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Judaism - Comparative Judaism


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Comparative of Judaism’s Fasting and Islamic’s Fasting. Religion is the key that we well-known as the way to teach people live in an exceptional life. When people committed to different religious traditions come together to discuss common themes, they often find their own practices and understandings enriched and enlightened. Religion plays the importance role in human’s life in the loving-kindness way and global destiny as well as animal living. In the world’s history there are 3 main monotheistic religion which existed since the first world civilization born such as Judaism, Islamic and Christianity. These three main religion seem very similar to each other because they believe in only one god, they believe their religion’s bible which mean the Judaism believe in Torah while Islamic believe in Quran and Christianity believe in The new and the old testament yet the history of the bible has shown that they came from the same resource in Israel. In addition, Fasting is one of the most ritual in these religion notably Fasting between Judaism and Islamic.

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Judaism - Comparative Judaism

  1. 1. Commitment to Excellence
  2. 2.  Judaism founded in 2000 B.C.E. (More then 5000 years) by Abraham.  Hebrew was the first people believe in Judaism  Hebrew became Jewish and created the Kingdom of Judah.
  3. 3. • Monotheism • Torah • Yah-weh • Todah • Naim me’od • Lama • Benediction • Dietary laws • The Sabbath • Magen David • Prophet • The nature of God • Kabbalah • Mose • Olam Ha-ba
  4. 4. Monotheism • Monotheism mean believe only one god. • The opposite of monotheism is Polytheism.
  5. 5. Yah-Weh • Judaism god’s name “Yah-Weh”. • the national god of the ancient kingdoms of Israel and Judah.
  6. 6. Torah • Torah in the narrowest sense refers to the first five books of the Bible • In a broader sense, Torah includes all Jewish law and tradition • Torah was given to Moses in written form with oral commentary • The oral component is now written in the Talmud • There are additional important writings
  7. 7. Todah • Mean that “ thank you very much’ or ‘thanks a lot”. •Expressed as grateful feeling or thoughts ; a heart full of thanks ; expression of our appreciation for family , friends, good health.
  8. 8. Naim me’od • Very pleasant • This phrase can describe something such as whether, but it is mostly used when you meeting someone for the first time.
  9. 9. Lama • Why ? • The Dalai is known to have told Jews who come to him “why do you come to me? go home and study Torah!”
  10. 10. Sabbath • Sabbath is Judaism’s day of rest and seventh day of the week, celebrated every week from sundown on Friday to nightfall of Saturday. • On Sabbath day, every Jew people eat three meals and one of the meals must include bread. • Shabbat is a time with no television, no rushing to the demands of the telephone or a busy work schedule. People don’t think about work or other stressful things.
  11. 11. Benediction • Benediction is blessing or thanksgiving in public and private service. • Every benediction must include the name of God.
  12. 12. Dietary Laws • Dietary Laws is the Jewish law dealing with what food can and cannot be eaten and how those foods mst be prepared. • We may eat any animal that has cloven hooves and chews its cud. Ex: cow, sheep. • Of the things that are in the waters, you may eat anything that has fins and scales • We may not eat animals that died of natural causes or that were killed by other animals. • All products that grow in the soil or on plants, bushes, or trees are permitted. • the birds and mammals must be killed in accordance with Jewish law.
  13. 13. Magen David • The Magen David (Shield of David, or as it is more commonly known, the Star of David) is the symbol most commonly associated with Judaism today. • In the 17th century, it became a popular practice to put Magen Davids on the outside of Jewish houses of worship. • Today, the Magen David is the universally recognized symbol of Jewry. It appears on the flag of the state of Israel, and the Israeli.
  14. 14. Prophet • A prophet is G-d's spokesman to the people • Can be male or female, Jewish or gentile • The Bible records 48 male prophets, 7 female and one gentile. Gentile is a person does not admit the existence of god. • Daniel was not a prophet because he did not speak to the people.
  15. 15. The Nature of God • God Exists: The fact of G-d's existence is accepted almost without question. • God is One • There is only one G-d. No other being participated in the work of creation. • God is a unity. • God is the only being to whom we should offer praise. • God is the Creator of Everything
  16. 16. • The greatest of all of the prophets, who saw all that all of the other prophets combined saw, and more.
  17. 17. • Kabbalah is one of the most grossly misunderstood parts of Judaism. • Kabbalah as "the dark side of Judaism," describing it as evil or black magic.
  18. 18. • Judaism believes in an afterlife but has little dogma about it • The Jewish afterlife is called Olam Ha-Ba (The World to Come) • Resurrection and reincarnation are within the range of traditional Jewish belief • Temporary (but not eternal) punishment after death is within traditional belief