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Vinod K. Kanvaria
Department of Education
   University of Delhi
vinodpr111@gmail.com
OER: Outlooking at the Conceptual
            Scenario
   This talk is aimed to cover:


          Open: An Introduction
          Open Source: An Understanding
          The Blurred Line between ‘Open’
          and ‘Free’
          OER: What do they include?
          OR: Classification

  28-01-2013      Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   2
OER: Outlooking at the Conceptual
            Scenario
   This talk is aimed to cover:


          OER: Uses and Applications
          OER: Life Cycle for Development
          OER: Some Exemplars
          Free ER: Some Exemplars
          OER Repositories: Stream wise


  28-01-2013      Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   3
What is ‘Open’ ?

                          Open !
                   What is it ?




28-01-2013       Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   4
What is Open ?

  Copyright



  Free



  Open / Copyleft


28-01-2013      Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   5
Copyright                                     Free




                   Education



                          Open

OPEN IS EXPECTED TO enhance the quantity as
 well as quality OF TEACHING AND LEARNING
  28-01-2013     Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha          6
OPEN SOURCE: DEEPER UNDERSTANDING


                          Free Redistribution

                      Free and Unbound Source Code

                         Derivative or Derived Works
Open Source
                          Integrity of the Source Code

                        Equality of Persons or Groups

                     No Discrimination against Fields
 28-01-2013   Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha        7
OPEN SOURCE: DEEPER UNDERSTANDING


                    Distribution of License Version-free

                          Must Not Be Product-specific



Open Source


                          Not Restrict Other Software

                           Must Be Technology-neutral
 28-01-2013   Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha       8
OER defined
 "OER are teaching, learning and research
 resources that reside in the public domain or
 have been released under an intellectual
 property license that permits their free use
 or re-purposing by others. Open educational
 resources include full courses, course
 materials, modules, textbooks, streaming
 videos, tests, software, and any other tools,
 materials or techniques used to support
 access to knowledge.“ William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
28-01-2013         Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha      9
Open Educational Resources

The four      ‘R’s of OER
Reuse – Use the work verbatim, just exactly as you
   found it
Rework – Alter or transform the work so that it better
   meets your needs
Remix – Combine the (verbatim or altered work) with
   other works to better meet your needs
Redistribute – Share the verbatim work, the reworked
   work, or the remixed work with others
28-01-2013        Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   David Wiley, 2007
                                                                  10
Blurred Line Between Free and Open


                     Both are Important



      Monetary                                           Social
    Natural Sciences                                   Social Sciences
       Concept                                          Concept



              Free                                       Open
 28-01-2013          Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha                11
What can Open Educational
       Resources include?


                 OER

Learning                                         Licenses
                                               Social Sciences
 content

                  Tools
28-01-2013   Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha               12
Learning Content

           Full courses, course
       materials, content modules,
       learning objects, collections
      and journals, online tools and
       software to support content
                 creation
28-01-2013     Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   13
Tools

       Software to support the creation,
       delivery, use and improvement of
        open learning content including
         searching and organization of
         content, content and learning
        management systems, content
        development tools, and on-line
             learning communities
28-01-2013       Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   14
Licenses

       Intellectual property licenses
        to promote open publishing
            of materials, design-
       principles, and localization of
                   content


28-01-2013      Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   15
What are the Six Licenses?




28-01-2013    Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   16
OPEN LICENSES: What symbols stand for?


                                          Creative Commons

                                          Attribution

                                          Non-commercial
Open License
                                          No Derivatives

                                          Share alike

                          Combination as per the need
 28-01-2013    Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha             17
Classification of OER


             On the basis of Internet
              connectivity, Target
                group and Focus



28-01-2013       Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   18
On the basis of Internet
           connectivity




                                                  One-time
Online OER     Offline OER                       Connection
                                                    OER




  28-01-2013   Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha          19
On the basis of Target group




 Individual OER                                Group OER


28-01-2013   Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha               20
On the basis of Focus




Communication                                  Content
 Focused OER                                 Focused OER

 28-01-2013       Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha    21
OER: Use and Application

                        OER: Using it in
                        Various Ways




 28-01-2013   Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   22
Way 1


                   To enhance an existing
                    course or offering by
                        adding OER


                In this case adding OER to the
               current course may help not only
             teachers and teacher educators, but
                       their learners too.
28-01-2013            Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   23
Way 2


               To improve existing content
                by replacing the existing
                 materials with the OER


        The replacement of the existing materials may
        help in arousing the interest of the learners or
        helping out with the conflict management in the
        mechanism of dealing with the outdated and
        insignificant material.
28-01-2013           Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   24
Way 3


                  To create new part of
                 materials by using or re-
                     purposing OER


        For the new content, teacher can develop OER
        materials, or use the existing OER or use the
        material generated for some other purpose by
        others as per his/her specific needs.
28-01-2013          Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   25
Way 4


              To create new courses by
                 using, re-using and
                  repurposing OER


       This can help them in creating easily the
           new courses considering latest
        advancement- technical and content-
                        based.
28-01-2013        Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   26
Way 5


                     Getting students to
                       generate OER



             When new OERs will be generated,
             these can be discussed in open for
               feedback and further refinement
              before distribution at mass level.
28-01-2013           Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   27
OER Life Cycle

                                 Prepare


                                                     Search
             Review                                     &
                                                     Classify




             Publish
                                                      (Re)
               &
                                                     Purpose
             Deliver

                                 Value
                                Addition

28-01-2013             Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha          28
Prepare

    •Module Specifications Sheet (Outline, Duration, Learning
    Outcomes, Assessment Criteria, Learning Units Description).

    •Context of Use (whether mainstream educational system
    through programmes of studies or short professional
    development courses or both).

    •Identify type of Open Licensing to be used.

    •Selection of the pedagogical strategy and instructional
    techniques.



28-01-2013            Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha          29
Search and Classify

    •Identify repositories to be used (e.g. Open learn, Connexions,
    MIT, OER Commons, Wiki Educator or Wikipedia etc.).

    •Look for related content – browse metadata, check license
    type, check content quality, level, format, pedagogical approach,
    duration etc.

    •Build a checklist of available content – classify according to
    the pertinent criteria above or as per one's requirements.

    •Identify what is missing and what needs to be added, developed
    from scratch and/or adapted/repurposed/ re-contextualized.


28-01-2013            Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha           30
(Re) Purpose


  •Decontextualize highly adapted learning content.

  •Rewrite material that is not contextually correct, write new
  materials to cater for those that are missing, and/or mix materials
  from different sources.

  •Add context-related learning activities that meet the pedagogical
  approach selected.




28-01-2013            Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha          31
Value Addition

   •Add new learning/pedagogical scenarios that improve the
   learning experience of learners.

   •Provide multiple modalities (such as animations and
   multimedia) for learning to suit individual preferences of learners
   (such as learning/cognitive styles).

   •Provide multiple access/delivery modes to increase accessibility
   to learners with different constraints such as internet connection,
   limited bandwidth etc.



28-01-2013            Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha          32
Publish and Deliver

    •Publish on e-learning platform, stand-alone websites, and
    CD/DVD formats.

    •Deliver the course to target audience.
    •Monitor the learner progress and achievements and provide
    tutoring/technical support.

    •Share in the different OER repositories or simply put the
    content available on your local website and let others know
    about it.



28-01-2013            Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha         33
Review


   •Gather feedback from learners on the course.

   •Review content to improve the course for subsequent cohorts.

   •Restart the cycle if there are changing requirements and/or to
   keep up-to-date with on-going developments in the area or to
   check for other OER that have been published or improved.




28-01-2013           Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha          34
OER


               Some Exemplary Cases




28-01-2013   Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   35
Exemplary OER
Bepress: http://www.bepress.com/
College Open Textbooks: Textbooks are organized by
subject, with various open licenses.
http://www.collegeopentextbooks.org
Connexions: This is a sort of repository for educational
content, organized by discipline. Though it is not a user
friendly search interface, but worth a look anyway.
http://cnx.org/
Digital commons scholarly publications: This is searchable
repository organized by grade level, subject, type of
content and format. http://www.oercommons.org/
 28-01-2013        Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha    36
Exemplary OER
-Moodle: Moodle is an open platform for learning
management system (LMS). Courses can be mutually
developed and executed using this platform.
http://www.moodle.org/
-Open Stax: Peer-reviewed college textbooks can be
found online here. https://openstaxcollege.org/books
-Curriki
All content are cc licensed and uploaded by educators.
http://www.curriki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome
-Global Textbook Project: Open document format for
textbooks are available on business, computing,
education, health, sciences and social sciences.
http://globaltext.terry.uga.edu/books
   28-01-2013       Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   37
Exemplary OER

   Geogebra: Geogebra is a subject
   based platform devoted to the
   combination of geometry and
   algebra in mathematics. Using it one
   can draw various shapes from
   simpler line segments to complex
   tessellations, use co-ordinate
   geometry to analyse the figures, etc.
   http://www.geogebra.org/
28-01-2013     Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   38
Exemplary OER


      Merlot
    This is searchable repository of
    educational content, organized by
    subject, grade level, type of content and
    format.
    http://www.merlot.org/merlot/index.htm



28-01-2013       Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   39
Massive Benefit
             Open Educational Resource is not
              merely a concept now, but a
              dream come true. It is the need
              of the hour that we should not
              only use but also propagate its
              use     in     teaching-learning
              processes for the massive
              benefit of teachers and learners,
              and hence the betterment of
              entire educational system.
28-01-2013            Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   40
Multi-dimensional
   The OERs having a vast number of varieties
   with numerous functions can be fitted in all
   the situations of teaching-learning processes.
   In other words, one can always find an OER
   for every aspect of classroom or learning
   scenario. At the heart of OER lie core ideas of
   inclusive education, development of all,
   learning of all and education for all. This has
   become almost indispensable to use and
   promote the use of OER for the development
   of the society as a whole.
28-01-2013        Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha    41
Pace with the Future


                Hence, in the current
             century, keeping the future
             of education in the concern,
               OERs must be used and
             supported for massive use.

28-01-2013          Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   42
Education in the 21st Century




   Our success will depend upon
        the extent to which
            we are able
        to change ourselves
     with the changing times



28-01-2013   Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   43
“Success is the ability
   to go from one failure
     to another with no
    loss of enthusiasm.”
                         --Winston Churchill



28-01-2013   Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   44
Let us all join hands to
    achieve excellence in
          Education
           through
  Open Educational Resources


28-01-2013   Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   45
References, that might interest you
 http://www.opensourcescripts.com/help
  .html
 http://col-oer.weebly.com/module-5---
  using-oer.html
 http://wikieducator.org/Open_Education
  al_Content/olcos/CHOOSE_a_license
 http://wikieducator.org/Open_Education
  al_Content/olcos/SEARCH
 http://www.collegeopentextbooks.org
 48   Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   28-01-2013
 http://wikieducator.org/Open_Educational_Co
  ntent/olcos/PRODUCE_%26_REMIX
 http://col-oer.weebly.com/module-6---the-oer-
  life-cycle.html
 http://cnx.org/
 http://www.bepress.com/
 http://www.oercommons.org/
 http://www.moodle.org/
 https://openstaxcollege.org/books
 http://www.curriki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/W
  ebHome
49   Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha         28-01-2013
http://www.geogebra.org/
http://www.merlot.org/merlot/index.ht
 m
http://facultyfiles.deanza.edu/gems/de
 ansusan/CMC32008Conf.ppt
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_educ
 ational_resources
http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Open_edu
 cational_resources
http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/enable/
 disacc00.htm
50   Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha   28-01-2013
 http://www.teacherswithoutborders.org/abo
       ut
      http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/
      http://www.oerderves.org/wp-
       content/uploads/2007/03/a-review-of-the-
       open-educational-resources-oer-
       movement_final.pdf
      http://icommons.org/2007/03/01/virtual-
       learning-10-open-education-
       resources/#more-491
      http://www.knownet.com/writing/weblogs/G
       raham_Attwell/entries/beijing_paper/71064
       58966/attach/OpenContentBeijing.rtf
51     Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha            28-01-2013

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OER: Conceptual Outlook (First day at Odisha Training)

  • 1. Vinod K. Kanvaria Department of Education University of Delhi vinodpr111@gmail.com
  • 2. OER: Outlooking at the Conceptual Scenario This talk is aimed to cover: Open: An Introduction Open Source: An Understanding The Blurred Line between ‘Open’ and ‘Free’ OER: What do they include? OR: Classification 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 2
  • 3. OER: Outlooking at the Conceptual Scenario This talk is aimed to cover: OER: Uses and Applications OER: Life Cycle for Development OER: Some Exemplars Free ER: Some Exemplars OER Repositories: Stream wise 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 3
  • 4. What is ‘Open’ ? Open ! What is it ? 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 4
  • 5. What is Open ? Copyright Free Open / Copyleft 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 5
  • 6. Copyright Free Education Open OPEN IS EXPECTED TO enhance the quantity as well as quality OF TEACHING AND LEARNING 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 6
  • 7. OPEN SOURCE: DEEPER UNDERSTANDING Free Redistribution Free and Unbound Source Code Derivative or Derived Works Open Source Integrity of the Source Code Equality of Persons or Groups No Discrimination against Fields 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 7
  • 8. OPEN SOURCE: DEEPER UNDERSTANDING Distribution of License Version-free Must Not Be Product-specific Open Source Not Restrict Other Software Must Be Technology-neutral 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 8
  • 9. OER defined "OER are teaching, learning and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials or techniques used to support access to knowledge.“ William and Flora Hewlett Foundation 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 9
  • 10. Open Educational Resources The four ‘R’s of OER Reuse – Use the work verbatim, just exactly as you found it Rework – Alter or transform the work so that it better meets your needs Remix – Combine the (verbatim or altered work) with other works to better meet your needs Redistribute – Share the verbatim work, the reworked work, or the remixed work with others 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha David Wiley, 2007 10
  • 11. Blurred Line Between Free and Open Both are Important Monetary Social Natural Sciences Social Sciences Concept Concept Free Open 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 11
  • 12. What can Open Educational Resources include? OER Learning Licenses Social Sciences content Tools 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 12
  • 13. Learning Content Full courses, course materials, content modules, learning objects, collections and journals, online tools and software to support content creation 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 13
  • 14. Tools Software to support the creation, delivery, use and improvement of open learning content including searching and organization of content, content and learning management systems, content development tools, and on-line learning communities 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 14
  • 15. Licenses Intellectual property licenses to promote open publishing of materials, design- principles, and localization of content 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 15
  • 16. What are the Six Licenses? 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 16
  • 17. OPEN LICENSES: What symbols stand for? Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Open License No Derivatives Share alike Combination as per the need 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 17
  • 18. Classification of OER On the basis of Internet connectivity, Target group and Focus 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 18
  • 19. On the basis of Internet connectivity One-time Online OER Offline OER Connection OER 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 19
  • 20. On the basis of Target group Individual OER Group OER 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 20
  • 21. On the basis of Focus Communication Content Focused OER Focused OER 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 21
  • 22. OER: Use and Application OER: Using it in Various Ways 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 22
  • 23. Way 1 To enhance an existing course or offering by adding OER In this case adding OER to the current course may help not only teachers and teacher educators, but their learners too. 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 23
  • 24. Way 2 To improve existing content by replacing the existing materials with the OER The replacement of the existing materials may help in arousing the interest of the learners or helping out with the conflict management in the mechanism of dealing with the outdated and insignificant material. 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 24
  • 25. Way 3 To create new part of materials by using or re- purposing OER For the new content, teacher can develop OER materials, or use the existing OER or use the material generated for some other purpose by others as per his/her specific needs. 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 25
  • 26. Way 4 To create new courses by using, re-using and repurposing OER This can help them in creating easily the new courses considering latest advancement- technical and content- based. 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 26
  • 27. Way 5 Getting students to generate OER When new OERs will be generated, these can be discussed in open for feedback and further refinement before distribution at mass level. 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 27
  • 28. OER Life Cycle Prepare Search Review & Classify Publish (Re) & Purpose Deliver Value Addition 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 28
  • 29. Prepare •Module Specifications Sheet (Outline, Duration, Learning Outcomes, Assessment Criteria, Learning Units Description). •Context of Use (whether mainstream educational system through programmes of studies or short professional development courses or both). •Identify type of Open Licensing to be used. •Selection of the pedagogical strategy and instructional techniques. 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 29
  • 30. Search and Classify •Identify repositories to be used (e.g. Open learn, Connexions, MIT, OER Commons, Wiki Educator or Wikipedia etc.). •Look for related content – browse metadata, check license type, check content quality, level, format, pedagogical approach, duration etc. •Build a checklist of available content – classify according to the pertinent criteria above or as per one's requirements. •Identify what is missing and what needs to be added, developed from scratch and/or adapted/repurposed/ re-contextualized. 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 30
  • 31. (Re) Purpose •Decontextualize highly adapted learning content. •Rewrite material that is not contextually correct, write new materials to cater for those that are missing, and/or mix materials from different sources. •Add context-related learning activities that meet the pedagogical approach selected. 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 31
  • 32. Value Addition •Add new learning/pedagogical scenarios that improve the learning experience of learners. •Provide multiple modalities (such as animations and multimedia) for learning to suit individual preferences of learners (such as learning/cognitive styles). •Provide multiple access/delivery modes to increase accessibility to learners with different constraints such as internet connection, limited bandwidth etc. 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 32
  • 33. Publish and Deliver •Publish on e-learning platform, stand-alone websites, and CD/DVD formats. •Deliver the course to target audience. •Monitor the learner progress and achievements and provide tutoring/technical support. •Share in the different OER repositories or simply put the content available on your local website and let others know about it. 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 33
  • 34. Review •Gather feedback from learners on the course. •Review content to improve the course for subsequent cohorts. •Restart the cycle if there are changing requirements and/or to keep up-to-date with on-going developments in the area or to check for other OER that have been published or improved. 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 34
  • 35. OER Some Exemplary Cases 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 35
  • 36. Exemplary OER Bepress: http://www.bepress.com/ College Open Textbooks: Textbooks are organized by subject, with various open licenses. http://www.collegeopentextbooks.org Connexions: This is a sort of repository for educational content, organized by discipline. Though it is not a user friendly search interface, but worth a look anyway. http://cnx.org/ Digital commons scholarly publications: This is searchable repository organized by grade level, subject, type of content and format. http://www.oercommons.org/ 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 36
  • 37. Exemplary OER -Moodle: Moodle is an open platform for learning management system (LMS). Courses can be mutually developed and executed using this platform. http://www.moodle.org/ -Open Stax: Peer-reviewed college textbooks can be found online here. https://openstaxcollege.org/books -Curriki All content are cc licensed and uploaded by educators. http://www.curriki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome -Global Textbook Project: Open document format for textbooks are available on business, computing, education, health, sciences and social sciences. http://globaltext.terry.uga.edu/books 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 37
  • 38. Exemplary OER Geogebra: Geogebra is a subject based platform devoted to the combination of geometry and algebra in mathematics. Using it one can draw various shapes from simpler line segments to complex tessellations, use co-ordinate geometry to analyse the figures, etc. http://www.geogebra.org/ 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 38
  • 39. Exemplary OER Merlot This is searchable repository of educational content, organized by subject, grade level, type of content and format. http://www.merlot.org/merlot/index.htm 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 39
  • 40. Massive Benefit Open Educational Resource is not merely a concept now, but a dream come true. It is the need of the hour that we should not only use but also propagate its use in teaching-learning processes for the massive benefit of teachers and learners, and hence the betterment of entire educational system. 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 40
  • 41. Multi-dimensional The OERs having a vast number of varieties with numerous functions can be fitted in all the situations of teaching-learning processes. In other words, one can always find an OER for every aspect of classroom or learning scenario. At the heart of OER lie core ideas of inclusive education, development of all, learning of all and education for all. This has become almost indispensable to use and promote the use of OER for the development of the society as a whole. 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 41
  • 42. Pace with the Future Hence, in the current century, keeping the future of education in the concern, OERs must be used and supported for massive use. 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 42
  • 43. Education in the 21st Century Our success will depend upon the extent to which we are able to change ourselves with the changing times 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 43
  • 44. “Success is the ability to go from one failure to another with no loss of enthusiasm.” --Winston Churchill 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 44
  • 45. Let us all join hands to achieve excellence in Education through Open Educational Resources 28-01-2013 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 45
  • 46.
  • 47.
  • 48. References, that might interest you http://www.opensourcescripts.com/help .html http://col-oer.weebly.com/module-5--- using-oer.html http://wikieducator.org/Open_Education al_Content/olcos/CHOOSE_a_license http://wikieducator.org/Open_Education al_Content/olcos/SEARCH http://www.collegeopentextbooks.org 48 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 28-01-2013
  • 49.  http://wikieducator.org/Open_Educational_Co ntent/olcos/PRODUCE_%26_REMIX  http://col-oer.weebly.com/module-6---the-oer- life-cycle.html  http://cnx.org/  http://www.bepress.com/  http://www.oercommons.org/  http://www.moodle.org/  https://openstaxcollege.org/books  http://www.curriki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/W ebHome 49 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 28-01-2013
  • 50. http://www.geogebra.org/ http://www.merlot.org/merlot/index.ht m http://facultyfiles.deanza.edu/gems/de ansusan/CMC32008Conf.ppt http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_educ ational_resources http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Open_edu cational_resources http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/enable/ disacc00.htm 50 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 28-01-2013
  • 51.  http://www.teacherswithoutborders.org/abo ut  http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/  http://www.oerderves.org/wp- content/uploads/2007/03/a-review-of-the- open-educational-resources-oer- movement_final.pdf  http://icommons.org/2007/03/01/virtual- learning-10-open-education- resources/#more-491  http://www.knownet.com/writing/weblogs/G raham_Attwell/entries/beijing_paper/71064 58966/attach/OpenContentBeijing.rtf 51 Vinod K Kanvaria: OER at Odisha 28-01-2013

Editor's Notes

  1. August 16, 2010