DEPARTMENT OF AGRIC. ECONOMICS AND EXTENSION
FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AKURE, ONDO
AN INDUSTRIAL TRAINING REPORT
VINCENT CHIBUEZE CHIMELUE
PLACE OF ATTACHMENT:
NIGERIAN BREWERIES PLC EGBEDA LGA. ALAKIA IBADAN.OYOSTATE
ECONOMIC PLANNING/PURCHASES DEPARTMENT
PERIOD OF ATTACHMENT:
18th June, 2012 – 2nd November, 2012.
IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE
AWARD OF THE BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOG (B.TECH) DEGREE IN
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND EXTENSION
This report is dedicated to the glory of God, for his goodness and for his wonderful works to
us children of men. I also dedicate it to my families and other well wishers for their wonderful
love. May God bless you all (amen).
My sincere and profound gratitude goes to almighty God, the author and finisher of my
faith who made the SIWES a reality.
I am grateful to my loving mother Mrs. Vincent Nkechi for her financial and moral
support and also for her assistance in getting the placement. I cannot but appreciate the other
members of my family for their king gestures towards me.
My unalloyed gratitude also goes to the entire staff of Nigerian breweries plc Ibadan.
Most especially the members of economic planning, finance, public relations and sales
departments For their moral support and for making my SIWES training period worthwhile.
Lastly, I want to appreciate all my departmental lecturers for what they have invested in
me, most especially Mr. Awolala for taking us through computerization and operations
This report serves as my personal experience during the students’ industrial work
experience scheme programme at Nigerian breweries plc economic planning department
Egbeda local government area Alakia Ibadan. This report can be of great help to students of
agricultural economics and extension both in this FUTA and even outside the school who may
wish to undertake their training in a similar establishment and to any general reader who is
most likely to gain one two things from my experience.
The methodology of this report was based majorly on practical observation and active
participation in most of these activities. However, I will not deny the fact that some of the
details in this report were from the organizational framework and laid-down or documented
texts within the organization.
The overall activities in the organization includes, production, sales, distribution,
distillation, training, purchases, job creation, education etc. the company is highly responsible
socially and economically.
The students’ industrial work experience scheme is a skill training programme designed
to expose and prepare students for the industrial situation they are likely to meet after
graduation. It is therefore to involve employers in the entire education process of preparing
students for employment in industries. Therefore, this report gives details of all activities I
undertook during my 5 months training at NBPLC Ibadan.
Just as the saying goes,” don’t blame them if you don’t train them”, training is a very
essential part of every part of every life at every level. In order to improve the skills of
students and also to widen their knowledge base on their various fields of specialization, there
is the need to educate them outside their learning environment (universities or institutions).
This can simply be achieved through students’ industrial work experience scheme (SIWES)
which was established by the federal government of Nigeria in 1973.
The students’ industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) is an integral part of some
degree and diploma programme in some instructions of higher learning in Nigeria. It is
designed to take place outside the school to expose the students to practical work experience
on their field of study during the period of the training.
The scheme is a technology manpower training programme set up as a part of the
federal government policy on education in Nigeria. It is organized by the industrial training
fund (ITF) in collaboration with tertiary institutions in the country. SIWES is an important pre
requisite for graduation of students during the five-year course period in the federal university
of technology, Akure (FUTA). The university being a technology oriented one places
emphasis on the practical aspect of the academic programme.
The motto of the university which is technology for self reliance is aimed at producing
graduates that are self reliant in their field of specialization. These graduates, the university
hope will be job producers rather than job seekers to bring about systematic eradication of
unemployment in the country. It usually takes place in companies or establishments where
students are exposed to the industrial working situations they are likely going to meet after
This programme was designed to provide students with the needed experience to cope
with work in the outside world.
NATURE AND DURATION OF SIWES.
The SIWES programme of the federal university of technology, Akure is meant for the
fourth year students in the second semester of their academic session. It is designed to provide
individual students for practical experience through the attachment to industrial establishment,
companies, research institutions, etc.
At the commencement of the SIWES programme, individual students are provided with
a logbook where daily activities are to be recorded. At the end of the attachment, the student is
required to submit the logbook together with a comprehensive report on training received for
the purpose of evaluation and documentation.
The FUTA SIWES programme is for a period of six (6) months within an academic
OBJECTIVES OF SIWES
The objectives of the SIWES programme of the Federal University of Technology Akure are
To enable students acquire industrial skills and experience needed as regards their
course of study
To equip the students with various work experiences which will enable them to cope
with future challenges they are likely to meet after graduation.
To train students about the methods of handling work equipments and how to operate
machineries that may not be available for them in the institution.
To enable students to apply the theoretical knowledge gained in school to real work
situations; thereby making it a real for them and also making up for the practical
knowledge which has not been given much attention to within the university
To enlighten the students more about relationship skills, that is to broaden or widen
their relationship skills.
OBJECTIVES OF THIS REPORT
The general objective of this report is to give a summary of the skills, knowledge and
experience I was privileged to gather at Nigerian breweries plc (Economic planning
department) throughout my five months of industrial training. I also write to offer useful
suggestions based on experience to both the programme centre and the university on ways of
improving the programme.
ORIGIN, HISTORY AND GROWTH OF NIGERIAN BREWERIES PLC
Nigerian Breweries Plc is the pioneer and largest brewing company in Nigeria. It was
incorporated in 1946. In June 1949, the company recorded a landmark when the first bottle of
STAR lager beer rolled off its Lagos Brewery bottling lines. This first brewery in Lagos has
undergone several optimization processes and as at today boasts of the most modern brew
house in the country.
In 1957, the company commissioned its second brewery in Aba. Kaduna Brewery was
commissioned in 1963 while Ibadan Brewery came on stream in 1982. In 1993, the company
acquired its fifth brewery in Enugu. In October 2003, a sixth brewery, sited at Ameke, in
Enugu State was commissioned and christened Ama Brewery. Ama Brewery is today, the
biggest and most modern brewery in Nigeria.
Operations in the Old Enugu Brewery were however discontinued in 2004, while the
company acquired a malting Plant in Aba in 2008.
In October 2011, Nigerian Breweries acquired majority equity interests in Sona
Systems Associates Business Management Limited, (Sona Systems) and Life Breweries
Limited from Heineken N.V. This followed Heineken’s acquisition of controlling interests
in five breweries in Nigeria from Sona Group in January 2011.
Sona Systems’ two breweries in Ota and Kaduna, and Life Breweries in Onitsha have
now become part of Nigerian Breweries Plc, together with the three brands: Goldberg lager,
Malta Gold and Life Continental lager.
Thus, from the humble beginning in 1946, the Nigerian Breweries now has eight
operational breweries from which its high quality products are distributed to all parts of
Nigeria, in addition to the ultra modern malting plant in Aba and Kaduna.
Nigerian Breweries Plc has a rich portfolio of high quality brands. The brands include:
Star Lager Beer, the first in its portfolio launched in 1949
this was followed by Gulder lager beer in 1970;
Maltina, the nourishing malt drink, was introduced in 1976,
Legend Extra Stout in 1992.
Amstel Malta was launched in 1994
Heineken lager Beer was relaunched into the Nigerian market in 1998.
Maltina Sip-it, packaged in Tetrapaks was launched in 2005
Fayrouz was launched in 2006.
In 2007, the company introduced Star, Heineken and Amstel Malta in Cans.
Life Continental lager became part of the family in October 2011
As a major brewing concern, the company encourages the establishment and growth of
infant businesses, ancillary partners, suppliers and contractors. Many of these organizations
and individuals depend largely on the company for their means of livelihood. These include
manufacturers of bottles, crown corks, labels, cartons, plastic crates and such service
providers as hotels/clubs, Distributors, Transporters, Event Managers, Advertising and
Marketing Communication Agencies etc.
Nigerian Breweries Plc is a socially responsible corporate organization with a good
track record of corporate social initiatives in identified and strategic areas. The Company’s
Corporate Social Responsibility is driven by a vision to always “Win with Nigeria”. Over the
years, Nigerian Breweries Plc has been very active in supporting our national development
aspirations in line with our commitment to “Winning with Nigeria”.
We have continued to identify and respond to major challenges confronting our nation
through our huge corporate social investments especially in the areas of education, the
environment, water, youth empowerment, talent development and sports, amongst others.
The company in 1994 established an Education Trust Fund with a take-off grant of
N100 million to take more active part in the funding of educational and research activities in
institutions of higher learning, all in an effort to provide and encourage academic excellence
in Nigeria. This is in addition to its secondary and university scholarship programmes for
children of its employees.
Nigerian Breweries Plc is the foremost sponsor of sports in the country with
sponsorship covering football, athletics, tennis, cycling, chess, golf, squash, dart, Sailing and
Ayo, among others. The aim is to develop Nigerian sportsmen and women to participate in
national and international sports, and boost the sports profile of the country. Nigerian
breweries continued to play very active part in the development of sports in Nigeria. In 2010,
they sustained their sponsorship of various sporting activities across the country. These
include Golf, Lawn Tennis, Polo, Chess and squash.
The company is also involved in the development of leadership, musical and movie
talents, through various programmes. Some of these activities are captured in the company’s
Social and Environmental Report.
The company’s other social responsibilities include
Promotion of safety on Nigerian roads.
AWARDS AND ACHIEVEMENTS
Nigerian Breweries Plc has won several awards as a mark of its good performance in
various spheres. The company has won the prestigious Nigerian Stock Exchange President’s
Merit award for several years. For three consecutive years (2001, 2002 and 2003) Nigerian
Breweries Plc won the Nigerian Stock Exchange Quoted Company of the year award. It has
also won the Nigerian Industrial Standard (NIS) awards for its various products.
Also for four years (1999, 2000, 2004 and 2005), the company won Gold in the keenly
contested Africa Beer Award organized by Heineken for its operating companies in Africa and
the Middle East. In 2002, Nigerian Breweries Plc won the Heineken Business Challenge
Award (also known as the Heineken World Cup), a major competition organized for all
Heineken operating companies in the world.
In 2003, the company was declared Excise Trader of the year, an award given by the
Nigerian Customs Service for a company’s contribution to government treasury. In 2010,
Nigerian Breweries won the prestigious Pearl award for Sectoral Leadership in the Brewery
sector. In the same year, Star, Nigeria’s favorite lager and Maltina, the nation’s No 1 malt
drink, were awarded prizes for their innovative Television Commercials at the Lagos
Advertising Ideas Festival organized by the Association of Advertising Agencies of Nigeria,
These are in addition to several awards from philanthropic organizations, clubs,
institutions and government agencies.
THE ECONOMIC PLANNING DEPARTMENT.
The economic planning department is the core or power house of any Nigerian
breweries plc nationwide. It is otherwise referred to as the purchases department or simply
called planning. This is that arm of the organization where majour decisions about issues of
economic significance to the company are discussed and trashed out. Issues that are taken care
of by the planning department include;
Sourcing of raw materials and other inputs
Purchasing of raw materials
Organization for improved productivity of inputs
Payment of bills incurred by the whole organization
Reduction of production cost by lessening cost of raw materials
Planning an organization of majour company activities (i.e. Parties, workshops,
Awarding of contracts within the organization
Disposal of unused or out used materials or inputs within the company (i.e. Scrap
Total efficiency/productivity maintenance of inputs
Ensuring that the supply/production figures significantly measures up to the
Disposal of company wastes as at when due
Other ad hoc roles
3.2 SECTIONS WITHIN THE PLANNING DEPARTMENT INCLUDES;
Raw material/ general store
Silo/grain storage complex
3.3 GROUPS WITHIN THE ECONOMIC PLANNING DEPARTMENT
These groups are meant for achieving strategic goals. They include;
Cost optimization team (COT)
Production distribution and sales team (PSD)
Total productivity maintenance group (TPM)
General audit unit
Operations research team (ORT).
ORGANOGRAM OF THE ECONOMIC PLANNING DEPARTMENT
This section is headed/ controlled/ managed by the weighbridge clerk (Mr. Dele
Ilugbaro). He is directly accountable to the planning manager (Mr. MacaulayOkezie.)
operations in this section are not so numerous. This section oversees the weighing of inputs
that comes into the organization (e.g. grains chemicals etc.) and outgoing materials from the
organization likewise (scrap items). These items are weighed for basically three purposes
RAW MATERIAL STORE:
This is also referred to as general store. It is being supervised by the general store keeper
(Mr. OjoAlaba). This section is very important to the organization because it handles vital
aspect of production as warehousing of majour company inputs. Materials kept by the general
Paper for printing and photocopy
Provisional items like tea, coffee, milk, sugar etc.
Safety items like rubber boots, gloves etc
Preservatives e.g. Phostoxin
Production items like crown corks, labels, empty cans etc.
Activities carried out in the raw material store includes
o Filling of documents (i.e. store issue vouchers)
o Preparation of gate passes for entry of trucks
o Report writing (i.e. critical items report , store house report)
o Stock counting of store items
o Delivery of items to production quarters
o Receipts of items
o Store house cleaning and sanitation
o Endorsement of documents (SIVs)
o Sending of mails (E-mails)
The store house is also closely monitored and supervised by the planning manager. The idea
of the general store is such a lucrative one as materials are gotten more easily than when they
are being procured when needed. More over the company saves more by buying in bulk than
buying in units as the later is quite wasteful and extravagant for a big company like Nigerian
FARM SILO/ GRAIN STORAGE COMPLEX.
The farm silo complex is controlled /headed by the farm silo supervisor (Mr. Femi
Salami). It is an undisputable fact that the major raw material in every brewing company is
the grains. The silo complex is therefore the most important part of the whole brewing
company. A silo is a place where grains are stored and preserved. Malted barley is the main
grain used in brewing along with some adjuncts which increases yield such as malted
sorghum and raw or white sorghum. The silo complex consists of the silos where grains are
stored, the control room which has the control panel for all the silo operations, the
equipment room where all instrument are stored and the transistor room. The operations in
the silo are:
Forwarding to other branches of Nigerian breweries
Milling of grains
OTHER ACTIVITIES INCLUDE.
Weighing of full trucks (i.e. coming in and going out)
Preparation of gate passes for outward movement of mobile silos from the Nigerian
Dozing of stored grains
Cleaning of silos
Control room maintenance
Grain quality testing
Weighbridge integrity testing
Milling of grains
The Nigerian breweries silo complex comprises of 10 large storage silos and 18 brewing silos.
The storage silos are built in the silo complex, there are still the operational small sized silos
located close to the brew house for immediate supply of grains to be used. The Nigerian
breweries Ibadan silo complex houses 10 large silos that can each house 38 trucks of grains
but for convenience of operations and for air and drug space has been standardized to 35
trucks per silo.The brew house silo is located at the rear end of the Nigerian breweries Ibadan.
It is overseen by Mr. Omolayo and Omotayo. It has 18 strong silos each having a capacity of
300tons of grains but for air spaces and Phostoxin decomposition, it has been standardized to
The grains have specified contents at every time
Silos 1 & 18 always house raw white sorghum
Silos 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8&9 houses malted barley while
Silos 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16&17 houses malted sorghum.
3.3.1 Majour grains housed by our silos are
Malted barley(HordeumPoaceae). This grain is the majour grain used in the brewing
process. It usually is imported from Holland and collected at the seaports in Lagos.
Transported in large mobile silo trucks. It is brought over to Ibadan silo house to be
stored in the silos for continuous availability.
Sorghum(SorghumSudanese): (malted and unmalted) Sorghum is that popular grain used
in Nigeria (Okababa in Yoruba) often white or red for making pap and feeding birds
especially pigeons. At Nigerian breweries the main type of sorghum used is the white
sorghum because we don’t want the grain colour to affect the colour of our output as
fermentation doesn’t change the extract colour. Sorghum is rich in essential
carbohydrates and vitamins. Malted sorghum is more costly than raw sorghum because
of the cost of malting and transporting of malted grains.
Note: Malting is the addition of water and warmth to a seed till it gets so excited and ready to germinate
(burst forth). It is unarguably true that at that point, more nutrients will have been released to the grains
and the grain is extra fortified and mature. At that point, the grain is bigger and more nutritious than the
unmalted grain. At Nigerian breweries, our grains are sourced locally and malted at the Aba malting plant
also owned by Nigerian breweries then transported back to base for storage.
Maize (zeamay): This is not stored in the silo for long because it is not a majour brewing
input but is more like an adjunct in the brewing process and has a shorter shelf life
than other grains and as such is less preferable to sorghum and barley. Procurement of
maize is strictly for immediate consumption. White grains of maize is used if need be.
3.3.2 MAJOUR OPERATIONS CARRIED OUT IN THE SILO COMPLEX
1. Grain intake: This process bringing in of grains from our numerous suppliers or branches
of Nigerian breweries nationwide that has excess of grains supplied. Malted grains (barley
and malted sorghum) and unmalted grains (raw sorghum) are delivered to the brewery in
either loosed (container mostly barley) or sacks packed in a truck. The truck is positioned
in a way that allows trucks to empty the grains into the intake pits, while the container is
positioned with the bottom opening valve at the center of the intake pit. A truck of malted
sorghum is about 30 tons, barley 23 tons while raw sorghum is about 23 tons.
CONCEPTS, PRINCIPLES AND FLOW DIAGRAMS
The movement of grains from the intake pits to the storage silos is by mechanical conveyors
(chain and bucket conveyors). Cleaning of the grains is done by the drum screen, which
removes foreign substances that are bigger than the size of the grain via mesh, and shaker/flat
screen removes foreign substances smaller than the size of grains by vibrating the grains on a
mesh and metallic objects .the sloppy design of the intake pit wall allow the easy emptying of
the grist to the conveyors .The chain conveyor uses its scrappers to move horizontally while
the bucket elevator uses its buckets (cups) to scoop the grains and move it vertically. The
chain conveyor at the top of the silo moves the grains to the opened top valves of the silo (net
capacity 300 tons, operating capacity 270 tons).the scale quantifies the grains.
GRAIN INTAKE PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMS
1. Dust is hazardous and breathing in dusts can cause respiratory problems hence we
operators of the silo always wear nose masks.
2. No smoking is allowed in the silo area.
3. Fire extinguisher must be functional and available at all times and whoever the
operator is must know how to operate it.
4. Safety boots and other preventive equipments are worn at all times.
5. Females with long hairs must always wear the approved caps or scarves to avoid
entanglements of their hairs with moving gears.
6. Technicians must obtain a duly signed authorization before they commence any
7. All moving parts of machines should be properly guided
8. Good housekeeping must always be maintained at all time because of (5-s) auditing.
9. No grease on the floor and should be prevented from entering the intake pit.
10.Nobody is allowed to stay under a parked truck
11.Do not touch any moving machine.
12.Phostoxin is poisonous and should be handled with care.
2. Inter-silo transfer: -This is the movement of grains from a silo to another one. It is
basically done for the following reasons:
1. As a result of infestation of the silo which leads to increase in temperature (norm not
more than 35oc)
2. For the purpose of re-cleaning of the grains (i.e. dust/ foreign materials remover)
3. Transfer of low balance quantity to empty the silo for use.
Concept, principles and flow diagram
The grains are moved from the silo by opening the discharge valve to the chain
conveyors for horizontal movement to the bucket. The bucket elevator moves the grains
vertically to the drum screen and shaker for cleaning. Thereafter, the grains move to the scale
and Phostoxin is dosed for the treatment of infestation. Chain conveyor moves it to another
bucket elevator which feed the last chain conveyor and finally to the receiving silo via opened
Improper dosing of Phostoxin
Ensure that Phostoxin is dosed at the
right quantity and a record maintained
Conveyors (redler, screw, bucket) :
Oil and grease
Lubrication from conveyors
Make sure lubrication of the conveyor is
done at the right time with the right time
with the right type (food grade) and
quantity of grease (oil).
Foreign objects (stones,
Not allowing the standard 3-4 days
contact time after use of Phostoxin for
Clean the magnets regularly to trap
metals from the grains.
Ensure that the 3-4 days contact time
after use of Phostoxin is observed
1. The process starts by opening the outlet valve of the silo to be transferred and the grain
drops on the moving chain conveyor.
2. The flight of the conveyor carries the grain by scrapping and feeding the moving bucket
3. The bucket elevator with its cups scoops the grains and lifts them to another moving
chain conveyor for horizontal movement.
4. With the inlet valve of receiving silo opened, the chain conveyor scraps the grains and
the grain drops into the receiving silo.
5. If the transfer is for infection control, then it will be dozed with Phostoxin.
3. Fumigation: - This is the treatment done to an empty silo to keep away pests and germs
before filling it with grains or before an intake operation. The aim of this is to disinfect,
decontaminate, delouse, smoke and cleanse the silo from microorganisms and germs.
1. Open the side manhole of the silo to confirm that it is actually empty with the aid of a
2. Open the top manhole and insert the air pressure holes
3. Open the pressurized air valves to blow down dust inside
4. Close the manholes and allow the suspended dusts to settle down for 45 minutes.
5. Open the bottom side manhole for about 5 minutes to allow the dusty air out.
6. Enter the silo through the bottom manhole with a searchlight on and use a long brush to
remove dust from sidewalls down to the cone bottom of the silo.
7. Pack all the dust at the base into a sack and weigh
8. Call the shift brewer for inspection.
9. After the inspection, the silo is free to be fumigated.
FUMIGATING THE SILO.
1. Open a can of Phostoxin, which contains 16 tubes each tubes with 30 tablets (1 tablet =
2. Remove the tablets into a jute bag.
3. Close the jute bag by tying with a long rope.
4. Keep the bag in suspension with the rope inside a cleaned silo.
5. Tie the rope to the manhole of the silo and close it.
6. Remove the bag after 72 hours and bury into soil.
Note: - Aside from being highly poisonous, Phostoxin is very explosive if it comes in contact with water.
This I didn’t believe earlier until I have experimented with a little quantity of Phostoxin residue. The
explosion could be comparable if in large quantity to a bomb blast hence that is the reason for the burying
of the Phostoxin residue. Such that it is deep enough to prevent future blasts.
4. Milling of grains: - Milling is the mechanical process of crushing grain to expose starchy
endosperm for starch to sugar conversion by enzymes. This operation is been done by
the hammer mill and the grist (milled grain) composition size, which is determined by the
beaters in the hammer mill, is controlled and monitored. Before the grist is milled,
foreign objects are removed and the grain is weighed.
Concepts, principles and flow diagrams.
The grains are discharged from the storage silo via an opened pneumatic sliding valve at the
bottom of silo to the chain conveyors. Then, to the bucket elevator, which feed the grains to
the shaker for dust removal for oscillatory vibration. From the shaker, grains moves from the
bucket elevator and pass through a permanent magnet for removal of iron objects and
thereafter to dry destoner.
The de stoner does removes stones that are left in the grains because they are of the same size
by oscillatory vibrations lifts the grains upwards with the aid of stream of air on inclined plane
mesh. Whereas, the heavier stones are carried further upwards by vibrating sieve thus
discharges stone at outlet.
Clean grains now move to the hammer mill. Replaceable steel beaters in hammer mill rotates
at high speed and thereby crush the grains until the grist are small enough to pass through the
mill sieve and drops to a screw conveyor.
The grist moves to pipe and the blower uses compressed air to move the grist in the stream of
air o the cyclone at the top of the grist bin thus separate air from grist and discharges grist to
the grist bin.
5. Forwarding of grains to other branches: This is the process by which grains are moved
out of the silo complex to other branches using the mobile silo/trucks. The trucks are
loaded from the previously loaded hoppers .and weighed when full. This operation is
usually carried out when there is shortage of grains in any of the production silos or other
branches of Nigerian breweries plc nationwide. The outgoing trucks are weighed before
leaving and the weighbridge reading is recorded for documentation and audit purposes.
6. Silo maintenance: This is a maintenance practice done to keep the silo clean and free
from dirt that will deteriorate the quality of the grains. Under silo maintenance we have
the following practices.
Silo and silo parts cleaning.
Collection of grain dusts (i.e. barley dust and sorghum dust)
Note: - Barley dust is of grain importance to the agricultural sector because it is a
majour nutritional requirement (input) for majour feed mills within the region. It has
often been said that livestock fed with it fattens quickly.
Cleaning of silo complex
Patching of leaking silos.
PLANNING OFFICE: -
This is the control room of all economic planning activities in the organization. It comprises
of the planning supervisor, sourcing officer, planning manager and at most two industrial
trainees (i.e. me).Majour activities in the office includes
Liaisons with contractors, suppliers scrap buyers and distributors
Preparation of purchase orders
Analysis of quotations
Conversion of PR’s ( purchase requests) to PO’s (purchase orders)
Preparation of other documents, minutes of cot meetings etc.
The ultimate authority in the planning office is the planning manager, closely followed by the
sourcing officer then the planning supervisor.
Documents handled by the planning department includes
Analysis of quotation
Store issue vouchers
Fuel issue vouchers
Fuel stock report
Raw materials truck movement tracking forms
Scrapped items report
Purchase orders :- just as the name connotes, a purchase order is a request written by a
company to a supplier or a contractor requesting for goods to be supplied or services rendering
with an agreed sum of money to be paid on delivery of goods or discharge of duties. It
consists of the description of the goods or service in question. The PR number (traceable to
the department and personnel that requested for it). On it we can also find the amount agreed
upon by the cot as payment for the said goods or services. SEE THE DIAGRAM BELOW.
From the above purchase orders it is apparent the endorsement is very vital to ensure the
validity of the document. A valid purchase is the one that has been correctly printed and has
the signature of the planning manager (or sourcing officer) and the brewery manager (or head
brewer). The PO’s are collected at various points majorly gate house II, finance department
and sales department. Occasionally PO’s are collected in the department especially if they
have been delayed for quite a while. It takes an average period of 48hrs to complete a PR
processing to a valid PO.
PROCESSES INVOLVED IN THE OVERALL PROCESS INCLUDES
1. Detection of work or works to be done/ detection of diminished or depleting stock of
inputs. This can be done by anyone and a report is filled to that effect.
2. Rising of purchase request. This is done by somespecific people often managers or
H.O.D s and d pr is in form of 8 groups of digits.
3. Approval of PRs. The request raised earlier has to be approved by the concerned
individuals related to the work or input. This is still done online trough the lotus note.
4. Forwarding of pr to the sourcing officer or the planning department.
5. Rising of adverts for supply or contract. This step may be skipped for regular events,
supplies or maintenance.
6. Analysis of quotation.
7. Playback of quotations
(if necessary, often optional)
8. Endorsement of playback by the cost optimization team (COT).
9. Conversion of PR to PO.
10.Printing of corrected pos
11.Endorsement of POs by the PM and BM.
12.Photocopying of PO’s for back up keeping.
13.Dispatching of PO’s to the collection point
ANALYSIS OF QUOTATIONS
Analysis of quotation is both a task and a document handled within the planning office.
It is the plotting of tasks to be done or items to be supplied or received from contractors,
suppliers and scrap buyersalong side with the prices (quoted) received from the various
suppliers and contractors. The main analysis done with these quotations is to get the least
possible price for the highest possible quality and standard (quantity). The analysis of
quotation done for disposal of scrapped items looks out for the highest possible prices for the
quoted item and declare the scrap buyer that quoted highest as the winner of the item (highest
bidder principle). Like every other analysis of quotation, a valid AOQ must have the
endorsement of the cost optimization team and should be duly signed by the cot.
4.0 SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
4.1 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
This report so far shows that the students’ industrial work experience scheme (SIWES)
programme is a gateway towards exposing the students to the industrial culture for which
they are basically being trained. The practical approach of the programme attests to this
In this report, all activities taken during my SIWES programme have been discussed.
Nigerian breweries plc being a production company and an active member of the Nigerian
industrial sector, all the training that I have received in that place were centered on
production economics which is an integral part of our departmental works. Furthermore, my
training at Nigerian breweries also includes business and project management.
Also included in this report are the knowledge, experiences and skills acquired through
the activities on site.
Finally, in this report, the organizational structure of the complete organization and
that of my department of attachment (Organogram) were present.
In conclusion, with my exposure to this company and department has endowed me
with enough knowledge in purchases and production economics. I can hereby attest to it
that the main objective of the students’ industrial work experience scheme (SIWES)
programme was met and I will say the (SIWES) programme was a big success after all.
I have immensely benefited from the students industrial work experience scheme
(SIWES) because it has provided me with an opportunity to apply my theoretical knowledge
in real work situation, thereby bridging the gap between university work and actually
In order to improve the efficiency of students’ industrial work experience scheme
(SIWES), the following recommendations are made for the establishment Nigerian breweries
plc, (Economic planning department), the industrial training fund (ITF) and the school, the
federal university of technology, Akure (FUTA).
NIGERIAN BREWERIES PLC
The cost optimization team has (from my observation) not being so cost effective in
their bargains with the suppliers and contractors. They often pay those people more than the
cost of the actual items they are buying or more than the worth of their service for
contractors. From this observation, I will suggest that proper and more detailed investigation
needs to be done by the cost optimization team on the actual price of commodities before
they are purchased and paid for.
Agric economists should also henceforth be considered for attachment in the
organization as they have not always been considered before by the company owing to their
limited level of knowledge about the proficiencies of agric economists. They should cease to
be regarded ad peasant farmers.
SIWES students should henceforth be considered as trainees and people of dignity and
prestige and as such not be looked down on as messengers, slaves or a cheap source of
labour. They should be utilized for challenging and mind bugging tasks and not for laborious
and drudgery duties like is often inherent within this organization.
Furthermore I want it to be that students are considered for attachment within the
organization based on availability,, qualifications, exposure, comport ability, knowledge
possessed or other reasonable or quantitative criteria and not by a trivial reason as
connection (man know man).
Finally, the period of training granted by the human resources department of NBPLC
should be based on the duration specified by the student’s letter or ITF’s recommendation
and not by some unreasonably rigid company policy of three months moreover whenever an
extension letter is written by a student for the duration of training, it should be considered
THE INDUSTRIAL TRAINIG FUND
The school in collaboration with the Industrial training fund should urge the federal
government to prevail on business establishment to be more magnanimous in provision of
placements for students’ trainees. The industrial sector needs to be enlightened on the
immense effect or contribution they have on the educational sector and as such be
encouraged to absorb more industrial trainees.
The industrial training fund should investigate curiously the activities of these students
during their training. This is because during my training period, I was never visited by anyone
from the industrial training funds.
Lastly and most importantly, the ITF should see to it that the students on training should
be paid their allowance as soon as they complete their training probably, when they come to
the ITF to sign their complete logbooks at the ITF office. Furthermore, the ITF should
consider an upward review of the it allowance from the usual 15000 naira to 30000 owing to
the increasing cost of commodities in Nigeria including transport.
THE FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, AKURE.
The academic staff of FUTA should visit the student on site often during the programme.
This will bridge the information gap between the student and the school. Moreover, they
should endeavor to always sign their column in the logbook regularly in as much as there is a
space for that there.