Final of 7p's


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Final of 7p's

  3. 3. FLOW OF PRESENTATION <ul><li>Overview of the Airlines Industry </li></ul><ul><li>PEST Analysis of the Airlines Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to Kingfisher Airlines </li></ul><ul><li>7 P’s </li></ul><ul><li>Industry Lifecycle </li></ul><ul><li>SWOT Analysis on Kingfisher Airlines </li></ul><ul><li>Porters 5 Force Analysis for Kingfisher Airlines </li></ul><ul><li>Competitor Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations using Ansoff Model </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul>
  4. 4. AIRLINES INDUSTRY <ul><li>Aviation Industry in India is one of the fastest growing industries in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Origin of Indian civil aviation industry </li></ul><ul><li>India occupies an eminent position in the civil aviation sector with a large fleet of aircrafts </li></ul><ul><li>Estimates show that the domestic and international passenger traffic in India is growing tremendously </li></ul>
  5. 5. PEST ANALYSIS – AIRLINE INDUSTRY <ul><li>Political Factors </li></ul><ul><li>India’s political environment – Tension with Pakistan, Government’s inability to control issues (riots etc) </li></ul><ul><li>September 11 th - huge drop in air traffic due to safety and security concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Trade relations with other countries have to be good. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Recession- airlines are considered as a luxury </li></ul><ul><li>High operation costs due to low demand </li></ul><ul><li>Resulted in laying off employees </li></ul>
  6. 6. PEST ANALYSIS – AIRLINE INDUSTRY <ul><li>Social Factors </li></ul><ul><li>People from varied income groups have to be catered </li></ul><ul><li>Destination, kinds of food served have to be chosen carefully </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Factors </li></ul><ul><li>- Use of Internet- online ticket booking, updated flight information & handling of customer complaints. </li></ul><ul><li>- Restructuring the existing airports to world class appeal </li></ul>
  7. 7. KINGFISHER AIRLINES <ul><li>Kingfisher Airlines is a wholly owned subsidiary of United Breweries Holdings Limited </li></ul><ul><li>Kingfisher Airlines Limited is an airline company based in Bangalore, India </li></ul><ul><li>This airline was introduced in the market to target the domestic luxury segment </li></ul><ul><li>Kingfisher Airlines was introduced into the Indian airline market by the Indian Business Tycoon Dr Vijay Mallya </li></ul><ul><li>Kingfisher is one of only six airlines in the world to have a five-star rating from Skytrax </li></ul>
  8. 8. P’S <ul><li>PRODUCT </li></ul><ul><li>PRICE </li></ul><ul><li>PLACE </li></ul><ul><li>PROMOTION </li></ul><ul><li>PEOPLE </li></ul><ul><li>PROCESS </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICAL EVIDENCE </li></ul>
  9. 9. PRODUCT
  10. 10. In-Flight entertainment
  11. 11. <ul><li>Based on </li></ul><ul><li>Class of travel </li></ul><ul><li>Load factors </li></ul><ul><li>Date of travel </li></ul><ul><li>Day of travel </li></ul><ul><li>Profit margins </li></ul><ul><li>Competitors pricing </li></ul>PRICE
  12. 12. PLACE <ul><li>“ Vijay Mallya” himself is a brand and the brand “Kingfisher” has also established a remarkable standing in the market place </li></ul><ul><li>Kingfisher has a wide distribution channel that gives easy access to it’s customers </li></ul><ul><li>Tickets can be booked through various channels </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidation </li></ul><ul><li>Tour Operator/ Travel Agency (Clear trip, make my </li></ul><ul><li>Affiliated with companies </li></ul><ul><li>Direct through home leased system </li></ul><ul><li>Kingfisher has a plush corporate office </li></ul><ul><li>in Andheri, well equipped with trained </li></ul><ul><li>employees & has a spread of offices </li></ul><ul><li>across India </li></ul>
  13. 13. PROMOTION: ADVERTISEMENTS & PUBLICITY <ul><li>Hoardings Brand Ambassador Kingfisher Calender </li></ul><ul><li>Dmm </li></ul><ul><li>NDTV Good Times Tagline Media & Press Releases Releases </li></ul>
  14. 14. SALES PROMOTION PERSONAL SELLING <ul><li>Travel Agencies Front line staff Kingfisher Red </li></ul><ul><li>Offers King Club 5 Star Privileges </li></ul>
  15. 15. PEOPLE <ul><li>At Kingfisher Airlines, ‘people’ are the most important ‘p’ </li></ul><ul><li>People provide most services that is the selection, training, and motivation of employees </li></ul><ul><li>The airhostesses at Kingfisher come in contact with the customers in the process of providing the service, while the cock-pit crew are employees who contribute to the service product but do not come in direct contact with the customers. </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Mallya handpicks the air hostesses for his Airlines as they is expected to possess a pleasing personality with polite service handling </li></ul><ul><li>Whereas the cock pit crew at Kingfisher Airlines require to possess high analytical and technical skills </li></ul><ul><li>Also at Kingfisher, there is the ancillary service personnel, the travel agent who plays a very important role in creating the service exchange but is not a part of the service. </li></ul><ul><li>At Kingfisher Airlines, the front line staff play a critical role in ensuring that the service is delivered to the customers as promised </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>This ensures some amount of reliability, and this in turn affects the degree of responsiveness sought from customers. </li></ul><ul><li>The quality of service that the front-lone staff of Kingfisher Airlines provides is highly dependent on his/her ability to communicate their credibility </li></ul><ul><li>The front line staff need to possess ‘empathy’ which implies that these personnel listen, adapt and be flexible in delivering what individual customers need </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the employees at Kingfisher Airlines are sent on a 21 day training programme to the US and Frankfurt which motivates them to stay on with Kingfisher. </li></ul><ul><li>They are also provided with offers such as one-month bonus or some incentives, on the achievement of the sales targets. </li></ul>
  17. 17. PROCESS <ul><li>The process of Kingfisher airlines’ service lays emphasis on the involvement of channels, front line staff, travel agency offices, offices of the tour operators or so form where the services flow & reach to the ultimate users. </li></ul><ul><li>The process begins at the time of reservation goes on to the confirmation of seats. For e.g.: Computer reservation system of Kingfisher Airlines enables any reservation request from anywhere in the world to be auctioned in minutes. The reservation facility is accessible through all-major computerized reservation system of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>By giving details of where to book and how to book Kingfisher airlines help in providing quality services to the customers. </li></ul><ul><li>They also offer concession, by not charging any cancellation charges and also giving them the option to make a change in the reservation status if they request. </li></ul><ul><li>All these facilities go a long way in increasing passenger convenience. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Facilities at the airport, the baggage handling, flight information, etc. also helps in delivering quality service and making travel a pleasure. </li></ul><ul><li>In the aircraft, the meal service, in-flight entertainment, reading material, in-flight amenities, etc. enable the travelers to have an enjoyable and convenient travel. </li></ul><ul><li>All these procedures form a part of the total process designed to deliver quality service at Kingfisher Airlines. </li></ul><ul><li>Kingfisher Airlines is making every effort to constantly redefine service procedures to enhance service satisfaction levels. </li></ul>
  19. 19. FLOWER OF SERVICES- KINGFISHER AIRLINES Hospitality & Caretaking Consultation Information Safekeeping Order Taking Billing & Payment Exceptions TRANSPORT
  20. 20. BLUE PRINTING <ul><li>Blue printing is a technique which is used to portray an existing service situation and provides a useful tool to assess and identify service evidence opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>The process of service delivery, the role of customers and employees and the visible elements of the service are simultaneously displayed by the service map. </li></ul><ul><li>Blue print provides 2 additional features to add to the management information. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>1. provides greater attention to customer interaction; </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Provides a visual representation of the structure of the service. </li></ul>
  22. 22. PHYSICAL EVIDENCE <ul><li>Physical Evidence refers to the environment in which the service is delivered and where the service industry and customer interact. </li></ul><ul><li>At Kingfisher Airlines, the aircraft by itself, the seating configuration which is meant to be comfortable and spacious, and the in-flight food provided would make up the physical evidence in this service. </li></ul><ul><li>Boeing & Airbus are the 2 best commercial aircraft makers and almost all airline industries make use of one of these airlines. The seating is such that it is comfortable and there is enough leg space. </li></ul><ul><li>The in-flight food is another, important aspect, a wide selection of meals is offered to the passengers. Passengers are requested to indicate their reference at the time of reservation itself. Kingfisher Airlines has introduced new sleeper seats with electric controls for reclining lumbar support, leg rest extension, expanded seat back height for a more insulated environment, thus providing highly comfortable seating. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Booking offices and ticket counters at Kingfisher Airlines are extremely spacious and well designed with good looks. Further the aircrafts are given excellent exteriors and are maintained well. </li></ul><ul><li>The aircrafts at Kingfisher Airlines have elegant interiors well designed seats with more leg room especially in the business class. </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic lounges are enhanced with good interiors and basic amenities which make it an ideal place to conduct business, entertain or relax. </li></ul>
  24. 24. KINGFISHER- INDUSTRIAL LIFE CYCLE <ul><li>Indian aviation industry growth rate=24% </li></ul><ul><li>Kingfisher airlines growth rate=37% </li></ul>
  25. 25. KINGFISHER AIRLINES- SWOT ANALYSIS <ul><li>Strengths </li></ul><ul><li>Operating in a niche market: domestic luxury segment </li></ul><ul><li>“ Kingfisher” itself is a well established brand </li></ul><ul><li>The customer service provided is extremely exceptional for a domestic airline </li></ul><ul><li>Highly trained and attractive staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Unable to generate expected returns on the investments </li></ul><ul><li>overspending of funds </li></ul><ul><li>Loads are lesser than that of its competitor Jet Airways </li></ul>
  26. 26. KINGFISHER AIRLINES- SWOT ANALYSIS <ul><li>Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Aviation industry is a growing industry </li></ul><ul><li>Large number of domestic untapped routes </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in the disposable income </li></ul><ul><li>Threats </li></ul><ul><li>Fierce competition </li></ul><ul><li>Major rise in fuel prices </li></ul><ul><li>Cost cutting is become a prime need in the aviation industry </li></ul>
  28. 28. COMPETITOR ANALYSIS Attributes KINGFISHER JET AIRWAYS SPICE JET Price 25% higher than Jet Airways and Indian Lower than Kingfisher Airlines Extremely low Permission to fly to US No Yes NA Permission to fly to UK Yes Yes NA IPO Floated Floated Not Yet Targeted Customers Both ends of customers Both ends of customers Lower end of customers Positioning Premium Domestic Segment Premium Domestic and International Segment Lowest fares and no frills
  30. 30. RECOMMENDATIONS BY STUDYING ANSOFF FOR KINGFISHER AIRLINES <ul><li>Market Penetration </li></ul><ul><li>Try to look for foreign entrant’s weakness such as Virgin Atlantic which lacks in Indian values & tastes. </li></ul><ul><li>Product Development </li></ul><ul><li>Seek additional distribution channels such as more tie ups & collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>collaboration with international carriers, bilateral discussions over seats and code-sharing between the carriers. </li></ul>
  31. 31. RECOMMENDATIONS BY STUDYING ANSOFF FOR KINGFISHER AIRLINES <ul><li>Market Development </li></ul><ul><li>Special offering for first time fliers </li></ul><ul><li>Try to find out new customer group such as Old-retired persons. </li></ul><ul><li>Diversification </li></ul><ul><li>May go for other services like international flights (concentric diversification) </li></ul><ul><li>May get into organising fashion shows etc (horizontal diversification) </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>The ROI is low for kingfisher airlines. </li></ul><ul><li>(ROI = Profit / Capital Employed) </li></ul><ul><li>Being a private carrier it has potential to improve on its margins with effective cost reduction policies. </li></ul><ul><li>The strategy of Vijay Mallya is that he uses Kingfisher Airlines to popularize his beer “Kingfisher” thus helping him to leverage his brand name to a win-win situation in both his businesses . </li></ul>CONCLUSION
  33. 33. REFERENCES <ul><li>Aviation Week & Space Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Low-fare Airlines ,. </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis at 50, Business World, </li></ul><ul><li>Businessline, </li></ul><ul><li>The Sky’s The Limit, Indian Express </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Prices drown out Airlines profit, Star Tribune, </li></ul><ul><li>A Feel for Airline Security. Time Canada, </li></ul><ul><li>To Cope With Travel Slump, Airlines Turn to Smaller Jets. (cover story) Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition, the free content encyclopedia </li></ul><ul><li>India Transportation Infrastructure Blueprint </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, the free content encyclopedia </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> ) </li></ul><ul><li> . </li></ul><ul><li> bowman .htm </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  34. 34. THANK YOU