What is Interior Design?
• “Effective setting for the range of human activities" that are to
take place there.
• Interior design is a multifaceted profession that includes:
• Conceptual development
• Liaising with the clients of a project
• The management and execution of the design.
What is an Interior Decorator
• Before formal Interior Designers evolved the
job was the concern of craftsmen or
upholsterers. This means that many
‘decorators’ at this time were dealers in the
elements needed for interiors. This called into
question the qualifications of the decorator
and their standing as an independent advisor
• Dorothy Draper would be considered one of
the first professional Interior Designers
• Interior designers design and supervise the
construction or redevelopment of building
interiors. To use the term Interior Designer in
the USA you must hold a qualification and be
The lobby at the Hampshire House.
• Duties & Tasks
• Interior designers may perform the following tasks:
• talk to clients and architects to work out clients' needs and intentions, and
to make sure that safety requirements are met
• develop designs that are appropriate, functional and aesthetically pleasing
• prepare working drawings and specifications for interior construction,
materials, finishes, space planning, lighting, furnishings and equipment
• estimate costs of materials, labour and time, and give estimates to clients
• organise supplies and prepare detailed instructions for tradespeople
• inspect the work of suppliers and tradespeople, and maintain time, cost
and quality controls
• work with specialists in technical areas concerned with fire, hydraulics,
and mechanical, electrical and structural design, making sure that industry
regulations are met
• prepare and administer tenders and contract documents
• re-design the interiors of old buildings and design furnishings to be made
by cabinetmakers, antique furniture restorers and other tradespeople
• design exhibitions, commercial display stands or stage, film and television
•creativity and artistic flair
•good at problem-solving and lateral thinking
•able to work independently or as part of a team
•good communication skills
•an aptitude for technical drawing and illustration.
Interior Design Specialties
• Other what areas could these be?
Residential Interiors 1 VDIS 10002
• What are the requirements?
• Research / Images
• Select a site (consider the size?)
• Survey Plan
• Client Brief (Task 2)
• OH&S, Body corporate and Legal requirements. What
• Inspirational material/ images for the client.
• Theme / style to incorporate.
• Concept development. How best to complete?
• Client presentation. (Task 3)
• The Brief
• Develop the Client Brief
(You are to refer to the heading in the Job Folder module)
• RESEARCH FOR A SIMPLE BRIEF
• Gathering a brief
• Technical drawings in CAD
• Sketches and Renderings
• Sample / Presentation boards
• Report on your designs and it’s benefits to the
client (Why have you designed what you have)
• Copyright and its applications
How to approach these Task
• The Design Theme (Style)
• Give yourself a design theme.
Arranging the furniture to fit the space and/or arranging the space to
fit the brief
(Refer to Job Folder for more detail)
Analyse the furniture placement and traffic flow
by asking the following questions:-
• Are entrances/exits restricted in any way?
• Has sufficient room been left to move easily around and
between furniture items?
• Can the functions of the room be carried out easily and
• Are there elements that are still required to ensure the
space functions more efficiently? Is the natural light being
• Is the view being used effectively?
• Does the natural light have a detrimental effect on any
elements in the space.
• How do the elements relate to each other?
APPLYING THE CONCEPT
• Appling the style or theme. Once you have a finalised floor plan now apply
the design concept to this layout. This is when you now select furniture,
accessories, colours, rugs, window treatments and wall finishes to suit the
• Remember: a floor plan is only the beginning. What is happening to the
wall elevations? What artwork or accessories shall be used?
• In an open space, say a loft or warehouse, a rug or floor covering defines
an area. Be it for dining or seating.