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Grupo maharlika 2


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Grupo maharlika 2

  1. 1. A Glimpse of the Warrior Class
  2. 2. by Ishan Chugani
  3. 3. We don’t hear the word maharlika very much anymore. Its origin goes all the way back to the ancient language of India called Sanskrit, from the word, maharddhika, meaning, "a man of wealth, knowledge or ability." Today it is generally accepted to mean "nobility or aristocracy." The venerable Tagalog dictionary of Leo James English gives us this example: Ang mga harì at prinsipe ay kabilang sa mga maharlikâ. [Kings and princes belong to the nobility.] That’s the modern definition, but back in the days when there really was a maharlika class in the Philippines, it was actually a lower class of nobility that served the datus, or chiefs, in times of war. The maharlikas belong to the “kings and princes” and not the other way around. … And this is what our report is all about.
  4. 4. By KM Panganiban
  5. 5. Among the Tagalogs, there were military leaders who exhibited thier powers by sheer bravery alone. They were called bayani or heroes. The rich gave feasts or celebrations in their honor. The people would show their appreciation by crowning their hero with a gold covered carabao horn. Many of these heroes come from the maharlika or the class of warriors.
  6. 6. By Gabriel Corrales
  7. 7. The maharlika were a martial class of Freemen. Like the timawa, they were free vassals of their datu who were exempt from taxes and tribute but were required to provide military service. The brave and the strong compose the warrior class.
  8. 8. By Audrey Villanueva
  9. 9. It was the duty of the maharliks to help the datu maintain peace and order in the barangay by defending their territory from other barangays. In return, the maharlika was exempted from paying tribute to the datu. The maharlika may also be occasionally obliged to work on the lands of the datu and assist in projects and other events in the community.
  10. 10. By Carloz Maravilla
  11. 11. In times of war, the maharlika were obligated to provide and prepare weapons at their own expense and answer the summons of the datu, wherever and whenever that might be. They accompanied their ruler in battles as comrades-atarms and were given a share of the spoils.
  12. 12. By Mikaela Trebol
  13. 13. Warriors had certain trademarks. Visayan warriors, for instance, could be recognized by numerous tattoos all over their body. The warrior with the most number of tattoos meant that he was the bravest warrior since he was able to kill the most number of enemies. Meanwhile, only the best warrior among the Tagalogs could wear a red “putong” (a small cloth on his head).
  14. 14. By Pearl Corpuz
  15. 15. Maharlika Timawa
  16. 16. The historian William Henry Scott believes that the class originated from high-status warriors who married into the maginoo blood or were perhaps remnants of the nobility class of a conquered line. Similar high-status warriors in other Philippine societies like that of the Bagobo and the Bukidnon did not inherit their positions, but were acquired through martial prowess.[
  17. 17. By Justin Tan
  18. 18. Although they were partly related to the nobility, the maharlikas were technically less free than the timawas because they could not leave a datu’s service without first hosting a large public feast and paying the datu between 6 to 18 pieces of gold – a large sum in those days. Trivia: During the Marcos Regime, the former president recommended to change the name of the Philippines into “Maharlika”. … Now we know.
  19. 19. Chugani, Ishan Corpus, Pearl Corrales, Gabriel Maravilla, Carloz Panganiban, KM Tan, Justin Trebol, Mikaela Villanueva, Audrey
  20. 20. Sources: One Country One People 5, 4 th edition Maharlika and the Ancient Class System by P. Morrow
  21. 21. We shall be giving papers for you to fill in with the answers. Please do not forget to write your name.
  22. 22. a. datus b. warriors c. traders
  23. 23. a. top b. bottom c. second
  24. 24. a. bayani b. babaylan c. bagumbayan
  25. 25. a. A silver-coated carabao horn b. A gold-coated carabao horn c. Four wives and a carabao
  26. 26. a. The most handsome among the warriors b. The richest among the warriors c. The one who was able to kill the most number of enemies
  27. 27. a. Red b. Royal blue c. Silver and Gold
  28. 28. a. A loin cloth b. A small cloth on one’s head c. A cape
  29. 29. True or False
  30. 30. True or False
  31. 31. … so we hope that you were listening  3 points each
  32. 32. What ancient language of India is maharlika (“maharddhika”) derived from?
  33. 33. One of the two requirements before a maharlika can transfer allegiance to another datu (write just one).
  34. 34. Name the student who is in charge of Grupo Maharlika’s Power Point group during the presentation (and it wasn’t me). 