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Jalna Icon Marathi

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A priceless legacy from preceding generations to the
promising new generation of Jalna District for their
prosperous journey ahead

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Jalna Icon Marathi

  1. 1. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 1 XÎmm Omoer àH$meH$ {dZmoXam` B§{O{ZAg© àm. {b. XmdbdmS>r OmbZm
  2. 2. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 2 OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg XÎmm Omoer 9422 25 25 50 dattjoshi@gmail.com g‘Ýd` d ghH$m`© lrH$m§V Xoenm§S>o OmbZm àH$meH$ {dZmoXam` B§{O{ZAg© àm. {b. OmbZm n{hbr Amd¥Îmr 25 gßQ>|~a 2011 AjaOwiUr, ‘m§S>Ur, ‘wIn¥ð> {‘{S>`m Ho$Aa 9225 30 90 10 ‘yë` … 250 é. `m nwñVH$mVrb ‘m{hVr AWdm Vnerb H$moUË`mhr ñdénmV nwZ…àH$m{eV H$aÊ`mg ‘ZmB© Amho. Aem àH$maMm H$moUVmhr dmna H$aÊ`mAmYr boIH$ AWdm àH$meH$m§Mr boIr nadmZJr KoUo Amdí`H$ Amho.
  3. 3. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 3 OmbZm {OëømÀ`m ^mdr {nT>rbm AmYrÀ`m {nT>çm§Mm hm dmagm nwT>À`m àdmgmgmR>r ñZohnyd©H$
  4. 4. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 4 F$U{ZX}e `m nwñVH$mÀ`m {Z{‘©VrgmR>r Ag§»` gwöXm§Mm hmV^ma bmJbobm Amho. OmbZm {OëømVrb C„oIZr` ì`º$s¨Mr ‘hVr gm§JÊ`mgmR>r Ag§»` OU nwT>o Ambo. àË`oH$mMm Zm‘mo„oI H$aUo AeŠ` ìhmdo, EdT>çm g§»`oV hr Zmdo AmhoV. `m gdmªMoM ‘Z…nyd©H$ Am^ma. - gwZrb am`R>Ç>m
  5. 5. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 5 AZwH«$‘{UH$m 01) àmñVm{dH$ 7 02) boIH$mMo ‘ZmoJV 10 03) CÚmoOH$Vm 18 04) boIH$m{df`r 22 05) ~ÐrZmam`U ~madmbo 23 06) naoe éUdmb 35 07) S>m°. g§O` amI 41 08) gm¡. {demIm Xoenm§S>o 47 09) gm¡. {à`m Omoer 51 10) ‘mo. `wgy’$ hmOr Ah‘X ^mB© 55 11) g§O` Ho$Xma 60 12) {OV|Ð amR>r 64 13) ‘Zrf amR>r 71 14) ~g§Vr Mmoa{S>`m - CZo 76 15) am‘oída / kmZoída g§XwnQ>bm 82 16) B©ídaXmg KZJmd 86 17) grVm~mB© ‘mo{hVo - KmoS>oJmdH$a 90 18) nwgmam‘ ‘w§XS>m 96 19) gm¡. ‘rZmjr ‘ohþUH$a 101 20) gm¡. {dÚm amd 105 21) gm¡. ‘Zrfm nwar 109 22) Zmam`U gmoZwZo 113 23) H¡$bmg Pm§Par 118
  6. 6. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 6 24) gyaO‘b ‘wWm 123 25) g§O` {Q>H$m[a`m 126 26) a‘oe^mB© nQ>ob 131 27) Amerf ‘§Ìr 140 28) S>m°. AZ§V n§T>ao 150 29) adr H$mo§H$m 161 30) S>m°. à‘moXHw$‘ma ~OmO 166 31) ZamoÎm‘ h§gmoam 172 32) Jmonr{H$eZ H$m~am 176 33) {ZVrZ H$m~am 184 34) ‘mohZ ImoS>do 192 35) {XZoe N>mOoS> 195 36) {dO`Hw$‘ma AJ«dmb 200 37) ÛmaH$màgmX gmoZr 203 38) gm¡. H$ënZm emh 208 39) S>m°. gVre ‘moao 211 40) amhwb ~Ýgb 215 41) {dZ`‘w§XS>m 220 42) {dO`AÊUm ~moamS>o 226 43) H¡$bme ‘mbmoXo 234 44) aoIm ~¡Ob 238 45) amhwb bmhmoQ>r 243 46) ‘ZmoO nQ>dmar 249 47) Quotes 253 p6
  7. 7. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 7 àmñVm{dH$ AmnU OÝ‘mbm Ambmo hr B©ídar XoUJr Amho. Am`wî`^amVrb Amnbo H$V¥©Ëd hr Ë`m B©ídamàVr AmnU ì`º$ Ho$bobr H¥$VkVm AgVo. `m XmoZ Q>moH$m§‘Yrb H$mbI§S> åhUOo Amnbo Am`wî`. Am`wî`mÀ`m Ama§^mVrb MwH$m H$moUrhr Xwê$ñV H$ê$ eH$V Zmhr nU àË`oH$mOdiM Agboë`m "AmO' Mm Vmo Z¸$sM CÎm‘ àH$mao dmna eH$Vmo Am{U AmO Ho$bobm ew^ma§^ AË`§V `eñdr g‘mamonmn`ªV ZoVm `oD$ eH$Vmo. àË`oH$mÀ`mM Am`wî`mV AJ{UV eŠ`meŠ`Vm XS>boë`m AgVmV. Aem Agm‘mÝ`, A{ÛVr` H$Wm§Zr ‘mZdr B{VhmgmV Ag§»` Zmdo H$moabobr AmhoV. Amnë`m ‘`m©Xm Am{U n§JwnUmda AË`§V `eñdrarË`m ‘mV H$ê$Z `m ì`º$s¨Zr ZoÌXrnH$ `e {‘idrV Amnbo AT>i ñWmZ {gÕ Ho$bo. AmOÀ`m AË`§V doJdmZ OrdZ nÕVrV, OmJ{VH$sH$aUmÀ`m bmQ>oV Am{U d¡km{ZH$ - Am¡Úmo{JH$ H«$m§VrÀ`m H$mimV Va àË`oH$ Jmoï> eŠ`VoÀ`m H$joV XmIb Pmbobr Amho. Vw‘À`m ‘ZmV Oo H$mhr Va§J CR>Vrb Vo àË`j gmH$maÊ`mMr eŠ`Vm {VVH$sM {ZpíMV Amho. àË`oH$mbm Amnbr H$m‘{Jar AË`wƒ nmVirn`ªV ZoVm `oVo, AmYrMo "aoH$m°S>©' ‘moS>Vm `oVmV, àJVrMo, g§nÞVoMo, ^a^amQ>rMo Zdo Q>ßno {Z‘m©U H$aVm `oVmV. A§V…àoaUobm Hw$R>ohr ‘`m©Xm nS>V Zmhr. AmO Amnë`m hmVmV Agbobo ho nwñVH$ hrM ^mdZm AYmoao{IV H$aVo Amho. `m OmÁdë` ‘yë`m§Zm COmim XoÊ`mMo H$m‘ `m nwñVH$mVyZ hmoVo Amho. 40 àoaUmXm`r ì`{º$‘Ëdm§Mm AmboI AmnUmg‘moa ‘m§S>Umao ho nwñVH$ ê$T> AWm©Zo Ho$di nwñVH$ Zmhr, Va hr ì`{º$‘Ëdo AmnUmg‘moa {Od§V H$aUmao EH$ gmYZ Amho. `m gdmªÀ`m OrdZH$WoMm lrJUoem OmbÝ`mgma»`m N>moQ>çmem ehamVyZ - `m {OëømVrb N>moQ>çm N>moQ>çm Jmdm§VyZ Pmbm. H$mimÀ`m AmoKmV Ë`m§Zr Amnbo n§I {dñVmabo, Amnë`m A‘`m©X j‘Vm§Zm {OÔrMo ~i {Xbo Am{U Ë`mVyZ Ë`m§Zr Amnbo {díd gmH$mabo. `m àË`oH$mÀ`m Am`wî`mVrb EH$ ~m~ ‘mÌ EH$g‘mZ Amho, Vr åhUOo Ë`m§Mr N>moQ>rer gwadmV. àË`oH$mÀ`m OrdZH$WoMm àma§^ ho Ë`m§À`m H$V¥©Ëdd¥jmMo N>moQ>ogo ~rO Amho. Xwgar g‘mZ ~m~ åhUOo Ë`m§Mr A§V…àoaUm. `m àË`oH$mZo H$mimÀ`m nQ>bmda Amnbo Zmd H$moabo. `mn¡H$s H$moUrhr Eo{Vhm{gH$ H$mimV KSy>Z Jobobo qH$dm H$mën{ZH$ åhUmdo Ago
  8. 8. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 8 ì`{º$‘Ëd Zmhr. ho gd© OU Amnë`mM OmbZm eha - {OëømVrb {OVrOmJVr ‘mUgo AmhoV. `mVrb àË`oH$OU AmOhr H$m`©aV Amho. `mVrb àË`oH$OU `mM ‘mVrVyZ ‘moR>m Pmbobm Amho. Ë`m§À`mhr AdVr^dVr VoM KS>bo, Oo Amnë`mn¡H$s àË`oH$mÀ`m Amgnmg KS>Vo Amho. Amnë`mg‘moarb AmìhmZo, Amnë`m ‘`m©Xm Ë`m§À`mhr g‘moa hmoË`m. Ë`m§Zmhr n[apñWVrer Pw§Omdo bmJbo. `m AWH$ n[al‘mVyZ Ë`m§Zr Amnë`m H$V¥©ËdmZo Amnbo ^¸$‘ ñWmZ {Z‘m©U Ho$bo. Ë`m‘wioM Ë`m§Mm AmO gmè`m {Oëømbm A{^‘mZ dmQ>Vmo. ho nwñVH$ dmMVmZm AmnUmbm `m gdmªÀ`m OrdZH$Wm§‘Ü`o Mma à‘wI JwUd¡{eîQ>ço {XgVrb - 1) AmË‘{dídmg, 2) ‘mZ{gH$ gm‘Ï`©, 3) XyaÑï>r Am{U bú`{ZpíMVr, 4) gdm}ËH¥$ï>VoMm Ü`mg. 1) AmË‘{dídmg … AmË‘{dídmgmMr VrZ d¡{eîQ>ço AgVmV. A) Amnë`m bú`mà{V AmñWm Am{U bú` gmÜ` H$aÊ`mgmR>r ‘ohZV H$aÊ`mMr V`mar, ~) `epñdVogmR>r, bú`nyVugmR>r ñdV…bm PmoHy$Z XoÊ`mMr V`mar, H$) bú`àmárgmR>r Amdí`H$ AgUmar H$m¡eë`o ñdV…À`m A§Jr ~mU{dÊ`mMr V`mar. hr àmW{‘H$ Am{U ‘hËdnyU© H$m¡eë`o åhUOoM OrdZ{ejU...! 2) ‘mZ{gH$ gm‘Ï`© … àË`oH$ g§H$Q>mVyZ g§YrMm emoY KoUo åhUOo ‘mZ{gH$ gm‘Ï`©. àË`oH$ g§Yr‘Ü`o AS>MUrM {XgUo åhUOo ‘mZ{gH$ Xm¡~©ë`. Jwbm~mH$S>o nmhVmZm Ë`mÀ`m a§J - J§YmMm AmñdmX ¿`m`Mm H$s Ë`mÀ`m^modVr Agboë`m H$mQ>çm§Mr qMVm H$am`Mr hm àË`oH$mÀ`m Ñ[ï>H$moZmMm ^mJ Amho. Am`wî`mV àË`oH$mZo gH$mamË‘H$ Ñ[ï>H$moZ {Z‘m©U Ho$bm nm{hOo. 3) XyaÑï>r Am{U bú`{ZpíMVr … `epñdVoMr n{hbr nm`ar åhUOo XyaÑï>r. Xwgar nm`ar åhUOo A§{V‘ bú`mMr {ZpíMVr Am{U Ë`m A§{V‘ bú`mÀ`m nyVuda ñdV…Mo bj H|${ÐV H$aUo. `mgmR>r ñdV…bm PmoHy$Z XoUo ‘hËdmMo AgVo. 4) gdm}ËH¥$ï>VoMm Ü`mg … "H$m`PoZ' `m ZmdmZo OJà{gÕ Agboë`m OnmZr VËdkmZmMo ho ‘yb^yV VËd Amho. H$m`PoZ åhUOo gmVË`nyU© gwYmaUm - {dH$mg. AmnU Oo H$mhr H$aVmo AmhmoV Vo H$aÊ`mMm AmUIrhr EH$ CÎm‘ ‘mJ© Agy eH$Vmo, Ago VËd "H$m`PoZ' AmnUmg {eH${dVo. AmnU Á`m§À`mda ào‘ H$aVmo Ë`m gdmª{df`r AmnUmg dmQ>Umam {Oìhmim, Ë`m§Mr dmQ>Umar H$miOr ì`º$ H$aÊ`mMo AmUIrhr Mm§Jbo ‘mJ© Agy eH$VmV, Amnë`m {‘Ìm§er, ZmVodmB©H$m§er, H$m‘Jma - H$‘©Mmè`m§er AmUIr Mm§Jë`m àH$mao dmJÊ`mMo AOyZhr H$mhr ‘mJ© Agy eH$VmV, J«mhH$m§À`m g‘mYmZmgmR>r AmUIrhr Mm§Jbo n`m©` emoYVm `oD$ eH$VmV, CÎm‘ Amamo1⁄2` - {ejU - à{ejU {‘i{dÊ`mgmR>r AmUIrhr Mm§Jbo ‘mJ© Agy eH$VmV... hm {dMma H$m`PoZ XoVo. da C„oI Ho$boë`m JwUd¡{eîQ>çm§Zr g§nÞ Agboë`m `m 40 "Am`H$m°Ýg'‘Yrb
  9. 9. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 9 d¡{eîQ>ço A§Jr ~mU{dÊ`mMm à`ËZ AmnU Ho$bmV, Va `e AmnboM Amho. à^mdhrZ g§dmXH$m¡eë`, Am{W©H$ AS>MUr, Ý`yZJ§S>, N>moQ>çm ehamVrb {dH$mgmÀ`m ‘`m©Xm ho gmao ‘wÔo `mVyZ AmnmoAmnM Xya OmVrb Am{U Amnbr dmQ>Mmb `e‘mJm©da gwê$ hmoB©b. {OÔrMr VmH$X H$moUË`mhr ‘`m©Xm§nojm A’$mQ> Amho. bjmV R>odm, `mVrb H$moUrhr OÝ‘V… `eñdr ZìhVm. ñdßZnyVugmR>r Ë`m§Zr Amnë`m bú`mda ñdV…bm H|${ÐV Ho$bo, Ë`m‘wio Ë`m§Zm `e àmá Pmbo. OmbZm eha - {Oëhm ^bohr N>moQ>m Agob, ‘mJmg Agob nU OmbZoH$am§Mr {dOrJrfw d¥Îmr H$moUmhr A‘o[aH$Z, O‘©Z qH$dm OnmZtgmaIrM Amho. g¥OZj‘Vm, CÚmoOH$Vm, ì`mdgm{`H$Vm `m gd© Jmoï>r {eH$Vm `oVmV Am{U {dH${gV hmoV OmVmV. `m n¥ÏdrVbmda Agboë`m àË`oH$m‘Ü`o Agbobo A‘`m©X gm‘Ï`© Vw‘À`mVhr Amho. Mbm, `m nwñVH$mMo n{hbo nmZ CbQy>Z A‘`m©X `epñdVoÀ`m {XeoZo n{hbo nmD$b Q>mHyy$ `m. Amnë`m ñdßZnyVugmR>r Vwåhr AWH$ ‘ohZV H$ê$ bmJmb, Voìhm Ë`m AkmV eº$sbm - OJ{Þ`§Ë`mbm EH$ àmW©Zm Adí` H$am - "ho na‘oídam, Vy Am{U ‘r EH${ÌVarË`m `eñdrnUo hmVmiy eH$Uma Zmhr Aer H$moUVrhr Jmoï> AmO KS>Uma Zmhr, `mMo ‘bm gVV ñ‘aU amhÿ Xo.' na‘oída {ZpíMV Vw‘Mo ajU H$arb. ^{dî`mV OmbZm eha - {OëømMr AmoiI gm§JUmè`m Zì`m nwñVH$mMo AmnUhr EH$ àH$aU AgmdoV, hrM àmW©Zm... "MH$ Xo OmbZm'...! - gwZrb am`R>Ç>m
  10. 10. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 10 OmbÝ`mV àdoe H$aVmZm ’o$~«wdmar 2011 Mm n{hbm AmR>dS>m... gmYmaU gH$miMrM doi... ‘r ‘mÂ`m Am¡a§Jm~mXÀ`m Am°{’$g‘Ü`o éQ>rZ H$m‘ H$arV hmoVmo, VodT>çmV ‘mo~mB©b IUmUbm... OmbZm `oWrb {d»`mV CÚmoOH$ lr. gwZrb am`R>Ç>m `m§Mo Zmd ñH«$sZda PiH$V hmoVo. Ë`m§À`m~Ôb ‘mÂ`m ‘ZmV Zoh‘rM H$m¡VwH${‘{lV AmXa am{hbobm Amho. Ë`m§À`mer hmoUmam g§dmX ‘mÂ`mgmR>r Zoho‘rM AmZ§XXm`r R>abobm Amho. `mM AmZ§Xr d¥ÎmrZo ‘r Ë`m§À`mer g§dmX gwê$ Ho$bm Am{U àmW{‘H$ dmñVnwñV Pmë`mZ§Va Ë`m§Zr EH$ H$ënZm ‘m§S>br, Voìhm ‘r IynM AmZ§Xbmo. gmYmaU VrZ dfmªnydu ‘r "Pon' ho n{hë`m {nT>rVrb CÚmoOH$m§da AmYm[aV nwñVH$ {b{hbobo hmoVo. Ë`m‘Ü`o lr. am`R>Ç>m `m§Mmhr n[aM` ‘r H$ê$Z {Xbobm hmoVm. eyÝ`mVyZ C^r am{hbobr AZoH$ ‘mUgo AmnU nmhVmo. lr. am`R>Ç>m `m§Zr Va Amnbo H$m`© "‘m`Zg'‘YyZ C^o Ho$bobo Amho! ñdV…À`m CÚmoOH$s` KmoS>Xm¡S>r~amo~aM OmbÝ`mÀ`m ^mdr {nT>rÀ`m {dH$mgmgmR>r Vo H$arV Agboë`m à`ËZm§{df`r ‘r EoHy$Z hmoVmo. `mM Ñï>rVyZ Ë`m§Zr Ë`m§À`m ‘ZmVrb hr H$ënZm ‘mÂ`mer "eoAa' Ho$br hmoVr. "Pon'À`mM YVuda nU ’$º$ Am¡Úmo{JH$ {dídmnwaVoM ‘`m©{XV Z amhVm gd© joÌm§‘Ü`o OmbÝ`mMr AmoiI Agboë`m ì`º$s¨Mm n[aM` Zì`m {nT>rbm H$ê$Z XoUmao EH$ nwñVH$ àH$m{eV H$amdo, Agm Ë`m§Mm ‘ZmoX` hmoVm Am{U `m nwñVH$mÀ`m boIZmMr O~m~Xmar ‘r CMbmdr, Aer Ë`m§Mr ‘Z…nyd©H$ BÀN>m hmoVr. ‘r A§V~m©ø Wamabmo. Ë`m§Zr Ë`m§À`m S´>r‘ àmoOoŠQ>gmR>r ‘mPr {ZdS> Ho$br hmoVr hm Ogm ‘mÂ`mgmR>r gÝ‘mZmMm Am{U ^m1⁄2`mMm ^mJ hmoVm VgmM AemàH$maMo MmH$moar~mhoaMo H$m‘ hm ‘mÂ`m AmdS>rMm {df` hmoVm. ‘r VmVS>rZo Ë`m§Zm hmoH$ma {Xbm Am{U Xwgè`mM {Xder gH$mir OmbÝ`mZOrH$À`m XmdbdmS>r `oWrb Ë`m§À`m àgÞ H$m`m©b`mV àmW{‘H$ MM}gmR>r XmIb Pmbmo. OmbÝ`mVrb ^m1⁄2`bú‘r ñQ>rbMo lr. gwZrb Jmo`b Am{U {d»`mV grE lr. Hw$‘ma Xoenm§S>o WmoS>çmM doimV `m MM}V gh^mJr Pmbo. gmYmaU 20 ì`º$s¨Mm n[aM` H$ê$Z XoUmao ho nwñVH$ àH$m{eV H$am`Mo Am{U Ë`mgmR>r VmVS>rZo H$m‘mbm àma§^ H$am`Mm Ago R>adyZ hr n{hbr ~¡R>H$ g§nbr. nwT>rb gmYmaU 15 {Xdgm§V Ë`m§Zr Zmdm§Mr A§{V‘ `mXr V`ma Ho$br Voìhm hr g§»`m gmYmaU 30 n`ªV nmohmoMob, Ago bjmV Ambo. n{hbr nmM
  11. 11. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 11 Zmdo {ZdSy>Z ‘wbmIVr KoÊ`mg gwadmV H$am`Mr Ago R>abo Am{U 28 ’o$~«wdmar 2011 amoOr ‘r OmbÝ`mV XmIb Pmbmo. Á`m§Mm n[aM` H$ê$Z Úmd`mMm, Aem ì`º$s¨À`m Zmdm§Mr `mXr V`ma hmoVr Am{U Ë`mVrb OdiOdi àË`oH$ OU ‘mÂ`mgmR>r AZmoiIr hmoVm. H$mhr ‘moOH$s XmoZ-VrZ Zmdo WmoS>çm~hþV n[aM`mMr hmoVr, BVHo$M! V`ma H$aÊ`mV Amboë`m `mXrVrb Zmdm§n¡H$s n{hbr ^oQ> R>abr hmoVr lr. naoe éUdmb `m§À`mer. OmbÝ`mV Ë`m§Mm eoAa Q´>oqS>JMm ì`dgm` Amho, EdT>rM àmW{‘H$ ‘m{hVr ‘bm {‘imbobr hmoVr. OwZm ‘m|T>m ^mJmVrb EH$m AË`§V AZmH$f©H$ B‘maVrÀ`m n{hë`m ‘Oë`mdarb nmR>r‘mJÀ`m ^mJmV WmQ>boë`m EH$m hm°b‘Ü`o Amåhr nmohmoMbmo Voìhm VoWo eoAa Q´>oqS>JMo H$mhr H$m‘ MmbV Agmdo, Ago dmQ>Umè`m H$mhr ImUmIwUm {Xgë`m. Oo‘Vo‘ npñVerV Agboë`m lr. éUdmb `m§À`mer MMm© gwê$ Pmbr Am{U gmYmaU AS>rM Vmgm§À`m AdYrÀ`m MM}Z§Va bjmV Ambo, H$s ‘r gmYmaUV… dm{f©H$ AmR> hOma H$moQ>tMr CbmT>mb H$aUmè`m VéUmer MMm© Ho$br Amho! ‘mÂ`mgmR>r hm AmnmX‘ñVH$ ehmaÊ`mMm jU hmoVm. (Am¡a§Jm~mXÀ`m VwbZoV) OmbÝ`mgma»`m N>moQ>çm ehamV eoAa ‘mH}$Q> hm {df` {H$Vrgm ‘moR>m Agob, AJXr ho eha ‘moR>r ì`mnmanoR> AgVmZmhr ho H$m‘ {H$Vr ‘moR>o Agy eHo$b, `mMm nwgQ>gmhr A§XmO ‘r ~m§Yy eH$bmo ZìhVmo. hm ‘mPm nam^d hmoVm nU Vmo AmZ§XXm`r hmoVm. ~hþXm eoAa Am{U dm`Xo~mOmamÀ`m joÌmV EH$mM N>VmImbr gd© godm {‘iUmao Amnë`m amÁ`mVrb ‘w§~B©ImbmoImb ho EH$‘od H|$Ð Agmdo...! `m IUIUrV gbm‘rZ§Va ‘r gmdY Pmbmo. ho H$m‘ H$aÊ`mMo R>adVmZm Pmboë`m AmZ§Xmbm AmVm EH$m O~m~XmarMr OmUrd àH$fm©Zo hmoV hmoVr. "OmbÝ`mgma»`m ehamV H$m` AgUma?' Aem ‘Z…pñWVrV gwê$ Ho$bobo H$m‘ "OmbÝ`mgma»`m ^mJmV AmUIr H$m` H$m` nmhm`bm {‘iUma ~ao?' `m CËgwH$Von`ªV nmohmoMbo. `mZ§Va nwT>rb ‘{hZm^amV EH$ - EH$ H$arV ‘wbmIVr nwT>o gaH$V Joë`m. àma§^r 20 OUm§Mm g‘mdoe 30 n`ªV nmohmoMbm hmoVm nU OmbÝ`mÀ`m {dH$mgmV bjUr` `moJXmZ XoUmè`m§Mr ZdZdr Zmdo g‘moa `oVM hmoVr. Voìhm 40 Zmdm§da Wm§~m`Mo Ago gdmªZr {‘iyZ R>a{dbo. hr gd© Zmdo {d{dY àH$maÀ`m joÌm§V H$m`©aV Agboë`m ì`º$s¨Mr hmoVr. `mVrb H$mhr CÚmoOH$ AmhoV Va H$mhr ì`mdgm{`H$, H$mhr gm‘m{OH$ joÌm§V H$m‘ H$aUmao AmhoV, Va H$mhr e¡j{UH$... `mVrb EH$ ~m~ EH$g‘mZ Amho - Ë`m Ë`m joÌmV H$m‘ H$aÊ`mMr Ë`m§Mr "n°eZ'. "OmbZm- gmoZoH$m nmbZm' hr åhU Iyn dfmªnmgyZ H$mZmda `oVo Amho, nU hm "gmoZo H$m nmbZm' H$gm R>abm? `m n[agamÀ`m ‘mVr-nmÊ`mV Am{U ‘mUgm§À`m aº$mV H$moUVo JwU AmhoV, `mMmhr emoY KoÊ`mMm à`ËZ `m {Z{‘ÎmmZo ‘r Ho$bm. hr àm{V{Z[YH$ Zmdo {ZdS>VmZm {ZdS> g{‘VrZo hr {ZdS> A{Ve` H$miOrnyd©H$ Ho$bobr hmoVr, `mMo àË`§Va nmdbmnmdbmda `oV hmoVo. EHo$H$mir Agbobr OmbZm ehamMr "ì`mnmè`m§Mo eha' hr
  12. 12. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 12 AmoiI ~XbUmar Zdr {nT>r `m {Z{‘ÎmmZo OdiyZ nmhVm Ambr VgoM {d{dY joÌm§‘Ü`o A{Ve` ‘hËdmMo `moJXmZ XoUmè`m OwÝ`m {nT>rVrb I§~ra ‘mUgm§Mm n[aM`hr `m {Z{‘ÎmmZo Pmbm. AË`§V à{VHy$b pñWVrV {ejU KoV 1950 ‘Ü`o h¡Xam~mXoV B§{O{ZA[a¨JgmR>r Jobobo Am{U 20 dfmªÀ`m ZmoH$arZ§Va d`mÀ`m nÞmerV "H°$~gZ' hm ñdV§Ì CÚmoJ gwê$ H$aUmao lr. Or. Ho$. H$m~am Am{U nwÊ`mVrb "~OmO Q>oånmo'À`m OdiOdi àË`oH$ dmhZmÀ`m {S>PmB©Z‘Ü`o ‘hËdmMr ^y{‘H$m AgUmao lr. {dZ`Hw$‘ma ‘w§XS>m hr XmoÝhr ì`{º$‘Ëdo gmR>rÀ`m nwT>Mr AmhoV. {Vgao, gmR>rV nmohmoMbobo ì`{º$‘Ëd Amho a‘oe^mB© nQ>ob `m§Mo. 1975À`m gw‘mamg gwQ>m Mhm {dH$Ê`mgmR>r OmbÝ`mV Amboë`m a‘oe^mBªZr Amnë`m àM§S> ‘ohZVrZo "{dH«$‘ Mhm'Mo gm‘«mÁ` OmbÝ`mV C^mabo. `m d`mVhr `m {VKm§Mmhr CËgmh VéUm§Zm gwÕm bmO{dUmam Amho. "ñQ>rb B§S>ñQ´>r' C^r H$aUo, Ë`mV A{^Zd à`moJ H$aUo hr Imgr`V Agbobo lr. {ZVrZ H$m~am Am{U Ho$di n¡gm H$‘mdÊ`mgmR>r Zìho, Va g‘mOmMo AmnU H$mhr XoUo bmJVmo `m ^mdZoVyZ CÚmoJmMm {dñVma H$aUmam Ë`m§Mm "^m1⁄2`bú‘r ñQ>rb' hm J«wn AmOÀ`m OJmV ñdV…Mr doJir AmoiI {gÕ H$aUmam Amho. "ñQ>rb {gQ>r' OmbÝ`mV H$maImZo Va AZoH$ AmhoV nU àM§S> Am{W©H$ CbmT>mb Agboë`m Aem CÚmoJmV nmQ>©Za{en `eñdr hmoÊ`mMr {H$‘`m "amOwar ñQ>rb'Zo KS>{dbr. `m "{H$‘`mJmam§'‘Ü`o "’$ñQ>© A‘§J B¹$b' Agbobo lr. ÛmaH$màgmX gmoZr `m§Mr dmQ>Mmbhr àoaUmXm`r Amho. ~mbd`mVM Mm§Jbo g§ñH$ma H$aÊ`mgmR>r ‘mJrb XmoZ XeH$m§nmgyZ Zg©ar Mmb{dUmè`m gm¡. {demIm Xoenm§S>o Am{U "B§Q>aZ°eZb ñHy$b'À`m ñnY}V CVê$Z OmbÝ`mV EH$ CÎm‘ emim C^r H$aUmè`m gm¡. ‘Zrfm nwar `m§Mo {ejU joÌmVrb `moJXmZ OodT>o ‘hËdmMo Amho, {VVH$mM ‘hËdmMm ^mJ lr. g§O` {Q>H$m[a`m `m§À`m "b°~ A{gñQ>§Q>'À`m ‘mÜ`‘mVyZ grQ>rE‘Ho$ JwOamVr {dÚmb`mV Vo ~OmdV Agboë`m H$m‘{JarMm Amho. AZoH$ amÁ` nwañH$mam§Mo ‘mZH$ar R>aboë`m lr. {Q>H$m[a`m `m§Zr {dÚmÏ`mª‘Ü`o {dkmZd¥Îmr OmJ{dÊ`mgmR>r KoVbobr ‘ohZV Am{U Ë`m§Mr à`moJerbVm EImÚm emókmbmhr AM§{~V H$aUmar Amho. gm§ñH¥${VH$ joÌmV Z¥Ë`-Jm`ZmMo `moJXmZ XoUmè`m gm¡. {dÚm amd OmbÝ`mV EImÚm "AmoA°{gg'à‘mUo H$m`©aV AmhoV. gm¡. aoIm ~¡Ob ho gm{hË` joÌmV VinUmao Zmdhr OmbÝ`mVrbM. EH$ bo{IH$m åhUyZ {dH${gV Pmbobo Ë`m§Mo ì`{º$‘Îd Am{U Ë`m§À`m gm{hË`H¥$VtÀ`m {Z{‘©Vr‘mJrb àoaUm Aä`mgUo hm hr AmZ§XmMm ^mJ AgVmo. ór eº$sVrb {OÔrMo OmbÝ`mVrb CÎm‘ CXmhaU åhUOo "O¡Z ~§Yy nmd^mOr'À`m gm¡. ~g§Vr Mmoa{S>`m - CZo. Amnë`m d{S>bm§Zr gwê$ Ho$boë`m nmd^mOrÀ`m JmS>çmMo ê$nm§Va Ë`m§Zr AmO EH$m àeñV ’$mñQ> ’w$S> g|Q>a‘Ü`o Ho$bo Amho. "éMr àm°S>ŠQ>g²'À`m ‘mÜ`‘mVyZ OmbZoH$am§À`m {O^oMo MmoMbo nwa{dUmè`m {à`m Omoer `m§Mm CÚmoJhr hiyhiy {dñVmaV Amho. "grëg'À`m CÚmoJmV H$m`©aV Agboë`m gm¡. ‘rZmjr ‘ohþUH$a `m§Zr Amnë`m
  13. 13. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 13 nVrÀ`m ‘XVrZo KoVbobr ì`dgm`mVrb Ponhr AVwbZr` Amho. EHo$H$mir Xmb {‘bbm bmJUmar `§Ìo XwéñV H$aUmè`m lr. ZamoÎm‘ h§gmoam `m§Zr ‘moR>çm {h‘VrZo Aem àH$maÀ`m {‘b Cä`m H$aÊ`mgmR>r bmJUmar `§ÌUm V`ma H$aÊ`mMm H$maImZm gwê$ Ho$bm Am{U H$mimZwê$n Ë`mV ~Xb H$arV Xmb {‘bÀ`m ì`már‘Ü`o AZoH$ ~Xb Ho$bo. Ë`m§Mo d Ë`m§Zm ‘XV H$aUmè`m Ë`m§À`m XmoÝhr ‘wbm§Mo CXmhaU gd©M Ñï>rZo AZwH$aUr` Amho. embo` {ejUmV A{O~mV JVr ZgUmè`m Am{U EHo$H$mir "EgQ>rS>r-nrgrAmo'da ZmoH$ar H$aUmè`m lr. Zmam`U gmoZwZo `m§Zr Amnë`m Agm‘mÝ` {OÔ, {MH$mQ>r d à`moJerbVoÀ`m ~imda ñQ>oeZarÀ`m ~mOmanoR>oV ñdV…Mo ñWmZ {Z‘m©U Ho$bo Amho. Ë`m§Zr V`ma Ho$boë`m ’$mB©ëg AmO OmbZm {OëømÀ`m ~mhoahr OmV AmhoV. gVV H$mR>mda nmg hmoUmè`m {H$§dm Zmnmg hmoUmè`m {dÚmÏ`mªgmR>r ñdV…Mo {díd {Z‘m©U H$aUmao ho EH$ CÎm‘ CXmhaU Amho. EHo$H$mir IanwS>rÀ`m H¥${f {dkmZ H|$ÐmV gmbXma åhUyZ H$m‘ H$aUmè`m gm¡. grVm~mB© ‘mo{hVo AmO `m H|$ÐmÀ`m g„mJma g§Mm{bH$m AmhoV. Ë`m§Zr Amnë`m ì`mdgm{`H$ Hw$emJ«VoÀ`m ~imda Amdù`mgh {d{dY ’$im§da à{H«$`m§Mm CÚmoJ gwê$ Ho$bm. {d{dY nwañH$ma {‘idrV naXoemV OmD$Zhr Amnbr N>mn nmS>br. {deof åhUOo Ë`m A{e{jV AmhoV...! Ho$irÀ`m {Mßg V`ma H$aUmao S>m|JaJmdMo lr. B©ídaXmg KZJmd `m§Mo CXmhaUhr J«m‘rU ^mJmV amhÿZ doJù`m dmQ>m MmoImiUmè`m§gmR>r ‘mJXe©H$ Amho. ‘§R>mgma»`m J«m‘rU ^mJmVyZ nwT>o Ambobo Am{U AmO nwÊ`mV ñdV…Mr "Am`Q>r H§$nZr' Mmb{dUmao Oo‘Vo‘ 25 dfu` amhwb ~Ýgb ho B§{O{ZA[a¨JZ§Va naXoemV OmD$Z n¡gm H$‘mdÊ`mEodOr XoemVM amhÿZ ñdV…À`m ‘ohZVrZo H$m‘ C^o H$aÊ`mVrb EH$ ‘hËdmMo CXmhaU Amho. do~ {S>Pm`qZJÀ`m joÌmV AmO Ë`m§Mr ñdV…Mr AmoiI Am§Vaamï´>r` nmVirda {gÕ Pmbobr Amho. ‘w§~B©À`m "`yS>rgrQ>r'VyZ Ho${‘H$b B§{O{ZAa Pmbobo Am{U `mM {df`mV H$mhr Abm¡{H$H$ H$m‘ C^o H$aUmao lr. Amerf ‘§Ìr `m§À`m~Ôb H$m` ~mobUma? agm`Zm§À`m OJmV {daKiyZ Jobobo ho EH$ AO~ agm`Z Amho. A{Ve` H$‘r d`mV A{ZpíMV Am{W©H$ MT>-CVma nm{hboë`m `m ‘mUgmZo AË`§V àJV V§ÌkmZmZo `wº$, newImÚmgmR>r dmnabo OmUmao A{Ve` Cƒ XOm©Mo àmo{Q>Z {Z‘m©U H$aUmam "[añH$s' CÚmoJ OmbÝ`mV C^mabm. Aem àH$maMm `eñdrnUo H$m`©aV Agbobm hm ^maVmVrb n{hbmM CÚmoJ Amho Am{U `mMr XmoZ noQ>§Q> `m CÚmoJmÀ`m Zmdmda AmhoV, `mVM gJio Ambo...! OmbÝ`mV gwg‚m aº$noT>r C^r H$aÊ`mÀ`m Ü`mgmZo PnmQ>bobo nygmam‘ ‘w§XS>m, nwÊ`m-‘w§~B©Mr "gwna ‘mH}$Q>'Mr g§H$ënZm OmbÝ`mV am~{dUmao ‘mo. `wgy’$ hmOr Ah‘X^mB© d Ë`m§Mm g§nyU© "n[adma', noQ>rH$moQ>gma»`m ì`dgm`mV CVê$Z Zdr ~mOmanoR> {Z‘m©U H$aVmZmM {ZamYma ‘{hbm§Zm H$m‘ XoD$Z Ë`m§À`m g§gmambm AmYma XoUmao am‘oída d
  14. 14. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 14 kmZoída g§XynQ>bm ~§Yy, "b°nQ>m°n pŠb{ZH$' `m g§H$ënZoMo Omio gmè`m ‘hmamï´>^a {dUÊ`mg {ZKmbobo ‘Zrf amR>r, H$moéJoQ>oS> ~m°Šg Am{U "Egr' CnH$aUm§‘Ü`o bmJUmao Vm§ã`mMo gwQ>o ^mJ V`ma H$aUmao {OV|Ð amR>r `m§À`m~amo~aM EH$m bmoqS>J [ajmnmgyZ gwê$ Pmbobm ì`dgm` Xhm MmH$s Q´>H$À`m IaoXrn`ªV ZoUmao {hH$‘Vr lr. g§O` Ho$Xma `m§Mr H$hmUrhr ‘wimVyZM dmMÊ`mgmaIr Amho. hr Am{U Aer EH§$Xa 41 ì`{º$‘Ëdo AmnUmg `m nwñVH$mV dmMÊ`mg {‘iVrb. 40 OUm§{df`rM `m nwñVH$mV {b{hÊ`mMo R>aë`mZ§Va eodQ>À`m jUr 41 do Zmd `m‘Ü`o g‘m{dï> H$aUo ^mJ nS>bo. hm AndmX Amdí`H$ hmoVm, H$maU EH$m doJù`mM {dídmV a‘boë`m lr. amhwb bmhmoQ>r `m§Mo Zmd g‘moa Ambo Am{U `moJm`moJmZo Vo `mM H$mimV gwQ>rda OmbÝ`mV Ambo hmoVo. "{~Q²>g, {nbmZr' `oWyZ H$m°åß`wQ>a B§{O{ZAa Pmboë`m lr. amhwb `m§Zr Amnbr ‘m`H«$mogm°âQ>‘Yrb Mm§Jë`m nJmamMr ZmoH$ar gmoSy>Z "npãbH$ nm°{bgr' `m {df`mV Cƒ {ejU KoVbo Am{U gÜ`m Vo "nm°{bgr ‘oqH§$J'À`m joÌmV [agM©a åhUyZ ~|JbmoaÀ`m "Am`Am`E‘'‘Ü`o H$m`©aV AmhoV. Amnë`m "n°eZ'bm "àmo’o$eZ'‘Ü`o ~XbÊ`mMo Ë`m§Mo YmS>g Zì`m {nT>rgmR>r A{Ve` AZwH$aUr` Amho. "~OmO'Mo ßbm§Q> B§MmO© lr. H¡$bmg Pm§Par, {d»`mV gO©Z S>m°. g§O` amI, hmo{‘AmonWr VÁk S>m°. gVre ‘moao, "JUnVr N>mn ‘oh§Xr'Mo lr. gyaO‘b ‘wWm, S>m°. hoS>Jodma hm°pñnQ>bÀ`m C^maUrV ‘hËdmMr ^y{‘H$m ~OmdUmao S>m°. AZ§V n§T>ao, "ñn‘© àmogoga' `m Amnë`m A{^Zd joÌmV Am§Vaamï´>r` nmVirdarb H$m‘{Jar ~OmdUmao S>m°. à‘moX ~OmO, IanwS>rÀ`m H¥${f{dkmZ H|$ÐmÛmao eoVH$è`m§À`m Am`wî`mV ‘hËdmMr ^y{‘H$m ~OmdUmao lr. {dO`AÊUm ~moamS>o, B§S>pñQ´>`b gßbm`‘Ü`o d¡{eîQ>çnyU© H$m‘{Jar ~OmdUmao lr. {XZoe N>mOoS>, OmbÝ`mV BÝìhQ>©a - `ynrEg V`ma H$aUmao lr. {dO`Hw$‘ma AJ«dmb, gmYo {S>ßbmo‘m B§{O{ZAa AgyZhr CÎm‘ H$m‘{JarÀ`m AmYmamda ~hþamï´>r` H§$nZrV Pon KoUmao lr. H¡$bme ‘mbmoXo, A{Ve` N>moQ>çm nmVirda Ho$Q>[a¨JMm ì`dgm` gwê$ H$ê$Z AmO Amnbo ñdV…Mo ñWmZ {Z‘m©U H$aUmè`m gm¡. H$ënZm emh, Amnë`m {dH«$‘r am§JmoirÛmao {J{ZO ~wH$mV Zmd Zm|X{dUmao lr. adr H$m|H$m, Amnë`m d¡{eîQ>çnyU© "~’©$ Jmoù`m'Zo OmbZoH$am§Zm W§S>mdm XoUmao lr. ‘mohZ ImoS>do... hr `m nwñVH$mVrb Zmdo AerM C„oIZr` AmhoV. hr àË`oH$ H$Wm AmnUmg Z¸$sM H$mhrVar {dMma XoD$Z OmB©b, ho {ZpíMV. Am{U gdm©V ‘hËdmMo Zmd - ~ÐrZmam`UOr ~madmbo. OmbZm åhQ>bo H$s OJmÀ`m H$moUË`mhr H$monè`mV "‘{hH$mo'Mr AmoiI gm§{JVbr OmVo Am{U "‘{hH$mo' åhQ>bo H$s ~ÐrZmam`UOr g‘moa `oVmV. ê$T> AWm©Zo gmYo nXdrYahr Zgboë`m ~ÐrZmam`UOtZr Amnbr qh‘V, ‘ohZV Am{U XyaÑï>rÀ`m Omoamda C^mabobo {~`mÊ`m§Mo gm‘«mÁ`
  15. 15. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 15 d¡{eîQ>çnyU© R>abo AmhoM, nU Ë`mM ~amo~a AmnU g‘mOmMo XoUo bmJVmo, `m ^mdZoVyZ Ë`m§Zr Cä`m Ho$boë`m g§ñWm Ë`m§Mo ‘moR>onU gm§JyZ OmVmV. Ë`m§Mr AmoiI gm§Jm`bm `m nwñVH$mMr gJir nmZohr H$‘r nS>mdrV...! Agm ‘mPm hm OmbZm {OëømMm àdmg! EImXr Q>oH$S>r MTy>Z OmÊ`mM§ R>admd§ Am{U MT>m`bm bmJë`mZ§Va bjmV `md§, H$s Vmo nd©V Amho, Ag§ H$mhrg§ ‘mP§ Pmb§. nU nd©VmMr AdKS> MT>U MT>VmZm dmQ>oV ’w$bm§Mo N>mZgo VmQ>do bmJmdoV, ‘Ü`oM gw§Xa Obme` AgmdoV, nwT>o OmUmè`m nm`dmQ>m§À`m XmoÝhr ~mOy§Zr VmOrVdmZr ’w$bo S>moH$mdV AgmdrV Am{U MT>Ê`mMo H$ï> dmQy>M Z`oV, AgmM H$mhrgm hm AZw^d hmoVm. àgÞ Am{U AZw^dg§nÞ H$aUmam...! hm AZw^d ‘bm Am{U ho nwñVH$ dmMUmè`m gdmªZmM Á`m§À`m‘wio KoVm Ambm, Ë`m lr. gwZrb am`R>Ç>m `m§À`m~Ôb Mma eãX gm§{JVbo ZmhrV, Va ‘r AnamYr R>aoZ. ho nwñVH$ àË`jmV `oÊ`mgmR>r lr. am`R>Ç>m `m§Zr KoVbobo n[al‘ AVwbZr` AmhoV. Vo ñdV…hr EH$ `eñdr CÚmoOH$ AmhoV. AmO 40 hÿZ A{YH$ Xoem§‘Ü`o Ë`m§Mr CËnmXZo {Z`m©V hmoVmV. ‘mÌ AmOMo ho `e ghOnUo Ambobo Zmhr. lr. am`R>Ç>m `m§À`m KmoS>Xm¡S>rMr H$hmUr IynM doJir Amho. hr H$hmUr Amho EH$m {OÔrMr, eyÝ`mVyZ {díd {Z‘m©U H$aUmè`m {’${ZŠg nú`mMr. 1977 ‘Ü`o Am¡a§Jm~mXÀ`m emgH$s` A{^`m§{ÌH$s ‘hm{dÚmb`mVyZ CÎmrU© Pmë`mZ§Va Ë`m§Zr Ama§^rÀ`m H$mimV "Eb A±°S> Q>r'‘Ü`o ZmoH$ar Ho$br. 1981 ‘Ü`o Ë`m§Zr ZmoH$ar gmoSy>Z ñdV…À`m ì`dgm`mg gwadmV Ho$br. AmO Ë`m§Zr Amnë`m ì`dgm`mVrb EH$ ‘hÎdmMm Q>ßnm JmR>bm Amho. N>moQ>çm Xoem§nmgyZ gwadmV H$ê$Z Amnë`m {Z`m©VrMoo joÌ Ë`m§Zr AmVm ’«$mÝggma»`m Xoemn`ªV {dñVmabo Amho. Amnë`m ‘mUgm§da {dídmg H$gm Am{U {H$Vr Q>mH$mdm, ho am`R>Ç>m `m§À`mH$Sy>ZM {eH$mdo ! naXoemVrb ~mOmanoR> {‘idVmZm Am{U dmT>dVmZm Vo ñdV… OodT>çm doim naXoemV Jobo ZgVrb, Ë`mhÿZ A{YH$ doim Ë`m§À`mH$S>rb H$m‘Jma naXoer OmD$Z Ambobm Amho ! CÚmoJmÀ`m joÌmV hr Zdr g§H$ënZm éO{dVmZm Ë`m§Zr ‘mUg§ C^r Ho$br, OmoS>br Am{U gdmªZm KoD$Z Vo nwT>o OmV AmhoV...! lr. am`R>Ç>m `m§À`m "{dZmoXam` B§{O{ZA[a¨J àm. {b.>'‘Ü`o nmÊ`mÀ`m Q>mŠ`m§À`m CËnmXH$m§Zm bmJUmar `§Ìo V`ma hmoVmV. ~mOmanoR>oV eo-XmoZeo {bQ>g©nmgyZ nmÊ`mÀ`m Q>mŠ`m CnbãY AmhoV. `m Q>mŠ`m ~Z{dÊ`mMo V§ÌkmZ Am{U `§Ìo lr. am`R>Ç>m V`ma H$aVmV. `m ì`dgm`mbm Ë`m§Zr gmYmaUnUo gZ 1991 ‘Ü`o gwadmV Ho$br. gZ 2000 ‘Ü`o {X„rV "ßbmñQ> B§{S>`m' ZmdmÀ`m Am¡Úmo{JH$ àXe©ZmV Ë`m§Zr ^mJ KoVbm Am{U VoWyZ gmao {MÌ nmbQ>bo. Ë`mM àXe©ZmVyZ Ë`m§Zm {Z`m©VrMr n{hbr Am°S>©a {‘imbr. lr. am`R>Ç>m gm§JVmV, ""`m àXe©ZmV Amåhr gdm©V bhmZ ñQ>m°b ~wH$ Ho$bm hmoVm. ñQ>m°bMo n¡gohr hßË`mhßË`mZo ^abo. `§Ìo KoD$Z OmÊ`mBVH$m n¡gm ZìhVm, åhUyZ Ë`mMo ’$moQ>mo
  16. 16. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 16 Am{U ‘m{hVrMo Vºo$ Amåhr gmo~V Zobo hmoVo. ‘[eÝgMr S>m`‘oÝeÝg H$m`, `mMo CÎma XoÊ`mBVH$shr Am‘Mr V`mar ZìhVr. VoWo Amåhr OmJ{VH$ ~mOmanoR>oMo {MÌ nm{hbo. Am‘À`mVrb ÌwQ>r Am‘À`m bjmV Amë`m. VoWyZM Am‘À`m àJVrbm doJ Ambm.'' gÜ`m Vo gm¡Xr Aao{~`m, Hw$doV, Q>m§Pm{Z`m, ‘bo{e`m, h¡Vr, Zm`Oo[a`m, {’$Or, {b{~`m, `o‘oZ, ‘bo{e`m, Q>çw{Z{e`m, gwXmZ, ‘mXmJmñH$a, Pm§{~`m, H$Vma, g§`wº$ Aa~ A{‘amVr AmXr Xoem§Zm `§Ìo {Z`m©V H$aVmV. Ë`m§À`m CËnmXZm§Mm XOm© nmhÿZ ZwH$VrM Ë`m§À`mH$S>o ’«$mÝg‘YyZhr Am°S>©a Ambr. {Z`m©Vr~m~V Agboë`m AZoH$ e§H$m§Mo Vo g‘mYmZ H$aVmV. gdm©V ‘hÎdmMm ‘wÔm AgVmo ^mfoÀ`m AS>Wù`mMm. nU hm ‘wÔm J¡a Amho, Ago gm§JVmZm Vo åhUVmV - Amnbo àm°S>ŠQ> XO}Xma Agob Am{U qH$‘V dmOdr Agob, Va VoWo ì`dhma OwiÊ`mgmR>r ^mfoMm AS>Wim A{O~mV `oV Zmhr. {VW§ AW©H$maU ‘hÎdmM§ AgV§, H$maU ’$m`ÚmMr ^mfm àË`oH$mbm g‘OVo ! ‘mJrb XmoZ dfmªnmgyZ Ë`m§Zr OmbÝ`mV "`§J BZmoìhoQ>g©' hr Midi C^mabr Amho. {d{dY joÌm§Vrb ‘mÝ`dam§À`m ghH$m`m©Zo Vo {dÚmÏ`mªVrb A{^Zd H$ënZm§Zm IVnmUr KmbÊ`mMo d Ë`m ’w$b{dÊ`mMo H$m‘ H$aVmV. `§Ì‘mZd {Z{‘©VrMr H$m`©emim, ’$moQ>moJ«m’$s H$m`©emim `m§À`mgh AZoH$ CnH«$‘ Vo OmbÝ`mV am~{dVmV. ñdV… XrS>-XmoZ bmI én`m§Mm IM© H$ê$Z Ë`m§Zr Img {dÚmÏ`mªgmR>r OmbÝ`mV EH$ g§nÞ J«§Wmb` C^mabo Amho. OmbÝ`mVrb nwT>Mr {nT>r A{YH$ gj‘ Am{U n[anyU© hmoÊ`mgmR>r Ë`m§Mm hm à`ËZ gwê$ Amho. ho nwñVH$hr `m à`ËZm§MmM EH$ ^mJ Amho. AmO H$m°nm}aoQ> OJVmV "gmoeb [añnm°pÝg{~{bQ>rO' hm ñdV§Ì {d^mJ H$m`©aV AgVmo. `m Ûmao g‘mOmon`moJr CnH«$‘ am~{dÊ`mgmR>r H$mhr {ZYr amIyZ R>odbobm AgVmo. AZoH$Xm `mVyZ ’$º$ XoImdo C^mabo OmV Agë`mMr Q>rH$m hmoV AgVo. ‘mÌ, Aem àH$maMo H$gbohr ~§YZ ZgVmZm lr. am`R>Ç>m `m§Zr OmbÝ`mÀ`m ^mdr {nT>rgmR>r C^mabobm "`§J BZmoìhoQ>g©' hm ‘hm`k Am{U Ë`mVrb `m nwñVH$mÀ`m ê$nmMr g{‘Ym gdmªgmR>rM AZwH$aUr` R>amdr. EH$ ~m~ `oWo AmdOy©Z ñnï> H$amdrer dmQ>Vo, H$s ho 41 OU åhUOo OmbZm {OëømMm n[anyU© n[aM` Zìho. hr Zmdo Ho$di àm{V{Z{YH$ Aer AmhoV. `mV g‘m{dï> H$aVm Z Ambobr AZoH$ Zmdo AË`§V OS> A§V…H$aUmZo Amåhmbm ~mOybm R>odmdr bmJbr. `m‘mJo nwñVH$mÀ`m nmZm§Mr ‘`m©Xm, EdT>o EH$M H$maU Amho. H$Xm{MV, `m nwñVH$mMm Xwgam ^mJ ^{dî`mV àH$m{eV H$amd`mMo R>aë`mg hr Zmdohr Ë`mV g‘m{dï> H$aUo eŠ` hmoB©b. hoM nwñVH$ B§J«OrVyZhr àH$m{eV ìhmdo Agm AmJ«h lr. Amerf ‘§Ìr `m§Zr Yabm. àH$meZmMr O~m~Xmar ñdrH$maboë`m lr. am`R>Ç>m `m§Zrhr Ë`mda bj H|${ÐV Ho$bo. AmVm
  17. 17. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 17 EH$mM doir ‘amR>r Am{U B§J«OrVyZ ho nwñVH$ àH$m{eV hmoV Amho. ‘r ‘amR>rVyZ Ho$bobo boIZ A{Ve` CÎm‘ àH$mao B§J«OrVyZ ‘m§S>Ê`mMo A{Ve` ‘mobmMo Am{U H$m¡eë`mMo H$m‘ ‘yiMo OmbZm `oWrb Am{U gÜ`m ‘w§~B©V AgUmao lr. --- `m§Zr Ho$bo. Ë`m§Mo Am^ma ‘mZUo H¥${Ì‘nUmMo hmoB©b. `m 41 ì`º$s¨À`m àË`j ^oQ>tgmR>r ‘r OmbZm, h¡Xam~mX, nwUo BWo àdmg Ho$bm. h¡Xam~mXoVrb ^oQ>rgmR>r lr. gË`Zmam`U gmoZr `m§Mr ‘XV Pmbr. A{Ve` C‘Úm ‘ZmÀ`m `m J¥hñWm§Zr Amnë`m ì`dgm`mV AZoH$ à`moJ Ho$bo AmhoV. Ë`m§Mr ^oQ> hmhr AmZ§XXm`r AZw^d hmoVm. OmbZm Am{U nwÊ`mÀ`m ^oQ>rJmR>t‘Ü`o "{dZmoXam`'‘Yrb lr. lrH$m§V Xoenm§S>o `m§Zr Ho$bobo ghH$m`© Am^mamÀ`mhr nbrH$S>Mo Amho. n{hë`m {XderÀ`m n{hë`m ^oQ>rnmgyZ AJXr AIoaÀ`m ^oQ>rn`ªV àË`oH$ {R>H$mUr Vo ‘mÂ`mgmo~V hmoVo. gd© ì`º$s¨er gwg§dmX àñWm{nV H$aUo, Ë`m§À`mVrb g‘Ýd`, ~hþVoH$ doim VoWrb ’$moQ>moJ«m’$s Am{U AZoH$Xm S´>m`pìh¨J‘Ü`ohr Vo ‘mPo dmQ>oH$ar Pmbo. Ë`m§Zr KoVboë`m ‘ohZVr‘wio ‘mPm ^ma IynM hbH$m Pmbm. Ë`m§Mo Am^ma ‘mZUo hm {Zìdi XoImdm R>aob. AmUIr EH$ Zmd KoVë`m{edm` ho boIZ AnyU© amhrb. lr. gwZrb Jmo`b `m§Zr AJXr n{hë`m ~¡R>H$sV `m boIZm{df`r H$mhr Anojm ì`º$ Ho$ë`m hmoË`m. `m boIZmXaå`mZ Ë`m ‘mJ©Xe©H$ R>aë`m. AZoH$ boIm§‘Ü`o Ë`m§Zr Ho$boë`m gyMZm§‘wio ho boI A{YH$ n[anyU© hmoÊ`mg ‘XV Pmbr. Am^mamMo ho àXe©Z H$Xm{MV Ë`m§Zm AmdS>Uma Zmhr! Am{U gdm©V ‘hËdmMo... lr. gwZrb am`R>Ç>m. Amnbr gm‘m{OH$ OmUrd àË`j H¥$VrVyZ Vo ì`º$ H$aVmV. Ë`m§À`m g§H$ënZm Am{U nwT>mH$mam‘wioM ho nwñVH$ AmO Amnë`m hmVr Amho. Ë`m§À`m H$m`‘ F$UmVM amhUo ‘bm AmdS>ob. OmbÝ`mÀ`m àoaUmXm`r {dídmV AmnUm gdmªMo ‘Z…nyd©H$ ñdmJV! - XÎmm Omoer
  18. 18. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 18 CÚmoOH$Vm OmbZm {Oëhm {OVH$m "g§Vm§Mr ^y‘r' åhUyZ à{gÕ Amho {VVH$mM "CÚmoJm§Mr ^y‘r' åhUyZhr Vmo à{gÕ Amho. OmbÝ`mMr VwbZm amOñWmZÀ`m eoImdQ>r ^mJmerM hmoD$ eH$Vo. `oWrb nmÊ`mV Am{U ‘mVrVM CÚmoOH$VoMr d¡{eîQ>ço éOÊ`mMm JwU Amho. OmbÝ`mVrb ì`mnmar ‘mJrb 300 df} `oWrb ^mJmda, amÁ`mV Am{U XoemVhr Amnbo dM©ñd JmOdrV AmhoV. Ë`m§À`m nwT>rb {nT>çmhr ì`mnma, ì`dgm` Am{U CÚmoJmV AJ«oga AmhoV. `m ZdCÚmoOH$m§Zrhr OmbÝ`mÀ`m ^a^amQ>rV Amnbm hmV^ma bmdbobm Amho. `m nwñVH$mV `m {df`mMr MMm© H$aVmZm `m boImV ‘mÌ AmnU CÚmoOH$VoMr ‘ybVËdo g‘OyZ KoÊ`mMm à`ËZ H$ê$. `m Ñï>rVyZ nwT>rb nwñVH$mMo Ho$bobo dmMZ AmnUmg Z¸$sM {dMmaàdU H$arb. CÚmoOH$Vm Am{U CÚmoOH$ ho eãX ‘mJrb e§^a dfmªnmgyZ {dH${gV Xoem§§‘Ü`o àM{bV AmhoV. ‘mÌ Ë`mMo AW© Xa Xhm-drg dfmªZr ~XbV Jobo. eoVH$ar, g¡{ZH$, g¡Ý`mV ZmoH$ar H$arV g¡Ý`XbmgmR>r añVo - nyb ~m§YUmam Ago `m eãXmMo AZoH$ AW© nydu àM{bV hmoVo. ‘mÌ ‘mJrb 50 dfm©V `m eãXm§Zm {d{eîQ> AW© àmá hmoV Jobm Am{U AmVm CÚmoOH$Vm hr EH$ {ZpíMV g§H$ënZm Pmbobr Amho. ^maVmV CÚmoOH$ Am{U CÚmoOH$VoMo ‘hËd OmJ{VH$sH$aUmÀ`m Am{U CXmarH$aUmÀ`m aoQ>çm‘Ü`o emgZmÀ`m bjmV Ambo. CÚmoOH$VoMr g§H$ënZm ^maVmV eoH$S>mo dfmªnmgyZ H$m`©aV Amho. ‘mÌ Vr Z éOÊ`mMo H$maU `oWrb gm‘m{OH$ ê$T>r Am{U g§ñH$mam§‘Ü`o Amho. nma§n[aH$ eoVr Am{U ZmoH$ar `m§daM H$mhr AndmX dJiVm ~hþVoH$ ^maVr`m§Mm ^a am{hbobm Amho. emgH$s` H$m`m©b`o, ~±H$m, {ejUg§ñWm `m§À`mVrb ZmoH$è`m§Zm A{YH$ ‘mZgÝ‘mZ hmoVm Am{U AmOhr {‘iVmo Amho. hr pñWVr àm‘w»`mZo ‘amR>r ‘mUgm§V hmoVr. `mCbQ> JwOamVr, ‘madmS>r, qgYr, nmaer, amOñWmZr g‘mO ‘mÌ ZmoH$è`m§À`m ‘mJo Z YmdVm ñdV§Ì CÚmoJ, ì`dgm`, ì`mnma `mda Amnbo bj H|${ÐV H$ê$Z dmQ>Mmb H$arV Amho. Amnë`m ì`mdgm{`H$ {hVmgmR>r ñWbm§Va qH$dm Xoem§Vamghr hm g‘mO ‘mJonwT>o nmhmV Zmhr, hohr bjUr` Amho. AWm©V, CÚmoOH$s` ‘mZ{gH$Vm `m g‘mOm§‘Ü`o AmYrnmgyZM Amho. ‘amR>r ‘mUgm§‘Ü`o ‘mÌ ‘mJrb 20-25 dfmªnmgyZM hm {dMma gwê$ Pmbm.
  19. 19. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 19 CÚmoOH$ qH$dm CÚmoOH$Vm åhUOo H$m`? nwñVH$s ì`m»`m§Zwgma {dMma Ho$bm, Va -"CËnmXZ AWdm godoMr gmYZo AWdm KQ>H$m§Zm EH${ÌV AmUyZ Ë`m§Mo `mo1⁄2` ì`dñWmnZ H$aUmam Vmo CÚmoOH$', qH$dm "{ZpíMV R>a{dboë`m {H$‘Vrg CËnmXZ KQ>H$ / godm {dH$V KoD$Z Ë`mnmgyZ dñVy ~ZdyZ ^{dî`mV A{ZpíMV {H$‘Vrg {dH$Umam Vmo CÚmoOH$' qH$dm "ñdV…gmR>r CnOr{dHo$Mo gmYZ {Z‘m©U H$aVm H$aVm BVam§gmR>rhr amoOJma g§Yr {Z‘m©U H$aUmam Vmo CÚmoOH$' qH$dm "CÚmoJmV, ì`mnmamV, ì`dgm`mV ZmdrÝ`mMm Ü`mg KoVbobm Am{U Ë`mgmR>r OmoIr‘ CMbUmam Vmo CÚmoOH$' qH$dm "àM§S> AmË‘{dídmg AgUmam, ’$m`Xm {‘i{dÊ`mgmR>r OmoIr‘ nËH$aÊ`mMr V`mar AgUmam, {gÕràoaUm AgUmam, BVam§Mo ghH$m`© {‘i{dUmam, gm‘m{OH$ n[apñWVrMo ^mZ R>odUmam, Zd{Z{‘©VrMm Ü`mg d j‘Vm Agbobm, O~m~Xmar ñdrH$maUmam d O~m~XmarZo dmJUmam, ApñWaVobm ñdrH$maUmam Am{U ApñWaVoZo `oUmao VmU-VUmd ghZ H$aÊ`mMr j‘Vm Agbobm Vmo CÚmoOH$' ... Ago AZoH$ JwU{deof AmË‘gmV Ho$ë`mZ§Va gmYmaU ì`º$rMo CÚmoOH$mV ê$nm§Va hmoVo Am{U Vr ì`º$s CÚ‘erb hmoVo. {VÀ`m‘m’©$V g‘mOmV amoOJma{Z{‘©Vr hmoVo. CÚmoOH$ Zoh‘rM àJVrgmR>r AJ«oga AgVmV. CÚmoOH$m§À`m JwUd¡{eîQ>çm§Mm emoY KoVbm Jobm ZìhVm Voìhm CÚmoOH$ hr g§H$ënZm OÝ‘ñW hmoVr. nU H$mbm§VamZo `m àoaUm, àmoËgmhZ Am{U à{ejUmÛmao gm‘mÝ`OZgwÕm CÚmoOH$ ~ZV AmhoV Am{U OÝ‘ñW CÚmoOH$hr à{ejUmÛmao A{YH$ `eñdr hmoVmZm {XgV AmhoV. H$m` AmhoV CÚmoOH$mMo JwU{deof ? 1) H$m`©àoaUm … (Workaholism) gVV H$m`©‘3⁄4 amhUo hm CÚmoOH$mMm ñd^mdJwU AgVmo. Ë`mÀ`m H$m`©àoaUoMm n[aUm‘ Ë`mÀ`mgmo~V amhUmè`m àË`oH$mda hmoVmo. `m àoaUo‘wioM Ë`mÀ`m Hw$Qw>§~mVrb ì`º$s AgmoV H$s ghH$mar, Vo gd© OU AmnmoAmnM Ë`mÀ`mH$S>o AmH${f©V hmoVmV, ‘mJ©Xe©Z KoVmV Am{U ZoV¥Ëd ñdrH$maVmV. gVV H$m`©Xj amhUo, gVH©$ amhUo Am{U ñd`§ñ’y$Vu XmI{dUo hm CÚmoOH$mMm ñd^md AgVmo. 2) {OÔr d¥Îmr … (Obesession) {OÔ hm CÚmoOH$VoMm ‘ybmYma Amho. "‘r ho R>a{dbo Amho Am{U Vo H$aUmaM Amho' Ago åhUUmam d Ë`mà‘mUo dmJUmam, {H$Vrhr AS>Wio Ambo Va Vo Xya H$aUmam, Ë`m§Mo {ZamH$aU H$aUmam, {ZpíMV Ho$bobo Ü`o` gmÜ` H$aUmam, àíZm§Mr CH$b H$ê$Z ‘mJ© emoYUmam, OmoI‘rVyZ `oUmè`m VmUVUmdm§Mo ì`dñWmnZ H$aUmar ì`º$s {OÔr d¥ÎmrZo n[anyU© AgVo. 3) {ZU©`j‘Vm … (Decision maker) Amboë`m àg§Jmg AZwgê$Z, ‘Zmda Vm~m R>odyZ `mo1⁄2` {ZU©` KoÊ`mMr Am{U
  20. 20. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 20 g‘mOmV hmoUmao ~Xb bjmV KoD$Z àg§Jr KoVbobo {ZU©` ~XbÊ`mMr j‘Vm hm `eñdr CÚmoOH$VoMm nm`m Amho. {ZU©` MwHy$ eH$Vmo nU KoVbobm MwH$sMm {ZU©`hr {ZU©`M Z KoÊ`mnojm Mm§Jbm AgVmo, H$maU CÚmoOH$ Amnbo {ZU©` ñd`§ñ’y$VuZo KoV AgVmo. àg§JnaËdo {ZU©` ~XbyZ Vmo g§^mì` ZwH$gmZ d Xwîn[aUm‘ Q>miy eH$Vmo. 4) g§YremoYH$Vm … (Opportunity seeker) CÚmoOH$ g§YremoYZmda OmñV ^a XoVmo. "g‘mOmMr JaO' hm Ë`mÀ`m g§emoYZmMm {ZË` {df` AgVmo. JaO AmoiIyZ Vr ^mJ{dÊ`mMr VËnaVm XmIdrV AgVmZmM Ë`mVyZ ’$m`Xm {‘i{dÊ`mMo Ë`mMo VËd AgVo. Ë`mgmR>r Ë`mbm Zd{Z{‘©VrMm Ü`mg AgVmo. Zdr CËnmXZo, Zì`m godm, Zdo V§ÌkmZ, Zdr CËnmXZo d ì`mnmar H$m¡eë`o `m§Mr {Z{‘©Vr CÚmoOH$m§H$Sy>Z hmoVo. CÚmoOH$ Amnë`m CÚmoJmVyZ ñdV…Mm ’$m`Xm nmhmV Agbm Var Ë`mVyZ AàË`jnUo g‘mOmMmhr ’$m`Xm hmoV AgVmo. 5) {gÕr àoaUm … (Achievement motivation) H$mhrVar gmÜ` H$amdo, H$mhrVar H$ê$Z XmIdmdo, ñd`§amoOJmamMm Zdm ‘mJ© emoYyZ XmIdmdm Ago Á`m ì`º$sbm gVV dmQ>V AgVo, Vmo Ë`mÀ`m Am`wî`mMm ñd^md ~ZVmo d Am`wî`^a Ë`mMr A§‘b~OmdUr H$aVmo, VmoM CÚmoOH$. 6) g§KQ>Z H$m¡eë` … (Organisational skills) CËnmXZ, godm AWdm ì`mnmamgmR>r Amdí`H$ Agboë`m AZoH$ ‘mZdr AWdm A‘mZdr KQ>H$m§Mr O‘dmO‘d, OS>UKS>U `mo1⁄2` d amñV {H$‘VrV H$ê$Z Vo CËnmXZ AWdm godm {d{H«$`mo1⁄2` ~Z{dUo `mg CÚmoOH$mMo g§KQ>ZH$m¡eë` åhUVmV. 7) ‘mZdr d¥Îmr… (Attitude) Zd{Z{‘©Vr, g¥OZerbVm, EImÚm àíZmMm qH$dm n[apñWVrMm gmYH$~mYH$ {dMma H$ê$Z, {dnarV n[apñWVrV ~Xb KS>dyZ Ë`mMm ’$m`Xm H$gm {‘i{dVm `oB©b ho nmhÊ`mÀ`m ñd^mdmg CÚmoOH$d¥Îmr åhUVmV. {dnarV n[apñWVrg‘moa hV~b Z hmoVm Omo g§H$Q>m§Mo ê$nm§Va g§YrV H$aVmo d Ë`mMm ’$m`Xm CMbVmo, Vmo CÚmoOH$ AgVmo. gm‘m{OH$ H¥$VkVm hm Ë`mMm ñWm`r^md AgVmo. 8) n[adV©ZerbVm … (Adaptability) CÚmoOH$ AmOy~mOybm KS>Umè`m ~XbmMr XIb KoV AgVmo Am{U Ë`mZwgma Amnbo YmoaU ~XbV AgVmo. H$mimZwê$n Ë`mMo dmJUo AgVo. 9) AmË‘à{V‘m … (Self Image) ho gd© JwU àË`oH$ `eñdr CÚmoOH$mV AgVmVM Ago Zmhr, nU Ë`mVrb ~aoMgo
  21. 21. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 21 JwU Ë`mÀ`mV AmT>iVmV. CÚmoOH$mMr AmË‘à{V‘m Ë`mg nyU©V… ‘m{hVr AgVo. Amnë`mOdirb JwU - AdJwUm§Mr Ë`mbm nyU© H$ënZm d ^mZ AgVo. Ë`mZwgma Ë`mMo dV©Z AgVo. Zgbobo JwU JaOoZwgma Vmo g§K{Q>V H$aVmo nU Ë`mMo H$m‘ ASy>Z amhV Zmhr. CÚmoOH$mH$S>o OodT>o JwU OmñV, VodT>m Vmo OmñV `eñdr R>aVmo. CÚmoOH$VoMo JwU ho ’$º$ CÚmoJ, ì`dgm` qH$dm ì`mnmamVM ì`º$rbm `eñdr H$aVmV Ago Zìho. Am`wî`mV H$moUË`mhr ‘mJm©darb `emMo Vo gmWrXma AgVmV. gm{hË`, H$bm, H«$sS>m, ZmoH$ar qH$dm àmn§{MH$ O~m~Xmè`m `m àË`oH$ AmKmS>rda ho JwU ì`º$sbm `emÀ`m {eIamda nmohMdy eH$VmV. H$mhr gm{hpË`H$ BVam§nojm A{YH$ `eñdr H$m R>aVmV? H$mhr ZoVo BVam§nojm A{YH$ `eñdr H$m hmoVmV? H$mhr OU Amnë`m àn§MmV A{YH$ `eñdr H$m hmoVmV? `mMr H$maUo emoYë`mg Ë`m§À`mVrb CÚmoOH$s` H$m¡eë`m§Mr OmUrd Amnë`mbmhr hmoB©b. Ë`mM Ñï>rVyZ ho nwñVH$ dmMë`mg Ë`mMm ’$m`Xm Z¸$s hmoB©b. - Hw$‘ma Xoenm§S>o
  22. 22. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 22 boIH$m{df`r... XÎmm C‘mH$m§Vamd Omoer. bmVya {OëømÀ`m CXJra VmbwŠ`mVrb XodUr `oWo 1971 ‘Ü`o Ë`m§Mm OÝ‘ Pmbm Am{U VoWoM {Oëhm n[afXoÀ`m emioV ‘mÜ`{‘H$ nmVirn`ªVMo embo` {ejU nyU© Ho$bo. Ë`mZ§VaMo {ejU CXJraÀ`m bmb ~hmXya emór {dÚmb` Am{U CX`{Jar ‘hm{dÚmb`mV Pmbo. H${Zð> ‘hm{dÚmb`mVrb {ejU BboŠQ´>m°{ZŠg emIoV KoVë`mZ§Va nÌH$m[aVoÀ`m AmdS>r‘wio B§{O{ZA[a¨JEodOr Ë`m§Zr ~r. E. gmR>r àdoe KoVbm. ‘hm{dÚmb`rZ {ejU CX`{Jar ‘hm{dÚmb`mV àmMm`© S>m°. Zm. `. S>moio `m§À`m ‘mJ©Xe©ZmImbr Pmbo. nÌH$m[aVoÀ`m {ejUmgmR>r S>m°. ~m~mgmho~ Am§~oS>H$a ‘amR>dmS>m {dÚmnrR>mÀ`m d¥ÎmnÌ{dÚm {d^mJmV àdoe KoVbm Am{U {deof JwUdÎmogh {dÚmnrR>mV gd©{ÛVr` `oV Ë`m§Zr "~°Mba Am°’$ OZm©{bP‘' nXdr {‘i{dbr. `WmdH$me "‘mñQ>a Am°’$ ‘mg H$å`w{ZHo$eZ A±S> OZm©{bP‘' (E‘.E‘.gr.Oo.) ho nmoñQ> J«°Á`wEeZ àW‘ loUrV nyU© Ho$bo. "‘amR>dmS>m', "Xod{Jar VéU ^maV' Am{U "gH$mi'À`m nwUo Am{U Am¡a§Jm~mX Amd¥Î`m§VyZ {‘iyZ EH§$Xa 15 dfmªÀ`m {dYm`H$ nÌH$m[aVoV "n{hbo nmZ' hm Ë`m§Mm {deof H$m¡eë`mMm ^mJ hmoVm. d¥ÎmnÌm§À`m "ãb°H$ A±S> ìhmB©Q>' Am{U Ë`mZ§Va a§JrV ñdénmV Pmboë`m n[adV©ZmÀ`m H$mimV Ë`m§Zr {d{dY à`moJ Ho$bo. X¡{ZH$m§Vrb g§JUH$sH$aUmMm hm g§H«$‘UH$mi hmoVm. gm¢X`©Ñï>rbm g§JUH$s` H$m¡eë`m§Mr OmoS> XoV Ë`m§Zr Ho$boë`m `m à`moJm§Mr `m joÌmVrb OmUH$mam§Zr dmImUUr Ho$br hmoVr. {df`m§À`m ‘m§S>UrMo emó dmMH$m§Zm AmH${f©V H$aÊ`mMo Am{U Ë`mZ§Va Ë`mbm Ë`m {df`mV Jw§V{dÊ`mMo ‘hËdmMo H$m‘ H$aVo. `m {df`mÀ`m Aä`mgH$m§gmR>r ho à`moJ ‘mJ©Xe©Zna R>amdoV. d¥ÎmnÌ nwadÊ`m§Mo g§nmXZ ho hr Ë`m§À`m H$m¡eë`mMo AmUIr EH$ A§J. X¡{ZH$mÀ`m dmVmªH$ZmgmR>r amÁ`mV {R>H${R>H$mUr d naamÁ`mVhr àdmgmMr g§Yr Ë`m§Zm {‘imbr. V{‘iZmSy> Am{U H$Zm©Q>H$mVyZ VoWrb {ZdS>UwH$sXaå`mZ {Q>nbobr OZ‘mZgmMr ñn§XZo, àdmhm~mhoaMo {df` Am{U Ë`mdarb {Q>ßnUr ‘amR>r dmMH$m§gmR>r ‘oOdmZrM R>abr. nÌH$m[aVoAmYr {dÚmWu MidirÀ`m {Z{‘ÎmmZo XoemVrb à‘wI amÁ`m§V Ho$boë`m àdmgmVrb AZw^d Ë`m§Mo AZw^d{díd g§nÞ H$aUmam R>abm. OmZodmar 2005 ‘Ü`o ZmoH$ar gmoSy>Z Ë`m§Zr ñdV…À`m ì`dgm`mg gwadmV Ho$br. àoaUmXm`r boIZ hm Ë`m§Mm AmdS>rMm ^mJ. ‘amR>dmS>çmVrb n{hë`m {nT>rVrb CÚmoOH$m§À`m `eH$Wm§da AmYm[aV Ë`m§Zr {b{hbobo "Pon' ho nwñVH$ IynM JmObo. {d{dY {Z`VH$m{bH$m§VyZ Vo ñV§^boIZhr H$aVmV. XÎmm Omoer / 9422 25 25 50 / dattjoshi@gmail.com
  23. 23. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 23 eoVrMm "^JraW' ~ÐrZmam`U ~madmbo OmbZm åhQ>bo H$s OJ^amV n{hë`m§Xm S>moù`m§g‘moa `oUma§ Zmd åhUOo "‘{hH$mo' Am{U "‘{hH$mo' åhUOo ~ÐrZmam`U ~madmbo. EH$m ‘mUgmÀ`m ‘ohZVrMr Am{U g§Kfm©Mr dmQ>Mmb AmO{‘Vrbm hOmamo OUm§À`m ‘mJ©H«$‘UmgmR>rMm ‘hm‘mJ© R>abobr Amho. n[apñWVrMo AMyH$ ^mZ, H$R>moa ‘ohZVrMr V`mar Am{U gVV ZmdrÝ`mMm Ü`mg `m {ÌgyÌrÀ`m ghmæ`mZo ~ÐrZmam`UOtZr C^mabobo "‘{hH$mo'Mo gm‘«mÁ` hm gdmªgmR>rM ‘mJ©Xe©H$ R>aUmam àH$ën Amho. Ë`mM~amo~a OmbZmdmgr`m§gmR>r hm A{^‘mZmMm {df` Amho. Aem `m ~ÐrZmam`UOt~Ôb Am{U "‘{hH$mo'À`m dmQ>Mmbr~Ôb...
  24. 24. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 24 ‘hm‘hr‘ amï´>nVr Ho$. Ama. Zmam`UZ `m§À`m ew^hñVo 2001 ‘Ü`o {X„rVrb amï´>nVr ^dZmV Am`mo{OV EH$m ^ì` gmohù`mV ~ÐrZmam`U am‘ybmb ~madmbo `m§Zm "dm{UÁ` Am{U Am{W©H$ joÌm§Vrb gdm}ƒ `moJXmZ Am{U ì`{º$JV JwUm§Mm Jm¡ad' åhUyZ nÙ^yfU `m ZmJar gÝ‘mZmZo Jm¡a{dÊ`mV `oV hmoVo. "‘{hH$mo' n[admamgmR>r, OmbZm ehamgmR>r, ‘amR>dmS>çmgmR>r EdT>oM Zìho Va Á`m joÌmÀ`m {dH$mgmgmR>r ~ÐrZmam`UOtZr AmOdaMo Amnbo Am`wî` doMbo Ë`m joÌmgmR>rhr hm {Xdg {Mañ‘aUr` R>aUma hmoVm. EH$m gÀÀ`m ^y{‘nwÌmMm Jm¡ad hmoVmZm nmhÊ`mMm Ë`m§Mm hm AmZ§X AVwbZr` hmoVm. H¥${fjoÌmV Zdo àdmh AmUUmè`m ^JraWmMmM hm Jm¡ad. gmYmaU ghm XeH$m§À`m Ë`m§À`m `moJXmZmMm Jm¡ad XoemÀ`m àW‘ ZmJ[aH$mÀ`m hñVo hmoVmZm nmhÿZ àË`oH$ OU AmZ§XmV hmoVm. ~ÐrZmam`UOtMm gmR> XeH$m§Mm hm g§H$[aV {~`mÊ`m§À`m joÌmVrb àdmg Am{U Ë`m AmYr XmoZ XeH$m§Mm H$mi hm gmamM àdmg ‘moR>m {MÎmmH$f©H$ Amho. AmVmMm qhJmobr {Oëhm Ë`m H$mir na^Ur {OëømVrb EH$ VmbwH$m hmoVm. `m qhJmobr ehamV JUoe MVwWuÀ`m {Xder Xwnmar 12 dmOVm ~ÐrZmam`UOtMm OÝ‘ Pmbm. 27 Am°JñQ> 1930 hm Vmo {Xdg. d`mÀ`m 10 ì`m dfm©n`ªV Ë`m§Mo Zmd hmoVo ~ÐrZmam`U O`{H$eZOr H$mJbrdmb. qhJmobrMr bmoH$dñVr Ë`m doir 10 hOmam§Mr hmoVr. d{S>bm§Mm XyY {dH«$sMm ì`dgm`, nU KamV nwaogo CËnÞ `oV ZìhVo. ~mbnUrMo Vo {Xdg Vgo IS>Va hmoVo. JmdmV dm‘Zamd ‘mñVam§Mr emim hmoVr. {VWo Ë`m§Mo {ejU gwê$ Pmbo. nU {ejUm~amo~aM Mma n¡go H$‘mdÊ`mMmhr Ë`m§Mm à`ËZ Ago. AmR>dS>r ~mOmamV gmIa, ~Q>mQ>o `m§Mr nmoVr IaoXr H$ê$Z Ë`m§Mr gwÅ>r {dH«$s H$ê$Z Mma n¡go H$‘mdUo, Mm§Jbo Vyn {dH$V KoD$Z JmdmV {dH$Uo, H$mhr àH$maMo MyU© V`ma H$ê$Z {dH$Uo `m CÚmoJm§V ~mOmaÀ`m {Xder EImXm én`m gwQ>m`Mm. hm n¡gm Voìhm Iyn OmñV dmQ>m`Mm. H$maU Ë`m§À`m KaMo ^mS>o hmoVo Xa‘hm Mma én`o ! Mm¡Wrn`ªV dm‘Zamd ‘mñVam§Mr emim gwê$ am{hbr Am{U d`mÀ`m 10 ì`m dfu JmdmVrb gaH$mar emioV nmMì`m B`ÎmoV Ë`m§Zr arVga àdoe KoVbm. Voìhm XmoZ {ejH$ Ë`m emioV H$m`©aV hmoVo. Ë`mVrb ~ÐrZmam`UOtÀ`m {ejH$m§Zr eoù`m nmiboë`m hmoË`m. JwénËZrÀ`m gm§JÊ`mdê$Z XaamoO XmoZ - Mma OUm§Zm amZmV ~m^irMm nmbm Jmoim H$ê$Z AmUÊ`mgmR>r Omdo bmJo. ~ÐrZmam`UOr AZdmUrM amZmV OmV. `mM gw‘mambm EH$ KQ>Zm KS>br Am{U Ë`m§À`m Am`wî`mbm ZdrZ diU {‘imbo. Ë`mdoir OmbÝ`mV Ë`m§Mr MwbV ~hrU amhV Ago. {^Hw$bmbOr ~madmbo ho OmbÝ`mVrb Ë`mdoiMo H$mnS> ì`mnmar. hr MwbV ~hrU Ë`m§Mr gyZ. ~{hUrÀ`m nVrMo {ZYZ Pmë`m‘wio qhJmobrMo H$mJbrdmb Hw$Qw>§~r` gm§ËdZmgmR>r OmbÝ`mV Ambo hmoVo. {VWo {^Hw$bmbOtMo bj `m ‘wbmH$S>o Jobo. Ë`mMm MwUMwUrVnUm Ë`m§À`m ZOaoV ^abm Am{U bdH$aM
  25. 25. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 25 Ë`m§Zr O`{H$eZOr H$mJbrdmb `m§À`mH$S>o Ë`m§À`m ‘wbmbm XÎmH$ XoÊ`mMr {dZ§Vr Ho$br. Amnë`m EHw$bË`m EH$m ‘wbmÀ`m {ZYZm‘wio Am{U KamV nwT>À`m {nT>rV H$moUrhr Zgë`m‘wio Ë`m§Zr hm {ZU©` KoVbm. bdH$aM XÎmH${dYmZ nma nS>bo Am{U Ë`m§Mo Zm‘H$aU Pmbo - ~ÐrZmam`U am‘ybmb ~madmbo. OmbÝ`mVrb n[apñWVr qhJmobrnojm IynM Mm§Jbr hmoVr. H$mnS> XwH$mZ Mm§Jbo Mmbm`Mo Am{U {^Hw$bmbOr Mm§Jbm n¡gmhr ~miJyZ hmoVo. XwX£dmZo bdH$aM Ë`m§Mo {ZYZ Pmbo Am{U ZmVodmB©H$m§Zr Ìmg XoÊ`mg gwadmV Ho$br. ~ÐrZmam`UOtÀ`m XÎmH$ {dYmZmdaM Amjon KoVbm Jobm. H$moQ>©H$Moè`m gwê$ Pmë`m. nU bdH$aM gm‘monMmamMm ‘mJ© {ZKmbm Am{U nwT>Mo Am`wî` gwê$ Pmbo. `m doir Ë`m§Mo d` hmoVo Oo‘Vo‘ 12 df}. Ë`m H$mimV OmbZm n[aga {ZOm‘mÀ`m A‘bmImbr hmoVm. qhJmobrVyZ Amë`mZ§Va gmVdrn`ªVMo Ë`m§Mo {ejU {‘eZ hm`ñHy$b‘Ü`o Pmbo nU nwT>o 1943 ‘Ü`o Ë`m§Zm AmR>ì`m dJm©gmR>r "‘Xago ’$moH$m{Z`m gaH$ma B© A{b' `m emioV àdoe ¿`mdm bmJbm. Xoe^amà‘mUo OmbÝ`mVhr Voìhm ñdmV§Í`bT>çmMo dmVmdaU hmoVo. àË`oH$ JmoîQ>rgmR>r Voìhm bT>mdo bmJo. Aä`mgmgmR>r H§${XbmV ^aÊ`mgmR>r dmT>rd Vob {‘imdo, `m gmR>r ~ÐrZmam`UOtÀ`m ZoV¥ËdmImbr {dÚmÏ`mªZr Am§XmobZ Ho$bo Am{U g§~§{YV A{YH$mè`m§Zm Ë`m§Mr ‘mJUr ‘mÝ` H$aUo ^mJ nS>bo. gdmªZm XmoZ `w{ZQ> OmXm Vob {‘imbo. 1946 ‘Ü`o ‘°{Q´>H$Z§Va Ë`m§Zr h¡Xam~mXÀ`m "{ZOm‘ H$m°boO'‘Ü`o àdoe KoVbm Voìhm ^maVmMm ñdmV§Í`bT>m A§{V‘ Q>ßß`mV nmohmoMbm hmoVm. àdoemZ§Va Vo OmbÝ`mV naVbo Am{U ñdmV§Í`bT>çmV g[H«$` gh^mJ KoÊ`mg Ë`m§Zr gwadmV Ho$br. KmofUm§Zr q^Vr a§J{dUo, hñVnÌHo$ N>mnUo Am{U dmQ>Uo Aer H$m‘o Ë`m§Zr gwê$ Ho$br. `m Xaå`mZ ^maV ñdV§Ì Pmbm hmoVm nU ‘amR>dmS>çmMm ^mJ ‘mÌ {ZOm‘mÀ`mV VmdS>rV AS>H$bobm hmoVm. B§J«Om§Zr {Xboë`m n`m©`mZwgma {ZOm‘mZo ñdV§Ì amhÊ`mMo R>a{dbo hmoVo. nU ^maV gaH$ma ‘mÌ h¡Xam~mX g§ñWmZÀ`m ^maVr` JUamÁ`mV {dbrZrH$aUmda AmJ«hr hmoVo. `m nmíd©^y‘rda ~ÐrZmam`UOtÀ`m Midir gwê$ hmoË`m. aPmH$mam§Mo Ë`m§À`mH$S>o bj hmoVoM. Ë`m§À`m KamMr PS>Vr KoÊ`mV Ambr Am{U KamV `moJm`moJmZo EH$ hñVnÌH$ gmnS>bo. Ë`m gh Ë`m§Zm OmbÝ`mÀ`m "Egnt'g‘moa C^o H$aÊ`mV Ambo. ~ÐrZmam`UOtMo H$modio d` nmhÿZ Ë`m "Egnt'Zr "‘mPm Aem H¥$Ë`m§‘Ü`o gh^mJ Zmhr,' Ago {bhÿZ {Xë`mg gmoSy>Z XoD$ Ago gwM{dbo nU Ë`m§Zr ~mUoXmanUo ZH$ma {Xbm. gmh{OH$M Ë`m§Mr admZJr OmbÝ`mÀ`m Vwé§JmV Pmbr. ñdmV§Í` MidirV gh^mJr Pmboë`m§Zm Vwé§JmV S>m§~Ê`mMm àH$ma Voìhm IynM dmT>bm hmoVm. ~ÐrZmam`UOtZm Á`m ImobrV R>odbo hmoVo Ë`m N>moQ>çmem ImobrV EH§$Xa 43 amO~§Xr hmoVoŸ! H$mhr {Xdgm§VM Ë`m§Zm Am¡a§Jm~mXÀ`m ‘Ü`dVu H$mamJ¥hmV hb{dÊ`mV Ambo. Ë`m§À`mda VoWo IQ>bm Mmbbm. Ë`m§Zm 1 df© gº$‘Owar Am{U 500 én`o X§S>mMr
  26. 26. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 26 {ejm R>moR>mdÊ`mV Ambr. dmñV{dH$ Vwé§JmV Ë`m§Mo dmñVì` gmS>oXhm ‘{hÝ`m§Mo Pmbo hmoVo. nU hm H$mi {ejoV J¥hrV YaÊ`mV Ambm Zmhr. Vwé§JmV ~amH$sVrb Ë`m§Mo ghH$mar hmoVo Am¡a§Jm~mXMo Jwbm~M§XOr ZmJmoar Am{U T>mHo$’$iMo H$ë`mU‘b J§Jdmb. gº$‘OwargmR>r ~ÐrZmam`UOtZr AmdOy©Z eoVrMo H$m‘ ‘mJyZ KoVbo. eoVrV Ë`m§Zm ag hmoVm. Ë`mVM H$m‘ H$aÊ`mMo Ë`m§Zr R>a{dbo. `mM H$mbmdYrV ñQ>oQ> H$m±J«ogMr {ZOm‘mer MMm© gwê$ hmoVr. `m Xaå`mZ H$mhr amO~§Úm§Zm gmoS>m`Mm {ZU©` Pmbm Am{U "~ƒm h¡Ÿ& N>moS> XmoŸ&' `m ^y{‘Ho$VyZ Ë`m§Zm gmoSy>Z XoÊ`mV Ambo. Vwé§JmVyZ gwQ>Ho$Z§Vahr Ë`m§Zm h¡Xam~mXoV {ejUmgmR>r naV Omdogo dmQ>oZm. Vo OmbÝ`mV naVbo Am{U VoWyZ XoD$iJmd amOm `oWrb {e{~amV OmD$Z XmIb Pmbo. Xoembm ñdmV§Í` {‘iyZ EH$ df© nyU© Pmbo nU Amnbm ^y^mJ AÚmnhr naV§Ì Amho, ho gdmªZmM ~moMV hmoVo. Ë`m‘wio {ZOm‘mÀ`m ~bñWmZm§da åhUOo nmo{bg R>mUr, Vhgrb H$m`m©b`o `m§À`mda YmS>r KmbyZ eómóo, Xmê$Jmoim Am{U ñdmV§Í`>T>çmgmR>r Amdí`H$ AgUmam n¡gm bwQ>Ê`mMm gdmªMmM à`ËZ Ago. Ago AZoH$ h„o `m H$mimV Pmbo. XoD$iJmd amOm‘Ü`o àma§^rÀ`m H$mimV Ë`m§Zm eñÌmñÌo Mmb{dÊ`mMo à{ejU XoÊ`mV Ambo hmoVo. ^maVr` g¡Ý`XbmÀ`m erI ao{O‘|Q>‘Yrb A{YH$mar ho à{ejU XoV. `m à{ejUmZ§Va Ë`m§À`mda Hw§$S>{bH$m ZXrdarb EH$ nyb CS>dyZ XoÊ`mMr O~m~Xmar gmon{dÊ`mV Ambr. Am¡a§Jm~mXMo a‘Ubmb nmaoI Am{U OmbÝ`mMo am‘M§Ð hþ§S>oH$a Ë`m§À`m g‘doV hmoVo. H$S>H$ ~§Xmo~ñV AgVmZmhr Ë`m§Zr hm Xmê$Jmoim nwbmImbr noabm Am{U gmdH$merZo OiUmè`m dmVrer Vmo OmoSy>Z Vo VoWyZ Xya {ZKmbo. `moJm`moJmZo Ë`m§À`m AmOmo~m§MoM Vo Jmd hmoVo. hm àH$ma H$ê$Z Vo AmOmo~m§À`m XwH$mZr OmD$Z ~gboo Am{U ‘moR>çm ñ’$moQ>mMm AmdmO EoH$ë`mZ§Va g‘mYmZmZo XoD$iJmd amOmbm nmohmoMbo. `mM Xaå`mZ EH$ I~a Ambr. 12-13 Am°JñQ> 1948 Xaå`mZ OmbÝ`mOdiÀ`mM hgZm~mX `oWo aPmH$ma bmoH$m§Zr qhXy§Mm AZpÝdV N>i Mmb{dbm Agë`mMo g‘Obo. qhXy§Mm N>i hmoÊ`mMo ho àH$ma ñdmV§§Í` {‘imë`mnmgyZ IynM dmT>bobo hmoVo. Ë`m§À`m à{VH$mamgmR>r VoWrb nmo{bg ‘w»`mb`mdaM `m ñdmV§Í`dram§Zr h„m MT>{dbm. `m‘Ü`o Ë`m§Mo ñdmV§Í`bT>çmVrb ghH$mar lr. OZmX©Z ‘m‘m Jmoir bmJyZ J§^ra OI‘r Pmbo. h„m Wm§~dyZ VmVS>rZo Ë`m§Zm XoD$iJmd amOmÀ`m H±$nda ZoÊ`mV Ambo. hm H±$n Voìhm lr ~mbmOr g§ñWmZÀ`m Y‘©emioV MmbV Ago. ‘m‘m§À`m earamV Jmoir Imobda éVbobr hmoVr Am{U aº$ómd ^anya Mmby hmoVm. VoWyZ Ë`m§Zm VmVS>rZo ~wbS>mÊ`mÀ`m {Oëhm é1⁄2Umb`mV hb{dÊ`mMo R>abo. nU VoWohr S>m°ŠQ>am§Zm An`e Ambo Am{U14 Am°JñQ>À`m amÌr OZmX©Z ‘m‘m§Mr àmUÁ`moV ‘mbdbr. 15 Am°JñQ> 1948 amoOr Ooìhm Xoe^a ñdmV§Í`mMm n{hbm dYm©nZ{XZ gmOam hmoV hmoVm Voìhm ~ÐrZmam`UOr Am{U Ë`m§Mo ghH$mar OZmX©Z‘m‘m§À`m
  27. 27. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 27 nm{W©dmbm A1⁄2Zr XoÊ`mgmR>r ñ‘emZ^y‘rV nmohmoMbobo hmoVo. nwT>o 13 gßQ>|~abm nmo{bg A°ŠeZ gwê$ Pmbr Am{U 17 gßQ>|~abm aPmH$mam§Mr Owb‘r amOdQ> g§nbr. h¡Xam~mX g§ñWmZZo ñdmV§Í`mMm ídmg KoVbm. `mZ§Va bJoMM à{V{H«$`m gwê$ Pmë`m. OdiM Agboë`m H$mOim `oWo qhXy§Zr ‘wpñb‘m§Zm {Od§V OmiÊ`mMr V`mar Ho$br Agë`mMo ~ÐrZmam`UOtZm g‘Obo. Ë`m§Zr VmVS>rZo H$mOù`mH$S>o Ymd KoVbr. Amnbm bT>m aPmH$mam{déÕ hmoVm, ‘wpñb‘m§{déÕ Zmhr, ho Ë`m§Zr Vem n[apñWVrV O‘mdmbm g‘OmdyZ gm§{JVbo Am{U ‘moR>m AZW© Q>ibm. nwT>o bdH$aM OZmX©Z ‘m‘m§À`m bT>dæ`m ñ‘¥VtZm A{^dmXZ åhUyZ Ë`m§À`m nwVù`mMr ñWmnZm OmbÝ`mÀ`m ‘w»` Mm¡H$mV H$aÊ`mV Ambr. `m nwVù`mÀ`m AZmdaUmgmR>r Á`oð> ñdmV§Í`goZmZr JmoqdX^mB© lm°’$ `m§Zm ~mobmdÊ`mV Ambo hmoVo. `m doir àM§S> OZg‘wXm` O‘bobm hmoVm. Ë`m§À`m gmjrZo JmoqdX^mBªZm OmbÝ`mVrb ñdmV§Í`g¡{ZH$m§À`m dVrZo EH$ H$ma ^oQ> XoÊ`mV Ambr ! {ZOm‘mÀ`m VmdS>rVyZ ‘wº$ hmoV AgVmZmM ~ÐrZmam`UOtÀ`m Am`wî`mV EH$ Zdo diU `oD$ KmVbo hmoVo. d`mMr AR>am df} JmR>boë`m ~ÐrZmam`UOtgmR>r ‘wbr gm§JyZ `oD$ bmJë`m hmoË`m. Im‘JmdÀ`m Z§XbmbOr PwZPwZdmbm `m§Mr ‘wbJr Jmo‘Vr `m§Mo ñWi Ë`m§Zm gm§JyZ Ambo hmoVo. OZmX©Z ‘m‘m§Mm nwVimhr Im‘JmdmVM ~Z{dbm OmV hmoVm. `m nwVù`mgmR>rÀ`m EH$m àdmgmXaå`mZM ‘wbJr nmhÊ`mMm H$m`©H«$‘ Pmbm. ‘wbJr ng§V nS>br. {ddmh R>abm. ‘wbrH$Sy>Z 10 hOma én`o hþ§S>m XoD$ H$aÊ`mV Ambm hmoVm. nU Ë`m§Zr Vmo ZmH$mabm Am{U ñdV…M nËZrgmR>r 100 Vmoù`m§Mo Xm{JZo ~Z{dbo. Voìhm gmoZ§ 100 én`o Vmoim hmoV§. b1⁄2Z WmQ>m‘mQ>mV Pmb§. Ë`m§Zm ghm AnË`o Pmbr. nmM ‘wbr - ào‘m, emo^m, g{dVm, Amem, Cfm Am{U EH$ ‘wbJm - amOy. gÜ`m amOy ~madmbo "‘{hH$mo'Mo ì`dñWmnZ nmhVmV Va Cfm g§emoYZ {d^mJmV bj KmbVmV. BWo Ë`m§À`m b3⁄4mVrb bjUr` R>aboë`m EH$m `moJm`moJmMr XIb ¿`mdrer dmQ>Vo. b3⁄4mdoir Ë`m§Zr n{ÌH$m Owi{dboë`m ZìhË`m. nwT>o H$Yr Var Owi{dë`m Voìhm bjmV Ambo H$s ~ÐrZmam`UOtMm OÝ‘ JUoeMVwWuMm Va Jmo‘VrOtMm amIr nm¡{U©‘oMm. XmoKohr ‘m§J{bH$ hmoVo Am{U n{ÌHo$Vrb 36 n¡H$s 36 JwU OwiV hmoVo ! ñdmV§Í` {‘imbo hmoVo. {ddmh Pmbm hmoVm. AmVm KamV - ì`dhmamV bj KmbU§ Amdí`H$ hmoV§. Ë`m§Mm ‘w»` ì`dgm` eoVr hmoVm. Ë`m H$mir ^maVmV gamgar à{VHw$Qw>§~ 5 EH$a eoVrMo à‘mU am{hbo hmoVo. amÁ`mV Am{U XoemV h[aVH«$m§VrMo dmao dmhV hmoVo. AÞYmÝ`mMm VwQ>dS>m ^ê$Z H$mT>Ê`mgmR>r gdmªZrM H§$~a H$gbr hmoVr. "Am`EAmaAm`'À`m (B§{S>`Z A°J«rH$ëMab [agM© BpÝñQ>Q>çyQ>) ‘mÜ`‘mVyZ g§H$[aV {~`mÊ`m§da g§emoYZ gwê$ hmoVo. na§namJV eoVrEodOr g§H$arV {~`mÊ`m§da hiyhiy bj H|${ÐV hmoD$ bmJbo hmoVo.
  28. 28. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 28 ~ÐrZmam`UOtÀ`m eoVrV qgMZmgmR>r {d{hatMr gmo` hmoVr. Ë`m§Zr bj KmbyZ {d{har AmUIr Imob H$ê$Z KoVë`m. nmÊ`mMr gmo` Ho$br Am{U ^|S>rMo CËnmXZ KoÊ`mg gwadmV Ho$br. `m CËnmXZmVyZM Ë`m§Zr ^|S>rMo {~`mUo V`ma H$ê$Z {dH$Ê`mg gwadmVhr Ho$br. "nwgm ‘I‘br ^|S>r' ZmdmZo Vmo ~«±S> AmoiIbm OmB©. hm à{VgmX Mm§Jbm hmoVm. `mM H$mimV {X„rV ^maV H¥$fH$ g‘mOmV’}$ EH$ eoVr àXe©Z ^a{dÊ`mV Ambo hmoVo. Amnbo ‘oìhUo {JaYmarbmb `m§À`mgh Ë`m§Zr `m àXe©Zmbm ^oQ> {Xbr. A‘o[aH$m Am{U a{e`mV eoVr‘Ü`o Mmby Agboë`m à`moJm§Mr ‘m{hVr Ë`m§Zm `oWo {‘imbr. `mM doir Ë`m§Zr "Am`EAmaAm`'bm ^oQ> XoÊ`mMo R>a{dbo. {VWo dZñn[Vemó {d^mJmV AZoH$ à`moJ gwê$ hmoVo. VoWo Ë`m§Zr ^|S>rÀ`m "nwgm ‘I‘br' `m OmVr{df`r Mm¡H$er Ho$br, Voìhm `m OmVrMo CËnmXZM ~§X Pmë`mMo Ë`m§Zm H$ibo. Ë`mÀ`mda nS>Umè`m {ndù`m AirÀ`m {H$S>rMm ~§Xmo~ñV H$aUmar "nwgm gmdZr' hr Zdr OmV AmVm {dH${gV Pmë`mMo Ë`m§Zm H$ibo. à`moJmXmIb Ë`m§Zm 50 J«°‘ {~`mUohr XoD$ H$aÊ`mV Ambo, nU Ë`m§Zr OmñV {~`mÊ`mMm AmJ«h Yabm. AIoa 2 {H$bmo {~`mUo {‘idyZ Vo OmbÝ`mV naVbo. ‘w§S>dm `oWrb eoVmV Ë`m§Zr EH$m N>moQ>çm ßbm°Q>da ho {~`mUo Z‘wÝ`mXmIb noê$Z nm{hbo Am{U Ë`mbm ^|S>r bmJë`mZ§Va Vo W¸$ Pmbo. N>mZ {hadoJma ’$i. {~`mÊ`m§À`m nmM Amoir Agbobr hr ^|S>rMr OmV Ë`m§Zm IynM AmdS>br. hr ^|S>r {eO{dë`mZ§Va H$‘r {MH$Q> hmoVo hohr Ë`m§À`m bjmV Ambo. Ë`m ßbm°Q>‘Yrb ^|S>r n{hë`m {Xder Ë`m§Zr VmoS>br. Vr 100 {H$bmo ^abr. ~mOmamV Ë`m§Zm 2 én`o à{V{H$bmo ^md {‘imbm. Xwgè`m {Xder Vmo 1 én`mda Kgabm Am{U {Vgè`m {Xder Va ’$º$ 50 n¡go à{V{H$bmo XamZo hr ^|S>r {dH$br Jobr. H$maU emoYë`mZ§Va Ago bjmV Ambo H$s ~mOmanoR>oV Ë`m {Xder ‘moR>çm à‘mUmda ^|S>rMr AmdH$ Pmbr hmoVr. Ë`m ^|S>rMm XOm© `m nojm {ZpíMVM H$‘r hmoVm nU Ë`m‘wio ~mOmamVrb ^md ‘mÌ nS>bo hmoVo. ^|S>r ~mOmamV AmUÊ`mMm qH$~hþZm {nH$dÊ`mMm Ë`m§Mm H$mbmdYr MwH$bm hmoVm. Ooìhm BVa eoVH$è`m§H$S>rb ^|S>r g§nbobr Agob, Ë`m H$mimV hr ^|S>r ~mOmamV Ambr AgVr, Va Ë`mMm ’$m`Xm Z¸$s Pmbm AgVm. Ë`m‘wio Ë`m§Zr eoVmV Cabobr ^|S>r VmoS>Ê`mMr KmB© Ho$br Zmhr. Vr ^|S>r Ë`m§Zr amonQ>çmdaM n[an¹$ hmoD$ {Xbr. hr ^|S>r 9 B§M bm§~ dmT>br. eoVmVrb ho ’$i VmoSy>Z Ë`m§Zr KamV AmUyZ R>odbo. `mM Xaå`mZ Am¡a§Jm~mXoV ‘hmamï´> emgZmV’}$ EH$m àXe©ZmMo Am`moOZ H$aÊ`mV Ambo hmoVo. VËH$mbrZ ‘w»`‘§Ìr `ed§Vamd MìhmU `m àXe©ZmV `oUma hmoVo. ~ÐrZmam`UOtH$S>o Ë`m doir "~‘m© eob' `m H§$nZrMr EÝS´>rZ, ApëS´>Z, S>m`pëS´>Z AmXr H$sQ>H$ZmeHo$hr {dH«$sbm AgV. `m CËnmXZm§Mm ñQ>m°b Ë`m§Zr àXe©ZmV bmdbm hmoVm. `m ñQ>m°bg‘moa gOmdQ>rMm ^mJ åhUyZ Amnë`m eoVmVrb "nwgm ‘I‘br ^|S>r'Mr ’$im§gh nyU© dmT>bobr
  29. 29. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 29 XmoZ amonQ>r Ë`m§Zr ñQ>m°bÀ`m XmoÝhr ~mOybm bmdbr hmoVr. nwÊ`mVrb EH$m J¥hñWm§Mo bj Ë`mH$S>o Jobo. `m OmVrMo {~`mUo nwa{dÊ`m{df`r Ë`m§Zr Mm¡H$er H$aVmM ~ÐrZmam`UOtZr Ë`m§Zm VmVS>rZo hmoH$ma {Xbm. Xa gm§{JVbm gmS>onmM én`o à{V{H$bmo. Ë`mda 20 Q>¸o$ gdbV ! OmbÝ`mV naVyZ Ë`m§Zr 25-30 {H$bmoMo nmoVo aoëdo nmg©bZo nwÊ`mV nmR>dyZ {Xbo. {dVaH$ gmS>onmM én`m§Mm Xa H$‘r H$aÊ`mgmR>r AmJ«h H$arV hmoVo Ë`mM doir Ë`m§À`mH$Sy>Z eoVH$è`m§Zm ho {~`mUo 20 Vo 100 én`o à{V{H$bmo ^mdmZo {dH$bo OmV Agë`mMr ‘m{hVr Ë`m§Zm {‘imbr Am{U Ë`m§Zr Amnbo ^md H$‘r H$aÊ`mÀ`m ‘mJUrH$S>o Xwb©j Ho$bo. `m {~`mÊ`mbm {‘iUmam à{VgmX nmhÿZ nwT>rb dfu Ë`m§Zr Amnë`m eoVmVrb `m OmVrÀ`m ^|S>rÀ`m noaUrMo à‘mU 10 nQ>rZo dmT>{dbo. CÎmaoV VamB© ^mJmV AmUIr EH$ eoVH$ar boâQ>Z§Q> H$Z©b bmbqgJ `m§Zrhr `m OmVrMo {~`mUo V`ma H$ê$Z {dH$Ê`mg gwadmV Ho$br hmoVr. Ë`m‘wio AZoH$OU ~ÐrZmam`UOter ^md H$‘r H$aÊ`mMm à`ËZ H$arV nU Vo H$YrM ~Ybo ZmhrV. Ë`m§Mo ^md H$m`‘ OmñVM am{hbo. `m Xaå`mZ {X„rV CƒnXmda Agbobo d[að> gZXr A{YH$mar S>m°. d|H$Q>aËZ‘ Am¡a§Jm~mXoV `oV Agë`mMr ‘m{hVr Ë`m§Zm H$ibr. Am¡a§Jm~mXoVrb Ë`m§Mo ñZohr ~°. Odmhabmb Jm§Yr `m§Zm {dZ§Vr H$ê$Z Ë`m§Zr S>m°. d|H$Q>aËZ‘ `m§Zm OmbÝ`mV Amnë`m eoVmda ~mobmdbo. eoVr nmhÿZ Vo Iwe Pmbo Am{U {X„rV naVë`mZ§Va Ë`m§Zr gaXma ha^OZ qgJ `m§Zm ~mobmdyZ KoD$Z `m {nH$mMr Am{U à`moJm§Mr ‘m{hVr {Xbr. Amnë`m ‘m{gH$mV Ë`m§Zr EH$ boIhr {b{hbm - "gmdH$ma ~Zbm {~`mUo CËnmXH$'! BWyZ nwT>o gwê$ Pmbr Ë`m§À`mVrb CÚmoOH$s` dmQ>Mmb. gmam Xoe `m dmQ>MmbrMm gmjrXma ~Zbm. Vmo H$miM doJim hmoVm. AÞYmÝ`mMo CËnmXZ dmT>{dUo hr XoemMr JaO ~Zbobr hmoVr. Vo ñdV… eoVH$ar hmoVo. Ë`m‘wio CËnmXZdmT>rMr {ZH$S> Ë`m§Zm A{YH$M OmUdV hmoVr. Amnë`m H$m¡eë`m§Mm Cn`moJ Amnë`m Xoembm Pmbm nm{hOo, hr Ë`m§À`m ‘ZmVrb ^mdZm ZdZì`m à`moJm§Zm OÝ‘ XoV Jobr. hm gmam àdmg {dñVmamZo {bhm`Mm, Va doJio nwñVH$M hmoB©b. H$mhr à‘wI CXmhaUo ‘mÌ `oWo Úm`bmM hdrV. g§H$arV ‘Š`mMo {~`mUo Ë`m§Zr ~mOmanoR>oV AmUbo Am{U CËnmXZmV OdiOdi XwßnQ> dmT> Pmbr. `m pñWVrV eoVH$è`m§Mm ‘mb {dH$bm OmUohr ‘hËdmMo hmoVo. VaM Ë`m dmT>boë`m CËnÞmMm ’$m`Xm Ë`mbm Pmbm AgVm Am{U Zì`m h§Jm‘mgmR>r Ë`mZo Zì`mZo {~`mUo IaoXr Ho$bo AgVo. Ë`m H$mimV "qhXwñVmZ brìha' hr H§$nZr Amnë`m "newImÚ {d^mJm'Ûmao newImÚmMr {Z{‘©Vr H$arV Ago. ~ÐrZmam`UOtZr Ë`m H§$nZrer ‘H$m IaoXrMm H$ama Ho$bm Am{U eoVH$è`m§Mm ‘H$m {dH$V KoD$Z `m H§$nZrbm nwadbm. Ë`m§À`m `m H¥$VrVyZ eoVH$è`m§Zm Amnbm ‘mb IaoXr Ho$bm OmVmo Am{U Ë`mbm ^mdhr Mm§Jbm {‘iVmo Agm ñnï> g§Xoe Jobm
  30. 30. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 30 Am{U gmh{OH$M {~`mUo {dH«$sV dmT> hmoÊ`mg gwadmV Pmbr. ~ÐrZmam`UOr åhUVmV, "eoVH$ar ~mdiQ> ZgVmo. Vmo A{Ve` hþema AgVmo. Ë`mbm H$moUr ’$gdm`Mo R>adboM, Va Vmo ’$ma Va EH$M doi ’$gy eH$Vmo. Ë`mbm Xwgè`m§Xm ’$gdUo AeŠ`. Ë`m‘wioo Mm§Jë`m XOm©Mo {~`mUo Ë`mbm ~amo~a H$iVo.' hiyhiy {~`mÊ`m§Mo CËnmXZ Am{U {nH$m§Mr g§»`m dmTy> bmJbr. Xoe^amVrb {d{dY Zm‘m§{H$V {dÚmnrR>m§Vrb g§emoYH$, ì`dñWmnZVÁk `m§Zm ~ÐrZmam`UOr hoê$ bmJbo Am{U Ë`m§Zm OmbÝ`mV AmUÊ`mg gwadmV Pmbr. h[aV H«$m§VrMm n[aUm‘ åhUyZ XoemV AÞYmÝ`mMo CËnmXZ dmT>bobo hmoVo. AmVm hm MT>Vm AmboI H$m`‘ R>odUo ho H$m‘ ‘hËdmMo hmoVo. ~ÐrZmam`UOr åhUVmV, "CÎm‘ CËnmXZ Úm`Mo Va CÎm‘ XOm© amIbm Jobm nm{hOo. `mgmR>r CÎm‘moÎm‘ VÁk g§emoYH$ H§$nZrV AmUUo ‘hËdmMo AgVoo. `m gmè`m Jmoï>tgmR>r n¡gm bmJVmo. Am‘Mr EH$ YmaUm n¸$s hmoVr, H§$nZr Mm§Jbr Mmbm`Mr Agob Va Z’$mhr Mm§JbmM Pmbm nm{hOo. g§emoYZ Am{U {dH$mgmgmR>r bmJUmam IM© ‘moR>m AgVmo. Ë`m‘wio gwadmVrnmgyZM Am‘À`m {~`mÊ`m§Mm XOm© gdm}Îm‘ am{hbm Am{U Am‘À`m {~`mÊ`m§À`m {H$‘Vr ~mOmanoR>onojm A{YH$M am{hë`m.' ^|S>rnmgyZ gwê$ Pmbobm hm àdmg ‘H$m, Ádmar, ~mOar, Jhÿ, H$mnyg, Vm§Xyi Aem ‘mJm©Zo gd© àH$maMr {nHo$ ì`mnyZ am{hbm. ~mOmanoR>oV Ë`m§Zr AmKmS>r {‘i{dbr. Ë`m§À`m nmdbmda nmD$b R>odyZ OmbÝ`mVM AZoH$ {~`mUo H§$nÝ`m OÝ‘mbm Amë`m. `m gdmªZm Vo ñnY©H$ Z ‘mZVm ghn{WH$ ‘mZVmV. gdmªer Ë`m§Mo CÎm‘ g§~§Y AmhoV. JaOoà‘mUo Ë`m§Zr V§ÌkmZmÀ`m Ñï>rZo H$mhr naXoer H§$nÝ`m§er ghH$m`© H$amahr Ho$bo nU Ë`m§Mm ^a am{hbm Vmo ñdV… g§emoYZ H$ê$Z {dH${gV Ho$boë`m dmUm§daM. `m gmè`m KQ>ZmH«$‘mV ~ÐrZmam`UOtMr d¡`{º$H$ nmVirda Pmbobr OS>UKS>U Abm¡{H$H$ Amho! Aem àH$maÀ`m CÚmoJm§Vrb ho EH$ AmíM`©M ‘mZmdo bmJob. ñdmV§Í`nyd© H$mimV ’$º$ ‘°{Q´>H$n`ªV {ejU Pmbobr EH$ ì`º$s Ë`mZ§VaÀ`m AY©eVH$mV EH$ gm‘«mÁ` C^o H$aVo hr ~m~ gdmªZmM AmíM`©M{H$V H$aUmar Amho. KamVrb nma§n[aH$ ì`mnmamMr nmíd©^y‘r gmoS>br Va Ë`m§À`m JmR>rer ~mH$s H$mhrhr ZìhVo. aPmH$mam§À`m VmdS>rVyZ ‘amR>dmS>m ‘wº$ Ho$ë`mZ§Va Vem AWm©Zo Vo ì`dhmamÀ`m OJmV à{dï> Pmbo. ‘w»`Ëdo eoVr, Ë`mZ§Va àma§^rÀ`m H$mimV Ë`m§Zr {‘i{dbobr "Am°B©b'Mr EOÝgr Am{U Ë`mZ§Va Ho$bobo eoVrVrb g§H$[aV {~`mÊ`m§Mo à`moJ hm H$mi Ë`m§À`mVrb CÚmoJH$mÀ`m g§Kfm©Mm hmoVm. g§H$[aV {~`mÊ`m§Mr {Xem {‘imë`mZ§Va Ë`m§À`m `m g§Kfm©bm EH$ {ZpíMV Aer {Xem {‘imbr. `m dmQ>MmbrV AZoH$ AS>Wio hmoVo. Ë`mVrb n{hbm AS>Wim hmoVm B§J«OrMm. embo` nmVirdarb B§J«OrMo {ejU hm Am`wî`^amÀ`m ì`dhmamMm AmYma hmoD$ eH$V ZìhVm. nU BWo ~ÐrZmam`UOtÀ`m ‘XVrbm Ambm Vmo Ë`m§Mm B§J«Or dmMZmMm N>§X.
  31. 31. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 31 `m dmMZmVyZ Ë`m§À`m B§J«OrMr OS>UKS>U hmoV Jobr. Ë`m§À`m Am°B©b H§$nZrH$Sy>Z hmoUmam nÌì`dhma hm gwÕm `m {ejUmMm EH$ AmYma hmoVm. hr nmíMmË` H§$nZr Amnë`m gd© {S>pñQ´>ã`yQ>aer CÎm‘ B§J«OrVyZ nÌì`dhma H$arV Ago. ì`mdhm[aH$ B§J«OrMo Ë`m§Mo {ejU `mVyZ Pmbo. B§J«Or g§dmXmÀ`m Ë`m§À`m à`ËZmMo gwadmVrbm hgo hmoV Ago, nU {OÔrZo - ZoQ>mZo Ë`m§Zr Amnbo à`ËZ Mmby R>odbo Am{U B§J«OrV Vo Mm§JboM nma§JV Pmbo. XoemVM H$m` nU naXoemVhr Ë`m§Zr Amnbo ì`dhma Am{U g§nH©$ ñd~imda àñWm{nV Ho$bo. Vem AWm©Zo Ë`m§Mr nmíd©^y‘r Vm§{ÌH$ qH$dm g§emoYZmMr ZìhVr. Vo EH$ ì`mnmar. g§emoYZmda AmYm[aV "‘{hH$mo'Mm ngmam C^m H$aUo ho Ë`m§Mo gdm©V ‘moR>o "H«o${S>Q>'. BWo Ë`m§À`mVrb A§J^yV JwU Cn`moJmbm Ambo. Zm{dÝ`mMm Ü`mg, àJVrMr Amg, eoVH$è`m§Mr JaO, ^m¡Jmo{bH$ n[apñWVrMr OmUrd, ~mOmanoR>oVrb CnbãY n`m©` `m gmè`m§Mr OmUrd Ë`m§À`mV Iyn Mm§Jë`m àH$mao hmoVr. ZwgVoM "‘mH}$qQ>J pñH$b' Cn`moJmMo ZgVo, Va Ë`mM ~amo~a Amnë`m "Q>mJ}Q> H$ñQ>‘a'Mr Zo‘H$s JaOhr R>mdyH$ AgUo Amdí`H$ AgVo Am{U Ë`mVyZ CÎm‘ JwUdÎmoMo CËnmXZ ~mOmanoR>oV AmUUo {VVHo$M JaOoMo AgVo. `m ~bñWmZm§À`m AmYmamda Ë`m§Zr Amnbr {Xem R>a{dbr Am{U Ë`mda ‘mJ©H«$‘U Ho$bo. CÎm‘moÎm‘ JwUd§V g§emoYH$ - VÁk Ë`m§Zr OmbÝ`mV AmUbo. Vem AWm©Zo gmam Xoe Ë`m§Mr H$‘©^y‘r Amho nU Ë`mMo H|$Ð OmbÝ`mVM hdo hm Ë`m§Mm Ü`mg hmoVm. Vmo Ë`m§Zr àË`jmV AmUbm. EH$ CÚmoOH$ åhUyZ Vo `eñdr R>aboM, nU Ë`mÀ`m OmoS>rZo Ano{jV Agboë`m gm‘m{OH$ OmUrdm§Zmhr Ë`m§À`m Am`wî`mV ‘hËdmMo ñWmZ Amho. ~ÐrZmam`UOtZr Amnbr gm‘m{OH$ O~m~Xmar nma nmS>Ê`mgmR>r AJXr àma§^rnmgyZM OrdmMo amZ Ho$bo. gm‘m{OH$ H$m`© ho OUy Amnë`m KaMoM H$m`© Amho, Aem àH$mao Vo dmJbo. "OoB©Eg' H$m°boOMr C^maUr gwê$ hmoVr Ë`m H$mimV gdmªZmM {d{dY g‘ñ`m§er Pw§Omdo bmJbo. Ë`m doir amï´>r` qhXr {dÚmb`mÀ`m XmoZ Imoë`m§‘Ü`o H$m°boOMo dJ© ^aV. ñdV§Ì B‘maVrMo ~m§YH$m‘ H$go~go gwê$ Pmbo nU pßb¨W boìhbbm `oD$Z Wm§~bo. hm H$mi hmoVm gmYmaU 1962-63 Mm. BWo g‘ñ`m Ambr hmoVr Imoë`m§da KmbÊ`mÀ`m A°ñ~oñQ>m°gÀ`m nÍ`m§Mr. MrZer `wÕm‘wio hm gmam nwadR>m AË`mdí`H$ H$maUm§gmR>r `wÕ^y‘rH$S>o diVm Pmbobm hmoVm. ~mOmanoR>oV A{Ve` H$‘r ‘mb `oV Ago. ho ~m§YH$m‘ aIS>bo. `m H$m°boOÀ`m ~m§YH$m‘ g{‘VrMr O~m~Xmar ~ÐrZmam`UOtda hmoVr. goR> ~Ýgrbmb `m§Zr ~m§YH$m‘mgmR>r {ZYr CnbãY H$ê$Z {Xbm hmoVm. nÍ`m§gmR>rhr WmoS>m {ZYr CnbãY hmoVm nU EH$X‘ n¡gm C^m H$aUo AdKS> hmoVo Am{U ~mOmanoR>oV nÍ`m§Mr MUMU hmoVr. Aem pñWVrV Am¡a§Jm~mXMo lr. ZmJ^yfU OmbÝ`mV Ambo. Ë`m§Zr emioÀ`m ~m§YH$m‘mMr nmhUr Ho$br Am{U AS>boë`m H$m‘m~Ôb Mm¡H$er Ho$br. nÍ`m§A^mdr H$m‘ Wm§~ë`mMo H$iVmM Ë`m§Zr Xwgè`mM {Xder
  32. 32. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 32 gH$mir nÍ`mMo XmoZ Q´>H$ OmbÝ`mV nmR>dyZ {Xbo. dmñV{dH$ `m gd© ‘mbmMo n¡go EH$X‘ ÚmdoV Aer H$m°boOMr pñWVr ZìhVr. Varhr, amoIrVrb ì`dgm` gmoSy>Z lr. ZmJ^yfU `m§Zr H$m°boObm nÌo nwa{dbo. nÍ`m§Imbr AmYmamgmR>r bmJUmao bmoI§S> goR> éñV‘Or OmbZmdmbm `m§Zr CnbãY H$ê$Z {Xbo Am{U AmR> {Xdgm§V gmè`m g‘ñ`m g§nyZ H$m‘mbm doJmZo gwadmV Pmbr. OmbÝ`mVrb qhX dopëS>§J dŠg©Mo bVr’$^mB© `m§Zr ~m§YH$m‘mÀ`m {R>H$mUr Amboë`m ñQ>rbbm AmH$ma XoD$Z Vo nÌo Q>mH$Ê`mgmR>r `mo1⁄2` Aem nÕVrZo Imoë`m§da {’$Q> H$ê$Z {Xbo Am{U {deof åhUOo `m H$m‘mMm Ë`m§Zr EH$hr n¡gm KoVbm Zmhr. nÌo MT>{dÊ`mÀ`m H$m‘mV gd© {dÚmÏ`mªZr ‘XV Ho$br Am{U EH$m {XdgmVM gmao nÌo Imoë`m§da MT>bo. EH$hr nÌm ’w$Q>bm Zmhr! {OÔrZo bT>Umam EH$ hmV Agob, Va BVa hmV AmnmoAmnM EH$Ì `oVmV Am{U dO«‘yR> V`ma hmoVo `mMoM ho àË`§Va hmoVo. lr JUnVr ZoÌmb` hm Ë`m§À`m gm‘m{OH$ ~m§{YbH$sMm AmJim Am{dîH$ma hmoVm. {deofV… J«m‘rU ^mJmV OZVoMo ñdV…À`m Amamo1⁄2`mH$S>o hmoUmao Xwb©j Vo AZw^drV hmoVo. Ë`mM doir J«m‘rU ^mJmVrb Agw{dYmhr Ë`m§Zm R>mD$H$ hmoË`m. Ë`m§Zr ñdV…M `mMm AZw^d KoVbm. 1987 ‘Ü`o Ë`m§Zm ‘moVrq~Xy Pmbm. boga eó{H«$`oÛmao hr eó{H«$`m H$aVm `oB©b Aer XmoZM hm°pñnQ>ëg Voìhm ^maVmV hmoVr. {X„r Am{U MoÞB©V. ñdV…À`m eó{H«$`oZ§Va ho H$m‘ EdT>o gmono AgVo ho Ë`m§Zr AZw^dbo. Ë`mVyZM Ë`m§Zm àoaUm {‘imbr Am{U gmYmaU XrS> dfmªÀ`m àË`j H$m‘mZ§Va 31 {S>g|~a 1992 amoOr AË`§V AÚ`mdV Aem lr JUnVr ZoÌmb`mMm ew^ma§^hr Pmbm. ho ‘amR>dmS>çmVrb n{hbo AÚ`mdV ZoÌ gdmo©nMma é1⁄2Umb`. `mgmR>r amÁ` emgZmZo gmS>ogmV EH$a OmJm Zm‘‘mÌ ‘yë`mV CnbãY H$ê$Z {Xbr. 1 bmI 70 hOma Mm¡ag ’y$Q> OmJoda AmO ho hm°pñnQ>b S>m¡bmV C^o Amho. ~ÐrZmam`U ~madmbo ‘hm{dÚmb` ho gm‘m{OH$ joÌmVrb Ë`m§Mo AmUIr EH$ `moJXmZ. nÙ{d^yfU JmoqdX^mB© lm°’$ `m§À`mnmgyZ àoaUm KoD$Z ‘{hH$mo [agM© ’$mC§S>oeZZo 1993 ‘Ü`o ~ÐrZmam`U ~madmbo ‘hm{dÚmb` gwê$ Ho$bo. g‘mOmbm XO}Xma {ejU CnbãY H$ê$Z XoVm Ambo nm{hOo `m àoaUoVyZ ho ‘hm{dÚmb` C^o am{hbo. ~m`moQ>oŠZm°bm°Or, ‘m`H«$mo ~m`mobm°Or, H$m°åß`wQ>a gm`Ýg ho {df` `oWo {eH${dbo OmVmV. JmoëS>Z Á`w{~br ñHy$b ho Ë`m§À`m gm‘m{OH$ ~m§{YbH$sMo AmUIr EH$ à‘mU. OmbZm ehamÀ`m hÔrVM gw‘mao 35 EH$am§À`m àeñV n[agamV {dÚmÏ`mªZm gdmªJrU d gd©ñneu {ejU XoUmè`m `m g§ñWoMr O~m~Xmar Ë`m§À`m H$Ý`m Cfm. ~r. Phoa `m§Zr ñdrH$mabobr Amho. B§J«Or ‘mÜ`‘mÀ`m `m emioV {ejUm~amo~a Z¡{VH$Vm, emar[aH$ Am{U ‘mZ{gH$ {dH$gZ `mH$S>o {deofËdmZo bj nwa{dbo OmVo. g§dmXH$m¡eë`m§À`m {dH$mgm~amo~aM ñdV§Ì d VH©$ewÕ {dMmaj‘ {dÚmWu KS>{dÊ`mda `oWo ^a {Xbm OmVmo. "gr~rEgB©' nÕVrMo
  33. 33. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 33 {ejU XoUmar hr emim OmbÝ`mÀ`m e¡j{UH$ joÌmV Amnbo AmJio ApñVËd {Q>H$dyZ Amho. IoiJQ>mnmgyZ ~mamdrn`ªV {ejU XoUmè`m `m g§Hw$bmVyZ n[anyU© {dÚmWu ~mhoa nS>mdoV, Aer `m ‘mJMr g§H$ënZm Amho. lr. ~madmbo `m§À`m `m dmQ>MmbrH$S>o nmhVmZm, Ë`m§À`mer Jßnm ‘maVmZm AmnU AZoH$ doim W¸$ hmoVmo. H$m¡VwH$mZo ‘Z ^ê$Z `oVo. Ë`m§Mm {dMma Am{U Ñï>rH$moZ g‘OyZ KoD$Z AmnU ^mamdyZ OmVmo. AmOÀ`m VéU {nT>rH$S>o nmhVmZm Vo A{Ve` AmemdmXr dmQ>VmV. EHo$H$mir Q>o{b’$moZdê$Z g§nH©$ gmYm`Mm Va VmgZ² Vmg dmQ> nmhmdr bmJm`Mr Am{U naXoemVrb nÌì`dhmamV Va ‘{hZo Om`Mo. AmVm ~XbË`m g§nH©$ì`dñWoV Ambobm doJ Ë`m§Zm Iyn ‘hËdmMm dmQ>Vmo. AmnU gmVË`mZo nwT>oM OmV AmhmoV Ago Vo åhUVmV. AZoH$m§H$Sy>Z bmJUam {ZameoMm gya Ë`m§Zm ‘mÝ` Zmhr. Zdr {nT>r Zì`m ì`dñWoer OwidyZ KoVo Amho, Ago Vo åhUVmV. XoemMr JaO ~XbVo Vgo AmnUhr ~Xbm`bm hdo, Ago gm§JVmZm Vo åhUVmV - h[aV H«$m§VrVyZ ‘moR>m n„m JmR>bm Jobm, AmVm eoVH$ar ñdV…bm ~XbVmo Amho, n`m©`r {nH$m§H$S>o diVmo Amho, hoM àJVrMo ÚmoVH$ Amho, Ago Ë`m§Zm dmQ>Vo. ............... lr. ~ÐrZmam`U ~madmbo, ‘{hH$mo, XmdbdmS>r, OmbZm lll
  34. 34. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 34
  35. 35. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 35 gZ 1998 Mr Jmoï>. ‘w§~B©Vë`m "‘moVrbmb AmoñVdmb' `m ñQ>m°H$ ‘mH}$Q>À`m ì`dhmamVrb Zm‘m§{H$V ’$‘©‘Ü`o OmbÝ`mVrb EH$ VéU Amnë`m ì`dgm`mgmR>r OmbÝ`mV EH$ Q>{‘©Zb ‘mJV hmoVm. VéU gw{e{jV hmoVm. grE Pmbobm hmoVm, nU nmoagmdXm {XgV hmoVm. d`mÀ`m ‘mZmZ§ Ë`mM§ ~mobU§ OmñVrM AmË‘{dídmgnyU© hmoV§. H§$nZrMm ‘mÌ Ë`mda {dídmg ~gV ZìhVm. Ë`m VéUmÀ`m Vmo§S>r eoAa ‘mH}$Q>~amo~aM "H$‘mo{S>Q>r ‘mH}$Q>' `m g§^mì` ì`dgm`mMmhr C„oI `oV hmoVm. hr ñdßZo Va IynM AdmñVd dmQ>V hmoVr. AIoa `m VéUmbm Q>{‘©Zb ZmH$maÊ`mV Amb§. VoWyZ hm VéU Jobm "EgEgHo$Am`' (AmOMr "eoaImZ') `m H§$nZrV. VéU^mB© emh {VWbo grB©Amo hmoVo. {VWohr eoAa ‘mH}$Q>~amo~aM g§^mì` H$‘mo{S>Q>r ‘mH}$Q>Mm ‘wÔm `m VéUmZo bmdyZ Yabm. ‘m`r `m§Zm `m VéUmV EH$ ñnmH©$ {Xgbm Agmdm. gmè`m Jßnm CS>dyZ Z bmdVm, gmdY{JarÀ`m Mma gyMZm H$arV Ë`m§Zr `m VéUmbm OmbÝ`mVrb g~-~«moH$a{en {Xbr Am{U OmbÝ`mV "Am[XZmW ñQ>m°H$ ~«moqH$J'Mm ew^ma§^ Pmbm. OmbÝ`mV AmS>V - {H$amUm ì`dgm`mMr na§namJV nmíd©^y‘r Agboë`m éUdmb Hw$Qw>§~mVrb naoe `m§Zr ho AmJiodoJio nmD$b CMbbo hmoVo. Vo `eñdr hmoUma H$s Zmhr, ho H$miM gm§JUma Agbm, Var VmodaMr 1 OmbZm ñQ>m°H$ EŠñM|O ! naoe Zo‘rM§XOr éUdmb ‘w§~B© hr ^maVmMr Am{W©H$ amOYmZr Amho. ^maVmMr Am{W©H$ gyÌo `m ‘hmZJarVyZ hbVmV. eoAa ~mOma, dm`Xo ~mOma `oWyZM g§Mm{bV hmoVmV. ‘w§~B©ImbmoImb nyU©nUo ñdV§Ì H$ma^ma H$aUmar "~«moH$a{en' H$moR>o Amho? `mMo CÎma Amho - OmbZm. OmbÝ`mVrb naoe Zo‘rM§XOr éUdmb `m§Zr Amnë`m n[admamÀ`m na§namJV CÚmoJmnojm doJir dmQ> MmoImiV EH$ Zdo ñdßZ nm{hbo. Ë`mVyZ OmbÝ`mV Ajae… "ñQ>m°H$ ‘mH}$Q>' C^o am{hbo. Ë`m§À`m {OÔrMr hr H$Wm...
  36. 36. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 36 Ë`m§Mr ì`dgm`mVrb nmdbo ^¸$‘nUoM nS>bobr hmoVr. O~aXñV AmË‘{dídmg Am{U ^{dî`mMm doY KoUmar nmaIr ZOa `m§Mm g§J‘ Agboë`m naoe éUdmb `m§Zr Amnë`m Am`wî`mVrb Zdm AÜ`m` {b{hÊ`mg gwadmV Ho$br. OmbÝ`mVrb à{WV`e "hpñV‘b em§{Vbmb A±S> H§$nZr'Mo lr. Zo‘rM§XOr éUdmb ho naoe `m§Mo dS>rb. Zo‘rM§XOr `m§Zrhr Amnë`m {H$amUm ‘mbmÀ`m ì`dgm`m~amo~aM Am°B©b {‘bMm ì`dgm`hr `eñdrnUo gm§^mibm hmoVm. naoe `m§Mm OÝ‘ Amnë`m AmOmoiMm - d¡OmnyaMm. 27 Zmoìh|~a 1973 ‘Ü`o OÝ‘boë`m naoe `m§Zr OmbÝ`mÀ`mM OoB©Eg H$m°boO‘YyZ H$m°‘g© {df` KoV 12 drMr narjm {Xbr. AH$mC§Q²>g‘Ü`o Ë`m§Zm 99 Q>¸o$ JwU hmoVo. `m {df`mV ~moS>m©V Vo gd©àW‘ Ambo. nwT>§ H$m` H$am`M§, ho Ë`m§Zr Ë`mM doir n¸o$ R>a{dbo hmoVo. OmbÝ`mV Ë`m doir ‘Yy ^¸$S> ho grE Iyn à{gÕ hmoVo. Amnë`m ‘wbmZ§ Ë`m§À`mgmaI§ ~Zmd§, hr naoe `m§À`m AmBªMr - gË`dVr `m§Mr - BÀN>m hmoVr. hr BÀN>mM naoe `m§À`mgmR>r àoaUm ~Zbr. {ZH$mb bmJë`mZ§Va nwÊ`mÀ`m "~rE‘grgr' `m H$m°boOmV OmD$Z nwT>Mo {ejU ¿`m`Mo, Ago Ë`m§Zr R>adyZ R>odbo hmoVo. Amnbm {‘Ì [aVoe gH$boMm `m§À`mgh Vo nwÊ`mbm {ZKmbo. "~rE‘grgr'Mm nÎmm {dMmaV nwT>o OmV AgVmZm dmQ>oV "qg~m`mo{gg'Mm H±$ng bmJbm. hm H±$ng Ë`m§Zm Iyn AmdS>bm. BWoM nwT>Mo {ejU ¿`m`Mo, Ago R>adyZ ho XmoKo H$m°boOmV Jobo. {VWo àdoemgmR>r ^br ‘moR>r am§J. Ë`mVhr àdoe {‘iob H$s Zmhr, ho Z§Va H$iUma... Ë`m§Zr WoQ> àmMm`mªÀ`m Ho${~ZH$S>o ‘moMm© didbm. lr‘Vr drUm `mXd Ë`m doir àmMm`m© hmoË`m. Ë`m§Zr ‘mH©${bñQ> nm{hbr, 99 Q>ŠŠ`m§Mm {dÚmWu {XgVmM {deof ~m~ åhUyZ Ë`m§Zr naoe `m§Mm àdoe {ZpíMVhr H$ê$Z Q>mH$bm. {VWbr à{H«$`m AmQ>monyZ XmoKo {haH$M§X Zo‘rM§X {XJ§~a O¡Z dg[VJ¥hmV Ambo. {VWo aoŠQ>anXr lr. gwa|Ð Jm§Yr hmoVo. hm ‘mUyg AJXr H$S>H$. àË`j S>m`aoŠQ>aÀ`m ^mÀ`mbm Ë`m§Zr ~o{eñVr~Ôb apñQ>Ho$Q> Ho$bobo hmoVo. Ë`m§Zr 4-5 MH$am ‘mam`bm bmdV naoe `m§Zm nmaIyZ KoVbo Am{U Ë`m§Mr nwÊ`mVrb {ejUmMr à{H«$`m gwê$ Pmbr. grE H$aÊ`mMo Va R>abobo hmoVo. nU ~r.H$m°‘. Z§Va 5 df} Kmb{dÊ`mMr Ë`m§Mr BÀN>m ZìhVr. `moJm`moJmZo 1993 nmgyZ {Z`‘ ~Xbbm hmoVm Am{U ~r. H$m°‘. H$aVmZmM ’$mC§S>oeZ H$aÊ`mMr nadmZJr {‘imbr hmoVr. Ë`m‘wio Ë`mM doir Ë`m§Zr grE ’$mD§$S>oeZbm àdoe KoVbm. EH$mM doir ~r. H$m°‘. Am{U ’$mC§S>oeZMm Aä`mg gwê$ Pmbm. Aem àH$maMr Ë`m§Mr hr n{hbrM ~°M. Ë`m§Zr Pmdao gam§Mm Šbmg bmdbm. ho gahr A{Ve` H$S>H$ Am{U H$mQ>oH$moa. {df`mV JmoS>r hmoVrM, nU ‘amR>dmS>çmVyZ nwÊ`mV Joë`m‘wio ñd^mdmV ~wOaonUm hmoVm. Aä`mgmVyZ AmË‘{dídmg `oD$ bmJbm Am{U Vo "~°H$~|Ma'Mo "’«§$Q> aZa' ~Zbo. 1993 Vo 1998 `m H$mimV ~r. H$m°‘., E‘. H$m°‘. Am{U grE
  37. 37. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 37 Aem nXì`m {‘idVmZm Ë`m§Zr Á`m nÕVrZo Aä`mgmMo {Z`moOZ Ho$bo, Ë`mbm VmoS> Zmhr. hmoñQ>obda {‘Ìm§Mm AS>Wim `oVmo åhUyZ AZoH$ bQ>nQ>r IQ>nQ>r H$ê$Z WoQ> nwUo {dÚmnrR>mVrb J«§Wmb`mV ~gÊ`mMr nadmZJr Ë`m§Zr {‘idbr Am{U {VWo 18- 18 Vmgm§Mm Aä`mg gwê$ Ho$bm. Ë`m§Mr hr YS>nS> nmhÿZ aoŠQ>a Jm§Yr gam§Zrhr Ë`m§À`mgmR>r {Z`‘ {eWrb Ho$bo Am{U BVam§Zm doioMo ~§YZ KmVbobo AgVmZm naoe `m§Zm ‘mÌ "ñnoeb nmg' Bí`y Ho$bm. grE Pmë`mZ§Va 1998 ‘Ü`o Vo OmbÝ`mV naVbo. nU Ë`mM doir EH$m Zì`mM ì`dgm`mMm {H$S>m Ë`m§À`m S>moŠ`mV didiV hmoVm. OmbÝ`mV Oo Zmhr, Vo gwê$ H$aÊ`mMo Ë`m§Zr R>adbo. {ZU©` KoVbm Vmo H$ba b°~ gwê$ H$aÊ`mMm. KamVyZ àM§S> {damoY Pmbm. "grE' H$ê$Z ’$moQ>moÀ`m qàQ> {dH$Uma H$m, Ago àíZ {dMmabo Jobo. nU Amnë`m {ZU©`mda Vo R>m‘ am{hbo. qgJmnyahÿZ 17 bmImV EH$ goH§$S>h±S> ‘erZ AmUb§ Am{U "’$moQ>mo’$mB©Z H$ba b°~'bm ew^ma§^ Pmbm. `mgmR>r Ë`m§Zm ‘XV Pmbr d¡Omnya `oWrb Ë`m§À`m AmOmo~m§Mr. AmnU XoV Agbobo n¡go naV `oVrb H$s Zmhr, `mMr H$gbrhr ImVaO‘m Z H$aVm Ë`m§Zr ho n¡go {Xbo Am{U ì`dgm` `eñdr Pmbm. H$moUmMrhr ‘XV {‘iUo ‘hËdmMo AgVoM, nU Hw$Qw>§~mVyZ {‘iUmar ‘XV A{YH$ ‘hËdmMr R>aVo, Ago naoe åhUVmV. H$m‘mMm ^ma BVH$m hmoVm, H$s ‘erZ 24 Vmg Mmby amhr. ’$º$ ‘mUgm§À`m {eâQ> ~XbV. hm à{VgmX nmhV Ë`m§Zr OwZm OmbZm ^mJmV AmUIr EH$ b°~ CKS>br. Ë`mnmR>monmR> ~èhmUnya `oWo ^mdmÀ`m gmgwadmS>rVhr EH$ b°~ gwê$ Ho$br. hm ì`dgm` pñWamdV AgVmZmM àma§^r C„oI Ho$bobm {H$ñgm KS>bm Am{U Ë`m§À`m H$[aAabm doJio diU {‘imbo. eoAa ~mOma, eoAa ‘mH}$Q>, Ë`mVrb ì`dhma `m ~m~VMm Ë`m§Mm Mm§Jbm Aä`mg hmoVm. "eoaImZ'Mr g~-~«moH$a{en {‘i{dë`mZ§Va OmbÝ`mV Ë`m§Zr H$m‘mbm gwadmV Ho$br. gmYmaU VrZ Vo gmS>oVrZ df} "eoaImZ'Mr g~-~«moH$a{en Mmb{dë`mZ§Va "eoaImZ'À`m gmo~V naoe `m§Mm ì`dgm` dmTy> bmJbm. Ë`m§Zr Zdm n`m©` emoYbm Vmo "~moZmÝPm nmoQ>©’$mo{bAmo {b.'À`m ê$nmZo. 2001 Am{U 2002 ‘Ü`o EZEgB©Mr g~-~«moH$a{en XoÊ`mgmR>r Ë`m§À`mH$S>o "eoAaImZ'Zo 5 bmIm§Mr ‘mJUr Ho$br. nU hr a¸$‘ Iyn OmñV Agë`m‘wio Ë`m§Zr "~moZmÝPm'‘m’©$V "~rEgB©' Am[U "EZEgB©'Mr g~- ~«moH$a{en {‘i{dbr. 2003-04 ‘Ü`o "H$‘mo{S>Q>r ‘mH}$Q>'Mo H$m‘H$mO gwê$ Pmbo. ho Va Ë`m§Mo ñdßZ hmoVo. Ë`mM ^mdZoVyZ `m ‘mH}$Q>‘Yrb n{hbr CbmT>mb Ë`m§Zr ñdV… Ho$br. "EZEgB©'Mo H$‘mo{S>Q>r EŠñM|OMo g{Q>©{’$Ho$Q> Ë`m§Zr 24 gßQ>|~a 2003 amoOr {‘i{dbo. {deof åhUOo, `m{df`rMm Ë`m§Mm Aä`mg EdT>m JmT>m hmoVm, H$s `m ì`dhmamMo {Z`‘ ~ZdVmZm Ë`m§Zm "EZEgB©'‘Ü`o nmMmaU H$aÊ`mV Ambo. g~-~«moH$a{en‘YyZ ~mhoa nSy>Z hiyhiy Ë`m§Zr EH$ EH$ H$aV {d{dY g§ñWm§Mr
  38. 38. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 38 ~«moH$a{en {‘i{dÊ`mg gwadmV Ho$br. "~rEgB©', "EZEgB©', "E‘grEŠg', "EZgrS>rEŠg', "E‘grEŠg-EgEŠg', "grS>rEgEb', "`yEgB©' `m gd© g§ñWm§Mo AmO Vo ~«moH$a AmhoV. "Am[XZmW' hr "{H«${gb aoqQ>J ~«moqH$J' gj‘ H§$nZrhr Amho. ‘w§~B©~mhoa EH$mM N>VmImbr EdT>çm g§ñWm§Mr ~«moH$a{en AgUmar amÁ`mVrb ~hþYm hr n{hbr Am{U EH$‘od g§ñWm Agmdr. XmoZ H$m°åß`wQ>ada gwê$ Pmboë`m Ë`m§À`m H$m‘mMm {dñVma AmO gwg‚m gìh©agh Jw§VdUyH$Xmam§À`m godogmR>r CnbãY Amho. `m ì`dgm`mVrb ~maH$mdo Am{U CbmT>mbrMr J{UVo g‘OyZ ¿`mdr, Va WoQ> naoe `m§À`mer g§dmX gmYUo `mo1⁄2`. nU AË`§V ~o^ademÀ`m joÌmVrb EH$ CÎm‘ {~PZog {dH${gV H$aUmè`m naoe `m§Mo ì`mdhm[aH$ AZw^d ‘mÌ AmdOy©Z bjmV R>odÊ`mOmoJo AmhoV. eoAa Am{U dm`Xo ~mOmamV ‘mJÀ`m Xhm dfmªV AZoH$ bmQ>m `oD$Z Joë`m, Ë`mMm H$mhrEH$ n[aUm‘ "Am[XZmW'da Pmbm Zmhr. Ë`mMo ‘hËdmMo H$maU R>abo naoe `m§Zr Ho$bobr "[añH$ {àìh|[Q>ìh ‘°ZoO‘|Q>'. `m ì`dgm`mV AZoH$ OU Ambo Am{U ~wS>mbo, Ë`m§À`m~Ôb ~mobVmZm Vo åhUVmV - "Vo Ambo, Vo MwH$bo, Vo ~wS>mbo.' J«mhH$m§Zm godm XoVmZm Ë`m§Zr H$mhr {Z`‘ ~Zdbobo AmhoV. Amnbr "{b{‘Q>' Vo H$Yrhr Amobm§S>V ZmhrV. `m ì`dhmam§da "go~r'Mo {Z`§ÌU AgVo. Ë`m§À`m ì`dhmamV {XdgmÀ`m Ama§^r EH$m goH§$XmMmhr Cera MmbV Zmhr. ImË`mV n¡gm Zgob, Va "go~r' gmao H$mhr VmVS>rZo Oá H$aVo Am{U ~«moH$abm {XdmiImoa Omhra H$aVo. hr doi Ë`m§Zr ñdV…da H$Yrhr `oD$ {Xbr Zmhr. AJXr Amnë`m KamVrb ì`º$sbmhr `oWo Jw§VdUyH$ AWdm ì`dhma H$am`Mo AgVrb, Va VodT>m n¡gm g‘moa R>odmdm bmJVmo. CYmardarb dm`Xo `oWo MmbV ZmhrV. EH$ OwZm AZw^d Vo gm§JVmV. ^mOnm gaH$ma OmD$Z H|$ÐmV H$m±J«og gaH$ma Ambo, Ë`m {Xder eoAa ~mOma AMmZH$ Iyn ‘moR>çm à‘mUmV H$mogibm. Ë`m {Xder XoemV AZoH$m§À`m {b{‘Q> ãbm°H$ Pmë`m. "Am[XZmW'Mm ì`dhma ‘mÌ gwê$ hmoVm Am{U H$‘r XamVrb eoAa IaoXrgmR>rMr am§J ‘moR>çm à‘mUmda dmT>br hmoVr. bmoH$ amoI n¡go KoD$Z am§JoV C^o hmoVo ! Ë`m {Xder naoe `m§À`mH$Sy>Zhr H$mhr MwH$m Pmë`m, nU Ë`m ’$ma J§^ra ZìhË`m. nU Ë`mVyZ Vo Iyn H$mhr {eH$bo. AmO Ë`m§À`m H$m`m©b`mVyZ 110 Q>{‘©Zëg H$m`©aV AmhoV. àË`oH$mMo ì`dhma EH$m gìh©aZo OmoS>bobo AmhoV. `m ì`dhmam§da Ë`m§Mo ~maH$mB©Zo bj AgVo. gH$mir 9 Vo amÌr 12 Agm hm "ñQ´>og’w$b' {~PZog Amho. `m ì`dgm`mVrb AmUIr EH$ ~maH$mdm Ë`m§Zr {Q>nbm. hm "ñQ>´>og’w$b' {~PZog Agë`m‘wio `oWo H$m‘ H$aUmè`m H$‘©Mmè`m§Zm nwaoer Cg§V Vo {‘idyZ XoVmV. Ë`m§À`mda H$moUVrhr Q>mJ}Q> bmXbr OmV ZmhrV. Ë`m‘wio ho H$‘©Mmar Amnë`m Šbm`§Q>Zm nwZ…nwÝhm ’$moZ H$ê$Z Jw§VdUwH$sg ^mJ nmS>V ZmhrV. Amnë`m ~«moH$aoOgmR>r Šbm`§Q>bm MwH$sMm
  39. 39. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 39 g„m XoUo qH$dm ‘wÔm‘hÿZ {e’$mag H$aU§ naoe `m§Zm ‘mÝ` Zmhr. ñdV…À`m ‘OuZo Šbm`§Q>Zr Jw§VdUyH$ H$amdr, Ago Vo åhUVmV. Ë`m‘wio Vo ñdV…hr gwa{jV amhÿ eH$VmV, hm Ë`mVrb Xwgam ‘hËdmMm ^mJ. Amnë`m ì`dgm`mVrb `emMo gdm©{YH$ lo` Vo Ë`m§Mo AmOmmo~m, AmB© - dS>rb `m§Zm XoVmV. `m gdmª‘wioM Ë`m§À`m Am`wî`mV Am{U ì`dhmamV {eñV Ambr. Ë`m{edm` Ë`m§Zr XyaÑîQ>rZo AmUboë`m gm°âQ>doAabmhr `emMo ‘moR>o lo` Úmdo bmJVo. 70 bmI én`o {H$‘VrMo ho gm°âQ>doAa A{Ve` H$m`©j‘ Amho. EH$mMdoir AZoH$ AmKmS>çm§da ì`dhma Am{U A§‘b~OmdUr H$aUmè`m `m gm°âQ>doAaMm dmna Iyn H$‘r H§$nÝ`m§V hmoVmo. Amnë`m J«mhH$m§Mr n`m©`mZo Amnbr ñdV…Mr H$miOr KoÊ`mgmR>r ho gm°âQ>doAa A{Ve` Cn`wº$ Amho, Ago Vo gm§JVmV. `m gm°âQ>doAaMr "EE‘gr' Amho gmV bmI én`o! Amnë`mH$S>rb gd© 3000 J«mhH$m§Mm "Ho$dm`gr' Ë`m§À`mH$S>o OnyZ R>odbobm Amho. hr g§»`m 5 hOmam§da Joë`mZ§Va Ë`mMo {S>{OQ>bm`OoeZ H$aÊ`mMm Ë`m§Mm ‘mZg Amho. ho "Ho$dm`gr' ~±Ho$à‘mUo 2 - 4 nmZm§Mo ZgVmV. gw‘mao 40 Vo 50 nmZm§Mo ho ~mS> A{Ve` ‘hËdmMo AgVo. `mV H$mhr JS>~S> Pmë`mg Ë`mbm ~«moH$a O~m~Xma Yabm OmVmo. Am{XZmW ñQ>m°H$ ~«moH$g© àm. {b., Am{XZmW H$‘mo{S>Q>rO, ’$moQ>mo’$mB©Z H$ba b°~ `m§Mo `eñdr g§MmbZ H$arV AgVmZmM Ë`m§Zr ZwH$VrM "^y‘r H$m°Q>Z àm. {b.' `m {OqZJMr ñWmnZm Jw§S>odmS>r `oWo Ho$br Amho. Zì`m ImOJr {OqZJZm nadmZJr XoÊ`mMo YmoaU V`ma hmoVmM, H$mimMr nmdbo AmoiIUmè`m naoe `m§Zr hr {OqZJ gwê$ Ho$br. Ë`mbm {‘iUmam à{VgmXhr CÎm‘ Amho. `mM {OqZJ‘YyZ ~mhoa nS>Umè`m gaH$snmgyZ Vob V`ma H$aUmar
  40. 40. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 40 "éUdmb CÚmoJ' hr Am°B©b {‘b Ë`m§Zr bJoMM E‘Am`S>rgrV C^mabr. H$mimMr nmdbo AmoiIV, `mo1⁄2` doir `mo1⁄2` n`m©` {ZdS>Umam hm Oo‘Vo‘ 38 dfmªMm `wdH$ AmO gmYmaU 8000 H$moQ>tMr dm{f©H$ CbmT>mb H$aVmo Amho. "OmbZm - gmoZo H$m nmbZm' hr OwZr, na§namJV åhU, Amnë`m ^{dî`doYr ZOaoZo AMyH$ {ZU©` Am{U MmoI A§‘b~OmdUrÛmao `eñdr H$arV gmW© H$arV Amho. ^{dî`mV OmbZm "E‘Am`S>rgr'V àeñV ßbm°Q>da gd© gw{dYm§Zr gwg‚m H$m`m©b`mV Amnbm g§nyU© ì`dhma hb{dÊ`mMo Ë`m§Zr R>a{dbo Amho. ho C{Ôï> AmJm‘r df©^amV nyU© H$aÊ`mMm Ë`m§Mm ‘mZg Amho. [añH$ ‘°ZoO‘|Q> H$aVmZm Am{U ì`dhmamV AmKmS>r JmR>VmZm Ë`m§Mo EH$ gyÌ Amho - It is not the strongest species that survive, nor the most intellegent, but the one most responsive to change. H$mimMm nm`ad EoHy$Z ñdV…bm Ë`mgmR>r AZwHy$b H$aÊ`mMr hmVmoQ>r bm^boë`m `m VéUmMm EH$ {ZYm©a ‘mÌ H$m`‘ Amho - hm ì`dhma àM§S> à‘mUmV dmT>dm`Mm, nU hoS>¹$mQ>©a ‘mÌ OmbZmM amhUma...! ............... lr. naoe éUdmb, AmXrZmW ñQ>m°H$~«moqH$J àm. {b., éUdmb H$m°åßboŠg, Zdm ‘m|T>m, OmbZm. lll
  41. 41. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 41 ""OmbZm {OëømVrb gm‘mÝ`mVë`m gm‘mÝ` ‘mUgmMrhr Amamo1⁄2`mMr àË`oH$ JaO OmbÝ`mV nyU© Pmbr nm{hOo. ~è`mMem ì`mYtdarb CnMmam§Mr gw{dYm OmbÝ`mV AmUÊ`mV Amåhmbm `e Ambo Amho. àg§Jr Am{W©H$ AñW¡`© ghZ H$ê$Z Amåhr ho AÚ`mdV V§ÌkmZ OmbZm ehamV CnbãY H$ê$Z {Xbo. AmVm EH$ ñdßZ nmhVmo Amho... Ia§ Va ho ‘mÂ`m AmB©M§ ñdßZ Amho... ‘w§~B©À`m Q>mQ>m H°$Ýga hm°pñnQ>bÀ`m YVuda OmbÝ`mV EH$ H°$Ýga hm°pñnQ>b C^§ H$am`M§ Amho. nmhÿ `m na‘oída Ho$ìhm eº$s XoVmo Vo...'' S>m°. g§O` amI ~mobV hmoVo. Q>mD$Z hm°b n[agamVrb XrnH$ hm°pñnQ>bMo Zmd AmO gdmªÀ`mM ‘wIr Amho. `m hm°pñnQ>bÀ`m g§MmbZmVrb hr Xwgar {nT>r. S>m°. g§O` `m§À`m ZoV¥ËdmImbr XrnH$ hm°pñnQ>bZo Ho$bobr àJVr ñn¥hUr` Amho. Vgo nm{hbo, Va ‘hmZXrMmgwÕm CJ‘ A{Ve` N>moQ>m AgVmo... S>m°. amI Hw$Qw>§~r`m§À`m d¡ÚH$s` godoMm CJ‘hr AgmM N>moQ>mgm hmoVm. 8 {S>g|~a 1963 hm Vmo {Xdg. OmbZm ehamVrb ‘wWm {~pëS>¨J‘Ü`o S>m°. e§H$aamd amI `m§Mm XdmImZm gwê$ Pmbm. 1964 À`m ‘mM© ‘{hÝ`mV bú‘r {~pëS>¨J‘Ü`o S>m°. amI `m§Mo "OZab hm°pñnQ>b' gwê$ Pmbo. `m S>m°. g§O` e§H$aamd amI ho OmbÝ`mÀ`m d¡ÚH$s` joÌmVrb EH$ C‘X§ ì`{º$‘Îd. OmbÝ`mV AÚ`mdV d CÎm‘moÎm‘ d¡ÚH$s` gw{dYm CnbãY H$ê$Z XoV AgVmZmM Ë`m§Zr Amnë`mVrb gm‘m{OH$ ^mZ hady {Xbo Zmhr. Vo AZoH$ ñdßZo nmhVmV. Ë`m ñdßZm§À`m nyV©VogmR>r H$ï> CngVmV. ho ñdßZ d¡ÚH$s` joÌmVrb Agmo H$s gm‘m{OH$ joÌmVrb... Ë`m§À`mg‘moa AgVmo Vmo g‘mOmÀ`m gd©gmYmaU dJm©Vrb gm‘mÝ` ‘mUygM...! 2 H°$Ýga hm°pñnQ>bM§ ^ì` ñdßZ S>m°. g§O` amI
  42. 42. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 42 B‘maVrV Mma df} é1⁄2Ugodm Ho$ë`mZ§Va gÜ`mÀ`m Q>mD$Z hm°b ^mJmV 1968 ‘Ü`o gd© gw{dYm§Zr `wº$ Aem àeñV é1⁄2Umb`mg gwadmV Pmbr. Am°naoeZ {WEQ>a, àgy[VJ¥h, EŠg-ao gw{dYm Am{U d¡ÚH$s` VnmgUrgmR>r AË`mYw{ZH$ à`moJemim Aem gw{dYm `oWo CnbãY H$ê$Z XoÊ`mV Amë`m. S>m°. e§H$aamd amI `m§À`m ZoV¥ËdmImbr hr dmQ>Mmb gwê$ AgVmZmM H$m¡Qw>§{~H$ AmKmS>rdaMr àJVrhr gwê$ hmoVr. 16 Am°ŠQ>mo~a 1965 amoOr g§O` `m§Mm OÝ‘ Pmbm. Xwgarn`ªV OmbÝ`mVrb gañdVr {eew{dhma, {Vgar Vo nmMdrMo {ejU Zm{eH$À`m EH$m ~mo{S>ªJ ñHy$b‘Ü`o, ghmdr Vo XhmdrMo {ejU ‘w§~B©À`m S>m°. A±Q>mo{Z`mo {S>{gëìhm hm`ñH$yb‘Ü`o nyU© H$ê$Z Ë`m§Zr 11drbm OmbÝ`mÀ`m OoB©Eg H$m°boO‘Ü`o àdoe KoVbm. E‘~r~rEg Am{U E‘EgMr nXdr Am¡a§Jm~mXÀ`m emgH$s` d¡ÚH$s` ‘hm{dÚmb`mVyZ 1988 d 1991 ‘Ü`o {‘i{dë`mZ§Va nwT>À`m {ejUmgmR>r Am{U H$[aAagmR>r Ë`m§Zr ‘w§~B© ‘hmZJarMr dmQ> Yabr. {VWë`m ‘mÝ`da hm°pñnQ>b‘Ü`o Ë`m§Mr {ZdS>hr Pmbr, nU Ë`m§M§ ‘Z {VW§ a‘b§ Zmhr. AmnU g‘mOmM§ XoU§ bmJVmo, hr ‘ZmVbr ^mdZm Ë`m§Zm ñdñW ~gy XoV ZìhVr. AIoarg ‘ZmMm {ZYm©a H$ê$Z Ë`m§Zr OmbÝ`mV naVÊ`mM§ R>adb§. nËZr gm¡. AZwamYm amI `mhr ~mbamoJ VÁk. Ë`m§Zrhr S>m°. g§O` `m§Zm gmW {Xbr Am{U 1993 ho df© Zdg§OrdZr KoD$Z Ambo. S>m°. g§O` Am{U S>m°. AZwamYm amI `m§Zr g{O©H$b {d^mJ Am{U ~mbé1⁄2U {d^mJ gwê$ Ho$bo. 1995 ‘Ü`o g{O©H$b {d^mJmbm AmH$ma Ambm. 1996 ‘Ü`o XmoZ A{VXjVm {d^mJ gwê$ H$aÊ`mV Ambo, VgoM gmoZmoJ«m’$sMr gw{dYm CnbãY H$aÊ`mV Ambr. é1⁄2Umb`mÀ`m n[agamV gwê$ Ho$boë`m AÚ`mdV ‘o{S>H$b ñQ>moAa‘wio é1⁄2Um§Zm 24 Vmg `mo1⁄2` XamV Am{U {dídgZr` Am¡fYr {‘iÊ`mMr CÎm‘ gmo` Pmbr. AmO{‘Vrbm XrnH$ hm°pñnQ>b‘Ü`o é1⁄2Um§À`m godogmR>r 9 {d^mJ CnbãY AmhoV. óramoJ Am{U àg[Vemó {d^mJ, OZab gO©ar, ~mbamoJ, H$mZ - ZmH$ - Kgm, ao{S>Am°bm°Or, ‘o{S>grZ, ApñWì`§J {d^mJ, ~{YarH$aU {d^mJ, n°Wm°bm°Or {d^mJ. ‘w§~B© gmoSy>Z OmbÝ`mV naVVmZmM S>m°. g§O` `m§Zr OmbZm eha Am{U n[agamVrb gdm©V gwg‚m, n[anyU© Am[U AË`mYw{ZH$ hm°pñnQ>bMo ñdßZ nm{hbo hmoVo. Q>ßß`mQ>ßß`mZo Vo àË`jmV CVaVhr hmoVo. nU Zì`m B‘maVrÀ`m ‘mÜ`‘mVyZ A{Ve` à^mdr nÕVrZo Vo gdmªg‘moa AdVabo 2006 ‘Ü`o. ""hm°pñnQ>b åhUOo Ho$di S>m°ŠQ>a Am{U noe§Q> `m§À`m MM}Mr Am{U VnmgUrMr OmJm Zìho. hm°pñnQ>b ho Amamo1⁄2`‘§{Xa AgVo. `m ‘§{XamV àdoe H$aVmM {Zå‘m AmOma Xya niyZ Jobm nm{hOo. XrnH$ hm°pñnQ>b‘Ü`o àdoe H$aVmM hmoUmao ào‘i - AJË`erb ñdmJV Amnë`m ‘ZmV {dídmg {Z‘m©U H$arb. àË`oH$ ‘Oë`mdarb àeñV Am{U ^ì` doqQ>J hm°b Am`wî`mH$S>o nmhÊ`mMr Amnbr Ñï>r AmUIr CXmÎm H$arb. S>m°ŠQ>am§er MMm©
  43. 43. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 43 H$aVmZmM AmnU ~ao hmoV Agë`mMr AZw^yVr `oWo AmnU {ZpíMVnUo ¿`mb. gd©Ì ~g{dbobo H°$‘oao gwa{jVVoÀ`m Ñï>rZo Amnbr H$miOr KoVrb. hm°pñnQ>bMo gd© ì`dhma Am{U {~qbJ g§JUH$sH¥$V ì`dñWoÛmao {Z`§{ÌV H$aÊ`mV `oV Agë`mZo é1⁄2Umdarb CnMmam§{df`r H$gë`mhr e§H$m ~miJÊ`mMr JaO CaUma Zmhr...'' S>m°. g§O` amI Amnbo àË`jmV CVabobo ñdßZ Amnë`mg‘moa ‘m§S>V AgVmV. Amnë`m `m godm§Mm Ë`m§Zm gmW© A{^‘mZ Amho. VÁk S>m°ŠQ>am§Mr 24 Vmg CnbãYVm, AnKmV {d^mJ, ‘|Xydarb eó{H«$`ogmR>rMm Ý`yamogO©ar {d^mJ `m hm°pñnQ>b‘Ü`o gd© AË`mYw{ZH$ gw{dYm§gh CnbãY Amho. ao{S>Am°bm°Or {d^mJmV CnbãY H$ê$Z XoÊ`mV `oV Agboë`m "{hVmMr E[ag‘|Q> AmonZ E‘AmaAm`', "ñnm`ab gr. Q>r. ñH°$Z', "H$ba S>m°nba Q>oñQ>', "{S>{OQ>b EŠg-ao' `m gw{dYm§‘wio CnMmanÕVr A{YH$ gwb^ Am{U V§ÌewÕ Pmbr Amho. `mVrb "AmonZ E‘AmaAm`' Va ’$º$ XmoZ hOma én`m§V CnbãY H$ê$Z XoÊ`mV Ambm Amho. `m‘wio AZoH$ OUm§Zm, Ë`mVhr Am{W©H$ Xw~©b Hw$Qw>§~m§Zm `mMr ‘mobmMr ‘XV Pmbr Amho. gdm©V H$‘r aH$‘oÀ`m `m gw{dYo‘wio "XrnH$ hm°pñnQ>b'À`m {eanoMmV ‘mZmMm Vwam Imodbm Amho. `m hm°pñnQ>b‘Yrb ‘o[S>grZ {d^mJ Qy>-S>r BH$mo, H$ba S>m°nba, ñQ´>og Q>oñQ> AmXr gw{dYm§Zr gwg‚m Amho. àgyVr {d^mJmV XmoZ àgyVr H$j, Ë`mbm OmoSy>ZM Agbobo eó{H«$`mJma Am{U eoOmarM S>m°nba Am{U gmoZmoJ«m’$s `m gw{dYm EH$Ì AgUo åhUOo CÎm‘ CnMmam§Mr ImÌr. A°pŠgS>|Q>, ’«°$ŠMa, ‘UŠ`m§Mo d hmS>m§§Mo {dH$ma, g§[YdmV BË`mXr ApñWamoJm§da CnMmamgmR>r XrnH$ hm°pñnQ>b‘Ü`o gd© AË`mYw{ZH$ gw{dYm§Zr `wº$ ApñWamoJ {M{H$Ëgm {d^mJ gwê$ Amho. 19 ~oS>Mm gwg‚m Am`gr`y {d^mJhr OmbÝ`mV gdm©V àW‘ AmUÊ`mMm ‘mZ `m hm°pñnQ>bZo {‘idbm. ~«m±H$moñH$monr, H°$Ýga eó{H«$`m `m§Mr gw{dYmhr OmbÝ`mV àW‘M XrnH$ hm°pñnQ>b‘Ü`o CnbãY Pmbr, Va BÝ’${Q>©©{bQ>r pŠb{ZH$ Am{U ‘wVIS>çm§gmR>r `wam°bm°Or {d^mJmMr gw{dYmhr XrnH$ hm°pñnQ>b‘Ü`o CnbãY Amho. OmbZm ehamV AË`mYw{ZH$ d¡ÚH$s` gw{dYm§Zr gwg‚m Agboë`m hm°pñnQ>bÀ`m {Z{‘©VrMm Ü`mg KoVboë`m S>m°. g§O` amI `m§Zr ZwH$VrM "H$m{S>©`mH$ H°$W b°~' C^r Ho$br Amho. öX`amoJtZm OrdZ g§OrdZr XoÊ`mMm hm AmUIr EH$ à`ËZ. `m H°$Wb°~‘Ü`o "H$moamoZar A±{OAmoJ«m’$s d A±{OAmoßbmñQ>r' Ho$br OmVo. öX`{dH$ma åhQ>bo H$s gm‘mÝ` ‘mUyghr A{Ve` Km~aVmo. `mo1⁄2` ‘mJ©Xe©ZmA^mdr OrdKoUr AmnÎmr H$mogiÊ`mMr eŠ`Vm AgVo. nU `oWo Amë`mZ§Va Ë`mbm `mo1⁄2` CnMma {‘iÊ`mMm ‘mJ© Iwbm hmoVmo. XrnH$ hm°pñnQ>bMo gdm©V ‘hËdmMo d¡{eîQ>ç åhUOo ZdOmV A^©H$m§gmR>rMm AVrd XjVm H$j! ZdOmV ~mim§Zm gd© d¡ÚH$s` gw{dYm VmVS>rZo, AMyH$nUo d CÎm‘ [aVrZo XoÊ`mÀ`m Ñï>rZo C^mabobm hm H$j, Amdí`H$ Agboë`m gd© gmo`rgw{dYm Am{U
  44. 44. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 44 AË`mYw{ZH$ `§ÌUm§Zr n[anyU© Amho. AmR> ao{S>`§Q> dm°‘©a, ’$moQ>moWoanr Am{U ‘m°{ZQ>[a¨J {gpñQ>‘ `m gw{dYm Va `oWo CnbãY AmhoVM, ‘mÌ Eaìhr Á`m gw{dYogmR>r OmbZm gmoSy>Z ‘m>oR>çm ehamV Omdo bmJV hmoVo, Vr Ý`ynmoQ>© Ý`wAmoZoQ>b ìh|Q>rboQ>a hr gw{dYm AmVm XrnH$ hm°pñnQ>b‘Ü`oo CnbãY Amho. {deof åhUOo ñVZnmZmgmR>r ‘mVm§Mr hmoV Agbobr J¡agmo` Q>miÊ`mgmR>r `oWo Img "‘Xa ’$s{S>§J ê$‘'hr C^maÊ`mV Ambr Amho. `oWo gd© ‘mVm Amnë`m ~mim§Zm {dZmg§H$moM XyY nmOy eH$Vrb. hm°pñnQ>b‘Ü`o gwg‚m ~mbé1⁄2U {d^mJ CnbãY Amho. `oWo gd© Amdí`H$ d¡ÚH$s` gw{dYm Va CnbãY AmhoVM, nU àË`oH$ {R>H$mUr AmnU AZw^dV Agbobr EH$ J¡agmo` `oWo hmoUma Zmhr. hm°pñnQ>bÀ`m {Vgè`m ‘Oë`mda AË`mYw{ZH$ Am°naoeZ {WEQ>g© C^maÊ`mV Ambr AmhoV. Ë`mbm OmoSy>Z Agbobr eó{H«$`mnyd© H$j Am{U eó{H«$`oZ§VaMm H$j `m gw{dYm OmbÝ`mV àW‘M AZw^dÊ`mg {‘iUma AmhoV. AË`mYw{ZH$ {ZOªVwH$rH$aU `§ÌUm, g|Q´>b Egr, q^Vtda AË`mYw{ZH$ Bnm°Šgr H$moqQ>J, AË`mYw{ZH$ Am°naoeZ {WEQ>a bmB©Q²>g² Am{U gdm©V ‘hËdmMr Agbobr OZaoQ>aMr gw{dYm, `m‘wio CËH¥$ï> CnMmam§Mr h‘r XrnH$ hm°pñnQ>b‘Ü`o {‘iVo. `m~amo~aM S>m°. amI `m§Zr AmVm AÚ`mdV d gd© gw{dYm§Zr `wº$ "Am`gr`y é1⁄2Udm{hH$m' CnbãY H$ê$Z {Xbr Amho. A{Ve` J§^ra é1⁄2Umbm nwT>rb CnMmam§gmR>r Xwgè`m ehamV hb{dÊ`mMr doi `oVo Voìhm `m é1⁄2Udm{hHo$Mm ’$m`Xm hmoVmo. `m‘Ü`o H¥${Ì‘ ídgZàUmbr (ìh|{Q>boQ>a), S>r’o$~boQ>a, Am°pŠgOZ, ‘m°{ZQ>a AmXr gw{dYm CnbãY AmhoV, Ë`mM ~amo~a `m A°åã`wbÝg‘Ü`o VÁk S>m°ŠQ>a d Zg}ghr CnbãY AgVmV. Ë`m‘wioM Aer é1⁄2Udm{hH$m "Am`gr`y Am°Z ìhrb' `m ZmdmZohr AmoiIbr OmVo. hr gmar Pmbr Vm§{ÌH$ MMm©. S>m°. g§O` amI `mH$S>o H$moUË`m ZOaoZo nmhVmV? Amnë`m AmB©-d{S>bm§Mr Agbobr d¡ÚH$s` na§nam g‘W©nUo nwT>o Mmb{dUmè`m S>m°. g§O` `m§À`m gm‘m{OH$ Om{Udmhr `mM na§naoV g§ñH$m[aV Pmboë`m AmhoV. S>m°ŠQ>am§Zm g‘mOmZo ~hmb Ho$bobo AmXamMo ñWmZ Ë`m§À`m H$m`‘Mo ‘ZmV H$moabobo Amho. Ë`mM~amo~a Ë`m§À`m ‘ZmVrb gm‘m{OH$ Om{Udmhr {VVŠ`mM g§doXZj‘ AmhoV. Ë`m‘wioM `e Am{U àJVr‘mJrb Ñ[ï>H$moZ {dMmaVm Vo CËñ’y$V©nUo CX²JmaVmV, "‘mÂ`m AmB© - d{S>bm§Mo Amerdm©X Am{U XrnH$ hm°pñnQ>b ‘Yrb gd© S>m°ŠQ>g©, n[aMm[aH$m, V§Ìk... WmoS>Š`mV g§nyU© Q>r‘À`m ‘XVr{edm` H$mhrhr H$m‘ C^o H$aUo AeŠ`M hmoVo. `m Q>r‘À`m AWH$ ‘XVr‘wioM BWn`ªV nmohmoMVm Ambo.' ñdV…darb gm‘m{OH$ Om[Udm§À`m g§ñH$mam§~ÔbMo XmoZ àg§J Ë`m§Zm AOyZhr AmR>dVmV... n{hbm àg§J Amho Am¡a§Jm~mXÀ`m emgH$s` d¡ÚH$s` ‘hm{dÚmb`mV "E‘Eg' nyU©
  45. 45. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 45 H$aVmZmMm. OmbÝ`mVyZ Am¡a§Jm~mXH$S>o naVVmZm eoH$Q>çmOdi 4 -5 OUm§Zr Ë`m§Mr H$ma AS>dbr. EH$m ‘wbmbm Ë`m§Zr gmo~V AmUb§ hmoV§. ‘wbmbm "nmZ bmJb§' Amho, Ag§ Ë`m§M§ åhUU§ hmoV§. "nmZ bmJU§' hm eãXà`moJ Ë`m§Zr àW‘M EoH$bm hmoVm. nU gË` H$ië`mZ§Va Vo ^mZmda Ambo. Ë`m§Zr gdmªZm VmVS>rZo Amnë`m JmS>rV KoVbo. nËZr S>m°. AZwamYm JmS>r S´>mB©ìh H$arV hmoË`m. {MH$bR>mÊ`mÀ`m Odi nmoMV AgVmZmM Ë`m ‘wbmMr ZmS>r ‘§Xmdy bmJë`mMo Ë`m§À`m bjmV Ambo. Ë`m jUr Ë`m§Zr Ë`m ‘wbmbm Vm|S>mÛmao ídmg XoÊ`mg (‘mD$W Qy> ‘mD$W aopñnaoeZ) gwadmV Ho$br. KmQ>rÀ`m Odi nmoMVm nmoMVmM öX`hr ~§X nSy> bmJë`mMo Ë`m§À`m bjmV `oD$ bmJbo. KmQ>rV nmoMVmM Ë`m§Zr VmVS>rZo `m ‘wbmdarb CnMma gwê$ Ho$bo. ‘gmO - B§OoŠeZ gwê$ Pmbo. ‘wbmbm CnMmamgmR>r S>m°ŠQ>am§À`m Vmã`mV XoD$Z Vo Amnë`m H$m‘mbm bmJbo Am{U hm àg§J {dgê$Zhr Jobo. Mma {Xdgm§Zr EH$ ‘{hbm Ë`m§À`mH$S>o YmdV Ambr Am{U WoQ> nm`m§da H$mogibr. "S>m°ŠQ>a, Vw‘À`m‘wioM ‘mPm ‘wbJm dmMbm...' Ago gm§JV nwÝhm nwÝhm CnH$ma ‘mZy bmJbr... Ë`m ‘{hboÀ`m Ñï>rZo S>m°ŠQ>a Xodmg‘mZ hmoVo ! Xwgam àg§J Amho qgXIoS>amOm n[agamVrb EH$m 18 dfu` `wdVrMm. hr ‘wbJr JamoXa hmoVr. {Xdg ^abobo hmoVo, nU XwX£dmMr ~m~ åhUOo {VMr J^m©e` {nedr nmoQ>mVM ’w$Q>br hmoVr. qgXIoS>amOmV CnMmam§Mr gmo` ZìhVrM. OmbÝ`mV H$moUrhr XmIb H$ê$Z KoB©ZmV. ho gd© OU S>m°. g§O` `m§À`mH$S>o nmoMbo. n[apñWVr AmUr~rUrMr hmoVr. J^m©e` {nedr ’$mQ>ë`mZo nmoQ>mVrb ~mi AmYrM JVàmU Pmbo hmoVo. ‘wbrMrhr dmMÊ`mMr eŠ`Vm H$‘r hmoVr. dmMbrM, Va J^m©e` {nedr H$mTy>Z Q>mH$mdr bmJUma hmoVr. Ë`m‘wio Vr ‘wbJr Am`wî`mV H$Yrhr AmB© ~Zy eH$Uma ZìhVr. ZmVodmBH$m§Zr CnMmam§Mr nadmZJr {Xbr Am{U n[aUm‘m§Mr O~m~Xmar ñdrH$mabr. à`ËZm§Mr eW© H$arV S>m°. g§O` `m§Zr eó{H«$`m Ho$br Am{U ‘wbmbm dmM{dÊ`mV Ë`m§Zm `e Ambo. ‘wbJr ewÕrda Amë`mZ§Va S>m°. g§O` {VÀ`m Odi Jobo. Ë`m ‘wbrbm n[apñWVrMr H$ënZm XoUo Amdí`H$ hmoVo. {VM§ ~mi ‘aU nmdë`mM§ Ë`m§Zr gm§{JVb§. Ë`m ‘wbrÀ`m Mohè`mda doXZoMr H$i Ambr, nU S>m°ŠQ>am§Zr Ooìhm {Vbm nwT>o H$Yrhr ‘yb hmoD$ eH$Uma Zgë`mMo gm§{JVbo, Voìhm {VÀ`m Mohè`mda C‘Q>bobo ^md S>m°ŠQ>am§Zm AOyZhr AñdñW H$aVmV. Ë`m ‘wbrMm àmU dmMbm nU {VMo J‘mdbobo gd©ñd naV {‘idyZ XoÊ`mVrb hV~bVm S>m°. g§O` `m§Zm AOyZhr AñdñW H$aVo. `m ‘wbrgmR>r S>m°ŠQ>a XodmH$S>o àmW©Zm H$aÊ`mnbrH$S>o H$mhr H$ê$ eH$V ZìhVo! Amnë`mVrb gm‘m{OH$ Om[Udm S>m°. g§O` `m§Zr Zoho‘rM OmJ¥V R>odë`m AmhoV. {d{dY ~±H$m, e¡j{UH$ g§ñWm, d¡ÚH$s` joÌmVrb g§ñWm `m§À`mgmR>r Vo doi XoVmVM nU OmbZm JUoe ’o$pñQ>ìhbgmaIr Midi OmbÝ`mV éO{dÊ`mMo lo`hr Ë`m§Zm OmVo. Amnë`m hm°pñnQ>b‘Yrb gd© ñQ>m’$ ho Ë`m§À`mgmR>r ñdV…Mo Hw$Qw>§~M Amho. "Am`wî`mV
  46. 46. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 46 H$moUVrhr Jmoï> ñdßZ nm{hë`m{edm` Am{U Ë`m ñdßZm§gmR>r H$ï> Ho$ë`m{edm` {‘iV Zmhr', ho Ë`m§Mo gmYo gai VËdkmZ. åhUyZM Ë`m§Zr OmbÝ`mV gwg‚m hm°pñnQ>bMo ñdßZ nm{hbo Am{U nmM dfmªnydu Vo àË`jmV CVabo. AmVm nwT>Mo ñdßZ Amho H°$Ýga hm°pñnQ>bMo. Ë`mÀ`m nyV©VogmR>r Vo Z¸$sM H$ï> H$aUma. H$maU Ë`m‘mJMr Ë`m§Mr àoaUm Amho Ë`m§Mr AmB©. ho hm°pñnQ>b C^o amhmdo, hr Ë`m§À`m AmBªMr Vrd« BÀN>m Amho. Ë`mMo H$maUhr VgoM Amho. Ë`m§Mo dS>rb, åhUOo S>m°. g§O` `m§Mo AmOmo~m, `m§Zm ñdmXwqnS>mMm H°$Ýga Pmbm hmoVm. Am{W©H$ n[apñWVrA^mdr Ë`m§À`mda nwaogo CnMma hmoD$ eH$bo ZmhrV. ‘w§~B©À`m "Q>mQ>m'‘Ü`o Ë`m§Zm doXZmXm`r ‘¥Ë`y Ambm. Aem é1⁄2Um§gmR>r OmbÝ`mV gw{dYm CnbãY H$ê$Z XoÊ`mgmR>r S>m°Ÿ. g§O` `m§Zr AmVm H§$~a H$gbr Amho. `m{edm`hr Ë`m§Mo AmUIr EH$ ñdßZ Amho. EH$mM {R>H$mUr Á`oð>m§gmR>r d¥Õml‘ Am{U AZmW ‘wbm§gmR>r AZmWml‘ C^maÊ`mMo Ë`m§Mo ñdßZ Amho. n[apñWVrÀ`m ’$Q>Š`m‘wio `m OJmV EH$mH$s OrdZ OJUmè`m Á`oð>m§Zm ZmVd§S>o {‘iVrb Am{U ‘wbm§Zm AmOmo~m - AmOr...! ............... S>m°. g§O` amI, XrnH$ hm°pñnQ>b, Q>mD$Z hm°bOdi, OmbZm. lll
  47. 47. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 47 d`mMr n{hbr Xhm dfª ‘wbm§darb g§ñH$mamÀ`m Ñï>rVyZ AË`§V ‘hËdmMr AgVmV. Ë`mVhr Ë`mVrb n{hbr nmM df} åhUOo ‘mVrMm H$ƒm JmoimM! Ë`mbm AmnU Ogm AmH$ma XoD$, Vgo Vo ~ZUma. nU {ejUmÀ`m ~mOmarH$aUmV `m Jmoï>tH$S>o bj H$moU XoUma? "{edmOr OÝ‘mdm, nU eoOmaÀ`m KamV' Aer Amnbr n[apñWVr. `m pñWVrV gm¡. {demIm {dZ`Hw$‘ma Xoenm§S>o `m§Zr {ZYm©a Ho$bm. ~mbd`mVM g§ñH$ma Am{U {eñVrÛmao ‘wbm§À`m ^{dî`mMr nm`m^aUr H$aÊ`mÀ`m {ZYm©amVyZ Ë`m§Zr 1993 ‘Ü`o ñdV…À`m KamVM "~mb{dhma g§ñH$ma H|$Ðm'Mm ew^ma§^ Ho$bm. OmbÝ`mÀ`m H$Moar amoS>dê$Z gH$miÀ`m doir AmnU {ZKmbmo, Va Om’«$m~mXH$a d{H$bm§À`m Kamg‘moaM "gm¡^Ð' ho Ka {XgVo. `m KamÀ`m daÀ`m ‘Oë`mdê$Z ‘wbm§Mo JmUr JmVmZmMo, nmT>çm§Mo ñda H$mZmda nS>VmV. BW§ Hw$R>§Var emim {XgVo Amho, Agm g‘O AmnU H$ê$Z KoVmo Am{U nwT>o {ZKVmo. daH$aUr hm g‘O ~amo~aM AgVmo. BWo emimM Amho, nU hr BVa emim§gmaIr emim Zmhr. BWo H$mhrVar doJio Amho. "gm¡^Ð'Mm {OZm MTy>Z AmnU da Jobmo, H$s "nm[aOmV', "Jwbm~', "gXm~hma', "angels' Aem nmQ>çm {XgVmV. hr `m emioVrb dJmªMr Zmd§. d` df} 3 Vo 5 `m JQ>mVrb ‘amR>r Am{U B§J«Or ‘mÜ`‘m§‘Ü`o ~mbdJm©Mo YS>o {JadUmar ‘wb§ BW§ 3 g§ñH$mam§Zm OmoS> {eñVrMr... gm¡. {demIm Xoenm§S>o Oo {MÌ AZoH$ ~S>çm eham§‘Ü`o {XgVo, Vo OmbÝ`mV H$m {Xgy Z`o? AJXr ~mbd`mVM ‘wbm§da CÎm‘ g§ñH$ma H$aUmar Mm§Jbr emim H$m Agy Z`o, `m AñdñWVoVyZ 1993 ‘Ü`o {demIm Xoenm§S>o `m§Zr ~mb{dhma g§ñH$ma H|$ÐmMr ñWmnZm Ho$br. ñdV… ‘wbm§‘Ü`o a‘Umè`m, Amnë`m AmB©H$Sy>Z {‘imbobm {eñV Am{U g§ñH$mam§Mm dmagm Amnë`m nwT>À`m {nT>rH$S>o gwnyX© H$ê$ BpÀN>Umè`m gm¡. {demIm Xoenm§S>o `m§À`m CnH«$‘mMm hm n[aM`...
  48. 48. OmbZm Am`H$m°Ýg / 48 {XgVmV. gm¡. {demImVmBªÀ`m g§ñH$mamV dmT>Umar hr ‘wb§ Amnë`mbm ñdV…H$S>o IoMyZM KoVmV. `mM§ H$maU Ë`m ‘wbm§‘Yrb doJionU. `m d`mMr BVaÌ {XgUmar Am{U {eH$Umar ‘wb§ {OW§ BVa ImoS>çm§‘Ü`o ‘3⁄4 AgVmV, {VW§ BWbr ‘wb§ A§H$ AmoiI, Aja AmoiI, gm‘mÝ` kmZ, {MÌH$bm `mV a‘bobr AgVmV. gm¡. {demImVmBªMm hoVy Am{U Ñ[ï>H$moZhr AgmM doJim Amho. {demImVmBªMm OÝ‘ h¡Ðm~mXMm. H$maU Ë`m§Mo AmOmo~m VoWo amhV. Ë`m§Mo dS>rb Cn{Oëhm{YH$mar. ‘amR>dmS>çmV {d{dY Jmdm§V Ë`m§Mr ~Xbr hmoB©. Ë`m‘wio [demImVmBªMo {ejUhr Cñ‘mZm~mX, na^Ur, bmVya Aem eham§VyZ Pmbo. 1977 ‘Ü`o Ë`m§À`m d[S>bm§Mr nXñWmnZm na^UrV AgVmZm OmbÝ`mÀ`m {dZ`Hw$‘ma Xoenm§S>o `m§À`mer Ë`m§Mm {ddmh Pmbm. {ddmhmZ§VaMm 15 dfmªMm H$mi ‘wbo Am{U Hw$Qw>§~mV a‘ë`mZ§Va Ë`m§À`m ‘ZmV g§ñH$ma H|$ÐmMm {dMma Kmoiy bmJbm. `mM gw‘mamg Ë`m§Zm Pmbobo Xwgao AnË` d¡ÚH$s`ÑîQ>çm "{deof ~mbH$' R>abo. Ë`mÀ`mH$S>o bj XoVmZmM Amnë`m ‘ZmVrb D$‘vZm dmQ> {‘idyZ XoÊ`mgmR>r Aem g§ñH$ma H|$ÐmMm ‘ZmV KmoiUmam {dMma Ë`m§Zr Amnë`m nVrÀ`m H$mZr KmVbm. Ë`m§Zrhr ‘moR>çm CËgmhmZo hr H$ënZm CMbyZ Yabr. CËgmhmZo Om{hamV Ho$br. 20-25 ‘wbm§À`m àdoemZo `m AmJù`mdoJù`m emiobm gwadmV Pmbr. Vgm `m emioMm Aä`mgH«$‘ R>abobm ZìhVm H$s bm¡[H$H$ ‘mÝ`VoÀ`m Ñï>rZo à`ËZ Pmbobm ZìhVm. hr Iè`m AWm©Zo "g§ñH$ma emim' hmoVr. "{eñV' Am{U "g§ñH$ma' `m XmoZ Jmoï>tMo ~miH$Sy> XoÊ`mMo `oWo {ZpíMV hmoVo. ‘wb§ `oD$ bmJbr. n{hbo XmoZ ‘{hZo Ë`m§Zm AmoirV ~gU§, Mnbm - ~yQ> am§JoV H$mTy>Z R>odU§, Kar Joë`mZ§Va H$go dmJm`Mo ho gm§JU§ gwê$ Pmb§. hiy hiy A§H$ AmoiI- Aja AmoiI gwê$ Pmbr. nU hr AmoiI åhUOo

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