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Koha user manual


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Koha user manual

  1. 1. Koha Live DVD Installation1. Change PC boot loader option to DVD/CD-ROM2. Insert the Koha Live DVD and reboot the system.Turn on or restart your computer and watch for a message during the POST about a particularkey, usually Del or F2, that youll need to press to ...enter SETUP. Press this key as soon asyou see the message.You want to try Koha without installation (LIVE MODE), select and press live- boot the LiveSystem.Select the Install- start the installer directly option for install in your computer permanently.
  2. 2. Choose the language.
  3. 3. Option 1: Install Koha Live DVD along with other operating system (e.g. Windows)Option 2: Erase the entire hard disk and install Live DVD.Option 3: You can partition disk manually and install Live DVD.
  4. 4. Select your Time Zone.Keyboard selection.
  5. 5. User name and password are embedded in DVD. You have to enter the details for complete theinstallation. See the following details.Your name: koha Your computer’s name: koha Pick a username: koha Choose a password:koha123Installation process is in progress.Remove the DVD from the tray and press Enter button to restart the PC.
  6. 6. READ MEKohaVersion- 3.10.3Open Mozilla Firefox to run Koha. Koha links bookmark in browser toolbar.Staff Clinet- Login InformationUserName- koha_libraryPassword- koha123SYSTEM INFORMATIONOperating System- Ubuntu 12.04 LTSUsername- kohaPassword- koha123Browser- Mozilla FirefoxMySQLRoot Password- mysqlrootKoha Database Name- kohaUsername- koha_libraryPassword- koha123Rebuilding Zebra IndexGo to Home folder (/home/koha).Find file.Right click and Open the file. Select Run in Terminal. Enter the system password “koha123”when it ask.Database BackupDaily backup will automatically deposit in the folder /home/koha/backup every hour.Database RestorationCopy koha database backup to Home folder.Extract the file.Open Applications > Accessories > Terminal and apply the following commands,sudo sumysql -uroot -p koha_library < koha_library.sqlEnter the MySQL root password mysqlrootHelpful Linkswww.koha-community.org me your feedback about this Live DVD,
  7. 7. 1KOHA OPEN SOURCE LIBRARY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM:HANDS ON TRAINING MANUAL.HOW TO START KOHAKoha has a web based interface (it will look like a website). You can access Koha using a web browser(e.g. Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome). Enter the address ( of Koha staff client inadress space of browser.Enter username and password to enter inside Koha staff client. Check the Readme file of Koha LiveDVD to get login information.INTRODUCTION TO KOHA STAFF CLIENT
  8. 8. 2BASIC PARAMETERSAfter the installation of Koha, we have to enter certain basic information regarding the library (e.g. libraryname, user category, item types etc.).How to create a library?Create a library branch is very necessary to start work with Koha. You can create a library and enter thedetails.Step-1Administration > Libraries and Groups
  9. 9. 3Step-2
  10. 10. 4How to change the library details?You can edit the details of a library already created. You can’t change the library code. But you canchange other details.How to add various item types?You can organise your collection by item types based on its characteristics (e.g. book, patent,multimedia etc.). You can find sample item types with Koha.
  11. 11. 5Enter the details of new item type.How to add a patron (user) category?Patron denotes library users (e.g. Teachers, Students, Research scholars etc.).Administration > Patron CategoriesCirculation and fine rules
  12. 12. 6CATALOGUINGIn Koha the bibliographic record contains the main information related to the material. This includesthings like the title, author, ISBN, etc. This information is stored in Koha in Marc (different flavors of Marcare supported in Koha). Once this information is saved, items or holdings can be attached. Accessionnumber, price etc are Item information.
  13. 13. 7Enter bibliographic details (e.g. Title, Author, ISBN etc.) of the book.
  14. 14. 8In the second stage, enter the other details like accession number, price etc.Provision for adding extra copies of the book also here.One copy of a book added.
  15. 15. 9Adding multiple copies of a same bookFive copies of the book added.
  16. 16. 10Editing a catalogue record.You can edit the details of a book any time. Search the book and edit the details.
  17. 17. 11Delete a recordSearch and find the catalogue record to delete.PATRON MANAGEMENTPatron denotes library user.Adding a new patron / library user.Enter the details of the library user.
  18. 18. 12
  19. 19. 13
  20. 20. 14CIRCULATIONIssue/borrow (check out), return and reserve books to users.
  21. 21. 15Return / check in book
  22. 22. 16Another way to return the booksGo To user account and follow the screen shot.
  23. 23. 17Reserve / hold book
  24. 24. 18REPORTSThis module helpful to generate various type of reports regarding books, users and circulationmanagement etc.Run saved reportsCreate a report with the help of Koha SQL library
  25. 25. 19Go to the Koha SQL Report Library website and find the report required for your work. Copy the SQLquery.Paste the query in box.
  26. 26. 20BARCODE / LABEL CREATORYou can create barcode to stick on books. Use of barcodes make issue and return of books very fast.Tools > Label creator
  27. 27. 21Manage Layouts
  28. 28. 22Manage Templates
  29. 29. 23Select the books from result.
  30. 30. 24
  31. 31. 25For detailed user manual, visit tutorials:
  32. 32. Annals of Library and Information StudiesVol. 59, December 2012, pp. 223-230Adoption and user perceptions of Koha library management system in IndiaVimal Kumar Vaand Jasimudeen SbaTechnical Assistant, Mahatma Gandhi University Library, Kerala-686560 Email: vimal0212@gmail.combLibrarian, St. Stephen’s College, Uzhavoor, Kottayam, Kerala. Email: jasimndd@gmail.comAdoption and use of open source library management systems in Indian libraries is gaining momentum. Koha is thefirst free and open source library automation package. Its excellent features have made it popular among the user communitywithin a short span of time. This paper provides a brief picture of Koha software adoption and the users’ perceptions about itin the Indian library scenario and evaluates the satisfaction level of Indian library professionals with Koha. It is found thatthe software is popular among the southern states of India and the number of Koha users in India is growing.Keywords: Koha, Library automation, Open source softwareIntroductionFree software are those which are available freeof cost with source code. According to Free SoftwareFoundation “Free software” means software thatrespects users freedom and community. The usershave the freedom to run, copy, distribute, study,change and improve the software. With thesefreedoms, the users (both individually andcollectively) control the program and what it doesfor them”1. The two terms, “free” and “open source”are used synonymously for free distribution ofsoftware. Free and Open Source software movementsare two ideological groups working for freedistribution of software. Both groups strongly believein community participation and peer review.Morgan2argues that, open source software’s aresuitable for libraries due to the following reasons:• Community participation,• Things "free as a free kitten"• An investment in personnel• Taking responsibility for your computingenvironment, and• Greater opportunities for innovation.Libraries are attracted to open source technologynot only due to its free availability, but due toits attractive philosophy3,4,5. Open source softwaredevelopment is maintained by users’ communityitself. They work together to solve common problemsthrough a participatory development process. Morgancompares open source software community workswith peer-review process in academia. The works putforward are examined by people, who in turn providesuggestions for improvement. Thereby, the work iscontinuously edited and refined2.Koha open source library management system is anew entrant into library automation marketplace inIndia. The work on Koha started in September 6,1999 by Catipo Communications following a requestfrom Harowhenua Library Trust, New Zealand.Harowhenua Library Trust implemented Koha inJanuary 1, 2000 and the Trust released Koha underthe most popular and flexible GNU General PublicLicense for deriving support from the globalcommunity and ensuring future development of thesystem6. The same year Koha was deployed in St.Joseph’s College, Devagiri in the Indian state ofKerala. This is considered to be the first Kohainstallation in India. Thereafter, there have been anumber of Koha installations in India and the group ofactive Koha users in India is growing. The annualconference of Koha developers and users called‘Kohacon’ held in Pune, India in 2011 was a recentsignificant milestone.Koha in IndiaAdoption rate of open source library managementsystems in India is comparatively slow due to avariety of reasons ranging from lack of awarenessamong library professionals to low computer literacyskills. Compared to other open source librarymanagement systems, Koha is relatively more popularin India due to its active users’ community.Many prestigious library automation projects in Indiahave adopted Koha due to its capability to handleIndian languages. Delhi Public Library started using
  33. 33. ANN. LIB. INF. STU.; DECEMBER 2012224Koha in 2007. The Library has a collection of over15 lakh books. During the initial stages a significantportion of the records from CDS/ISIS database wereexported to Koha.Granthalaya ( is anotherprestigious automation project which uses Koha. Thisproject envisions a union catalogue of public librariesin Konkan region Maharashtra, India. Central Libraryand other Departmental libraries in Cochin Universityof Science and Technology adopted Koha and becamefully functional in 2009. In Tamilnadu, 32 districtlibraries and Connemara Public Library wereautomated and networked using Koha with the helpof AU-KBC Research Centre of Anna UniversityChennai with support from the NRCFOSS Project(National Resource Centre for Free/Open SourceSoftware) funded by the Department of InformationTechnology, Govt of India. Anna Centenary Libraryin Chennai also selected Koha for its automationpurpose.Mysore University successfully migrated toKoha from legacy system in 2010. British CouncilLibraries in India and Sri Lanka selected Koha forautomation and networking its libraries. They serve120,000 members through ten libraries. BritishCouncil Library online catalogue started its serviceand is available at has been customized in Bengali script for thepurpose of automating academic and public librariesin West Bengal.The Government of Kerala has in principle madea decision to make Koha as its official softwarefor computerization of Government administeredlibraries8. Educational institutions under Instituteof Human Resources Development (IHRD) haveadopted Koha in their libraries by providing in-housetraining for library professionals. IHRD is anautonomous body under Government of Keralawhich owns around 50 educational institutions.Training and awareness can eliminatemisconceptions of many library professionalsregarding open source software. Professionalorganisations, library schools and prestigious librariesin India have organised Koha workshops. DELNET,NCSI, DRTC, Kerala Library Association, CochinUniversity, University of Kerala, University ofBurdwan, Mahatma Gandhi University, NISCAIRand OSS Labs have organised Koha training.Many learning and installation aids have beendeveloped for Koha training programmes. Koha LiveCD is a helpful tool using which librarians caninstall Koha easily without the help of a Linuxexpert. DRTC, Bangalore developed a live CD( suitable forlearning purpose and installation. Koha, DSpace andother applications are also included in the live CD.Another customised Koha live DVD developedby the principal author of this article is availablefor download at We now discuss in the use of Koha intwo libraries, a major public library network andanother prominent university library.Delhi Public LibraryDelhi Public Library was established in 1951 byGovernment of India with the assistance of UNESCO.The library has a collection of 1.5 million books and35 library outlets located in various parts of the Delhicity. The library serves 73,467 users. Average numberof books issued per day is 33789.Delhi Public Library began to use computers since1995. In 1997, the library started to use CDS/ISIS tocreate the database of books received under theDelivery of Books and Newspapers Act. Koha wasimplemented in 2007 and its online catalogue is alsoavailable. About 52,681 records in English and38,180 records in Hindi were transferred to Kohafrom CDS/ISIS and 2,33,304 record details wereentered in Koha till 12th January 2012. Records fromall Indian languages are available and regionallanguage searching is also enabled in Delhi PublicLibrary through the online catalogue10.The library implemented the automation projectusing Koha with a relatively low cost. They utilisedthe maximum in-house manpower for projectrelated works. Library had sought only the servicesof an IT company for the installation of aserver computer. According to library officials,this company had limited involvement in theimplementation, configuration, and operation of theKoha software and did not have previous experiencewith library automation. The company had onlyexpected to gain experience with Koha through itsinvolvement in this project11.Retrospective conversion from legacy system is afear factor for many libraries with huge collection ofrecords. But Delhi Public Library could overcome thesituation with the help of appropriate cost effectiveopen source automation solution by relying on theirown staff. This practice helped the Delhi Public
  34. 34. KUMAR & JASIMUDEEN: ADOPTION AND USER PERCEPTIONS OF KOHA LMS IN INDIA 225Library to gain full control over their automationsystem and data.Mysore University LibraryMysore University Library switched from aproprietary automation system to Koha in 2010after an intensive evaluation. In their experience,proprietary legacy systems are not suitable for longterm service and decided to find a suitable opensource library automation system. "After an extensivesurvey and analysis, an Expert Committee consistingof senior library professionals and teaching faculty ofUniversity of Mysore recommended the adoptionof Koha”12. Availability of features suitable foruniversity library, third party commercial support, andactive development due to its strong communityworld over is the main factors favorable to Koha.Fifty eight libraries come under the purview of libraryautomation project using Koha in Mysore University.It includes the Main Library, libraries of five colleges,thirteen institutions and thirty six Departments. Aboutten lakh (one million) records will be available inthe final stage of migration. Centralised database,decentralised inputting and housekeeping activitiesand Universal access to OPAC are the main featuresof the Koha implementation in Mysore University.The university has hosted Koha on cloud hostingenvironment and no additional investment on server,maintenance, manpower, air-conditioning, etc weredone. Dr. I.R.N. Goudar, Visiting Professor-cum-Library Advisor says, “We have not even spent onethird of what we would have spent for a mediumpriced commercial LMS. The amount we paid to ourservice provider covered installation and configuration,migration of existing data, training, little bitcustomization, hosting initially on cloud hostingenvironment and AMC for one year”13.Scholarly literature published on the impact ofopen source library management system amongIndian libraries is limited.Review of literatureA general study to know the perceptions of LISprofessionals towards open source software adoption inlibraries says that OSS are rapidly gaining attention ofLIS Professional community. OSS provides alternative,cheap and innovative technological solution tolibraries. For this reason, OSS can be a great alternativeto the expensive proprietary library software. LIScommunity has positive perceptions to OSS howeverits widespread adoption is still to happen14.Mukhopadhyay15gives a clear picture of thedevelopment of library management systems overthe years and emergence of open source softwaresolutions for library management as alternatives toclosed commercial products. Bhavsar16conducted asurvey among Indian library professionals to find theout the satisfaction of Koha users. The main aim ofthe survey was to find out the practical problemsfaced by Indian librarians and many suggestionsfor future improvements were presented. Kushwahet. al.17conducted a study on two popular proprietarylibrary management systems; i.e. Libsys and SOULand compared them with Koha. The study reportsboth commercial and open source library managementsystems are good in terms of features and functions,however open source systems give full control overthe software. In another comparative study, Kumar18tried to evaluate the functional performance of thethree Open Source softwares, Koha, PhpMylibraryand OpenBiblio. The functional performances of thethree softwares were assessed by testing the threesoftware entering sample data. The result of the studywas that Koha, PhpMylibrary and OpenBiblio canprovide the essential functional modules required forthe working of small and medium size libraries.Hasan19discusses in detail regarding the importantissues of open source software development,librarianship and open-source software usability withspecial reference to India.Open source automation software are becomingpopular among library professionals in Kerala. CochinUniversity of Science and Technology is the firstuniversity in Kerala state to implement Koha. About53% of Library professionals working in universitiesin Kerala have awareness about Koha20.Anuradha et. al21. elaborated the efforts forenabling full-text search features in the open-sourcelibrary automation package Koha, by independentlyintegrating it with two open-source digital librarysoftware packages, viz; Greenstone Digital LibrarySoftware and Fedora Generic Search Service. Theirmain aim was to index the full-text documents both inthe library automation package (Koha) and digitallibrary software. Kiruthika and Balasubramani22described how they developed a bibliographicdatabase of Ph.D. theses at Bharathidasan Universityusing Koha.As can be seen from the studies discussed above,there is hardly any study that deals with adoption ofKoha and perceptions on the software. Hence, the
  35. 35. ANN. LIB. INF. STU.; DECEMBER 2012226present study was undertaken to explore theperceptions of the emerging library community thathas taken to Koha.Objectives of the study• To understand the popularity of Koha amonglibrary professionals in India,• To find the reasons for changing to Koha fromlegacy library automation systems,• To identify the difficulties faced by libraryprofessionals while implementing Koha,• To know the satisfaction level of libraryprofessionals on Koha.MethodologyA structured questionnaire was prepared withthe help of a web based survey We asked questions ondetails of Koha implementation in the library andtheir feedback on key functional modules of Koha.The questionnaires were distributed through LISForum and other library professionals’ email discussionforums like MLOSC (Maharashtra Librarians OnlineStudy Circle) in India. Thirty four Koha users fromacademic, public and special libraries participated inthe survey. According to the list of Koha User’sWordwide23maintained by Koha project volunteers,83 libraries in India are using Koha.AnalysisAs per the feedback collected from Koha users,maximum Koha users are from Kerala. Maharashtra,Karnataka and Tamilnadu are other states havingsignificant number of Koha users thus revealing thebetter popularity of the software in the south andwestern parts of India (Fig. 1).The reason for this popularity could be thatuniversities, colleges and professional associations oflibrarians took initiatives to conduct a significantnumber of Koha workshops in South India. NationalCentre for Science Information, DocumentationTraining and Research Centre, Kerala LibraryAssociation, Calicut University, National ResourceCentre for FOSS of Anna University, CochinUniversity of Science and Technology havecontributed significantly by organising workshopsand popularizing of Koha among library professionalsin South India.Reasons for changing legacy systemsAdoption of library automation proprietarysoftware is predominant in libraries in India. Manyof these locally developed proprietary librarymanagement system lack standards and protocolsessential for data exchange and connection withexternal systems. Very few commercial library systemvendors provide advanced systems and services, butthe price of the systems are very high. Normally itcosts more than an annual mid-sized librarys budget.Investment in a proprietary library automation systemis a never ending process as annual or other updatepayments are necessary to ensure ongoing softwaresupport. Many times, the libraries have no controlover the software system and data.About half the of Koha users (52.94%) whoparticipated in this survey had never used anylibrary management system. The rest (47.06%) hadswitched to Koha from their proprietary librarymanagement system.According to 40% of Koha users, technical reasonsare the main factor behind the transition fromproprietary legacy system to open source alternative.Nobody expressed concerns about financialconstraints as a factor for changing old librarymanagement system. About 35% of people changedto Koha due to organization’s dissatisfaction withproprietary library management system. Insufficientfeatures and the non availability of library standardsin legacy system are the other reasons pointed out by25% of Koha users.Even though more than ten open source librarymanagement systems are available, very few of themFig. 1—Distribution of respondents
  36. 36. KUMAR & JASIMUDEEN: ADOPTION AND USER PERCEPTIONS OF KOHA LMS IN INDIA 227are popular in library automation market. Kohaproject started as a non-profit initiative and it strictlyfollows the principles of open source philosophy.Koha is licensed under GNU General Public License,the most popular copy left license. It resulted ingrowing number of Koha installations. But only29.7% users find free availability as the main reasonfor choosing Koha. Majority of the users (51.22%)were attracted to Koha due to its technical feasibility.Koha makes use of open source componentslike MySQL database, Apache web server, Perlprogramming language and Linux operating system.There is no need to invest additional amount forpreparing technical platform for Koha installation.Proprietary library management systems needcompatible commercial applications to run thesystem. In this situation, libraries have to spendmore amount for buying database application,operating system and anti-virus programmes.Technical supportInstallation and maintenance of Koha was difficultfor library professionals because of its complexinstallation procedure. Koha support usingcommunity resources is free. Highly detailed usermanuals, installation procedures, data migrationassistance, active discussion forums and blogs arevery helpful for library professionals (91.18%) wholike to maintain Koha without using the help ofcommercial service providers. Majority of Koha usersparticipated in this survey made use of communityresources for Koha installation and maintenance. Veryfew Koha users (8.82%) approached commercialKoha service companies for Koha installation andmaintenance. Assistance from commercial Kohaservice companies are very helpful in data migrationfrom legacy systems, customisation, developmentand online hosting.Koha Live CDManual installation of Koha is time consuming andrequires the expertise of a Linux administrator.Majority of the libraries (69.70%) that participatedin this survey installed Koha manually and 30.30%of libraries installed Koha with the help of Kohalive CD.Many learning and installation aids for Koha arenow available for the help of library professionals.Koha Live CDs are useful for installation and learningpurpose. It assists the librarians to install Koha intheir library without the help of a Linux expert. Linuxoperating system and Koha are bundled together inthe live CD. Installation process is simple and Koha isready to use after the completion of installation fromlive CD. Availability of Koha live CD can be oneof the reasons that increased the popularity of Kohaamong library professionals in India.Difficulties in moving to KohaData migration, network problems, protest fromstaff, and approval from organisation are the mainproblems encountered by Indian libraries in Kohaadoption process. (Fig.2)Libraries have no control over the proprietarysoftware system and data. By purchasing a proprietaryautomation system, library does not get the ownershipof the software. Library only gets the privilege to usethe system till the end of the service period. Often thevendor of library management system does not giveprovision to export data in the standard format(e.g. MARC). In certain cases libraries have to makeadditional payment to terminate the services andget back the data if they like to switch over to anew system.Performance of Koha modulesWe attempted to know the satisfaction level ofKoha users on important modules, ease of use andconvenience. The scale, 1=Poor, 2=Average, 3=Good,4=Very Good and 5=Excellent was used for themeasurement of the satisfaction level of Koha users(Table 1).Range of modules and ease of customizationAbout 42.86% rated in the availability of requiredmodules as excellent. Every aspect of Koha can becustomised for the purpose and convenience oflibraries. Majority of users (39.29%) rated the ease inFig. 2—Problems encountered while migrating to Koha
  37. 37. ANN. LIB. INF. STU.; DECEMBER 2012228customisation of Koha to be excellent. Users cancustomise the features of Koha without programmingskills. For example, in addition to a range ofreadymade reports, users can create any type ofreports with the help of GUI or SQL query.Display and screen layoutsKoha’s web interface is easy to use by bothlibrary professionals and end users. Web 2.0 featuresare also added for the enhancement of userexperience. Users can change the display andlayouts for matching with the theme and aims of thelibrary. Layouts are suitable for adding externalelements like social network widgets, bookmarkingtools and dynamic contents. Koha users (35.71%)have expressed that display and layouts are excellent.User manualsAbout 51.85% Koha users have expressed theirsatisfaction level as very good. Koha communitymaintains an extensive online user manual with screenshots with the help of library professionals. Inaddition, Koha has an onscreen pop-up screen inevery page for instant help.Ease of cataloguingKoha makes use of MARC 21 and UNIMARCstandard for cataloguing framework. It also attachedZ39.50 standard for downloading the cataloguingdetails from remote library servers (e.g. Library ofCongress). Koha lacks customised cataloguingframework with minimum data entry fields. Itdisplays all MARC fields and users have to customiseit to minimum number of fields required for thelibrary. This feature may cause difficulty for newKoha users. Among Koha users, 32.14% markedease of cataloguing as excellent and 53.57% markedit as very good.CirculationThe circulation module of Koha was the mosthighly rated module with 51.72% rating it asexcellent. Circulation process in Koha is time savingand it helps to complete the circulation transactionswith ease. Circulation module options are attachedto the universal task bar and library staff caneasily switch to check in or check out of documentsduring other works.AcquisitionAcquisition module is in transition processand lots of changes have been added to the latestversion. Placing and receiving orders in a few stepsis the advantage of acquisition module. Creatingbudget and proper allocation of funds will help togive control over library finance. About 22.22%rated this module as excellent and about 33.33%rated is as good.Serials ManagementSerials management module does not connect withbudget and it lacks article indexing feature. Due tothese reasons, serials management module could findmuch acceptance among Koha users. Only 7.41% ofusers rated it as excellent and 11.11% of users statedthat the serial management module is poor.Overall satisfaction of usersFinancial and technical feasibility are the mainreasons behind the change from proprietary librarymanagement system and the adoption of Koha. Mostof the users (61.76%) are satisfied with Koha and26.47% users are very satisfied (Fig. 3).Adoption rate of Koha in public libraries in India isvery few. Handling of Indian languages in Koha is apromising feature for public libraries. Popularity ofKoha in India among library professionals is growing.Previously, Koha 2.x version was not mature for usein Indian libraries without technical support. Most ofthe users are satisfied with the present version ofKoha 3.x. Contributions of growing number ofcommunity members from India helped Koha toTable 1—Response of usersSl. no. Parameters Poor Average Good Very Good Excellent1 Range of modules 0.00 7.14 14.29 35.71 42.862 Ease of customization 0.00 10.71 21.43 28.57 39.293 Display and screen layouts 7.14 3.57 21.43 32.14 35.714 User manuals 7.41 0.00 11.11 51.85 29.635 Ease of cataloguing 3.57 3.57 7.14 53.57 32.146 Circulation 3.45 6.90 13.79 24.14 51.727 Acquisition 3.70 18.52 33.33 22.22 22.228 Serials management 11.11 11.11 55.56 14.81 7.41
  38. 38. KUMAR & JASIMUDEEN: ADOPTION AND USER PERCEPTIONS OF KOHA LMS IN INDIA 229become a mature integrated library system within ashort span of time.ConclusionKoha Open Source library management system is anew candidate in Indian library automation market.Survey result shows that majority of the libraries(52.94%) which adopted Koha had no automationsystem before and other segment of users (47.06%)migrated to Koha from proprietary systems. Itindicates that Indian libraries have recognised thecapabilities of Koha features and its suitability toimplement in any type of libraries. To a certainextent, availability of Koha Live CD is a factorbehind the popularity of Koha in India. About 30% oflibraries installed Koha using Live CD. KohaLive CD gives opportunity to try Koha in librarieswithout technical support.According to majority of users, data migrationfrom legacy system to Koha is a hard nut to crack inimplementation stage. Other barriers whileimplementation stage are Internet connectivity,protest from staff and approval from organisation.Koha users (61.76%) are satisfied with the overallperformance of Koha. Circulation module is themost favorite module of Koha and 51.72% of usershave expressed excellence about the performance ofthis module. Financial management of periodicals isnot possible and users are not satisfied with serialmanagement module.Implementation of Koha in reputed libraries inIndia has given enough publicity among libraryprofessionals. News regarding Koha implementationin Delhi Public Library, Mysore University, BritishLibraries and Connemara Public Library etc.have appeared in popular online discussion forumslike LIS Forum and has come to the attention oflibrary professionals. A few library sciencedepartments and institutions in India have alreadystarted teaching Koha.In the early stages of development the open sourceautomation systems offer only promise and potentialand were not yet a viable option for a run-of-the-milllibrary24. Now the things have changed quickly andKoha has become mature in terms of featuresof commercial library automation systems25. This isthe result of the generous support from communitymembers. Availability of community support,commercial support, learning tools, library standardsand active development has helped Koha OpenSource ILS to make a footprint in library automationmarket in India.References1 "What is free software?" The GNU Operating System. FreeSoftware Foundation, n.d. Web. 9 May 2012. Available at: (Accessed on 3September 2011).2 Morgan E L, All things open, Available at: (Accessedon 3 September 2011).3 Chudnov D, Open source software: The future of librarysystems, Library Journal, 124 (13) (1999) 40-43.4 Corrado E M, The importance of open access, open sourceand open standards for libraries, Issues in Science andTechnology Librarianship, 42 (2005), Available at: (Accessed on 21July 2012).5 Engard N C, Open source and libraries, Practical OpenSource Software for Libraries, (2010) 29-34.6 Koha, the first open source integrated library system.(n.d.). Katipo Communications Ltd. Available at: (Accessed on 2September 2012)7 Nucsoft OSS Labs, British Council Libraries adopt Koha,2011, Available at: (Accessed on 3 September 2011).8 Government of Kerala decides to use Koha. Available at: Delhi Public Library, Available at: (Accessed on 14 May 2012).10 Delhi Public Library, Library modernization, Availableat: (Accessed on14 May 2012).11 Breeding M, Koha in Delhi, India, Smart LibrariesNewsletter, 28(11) (2008) 1-2.12 Goudar I R N, Koha implementation@University of Mysore,LIS-Forum. NCSI Bangalore, March 2011, Available at: (Accessed on 13 August 2012).13 Goudar I R N, Koha-UoM Experience-Universal Suitability-Discussion, LIS-Forum. NCSI Bangalore, August 2011,Fig. 3—Satisfaction levels of Koha users
  39. 39. ANN. LIB. INF. STU.; DECEMBER 2012230Available at: (Accessed on 12 August 2012).14 Muhammad R, LIS cmmunity’s perceptions towards opensource software adoption in libraries, The InternationalInformation & Library Review, 41 (3) (2009) 137-14515 Mukhopadhyay P, Five Laws and Ten Commandments: Theopen road of library automation in India, In Proceedings ofNational Seminar on Open Source Movement: AsianPerspective. Roorkee: IASLIC, 01 June 2012, 27-36.16 Bhavsar S, Survey of Koha Usage in India, In Proceedings ofthe International Conference on Koha, Kohacon11, Thane,Mumbai. Available at: (Accessedon 07 June 2012).17 Kushwah S S, Gautam J N and Singh R, Library automationand open source solutions major shifts & practices: Acomparative case study of library automation systems inIndia, In Proceeding of International CALIBER-2008,Allahabad. Available at: (Accessed on 12 September 2012).18 Kumar V V, Free/Open source integrated library managementsystems: Comparative analysis of Koha, PHPMyLibraryand OpenBiblio, In Proceedings of National LibraryWeek Celebration, University of Calicut. Available at: on 18 September 2012)19 Hasan N, Issues and challenges in open source softwareenvironment with special reference to India, In Proceedingsof International Conference on Academic Libraries(ICAL-2009), University of Delhi, Delhi. Available at: (Accessed on 18 August 2012).20 Mathew S K and Baby M D, Developing technology skillsfor academic librarians: A study based on the Universities inKerala, India, Library Philosophy and Practice Available at: (Accessed on24 July 2012).21 Anuradha KT, Open-source tools for enhancing full-textsearching of OPACs: Use of Koha, Greenstone and Fedora,Program: Electronic Library and Information Systems, 45(2)(2011) 231-39.22 Kiruthika D, Design and development of the bibliographicdatabase of Ph.D. theses at Bharathidasan Universityusing Koha, MLISc. Dissertation Bharathidasan University,August 2011.23 KohaUsers/SouthAsian, Koha Wiki. Available at: on 14 August 2012).24 Breeding M, An update on open source ILS,Information Today, 19 (9) (2002), Available at: (Accessedon 9 August 2012).25 Koha Library Software Community, Available at: (Accessed on 09August 2012).