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OER: Conceptual Outlook (First day at Odisha Training)

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Training Workshop at Bhubaneswar, Odisha (India)

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OER: Conceptual Outlook (First day at Odisha Training)

  1. 1. Vinod K. KanvariaDepartment of Education University of Delhivinodpr111@gmail.com
  2. 2. OER: Outlooking at the Conceptual Scenario This talk is aimed to cover: Open: An Introduction Open Source: An Understanding The Blurred Line between ‘Open’ and ‘Free’ OER: What do they include? OR: Classification 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 2
  3. 3. OER: Outlooking at the Conceptual Scenario This talk is aimed to cover: OER: Uses and Applications OER: Life Cycle for Development OER: Some Exemplars Free ER: Some Exemplars OER Repositories: Stream wise 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 3
  4. 4. What is ‘Open’ ? Open ! What is it ?28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 4
  5. 5. What is Open ? Copyright Free Open / Copyleft28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 5
  6. 6. Copyright Free Education OpenOPEN IS EXPECTED TO enhance the quantity as well as quality OF TEACHING AND LEARNING 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 6
  7. 7. OPEN SOURCE: DEEPER UNDERSTANDING Free Redistribution Free and Unbound Source Code Derivative or Derived WorksOpen Source Integrity of the Source Code Equality of Persons or Groups No Discrimination against Fields 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 7
  8. 8. OPEN SOURCE: DEEPER UNDERSTANDING Distribution of License Version-free Must Not Be Product-specificOpen Source Not Restrict Other Software Must Be Technology-neutral 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 8
  9. 9. OER defined "OER are teaching, learning and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials or techniques used to support access to knowledge.“ William and Flora Hewlett Foundation28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 9
  10. 10. Open Educational ResourcesThe four ‘R’s of OERReuse – Use the work verbatim, just exactly as you found itRework – Alter or transform the work so that it better meets your needsRemix – Combine the (verbatim or altered work) with other works to better meet your needsRedistribute – Share the verbatim work, the reworked work, or the remixed work with others28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha David Wiley, 2007 10
  11. 11. Blurred Line Between Free and Open Both are Important Monetary Social Natural Sciences Social Sciences Concept Concept Free Open 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 11
  12. 12. What can Open Educational Resources include? OERLearning Licenses Social Sciences content Tools28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 12
  13. 13. Learning Content Full courses, course materials, content modules, learning objects, collections and journals, online tools and software to support content creation28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 13
  14. 14. Tools Software to support the creation, delivery, use and improvement of open learning content including searching and organization of content, content and learning management systems, content development tools, and on-line learning communities28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 14
  15. 15. Licenses Intellectual property licenses to promote open publishing of materials, design- principles, and localization of content28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 15
  16. 16. What are the Six Licenses?28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 16
  17. 17. OPEN LICENSES: What symbols stand for? Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercialOpen License No Derivatives Share alike Combination as per the need 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 17
  18. 18. Classification of OER On the basis of Internet connectivity, Target group and Focus28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 18
  19. 19. On the basis of Internet connectivity One-timeOnline OER Offline OER Connection OER 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 19
  20. 20. On the basis of Target group Individual OER Group OER28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 20
  21. 21. On the basis of FocusCommunication Content Focused OER Focused OER 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 21
  22. 22. OER: Use and Application OER: Using it in Various Ways 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 22
  23. 23. Way 1 To enhance an existing course or offering by adding OER In this case adding OER to the current course may help not only teachers and teacher educators, but their learners too.28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 23
  24. 24. Way 2 To improve existing content by replacing the existing materials with the OER The replacement of the existing materials may help in arousing the interest of the learners or helping out with the conflict management in the mechanism of dealing with the outdated and insignificant material.28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 24
  25. 25. Way 3 To create new part of materials by using or re- purposing OER For the new content, teacher can develop OER materials, or use the existing OER or use the material generated for some other purpose by others as per his/her specific needs.28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 25
  26. 26. Way 4 To create new courses by using, re-using and repurposing OER This can help them in creating easily the new courses considering latest advancement- technical and content- based.28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 26
  27. 27. Way 5 Getting students to generate OER When new OERs will be generated, these can be discussed in open for feedback and further refinement before distribution at mass level.28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 27
  28. 28. OER Life Cycle Prepare Search Review & Classify Publish (Re) & Purpose Deliver Value Addition28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 28
  29. 29. Prepare •Module Specifications Sheet (Outline, Duration, Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria, Learning Units Description). •Context of Use (whether mainstream educational system through programmes of studies or short professional development courses or both). •Identify type of Open Licensing to be used. •Selection of the pedagogical strategy and instructional techniques.28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 29
  30. 30. Search and Classify •Identify repositories to be used (e.g. Open learn, Connexions, MIT, OER Commons, Wiki Educator or Wikipedia etc.). •Look for related content – browse metadata, check license type, check content quality, level, format, pedagogical approach, duration etc. •Build a checklist of available content – classify according to the pertinent criteria above or as per ones requirements. •Identify what is missing and what needs to be added, developed from scratch and/or adapted/repurposed/ re-contextualized.28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 30
  31. 31. (Re) Purpose •Decontextualize highly adapted learning content. •Rewrite material that is not contextually correct, write new materials to cater for those that are missing, and/or mix materials from different sources. •Add context-related learning activities that meet the pedagogical approach selected.28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 31
  32. 32. Value Addition •Add new learning/pedagogical scenarios that improve the learning experience of learners. •Provide multiple modalities (such as animations and multimedia) for learning to suit individual preferences of learners (such as learning/cognitive styles). •Provide multiple access/delivery modes to increase accessibility to learners with different constraints such as internet connection, limited bandwidth etc.28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 32
  33. 33. Publish and Deliver •Publish on e-learning platform, stand-alone websites, and CD/DVD formats. •Deliver the course to target audience. •Monitor the learner progress and achievements and provide tutoring/technical support. •Share in the different OER repositories or simply put the content available on your local website and let others know about it.28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 33
  34. 34. Review •Gather feedback from learners on the course. •Review content to improve the course for subsequent cohorts. •Restart the cycle if there are changing requirements and/or to keep up-to-date with on-going developments in the area or to check for other OER that have been published or improved.28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 34
  35. 35. OER Some Exemplary Cases28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 35
  36. 36. Exemplary OERBepress: http://www.bepress.com/College Open Textbooks: Textbooks are organized bysubject, with various open licenses.http://www.collegeopentextbooks.orgConnexions: This is a sort of repository for educationalcontent, organized by discipline. Though it is not a userfriendly search interface, but worth a look anyway.http://cnx.org/Digital commons scholarly publications: This is searchablerepository organized by grade level, subject, type ofcontent and format. http://www.oercommons.org/ 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 36
  37. 37. Exemplary OER-Moodle: Moodle is an open platform for learningmanagement system (LMS). Courses can be mutuallydeveloped and executed using this platform.http://www.moodle.org/-Open Stax: Peer-reviewed college textbooks can befound online here. https://openstaxcollege.org/books-CurrikiAll content are cc licensed and uploaded by educators.http://www.curriki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome-Global Textbook Project: Open document format fortextbooks are available on business, computing,education, health, sciences and social sciences.http://globaltext.terry.uga.edu/books 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 37
  38. 38. Exemplary OER Geogebra: Geogebra is a subject based platform devoted to the combination of geometry and algebra in mathematics. Using it one can draw various shapes from simpler line segments to complex tessellations, use co-ordinate geometry to analyse the figures, etc. http://www.geogebra.org/28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 38
  39. 39. Exemplary OER Merlot This is searchable repository of educational content, organized by subject, grade level, type of content and format. http://www.merlot.org/merlot/index.htm28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 39
  40. 40. Massive Benefit Open Educational Resource is not merely a concept now, but a dream come true. It is the need of the hour that we should not only use but also propagate its use in teaching-learning processes for the massive benefit of teachers and learners, and hence the betterment of entire educational system.28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 40
  41. 41. Multi-dimensional The OERs having a vast number of varieties with numerous functions can be fitted in all the situations of teaching-learning processes. In other words, one can always find an OER for every aspect of classroom or learning scenario. At the heart of OER lie core ideas of inclusive education, development of all, learning of all and education for all. This has become almost indispensable to use and promote the use of OER for the development of the society as a whole.28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 41
  42. 42. Pace with the Future Hence, in the current century, keeping the future of education in the concern, OERs must be used and supported for massive use.28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 42
  43. 43. Education in the 21st Century Our success will depend upon the extent to which we are able to change ourselves with the changing times28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 43
  44. 44. “Success is the ability to go from one failure to another with no loss of enthusiasm.” --Winston Churchill28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 44
  45. 45. Let us all join hands to achieve excellence in Education through Open Educational Resources28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 45
  46. 46. References, that might interest you http://www.opensourcescripts.com/help .html http://col-oer.weebly.com/module-5--- using-oer.html http://wikieducator.org/Open_Education al_Content/olcos/CHOOSE_a_license http://wikieducator.org/Open_Education al_Content/olcos/SEARCH http://www.collegeopentextbooks.org 48 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 28-01-2013
  47. 47.  http://wikieducator.org/Open_Educational_Co ntent/olcos/PRODUCE_%26_REMIX http://col-oer.weebly.com/module-6---the-oer- life-cycle.html http://cnx.org/ http://www.bepress.com/ http://www.oercommons.org/ http://www.moodle.org/ https://openstaxcollege.org/books http://www.curriki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/W ebHome49 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 28-01-2013
  48. 48. http://www.geogebra.org/http://www.merlot.org/merlot/index.ht mhttp://facultyfiles.deanza.edu/gems/de ansusan/CMC32008Conf.ppthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_educ ational_resourceshttp://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Open_edu cational_resourceshttp://www.un.org/esa/socdev/enable/ disacc00.htm50 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 28-01-2013
  49. 49.  http://www.teacherswithoutborders.org/abo ut  http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/  http://www.oerderves.org/wp- content/uploads/2007/03/a-review-of-the- open-educational-resources-oer- movement_final.pdf  http://icommons.org/2007/03/01/virtual- learning-10-open-education- resources/#more-491  http://www.knownet.com/writing/weblogs/G raham_Attwell/entries/beijing_paper/71064 58966/attach/OpenContentBeijing.rtf51 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 28-01-2013

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