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Sri lanka -_presentation_(ppt_3_mb)

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Sri lanka -_presentation_(ppt_3_mb)

  1. 1. Water Engineering and Development Centre‘Access for All’ Study:Designing water & sanitationto improve accessibility fordisabled people & othervulnerable groups
  2. 2. Terms of Reference Objectives • To identify ways to ensure that access needs of disabled people are considered in domestic water and sanitation (WATSAN) provision in tsunami-affected areas in Sri Lanka. • To explore opportunities for collaboration between local agencies in Sri Lanka in promoting accessible domestic WATSAN provision.
  3. 3. Terms of Reference • Understand the situation regarding access to domestic WATSAN for disabled people, particularly in tsunami-affected areas. • Advise on ways to ensure that domestic WATSAN provision considers access for disabled people. • Discuss opportunities for future collaboration to promote improved access to domestic WATSAN for disabled people.
  4. 4. Activities • Meetings with key stakeholders, including relevant government agencies, NGOs, in both WATSAN & disability sectors; • Field-visit to tsunami-affected area (Batticaloa) to meet implementing agencies, disabled people, observe current conditions; • Feedback & discussion on findings and recommendations; • Produce a report for ‘Access for All’ Consortium.
  5. 5. Accessibility – whybother? • Help achieve poverty reduction targets – MDGs • Cost-effectiveness • Inclusive facilities benefit the whole community • Disability is a gender issue • Water is a human rights issue
  6. 6. Main findings• Social stigma, overprotection by families, lack of physical accessibility, lack of rights opportunities, information  disabled people not visible• Few disabled people in camps – – Staying with relatives – Left camps because toilets & bathing facilities inaccessible – Lost mobility aids• Disabled & elderly people need a lot of support to use toilets & water facilities• Negative impact on whole family – increased workload, especially for women• WATSAN agencies have paid little attention to disability – lack of information, training, experience, never thought of it…
  7. 7. Problems - rough paths,longdistances
  8. 8. High steps & thresholds…
  9. 9. Narrow entrances
  10. 10. On the positive side…• WATSAN sector agencies interested, responsive, recognise need;• Many focus on ‘socially vulnerable’ groups - some specifically mention disabled people;• Examples of designs adapted in consultation with women – could be built on to include disabled &
  11. 11. Example: designing forwomen and children
  12. 12. What needs to be done…Long-term reconstruction:• Toilets, bathrooms, water points in public facilities, e.g. schools, clinics, hospitals, etc. – incorporate accessibility at planning & design stage (minimal extra cost)• Accessibility Guidelines available (international standards).
  13. 13. What needs to be done…(2)Long-term reconstruction: Permanent housing• Ideal – incorporate accessibility in all housing at planning & design stage (minimal extra cost);• Identify families with disabled/elderly members - consult on individual needs;• Share information on possible accessibility options (WEDC publication).
  14. 14. What needs to be done…(3)Short-term - transitional camps:• Prioritise families with disabled/elderly members – locate near to toilets, water & bathing facilities;• Make one toilet in a block accessible• Share information on individual aids and options for adaptations.
  15. 15. • Getting there
  16. 16. • Getting there
  17. 17. • Getting there• Support rails
  18. 18. • Getting there• Support rails
  19. 19. • Thresholds• Minimise • Level platform in difference in front of door levels
  20. 20. • Handpump aprons• Way to avoid getting on a slippery apron
  21. 21. • Seating• Low sitting platform
  22. 22. • Internal dimensionsSpace for• wheelchair to enter & turn,• user + helper• to move a seat to one side
  23. 23. • Support rails• Fixed to wall (wall must be strong enough)
  24. 24. • More support • Rope for support• Movable frame
  25. 25. • Fixed raised seats• Brick seat • Twin sitting blocks
  26. 26. • Movable seats
  27. 27. • Movable seats
  28. 28. • Internal water source• Water jar beside latrine
  29. 29. • Internal water source• Gravity fed water supply
  30. 30. Suggestions for startingpoints - WATSAN sector• Appoint a focus person on accessibility/ inclusion issues;• Make contact with disability agencies, to: – exchange information and views; – consult on project design, technology options, staff training…; – accessibility ‘audit’ of a project or facility; – pilot technology options; – develop local resources, booklets, training materials, guidelines.
  31. 31. Suggestions for startingpoints - disability sector• Form alliances, e.g. with agencies working with the elderly, children, women, etc.• Disseminate information, provide technical advice for WATSAN implementing agencies;• Collaborate with WATSAN sector to develop pilot/ action-research projects;• Develop examples of good practice to show what is possible.
  32. 32. Further information• Access for All Consortium – Accessibility Guidelines.• WEDC – Designing water & sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups - resource book – due out shortly. http://www.lboro.ac.uk/wedc/ projects/auwsfpdp H.E.Jones2@lboro.ac.uk
  33. 33. www.lboro.ac.uk/wedc/projects/auwsfp dp

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