What is Natural Stone?           BASIS OF STONE FORMATION• Sedimentary• Metamorphic• Igneous                              ...
What is Natural Stone?    SEDIMENTARY FORMATION                            2
What is Natural Stone?  METAMORPHIC FORMATION                          3
What is Natural Stone?         IGNEOUS FORMATION                             4
What is Natural Stone?                          STONE SPECIES             Sedimentary Metamorphic      Igneous            ...
Natural Stone Types        CALCAREOUS SEDIMENTARY:   LIMESTONE• A sedimentary rock consisting chiefly of the  mineral calc...
Natural Stone TypesCALCAREOUS SEDIMENTARY:   LIMESTONE                                      7
Natural Stone Types           CALCAREOUS SEDIMENTARY: TRAVERTINE• A finely crystalline, massive deposit of calcium  carbon...
Natural Stone TypesCALCAREOUS SEDIMENTARY:   TRAVERTINE                                       9
Natural Stone Types                 CALCAREOUS SEDIMENTARY:  ONYX• A compact, cryptocrystalline, and generally  translucen...
Natural Stone Types    CALCAREOUS SEDIMENTARY:   ONYX                                     11
Natural Stone Types             CALCAREOUS METAMORPHIC:   MARBLE• A metamorphic rock consisting of fine to  coarse-grained...
Natural Stone Types CALCAREOUS METAMORPHIC:   MARBLE                                    13
Natural Stone Types         CALCAREOUS METAMORPHIC:   SERPENTINE• A rock group made up principally of the  mineral serpent...
Natural Stone TypesCALCAREOUS METAMORPHIC:   SERPENTINE                                       15
Natural Stone Types         SILICEOUS SEDIMENTARY:   SANDSTONE• A classic sedimentary rock composed of  grains of sand siz...
Natural Stone Types SILICEOUS SEDIMENTARY:   SANDSTONE                                      17
Natural Stone Types                SILICEOUS METAMORPHIC:SLATE• A compact, microcrystalline metamorphic  rock, usually for...
Natural Stone Types     SILICEOUS METAMORPHIC:   SLATE                                      19
Natural Stone Types            SILICEOUS METAMORPHIC: QUARTZITE• A metamorphic rock consisting mainly of  quartz, formed b...
Natural Stone Types SILICEOUS METAMORPHIC:   QUARTZITE                                      21
Natural Stone Types                   SILICEOUS IGNEOUS:GRANITE• Geological Definition: A plutonic rock in which  quartz m...
Natural Stone Types      SILICEOUS IGNEOUS:   GRANITE                                     23
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Intro To Natural Stone Design I - Quick Look

556 views

Published on

This is a very quick introduction to natural stone. Remember your grade school geology lesson? This is your cheat sheet!

1 Comment
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Hey! thanks for providing such useful information. Natural Stone is a beautiful and unique product of nature, which is characterised by distinctive variations in tone and colour. For best quality natural stone visit : http://www.impexstones.com/products/natural-stones/
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total views
556
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
14
Comments
1
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Intro To Natural Stone Design I - Quick Look

  1. 1. What is Natural Stone? BASIS OF STONE FORMATION• Sedimentary• Metamorphic• Igneous 1
  2. 2. What is Natural Stone? SEDIMENTARY FORMATION 2
  3. 3. What is Natural Stone? METAMORPHIC FORMATION 3
  4. 4. What is Natural Stone? IGNEOUS FORMATION 4
  5. 5. What is Natural Stone? STONE SPECIES Sedimentary Metamorphic Igneous Limestone MarbleCalcareous Travertine Serpentine Onyx SlateSiliceous Sandstone Granite Quartzite 5
  6. 6. Natural Stone Types CALCAREOUS SEDIMENTARY: LIMESTONE• A sedimentary rock consisting chiefly of the mineral calcite, (CaCO3) with or without magnesium carbonate• Dolomite – Calcium Magnesium Carbonate CaMg(CO3) 2 6
  7. 7. Natural Stone TypesCALCAREOUS SEDIMENTARY: LIMESTONE 7
  8. 8. Natural Stone Types CALCAREOUS SEDIMENTARY: TRAVERTINE• A finely crystalline, massive deposit of calcium carbonate, of white, tan, or cream color, formed by chemical precipitation from solution in surface and ground waters, as around the mouth of springs, especially hot springs 8
  9. 9. Natural Stone TypesCALCAREOUS SEDIMENTARY: TRAVERTINE 9
  10. 10. Natural Stone Types CALCAREOUS SEDIMENTARY: ONYX• A compact, cryptocrystalline, and generally translucent variety of calcite, usually deposited in cold water solutions, often in the form of stalagmites and stalactites in caves 10
  11. 11. Natural Stone Types CALCAREOUS SEDIMENTARY: ONYX 11
  12. 12. Natural Stone Types CALCAREOUS METAMORPHIC: MARBLE• A metamorphic rock consisting of fine to coarse-grained re-crystallized calcite and/or dolomite• Varying levels of soundness – A, B, C, D (Ref: MIA Design Manual) 12
  13. 13. Natural Stone Types CALCAREOUS METAMORPHIC: MARBLE 13
  14. 14. Natural Stone Types CALCAREOUS METAMORPHIC: SERPENTINE• A rock group made up principally of the mineral serpentine (Mg, Fe)3Si2O5(OH)4. Serpentines have a greasy or silky luster, a slightly soapy feel, and a tough, conchoidal fracture; they are usually compact but may be granular or fibrous and are commonly a green or greenish gray. 14
  15. 15. Natural Stone TypesCALCAREOUS METAMORPHIC: SERPENTINE 15
  16. 16. Natural Stone Types SILICEOUS SEDIMENTARY: SANDSTONE• A classic sedimentary rock composed of grains of sand size (1/16 mm to 2 mm ø) set in a matrix of silt or clay and united by a cementing material, commonly silica, iron oxide, or calcium carbonate- the sand particles are commonly quartz 16
  17. 17. Natural Stone Types SILICEOUS SEDIMENTARY: SANDSTONE 17
  18. 18. Natural Stone Types SILICEOUS METAMORPHIC:SLATE• A compact, microcrystalline metamorphic rock, usually formed from shale deposits 18
  19. 19. Natural Stone Types SILICEOUS METAMORPHIC: SLATE 19
  20. 20. Natural Stone Types SILICEOUS METAMORPHIC: QUARTZITE• A metamorphic rock consisting mainly of quartz, formed by recrystallization of sandstone by regional or thermal metamorphism 20
  21. 21. Natural Stone Types SILICEOUS METAMORPHIC: QUARTZITE 21
  22. 22. Natural Stone Types SILICEOUS IGNEOUS:GRANITE• Geological Definition: A plutonic rock in which quartz makes up 10 to 50 per cent of the felsic components, and the alkali feldspar to total feldspar ratio is between 65 and 90 per cent• Commercially: Any holocrystalline quartz- bearing plutonic rock 22
  23. 23. Natural Stone Types SILICEOUS IGNEOUS: GRANITE 23

×