GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION Gujarat is situated on the west coast of India and boasts of a 1,600 km long coastline. The Arabian Sea sweeps off the western and south western frontiers of the state. It is situated between 20o 1 and 24o 7 north latitudes and 68o 4 and 74o 4 east longitudes Gujarat stretches from Kutch in the West to Daman in the South. In the East, lies the hilly region of the Aravallis, whereas lush green woods, hills, plains and rivers are found in the west. Rajasthan lies towards the northeast of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh to the east and Maharashtra to the southeast.
HISTORY Gujarat gets its name from "Gujjar Rashtra", the land of the Gujjars, a migrant tribe who came to India in the wake of the invading Huns in the 5th century. The history of Gujarat dates back to 2000 BC. It is also believed that Lord Krishna left Mathura to settle on the west coast of Saurashtra at Dwarka. The state saw various kingdoms like Mauryas, Guptas, Pratiharas etc, but it was under the regime of Chalukyas (Solanki) Gujarat witnesses progress and prosperity. Inspite of the plundering of Mahmud of Ghazni, the Chalukyan kings were able to maintain general prosperity and well being of the state. After this glorious respite, Gujarat faced troubled times under the Muslims, Marathas and the British rules. Historically, the state of Gujarat has been one of the main centers of the Indus Valley Civilization. It contains major ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley such as Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. The ancient city of Lothal was where Indias first port was established. Also, Dholavira, the ancient city, is one of the largest and most prominent archaeological sites in India, belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization.
CULTURE The Gujarat state of India, boasts of a rich culture and heritage. The people of Gujarat are very particular regarding their value system. They have preserved the ancient art and craft techniques and still practice them with great determination. Gujaratis are proud of their customs and traditions and follow them with utmost pride. The people of Gujarat are very simple and live life to the fullest. The spirit of Gujarat is quite visible from the varied fairs and festivals celebrated in the state. It is further enriched by the tribal people residing here. They have their own set of customs and rituals. Thus, Gujarat has a cultural diversity which is a unique feature of the state and is randomly seen
INDUSTRIES Chemicals & Petrochemicals Engineering & Auto Oil & Gas Pharmaceutical &Biotechnology Mines & Minerals Port Ship Building & Related Ind. Environment technologies Food Agro Financial Sector Green Energy Health Care Knowledge Gems & Jwellery Textiles Tourism
SOCIO-ECONOMIC REVIEW GSDP 2007 - 2008 303734 crore GSDP 2008 - 2009 367745 crore GSDP 2009 - 2010 429356 crorePer Capita income as per current prices 2008 – 2009 Rs. 49251 as against 2007 – 2008 Rs. 45433.Population as per census 2001 – 5.07 croreLiteracy rate 69.14% in 2001Nearly 37.36% resides in urban areas
FDI IN GUJARAT Total FDI in Gujarat US$ 6.3 billion Gujarat ranks 4th Top countries that invested in Gujarat (from Jan 2000 to Dec 2009) Mauritius – 47% U.S.A – 18% Singapore – 13% U.A.E – 5% U.K – 5% Sectors that attracted maximum FDI inflows in Gujarat (from Jan 2000 to Dec 2009) Telecommunications (25%) Petroleum & Natural Gas (12%) Power (11%) Metallurgical Industries (11%) and Automobile Industry (8%)