Water Engineering and Development Centre‘Access for All’ Study:Designing water & sanitationto improve accessibility fordisabled people & othervulnerable groups
Terms of Reference Objectives • To identify ways to ensure that access needs of disabled people are considered in domestic water and sanitation (WATSAN) provision in tsunami-affected areas in Sri Lanka. • To explore opportunities for collaboration between local agencies in Sri Lanka in promoting accessible domestic WATSAN provision.
Terms of Reference • Understand the situation regarding access to domestic WATSAN for disabled people, particularly in tsunami-affected areas. • Advise on ways to ensure that domestic WATSAN provision considers access for disabled people. • Discuss opportunities for future collaboration to promote improved access to domestic WATSAN for disabled people.
Activities • Meetings with key stakeholders, including relevant government agencies, NGOs, in both WATSAN & disability sectors; • Field-visit to tsunami-affected area (Batticaloa) to meet implementing agencies, disabled people, observe current conditions; • Feedback & discussion on findings and recommendations; • Produce a report for ‘Access for All’ Consortium.
Accessibility – whybother? • Help achieve poverty reduction targets – MDGs • Cost-effectiveness • Inclusive facilities benefit the whole community • Disability is a gender issue • Water is a human rights issue
Main findings• Social stigma, overprotection by families, lack of physical accessibility, lack of rights opportunities, information disabled people not visible• Few disabled people in camps – – Staying with relatives – Left camps because toilets & bathing facilities inaccessible – Lost mobility aids• Disabled & elderly people need a lot of support to use toilets & water facilities• Negative impact on whole family – increased workload, especially for women• WATSAN agencies have paid little attention to disability – lack of information, training, experience, never thought of it…
On the positive side…• WATSAN sector agencies interested, responsive, recognise need;• Many focus on ‘socially vulnerable’ groups - some specifically mention disabled people;• Examples of designs adapted in consultation with women – could be built on to include disabled &
What needs to be done…Long-term reconstruction:• Toilets, bathrooms, water points in public facilities, e.g. schools, clinics, hospitals, etc. – incorporate accessibility at planning & design stage (minimal extra cost)• Accessibility Guidelines available (international standards).
What needs to be done…(2)Long-term reconstruction: Permanent housing• Ideal – incorporate accessibility in all housing at planning & design stage (minimal extra cost);• Identify families with disabled/elderly members - consult on individual needs;• Share information on possible accessibility options (WEDC publication).
What needs to be done…(3)Short-term - transitional camps:• Prioritise families with disabled/elderly members – locate near to toilets, water & bathing facilities;• Make one toilet in a block accessible• Share information on individual aids and options for adaptations.
• Internal water source• Water jar beside latrine
• Internal water source• Gravity fed water supply
Suggestions for startingpoints - WATSAN sector• Appoint a focus person on accessibility/ inclusion issues;• Make contact with disability agencies, to: – exchange information and views; – consult on project design, technology options, staff training…; – accessibility ‘audit’ of a project or facility; – pilot technology options; – develop local resources, booklets, training materials, guidelines.
Suggestions for startingpoints - disability sector• Form alliances, e.g. with agencies working with the elderly, children, women, etc.• Disseminate information, provide technical advice for WATSAN implementing agencies;• Collaborate with WATSAN sector to develop pilot/ action-research projects;• Develop examples of good practice to show what is possible.
Further information• Access for All Consortium – Accessibility Guidelines.• WEDC – Designing water & sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups - resource book – due out shortly. http://www.lboro.ac.uk/wedc/ projects/auwsfpdp H.E.Jones2@lboro.ac.uk