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2013 speakliverecord

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2013 speakliverecord

  1. 1. Speaking:Live & RecordedJoan Vinall-Cox, Ph.D.
  2. 2. Your Voice, Your Tool Speaking - a powerful tool Words AND VOICE! Rhetoric Live Recorded  Web tools
  3. 3. Oral Language Skills Today How important is speaking or talking? On the job – writing or speaking predominates? Audible minorities  impact?
  4. 4. Before Writing Oral / aural societies Memory central to preserving knowledge Persuasiveness – the source of power Schools – taught speaking skills
  5. 5. Aristotle Using spoken language to get what you want Probably not author as much as scribe of pre-literate oral knowledge The Art of Persuasion  Still completely relevant today
  6. 6. What is Rhetoric Today? Getting the audience’s attention Keeping the audience’s attention Getting the audience to see your point of view Getting audience to do what you want them to do
  7. 7. “Thank You For Arguing: What Aristotle, Lincoln, and Homer Simpson Can Teach Us About The Art Of Persuasion” Jay Heinrichs http://www.amazon.ca/Thank-You-Arguing-A
  8. 8. Words Alone are Limited Paralanguage and meaning - emotive quality  Loudness, rate, pitch http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paralanguage Meaning - 7% by words, 38% by tone Albert Mehrabian - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Body_language
  9. 9. Attunement Needed Beyond but including empathy Speaking to ...  not just in front of Totally involved in the meaning Totally focussed on the audience “getting” the meaning
  10. 10. What About the Audience? Learn as much as you can about its composition  Ages -  Backgrounds -  Interests -  Abilities -
  11. 11. “To Sell is Human: The Surprising Truth About Moving Others” Dan Pink http://www.amazon.ca/To-Sell-Is-Human-Surp Persuasion =  Interpersonal Intelligence  Rhetoric
  12. 12. Where is Speaking Learned? Learning to speak? Learning to sound professional? Where do people ‘practise’ speaking? Where ‘practise’ speaking professionally?
  13. 13. Audience Needs for Listening  Comfort (speech intelligibility)  Comfort (seating)  Comfort (temperature & air quality)  Comfort (lighting)  Comfort (content level)
  14. 14. Rhetorical Basics –How to get Attention?  Pathos  Logos  Ethos
  15. 15. Pathos Pathos – argument by emotion  Audience’s mood – sympathy, and playing back the same emotion  Laughter – play up to laughter from your audience?  Go after the breath intake of shock/fear?
  16. 16. Logos Logos – argument by logic  Not just intelligence and accurate information  Use group’s accepted beliefs to “frame” your argument (Attunement – To Sell is Human)  Heinrichs – Thank You for Arguing
  17. 17. Ethos Ethos – argument by character  Trustworthness  Reputation, professional role,  Examples  Scholarship level.  Shock of Russell Williams being sex murderer as well as military rising star  Match yourself to audience (and move on)  Clothing, speech patterns, beliefs
  18. 18. 3 Rhetorical Stances Today Obvious (Logos)  “Of course” response Emotional (Pathos)  Immediate reaction Credible (Ethos)  Trusted source
  19. 19. Speaking to a Live Audience Attunement (Dan Pink)  Before and during Improvisation  Follow the audience’s energy NEVER, NEVER, NEVER read a word- for-word script  Unless you want the audience to stop listening to you and yawn!
  20. 20. Media Live (interactive)  Same space  Same time  Skype, webinars, Google Hangouts Asynchronous (recorded)  Different space  Different time  Podcasts, YouTube, SoundCloud
  21. 21. For Live and Recorded Speech Speech intelligibility  Sound quality  Articulation Prosody  pitch, loudness, tempo and rhythm Figures of Speech and Tropes
  22. 22. Figures of Speech & Tropes http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Figure_of_Speec  Repetition  Rhetorical Questions  Alliteration  Dramatic pauses  Obama  Lots more
  23. 23. Avoid Fillers! Um Uh You know Like Right?
  24. 24. Avoid Up-talk Making statements sound like questions – voice rises at end Surprisingly common among young people Creates impression you’re uncertain or don’t really know
  25. 25. Preparing Practise articulating clearly  Slower is better than faster,  Unless you’re Rick Mercer Over-enunciate  Especially before important speaking or recording  Alone – car (not driving) or bathroom etc.
  26. 26. Recorded Speech Harder to get and hold attention Replace live energy, improv impact  Sound effects  Music  Story structure
  27. 27. Comparisons - Starting Story Live  Less formal,  Can fill gaps, correct impressions  Rhetorical skills Recorded  Strong opening needed  Set up mystery, create curiosity  Strong story structure  Art – rhetorical skills
  28. 28. Story Structure – Rising Action
  29. 29. Recording Tools SoundCloud – web-based accounts  Hear what you sound like - practise AudioBoo - web-based accounts Audacity – Free audio-editing software – lots of free tutorials GarageBand - Mac
  30. 30. Learning Audacity Over 1, 280, 000 hits on Google for “Audacity Tutorials” A favorite -  http://audacity.sourceforge.net/manual-1.2/tutorials.html Essential – for MP3s, LAME needed  http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/how-to- create-valid-mp3-files-with-audacity/
  31. 31. Looking at Audacity http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=EGocD5a12-w&list=UUFUW2VNu- R2KIwPYmLJnuRA&index=30 http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=G7BZjjH4I9M&list=UUFUW2VNu- R2KIwPYmLJnuRA http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=HQ2GoReFgV0&list=UUFUW2VNu- R2KIwPYmLJnuRA
  32. 32. Copyright Safe Sounds https://creativecommons.org/legalmu sicforvideos http://soundcloud.com/tracks/search ? q[cc_licensed]=true&q[fulltext]=sound %20effects%20free&q[derivative]=true https://creativecommons.org/legalmu sicforvideos
  33. 33. Free Blogging Platforms Free and easy blog tools where you can add audio files –> podcasts  Posterous – www.posterous.com  Blogger – Google it  WordPress.com - http://wordpress.com/
  34. 34. Oral Rhetoric for Aural Reception Speaking with power Words – Rhetorical art Voice – rich with meaning Audience Requirements  Live and recorded Tools for recording

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