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The Case for Stable VIVO URIs

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The Case for Stable VIVO URIs

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The Case for Stable VIVO URIs

  1. 1. Melissa Haendel, Brian Lowe, & Violeta Ilik VIVO 2014 Austin, TX August 8, 2014 The Case for Stable VIVO URIs
  2. 2. INSTITUTION PUBLISH CONSULT EXPERIMENT FUND DEPOSIT
  3. 3. The problem •Each system creates identifiers for each author and co- author •Need to link and disambiguate researchers across institutions •Need to preserve institutional authority over scholarly contributions •VIAF and LCNAF collate scholar’s identifiers from many places •Not all authors have ORCID or other unique identifier
  4. 4. Need to link people  How many scholarly works has Michael Conlon published?  Who has expertise in bioinformatics and evolutionary biology in the southeast?  How can we identify external advisors for an interdisciplinary training program?  Which research topics lack funding in our consortium?
  5. 5. TITLE: “VIVO: A Semantic Approach to Scholarly Networking and Discovery”
  6. 6. …It isn’t him!
  7. 7. We can use VIVO Profiles to relate people to their works
  8. 8. Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PPC) Task Group on the creation and Function of Name Authorities in a Non-MARC Environment  Relate external named entity identifiers and information to library authority data and bibliographic data  Structure library authority data for use in linked data environment and library systems GOALS:
  9. 9. OCLC: Registering Researchers in Authority Files
  10. 10. 10 types of scholarly systems  Authority hubs  Current Research Information System (CRIS)  Identifier hubs  National research portal  Online encyclopedia  Reference management  Research and collaboration hub  Researcher profile systems  Subject author identifier system  Subject repository OCLC: Draft Registering Researchers in Authority Files report (dated 2014-03-28)
  11. 11. Examples
  12. 12. Why we need persistent identifiers across systems Different systems have different data that can be utilized across sources
  13. 13.  Multiple names/transliteration  Change of names  Pseudonyms - privacy issues!!! Challenges in linking records
  14. 14. An example resource addressing similar issues in science  Resolvable identifiers  Location independent  Free to use  Granularity of identifiers  Customizable behaviors  RDF support  Community driven  Curated resource  Reliable  Unrestricted scope
  15. 15. Identifiers and Profiles in bibliographic records – new developments Plug in ORCiD identifier and any other identifier (ISNI, VIAF) in Name Authority Records in 024 field with delimiter |2 qualifier value of orcid, isni, viaf … Example on Eric Childress NAR: http://errol.oclc.org/laf/no2005-43559.html
  16. 16. Eric Childress in LC NAF: But no VIVO URI? http://errol.oclc.org/laf/no2005-43559.html
  17. 17. VIVO and ORCID Example: Michael Conlon VIVO URI: http://vivo.ufl.edu/individual/n25562 and ORCiD: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1304-8447  VIVO URI identifies person but also returns linked data published by the University of Florida.  ORCID controlled by individual. We need both.
  18. 18. Distributed Person Data Former Institution VIVO URI Current Institution VIVO URI Future Institution VIVO URI sameAs link sameAs link sameAs link
  19. 19. Distributed Person Data  Each institution publishes authoritative data about researcher's activities during a given time period.  URIs for VIVOs that commit to maintaining the historical data should be registered for ongoing discoverability.  Each VIVO records ORCID iD to aid in sameAs linking.
  20. 20. Creating stable VIVO URIs Institution A Institution B ID:123 http://vivo.institutionA.edu/ individual/n64866 http://vivo.institutionB.edu/ individual/n88764 http://vivo.institutionA.edu/ individual/n45891 Mary Jane Co-authorship Joe Shmo Joe Shmo
  21. 21. Goal: Registering VIVO URIs with OCLC PURL server? Making vivoweb.org/ontology URIs persistent
  22. 22.  Ontology URI already HTTP redirect  Locally hosted VIVO profiles (the persistence of these will depend on the same guidelines as for the ontology, except at a local level)  VIVO hub (vivoweb.org? OCLC? ORCID?) Creating stable VIVO URIs
  23. 23. Conclusions To support maximal data integration across sites and platforms, we need to support:  Persistence of VIVO person URIs  Management of sameAs assertions for person instances across platforms  Registration of VIVO person URIs in VIAF
  24. 24. Thank you

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