Reducing Risk and Liability in 
Infrastructure Projects
Friday, 
October 15
9:15 a.m. – 10:30 a.m.
Terry D. Bennett, Autod...
2© 2006 Autodesk
Allan W. Zreet, AIA, Principal
Transit Practice Leader | Jacobs Global Buildings Division
Jacobs Engineer...
3© 2006 Autodesk
James MacDonald
Director of Practice Technology
Kleinfelder-SEA
• 20 years of experience in civil enginee...
4© 2006 Autodesk
Terry D. Bennett, LS LPF MRICS LEED® AP
Senior Industry Manager, Civil Engineering & Heavy Construction
A...
5
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
Terry D. Bennett, Autodesk Inc.
Image Courtesy of Parsons Brinker...
 Challenges
• Four Billion more people
• Infrastructure failing ($40T WW)
• Transportation needs expanding
• Funding Gap ...
7
Is this sustainable?
© 2010 Autodesk
Investment
© 2010 Autodesk
INFORMATION
Design
Deliver
Collaborate
Simulate
Analyze
Manage
BIM
BIM is a holistic design approach that ...
© 2010 Autodesk
ProgrammingProgramming
Conceptual
Design
Conceptual
Design
Detailed DesignDetailed Design AnalysisAnalysis...
© 2008 Autodesk
BIM – a Cultural Change
• Much more than visualization
(renderings; animations; 3D CAD
representation) its...
12© 2010 Autodesk
© 2010 Autodesk, Inc.
The Evolution of Design & Construction
Today
Modeling (BIM)
Edges of pavement, sew...
13© 2010 Autodesk
© 2010 Autodesk, Inc.
BIM - Benefits for the Project Team
5D Model-to-Cost Estimating
4D Planning Activi...
Success Awaits
“The company spent $40,000 to create the models, but identified more than
$150,000 in system clashes. Reque...
R e d u c i n g R i s k s
f o r I n f r a s t r u c t u r e P r o j e c t s w i t h
B u i l d i n g I n f o r m a t i o n ...
Presentation Overview
 Use of Laser Scanning and BIM for
Documenting Existing Conditions
with 3-D Surveys
Process, Hardwa...
What is BIM?
 BIM = Building Information Modeling
 3-D CAD w/ Intelligence; not just line work
Collection of objects wit...
Establishing a 3D Database of Existing Conditions
 Application: Lack of “As Built” Documentation
Less time playing catch ...
Shift in Design Schedule
Rethinking How We Work
TRADITIONAL
DESIGN
BIM
DESIGN
Shifted Design Schedule - Challenges
 While same overall effort is expended, labor is moved
to beginning of project for s...
Process: 3-D Survey of Existing Facilities
 Laser Scan Equipment
Set up at multiple locations
Overlapping views
Process: 3-D Survey of Existing Facilities
 Laser Scan Process
Set up at multiple locations
Overlapping views
3-D Survey of Existing Facilities
 Point Cloud
Millions of spatial data points
No intelligence
3-D Survey of Existing Facilities
 Point Cloud
Millions of spatial data points
No intelligence
3-D Survey of Existing Facilities
 Create 3-D Cad Model with No Intelligence
3-D Survey of Existing Facilities
 Convert to Create BIM Model with Intelligence
Post processing used to will create line...
BIM Model Presentation / Animation
BIM Model Presentation / Animation
Final Product
3-D BIM Model Traditional 2-D Drawing
Advantages
 Early Coordination among Disciplines
 Estimating Exact Quantities
Advantages
 Use by Construction Management for
Progress Tracking
Lessons Learned
 Ensure sufficient level of detail is specified for
3-D surveys
 Obtain plenty of views/scans
 Allow ti...
Reducing Risk to Stakeholders
 Accurate existing condition information from
the beginning
 Effective communication and v...
Future Applications
 Scoping / Feasibility / Existing
Condition Studies
 New Industries (Aging
Transportation and
Infras...
Thank You
36© 2006 Autodesk
James MacDonald
Director of Practice Technology
Kleinfelder-SEA
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastru...
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
Aviation
BridgesRoadway
W...
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
America’s 
Infrastructure...
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
BIMBuilding Information M...
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
Site Model
Structural Mod...
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
Linked Structural Model
L...
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
Mechanical Clash with Str...
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
IPDIntegrated Project Del...
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
Content taken from: http:...
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
Content taken from: http:...
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
Site
Civil
Owner
Stakehol...
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
Construction Simulation M...
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
The AIA IPD Guide identif...
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
The AIA BIM Protocol is a...
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO
Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
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Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects

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2010 ULI Fall Meeting Presentation
October 15, 2010
9:15 am to 10:30 am

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Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects

  1. 1. Reducing Risk and Liability in  Infrastructure Projects Friday,  October 15 9:15 a.m. – 10:30 a.m. Terry D. Bennett, Autodesk Inc. Allan Zreet, Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. Jamie MacDonald, Kleinfelder-SEA Consultants
  2. 2. 2© 2006 Autodesk Allan W. Zreet, AIA, Principal Transit Practice Leader | Jacobs Global Buildings Division Jacobs Engineering Group • 28 years experience in transit planning, design and construction • Experience includes transit system planning, infrastructure design and transit facilities design including light rail, commuter rail, intermodal centers and maintenance facilities. • Experience with planning and design of transit oriented development for both the public and private sector. • Recent Projects include: Project Management Oversight for the PATH World Trade Center Station, New York, NY Dallas Area Rapid Transit 28 mile light rail extension, Dallas, TX Anaheim Regional Intermodal Center Project Definition in Anaheim, CA Tampa High Speed Rail Intermodal Center Planning, Tampa, FL Project Management Oversight of Honolulu High Capacity Transit Corridor, Honolulu, HI
  3. 3. 3© 2006 Autodesk James MacDonald Director of Practice Technology Kleinfelder-SEA • 20 years of experience in civil engineering design and construction, web- based information delivery systems, geographic information systems (GIS), and related technologies. • Responsible for implementing progressive design technologies at over sixty North American offices along with locations in Australia, Guam and London. • Responsible for the IT services that support Kleinfelder’s lifecycle design approach, where data created at each phase of a project seamlessly integrates with subsequent phases
  4. 4. 4© 2006 Autodesk Terry D. Bennett, LS LPF MRICS LEED® AP Senior Industry Manager, Civil Engineering & Heavy Construction Autodesk Inc. • 13½ years at Autodesk • Leads Autodesk’s global Industry Strategy and Relations around Transportation, Land Development, Environmental and Heavy Construction • 28 years in professional practice – Surveying, Civil Engineering, Land Development and Sustainable/Natural Resource Mgt. • 24+ years as a worldwide author/presenter on the impact of technology and sustainable practices to the AEC and Infrastructure firms and their business processes • Governing Assembly Member of ASCE’s PERSI (Practice, Education & Research for Sustainable Infrastructure) initiative, member of Harvard’s Graduate School of Design Sustainable Infrastructure Advisory Board, founding editorial board member of Rebuilding America’s Infrastructure Magazine and member of the Urban Land Institute’s Public Development & Infrastructure Council.
  5. 5. 5 Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects Terry D. Bennett, Autodesk Inc. Image Courtesy of Parsons Brinkerhoff
  6. 6.  Challenges • Four Billion more people • Infrastructure failing ($40T WW) • Transportation needs expanding • Funding Gap (~$20T WW)  Reactions • Re-focusing - from dispersed habitation to urban infill • Rising of the 3 R’s – Repair, Recondition and Retrofit • A Greener Planet - Resilient Infrastructure, optimized mobility & green buildings • Outcome vs prescription based requirements
  7. 7. 7 Is this sustainable?
  8. 8. © 2010 Autodesk Investment
  9. 9. © 2010 Autodesk INFORMATION Design Deliver Collaborate Simulate Analyze Manage BIM BIM is a holistic design approach that focuses on design support for visualization, simulation, analysis and collaboration
  10. 10. © 2010 Autodesk ProgrammingProgramming Conceptual Design Conceptual Design Detailed DesignDetailed Design AnalysisAnalysis DocumentationDocumentation FabricationFabrication Construction 4D/5D Construction 4D/5D Construction Logistics Construction Logistics Operation and Maintenance Operation and Maintenance DemolitionDemolition RenovationRenovation Building Information Modeling Building Information Modeling Urban Revitalization Decision Starting Point
  11. 11. © 2008 Autodesk BIM – a Cultural Change • Much more than visualization (renderings; animations; 3D CAD representation) its thinking! • An integrated planning, design and construction process based on an extensive digital database • Special-purpose 3D/4D/5D models built and documents generated as needed • Planners, designers constructors and owners have shared understanding of project elements and challenges • Cross-disciplinary collaboration reduces design errors; avoids conflicts; increases productivity; and reduces risk and liability
  12. 12. 12© 2010 Autodesk © 2010 Autodesk, Inc. The Evolution of Design & Construction Today Modeling (BIM) Edges of pavement, sewer & water … Visual models of objects and their parameters by discipline – pockets of automation Some transfer of models between disciplines, clash detection, automated estimating take off, move to Design- Build, occurrences of IPD Complex discipline design problems and alternatives – sustainability, supply chain schedule, Carbon footprint Tomorrow BIM Digital prototypes of cities, regional developments, cloud analysis Visualize, simulate, analyze entire systems and delivery – creator, consumer, community – supply chain Interdisciplinary thinking with real time collaboration on sustainable cities on central model servers (IPD, PA) Whole scale multiple design approaches & alternatives (Lifecycle cost analysis & tradeoffs)
  13. 13. 13© 2010 Autodesk © 2010 Autodesk, Inc. BIM - Benefits for the Project Team 5D Model-to-Cost Estimating 4D Planning Activities Life-Cycle Decision-Support 3D Sustainable Design & Construction Direct/Monitor Field Work Bidding & Coordinating Subcontractor Shop/Submissions PreFabrication As-Built Model Knowledge Archive Coordinated Documents/Productivity Visualization / Win Work Higher level experience and Implementation#2
  14. 14. Success Awaits “The company spent $40,000 to create the models, but identified more than $150,000 in system clashes. Requests for information were reduced by 75%, with zero change orders. The 12 people who worked on the model during preconstruction saved the work of dozens in the field later, reducing the schedule by 18%.” - Dan Klancnik, VDC Manager The Walsh Group
  15. 15. R e d u c i n g R i s k s f o r I n f r a s t r u c t u r e P r o j e c t s w i t h B u i l d i n g I n f o r m a t i o n M o d e l i n g A l l a n W. Z r e e t, A I A P r i n c i p a l JACOBS Global Buildings NA
  16. 16. Presentation Overview  Use of Laser Scanning and BIM for Documenting Existing Conditions with 3-D Surveys Process, Hardware/Software used  Creating BIM Model of Existing Conditions  Application to New Work / Modifications  Reducing Risk for Stakeholders  Lessons Learned / Future Applications Data Collection of  Existing Conditions &  Use of Data
  17. 17. What is BIM?  BIM = Building Information Modeling  3-D CAD w/ Intelligence; not just line work Collection of objects with editable attributes Can include: Size, Material, Specs, When Installed, Cost  Database Driven  Models for Each Design Discipline  Master Model for Extractions Views or slices of the model (Data extraction from objects (i.e. material takeoffs)
  18. 18. Establishing a 3D Database of Existing Conditions  Application: Lack of “As Built” Documentation Less time playing catch up  3D Database of Existing Conditions  Complete Set of Data No more repeated reviews of existing conditions as needed during design; all there at beginning No additional CAD costs Same effort required; just moved to front of project  Design, Construction, Building Management Tool  Best of Both Worlds Still use traditional presentation methods (2-D dwgs) along with new ones (i.e. 3-D PDF interface / output)
  19. 19. Shift in Design Schedule Rethinking How We Work TRADITIONAL DESIGN BIM DESIGN
  20. 20. Shifted Design Schedule - Challenges  While same overall effort is expended, labor is moved to beginning of project for surveying and design  Higher rate of labor burn early in the project.  Early decision making crucial  Difficult to make major changes late in project
  21. 21. Process: 3-D Survey of Existing Facilities  Laser Scan Equipment Set up at multiple locations Overlapping views
  22. 22. Process: 3-D Survey of Existing Facilities  Laser Scan Process Set up at multiple locations Overlapping views
  23. 23. 3-D Survey of Existing Facilities  Point Cloud Millions of spatial data points No intelligence
  24. 24. 3-D Survey of Existing Facilities  Point Cloud Millions of spatial data points No intelligence
  25. 25. 3-D Survey of Existing Facilities  Create 3-D Cad Model with No Intelligence
  26. 26. 3-D Survey of Existing Facilities  Convert to Create BIM Model with Intelligence Post processing used to will create line work from data points
  27. 27. BIM Model Presentation / Animation
  28. 28. BIM Model Presentation / Animation
  29. 29. Final Product 3-D BIM Model Traditional 2-D Drawing
  30. 30. Advantages  Early Coordination among Disciplines  Estimating Exact Quantities
  31. 31. Advantages  Use by Construction Management for Progress Tracking
  32. 32. Lessons Learned  Ensure sufficient level of detail is specified for 3-D surveys  Obtain plenty of views/scans  Allow time for post-processing raw survey data  Establish CAD layering early  Define BIM model objectives  Phasing: temporary, interim and final
  33. 33. Reducing Risk to Stakeholders  Accurate existing condition information from the beginning  Effective communication and visualization tool for all parties  Identify conflicts / potential problems very early in design  Ensures coordination between disciplines  Accurate estimates Allows Designer, Client and  Contractor a full understanding  of the project
  34. 34. Future Applications  Scoping / Feasibility / Existing Condition Studies  New Industries (Aging Transportation and Infrastructure)  Design / Build Projects  Protecting Stakeholders (Owners/Designers/Builders) from surprises
  35. 35. Thank You
  36. 36. 36© 2006 Autodesk James MacDonald Director of Practice Technology Kleinfelder-SEA Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  37. 37. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects Aviation BridgesRoadway Wastewater TransitDrinking Water Dams & LeveesSolid Waste EnergySchools
  38. 38. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects America’s  Infrastructure G.P.A = D Required Funding  Over $2 Trillion ASCE Report Card for America’s  Infrastructure 2009 America’s  Infrastructure G.P.A = D Required Funding  Over $2 Trillion ASCE Report Card for America’s  Infrastructure 2009 Aviation BridgesRoadway Wastewater TransitDrinking Water Dams & LeveesSolid Waste EnergySchools
  39. 39. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects BIMBuilding Information Modeling
  40. 40. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects Site Model Structural Model Process Piping Model
  41. 41. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects Linked Structural Model Linked Mechanical Model
  42. 42. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects Mechanical Clash with Structural FP Clash with Mechanical Design Construction
  43. 43. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  44. 44. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  45. 45. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  46. 46. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  47. 47. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  48. 48. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  49. 49. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  50. 50. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  51. 51. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  52. 52. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  53. 53. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects IPDIntegrated Project Delivery
  54. 54. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects Content taken from: http://www.aia.org/contractdocs/AIAS077630?dvid=4294964480&recspec=AIAS077630 Traditional Design Process Integrated Design Process
  55. 55. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects Content taken from: http://www.aia.org/contractdocs/AIAS077630?dvid=4294964480&recspec=AIAS077630
  56. 56. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects Site Civil Owner Stakeholder Designer (A/E) PM CM/GC PM Owner’s Rep Landscape Landscape Mechanical Mechanical Plumbing Plumbing Steel Framing Structural Electrical Electrical Fabrication Architectural Other Other IPD Leadership Team
  57. 57. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  58. 58. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  59. 59. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  60. 60. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  61. 61. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  62. 62. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  63. 63. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects Construction Simulation Movie
  64. 64. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  65. 65. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  66. 66. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects The AIA IPD Guide identifies the characteristics of IPD and provides specific information and guidance on how to utilize IPD methods to achieve enhanced design, construction and operations processes. Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) leverages early contributions of knowledge and expertise through the utilization of new technologies, allowing all team members to better realize their highest potentials while expanding the value they provide throughout the project lifecycle. • A195–2008, Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Contractor for Integrated Project Delivery Content taken from: http://www.aia.org/contractdocs/AIAS077630?dvid=4294964480&recspec=AIAS077630
  67. 67. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects The AIA BIM Protocol is a practical tool for using BIM across all phases of a project. It also defines the extent to which downstream model users, such as contractors and fabricators, can use and rely on the model for scheduling, pricing, fabricating and construction. • Who is responsible for each element of the model and to what level of development? • What are authorized uses for the model? • To what extent can users rely on the model? • Who will manage the model? • Who owns the model? Content taken from: http://www.aia.org/contractdocs/AIAS078742
  68. 68. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  69. 69. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects
  70. 70. 2010 ULI FALL MEETING AND URBAN LAND EXPO Reducing Risk and Liability in Infrastructure Projects

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