<br />Overall increased mobility<br />
With the completion of metro project, it would become easier not only for the residents but also for the tourists to commute within the city and nearby places. The duration of travelling will be reduced massively and the journey would be comfortable.<br /> It would become easier to find accommodation in different types of Jaipur hotels without any hassles. Tourists can connect to hotels in Jaipur easily after a tiring day in the city. This would prove beneficial for both the government bodies as well as the tourist<br />Conclusion…<br />