ObjectivesStudents will be able to discuss culture inPeru. (Foods, Machu Picchu)Students will be able to define the following Natural Resources Cash Crops Empire AqueductStudents will be able to discuss the Inca.
Peru lies along the PacificPeru Coast of South America, west of Brazil, and south of Colombia. The _______________ Mountains, a 4,500 miles mountain range, the longest in the world as a matter of fact, forms the spine of Peru. Peru is a Native American word that means “___________________” is
Landscape of Peru Many landforms are found within Peru. Dry deserts, snowcapped mountains, and humid rainforests. East of the Andes, you come to a flat plains area of the Amazon Rainforest, in which flows the world’s ____________________ longest river, the Amazon. Rainfall is plentiful here and the rainforest covers almost the entire plains area.
Peru’s economy reliesEconomy of Peru on a variety of ___________________, which are products of the earth that people use to meet their needs. Peru’s largest export is copper and its second largest export is __________________ which has been taken out of the Pacific Ocean.
About 1/3 of Peru’sMore Economy people are farmers who grow sugar cane, cotton, and coffee as __________________, crops that have been grown specifically to sell to other countries as exports. Most Peruvians work on, ___________________, small plots of land where people grow only enough food to feed their families.
Crops The chief crops of Peru are rice, corn, and plantains (a type of banana). Native Americans in the Andes Mountains were the first people to ever grow ___________________. Today in Peru, farmers grow more than 3,500 kinds of potatoes in many different sizes and colors.
American During the 1400s, a Native American people called the Group ___________ had a very powerful civilization in the area that is now Peru. Their ____________________, a group of lands under one ruler, stretched for more than 2,500 miles. The Inca were quite advanced. They had courts, roads, bridges, and ___________________________, a channel or pipe used to transport water from a major water source and bringing it to a desired location
The capital city of the IncanThe Inca Empire was ___________________, a city far up in the Andes Mountains. In Peru today, you can still see the remains of fortresses and buildings made over 500 years ago. The most well known Incan ruins are the city of ______________________, which were voted in as one of the New 7 Wonders of the World back in 2007.
In the early 1500s,End of the Inca conquerors from _________________ arrived in Peru. They desired gold and silver and defeated the Inca to make Peru a Spanish territory. For 300 years, Peru remained a ___________________, an overseas area owned by another country, until gaining its independence in 1821.
Population and Peru has a population Capital of ________ million people, most of whom live right on the Pacific Coast. The country’s capital and largest city is _________________. The capital, due to overpopulation, has become very crowded, noisy, and polluted.
About half of Peru’s peopleThe People of are Peru ______________________. In fact, Peru has one of the largest Native American populations in the western hemisphere. Peruvians also include many people of mixed or _________________ ancestry. Most Peruvians blend their ______________________ faith, Peru’s main religion, with the beliefs of their ancestors.
___________________ isCulture Peru’s official language, but around __________ Native American languages are also spoken throughout the country. You can hear ___________________, which was the ancient language spoken by the Inca spoken in many current Native American villages.