Glimpses of Koha in
Vimal Kumar V.
Mahatma Gandhi University Library
IndKoha 2019, Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandira, Belur Math, Kolkata, 22-02-2019
Library automation in India
➢ Library automation was a serious topic in the 1990s.
➢ DBMS (CDS/ISIS, dBase, and FoxPro) used for the cataloguing of
➢ Proprietary legacy software (e.g. LibSys, Nirmals) began to rule out
➢ Libraries with well funded could enjoy the benefits of library
➢ Colleges and public libraries in rural areas are not in a position to
enjoy the full benefits of library automation.
INFLIBNET and library automation
➢ INFLINET acted as a catalyst for computerisation in Indian libraries.
➢ INFLIBNET has given assistance to academic libraries for automation.
➢ SOUL version 1 released in 2000 and few updates received till 2007.
➢ SOUL version 2 released in 2009 and could not become popular like
Fall of SOUL
➢ SOUL ver. 1 had slow development and few updates,
➢ Weak technology platform (e.g. Libraries used pirated Windows and MS
➢ Only suitable for libraries with traditional activities,
➢ Lack good features of 4th generation ILS (e.g. Web interface).
Rise of Koha
Koha initially installed at Devagiri College Library,
Kozhikode, Kerala in 2000.
Implementation of Koha at Delhi Public Library in 2007.
In the initial stages, libraries without any ILS began to use
Rise of Koha...
Initially, Koha implemented in libraries with in-house
Medium and small type libraries reluctant to go for paid
Public libraries are not in a position to adopt Koha.
Image courtesy: https://qz.com
Where are we now?
Attitude towards FOSS
Free means Free of Cost for authorities!!
So no fund for Koha installation and maintenance.
No magic wand for easy Koha installation.
Full responsibility on the shoulders of librarians.
Librarians are not System Admins
Librarians struggle to manage software problems.
Most of the times telephone support can’t help.
The assistance of expert required always.
Infrastructure for Koha
Most of the libraries use desktop PC for Koha installation.
Hardware specification do not match with transactions,
record and patron size.
No 24x7 OPAC service.
OPAC available inside library / campus.
Mistakes from Librarian’s side
They do not update with latest developments.
Minimal participation in communities (e.g. online forums).
Libraries do not use all modules with Koha.
Libraries still follow manual methods (e.g. Circulation)
No effort to acquire skill sets (e.g. Linux) to manage Koha in
Accept and walk with
Keep in touch with latest
Some recent changes….
Ubuntu to Debian
No login using DB
Koha ver. 18.05
MySQL > MariaDB
MariaDB is a
community-developed fork of
the MySQL. Development is led
by some of the original
developers of MySQL, who
forked it due to concerns over
its acquisition by Oracle
Proprietary software do not offer any learning
FOSS endorse open culture.
Encourage collaboration, community
contributions, passion, and shared
Amazon, Microsoft and
Google offer cloud services
Baadal: An MHRD initiative
developed as NME-ICT Cloud
for academic purpose.
Image courtesy: Hans Hillewaert, Wikimedia
➢ Linux basics
➢ Database basics (MySQL)
➢ A pinch of computer
➢ Keep in touch with latest
➢ Copy and paste skills!!
➢ Lot of curiosity!!
Image courtesy: https://theculturetrip.com
Open files using text editors (e.g. leafpad /etc/apt/sources.list)
Copy and move files and folders
Cron Job for schedule jobs
Debian and Ubuntu skills
Package management using APT (apt commands)
Debian package management (E.g. dpkg -i teamviewer.deb)
Basic Linux commands (e.g. sudo chmod -R 777 tom.txt)
Create and delete databases
Database backup and restore
Manage DB using PhpMyAdmin
Feel free to ask
आचायात्पादमाद े पादं श यः वमेधया ।
स मचा र यः पादं पादं काल मेण च ॥
AchAryAt pAdamAdatte, pAdam
shiShyaH swamedhayA |
pAdam kAlakrameNa cha ||
One fourth from the teacher, one
fourth from own intelligence,
one fourth from classmates, and one
fourth only with time.