Chapter 16 sec 2 vocab


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Chapter 16 sec 2 vocab

  1. 1. Section 2Vocabulary
  2. 2. 1. Peten Means flat region Located in Guatemala Dense forest nearly blocked out the sunr sinkholes Areas where the earth has collapsed It connected the Mayas with a huge system of underground rivers and streams Gave the Mayas a year-round supply of water
  3. 3. p Mayan city-states They had built cities and organized culture and government They had cooperation among the people They set up city-states Rulers supplied leadership and military force City-states often fought with each other
  4. 4. 1. Mayan city-state rulers Leadership passed from one king to the next Said they were decendents from the sun They taught their subjects how to please he godsr human sacrifice They gave their captives to9 the gods as sacrafices
  5. 5. ¨ Chac and Mayan The god of rainS alliances Political agreement between people or states to work togethere Mayan astronomy The priests believed that the gods revealed their plans through the movement of the sun, moon and stars, so they studied the heavens closely
  6. 6. Ð Mayan math Invented a counting system based on 20i Mayan written language: hieroglyphics Used to record numbers and dates Symbols represented sounds, words, or ideast Quetzalcoatl Sun god ( a feathered serpent) He promised that they would find their promised land
  7. 7. 1. Aztec myth about their homeland They would know they had found this place when an eagle” screams and spreads its wings, and eats……. The serpente Tenochtitlan – Means “place of the prickly pear cactus” The Aztecs new city
  8. 8. 1 5.Aztec kings Claimed descendent from the gods Council warriors , priests16. Aztec Commoners Formed the largest groupo Worked as farmers, warriors, artisans, traders17. Aztec after life• They saw death as honorable if you died in battle, captives who gave their lives as sacrifices to the gods, women who died during childbirth
  9. 9.  18. Huitzilopochtli and the Great Temple He spoke through the priests and vowed We shall conquer all the people in the universe Temple rose 135 feet Had more than 100 steps 1000’s of victims were taken to the top, where they were sacrificed to the gods19. Pachacamac Inca god that was blamed for creating earthquakes “Lord of the Quakes”When he lost his temper the Earth would Quake
  10. 10. 20. Pachacuti and his son Topa Inca