Cooperative Language Learning-group I


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Cooperative Language Learning-group I

  1. 1. CooperativeLanguage LearningPresented by :Group I
  2. 2. Member of GroupNur Holipah@ oyiiep201012500981Syarisah@cha_adjaah201012500129
  3. 3. BackgroundCooperative Learning is an approach to teaching that makesmaximum use of cooperative activities involving pairs and smallgroup of learners in the classroom.Goals of CLL:To provide opportunities for naturalistic second languageacquisition through the use of interactive pair and group activitiesTo provide teacher with a methodologyTo enable focused attention to particular lexical items, languagestructures, and communicative functionTo provide opportunities for learners to develop successful learning andcommunication strategiesTo enhance learner motivation and reduce learner stress and tocreate a positive affective classroom climate
  4. 4. ApproachTheory of LanguagePremise 1 :Learn totalkPremise 3 : Cooperativerules or maximPremise 5 :CooperativeStructuredInteractional activitiesPremise 4 :everydayconversationalinteractionPremise 2 : most talk/ speech
  5. 5. Theory of Learning Develop communicative competence Practise in conversing Develop learnersSix Learning Advantages for ESL students in CLL Calssroom : Increased frequency and variety of second language Support cognitive development and increased language skills Opportunities to integrate language with content-based instruction Opportunities to include a greater variety of curricular materials Freedom for teachers to master new professional skills, particularlydoes emphasizing communication Opportunities for students to act as resources for eachothers, thus assuming a more active role in their learning
  6. 6. DesignDevelopcommunicativecompetenceDevelopcriticalthingkingskillsFosterCooperationGeneral ObjectivesStudentsachievementMotivation orpositiveaffectiveHavingexperiencesSpecific Objectives
  7. 7. The SyllabusCLL does not assume any particular form of language syllabus.Types of learning and teaching actoivities (Johnson et al. (1994:4-5)) :Formal cooperative learning groups.Informal cooperative learning groups.Cooperative base groups.Key elements of succesful group based learning CL (Olsen andKagan (1992)) :Positive interdependenceGroup FormationIndividual accountabilitySocial skillsStructuring and structures
  8. 8. Three major kinds of cooperative learning task andtheir learning focus. Coelho (1992b: 132) :Team practisefor commoninputJigsaw:diferentiated butpredeterminedinputCooperativeprojects :topics/resourcesselected bystudents/discovery learningLearnteamworkskillDirectors oftheirownlearningPlan, monitor,andevaluateLearnerroles
  9. 9. Teacher rolesCreate a highly structured and well organized learning environment Setting goals Planning and structuring task Estabilishing the physical arrangement Assigning students to group and roles Selecting material and time Facilitator of learningThe role of instructional materialsCreate opportunities for students to workcooperatively
  10. 10. ProcedureThe teacher assigns students to pairs with at least one good reader ineach pairStudent A describes the planning to write by student BThe prosedure is reversedThe student individually research the material they need for theircompositionsThe student work togetherThe student write their composition individuallyThe student proofread and making correction to other’s compositionRevise their compositionsReread each other’s compositions and sign their names to indicate thateach composition is error-free
  11. 11. Conclusions• The use of discussion groups• Increase student’s participation• Planned to maximize student’sinteraction• Facilitate student’s contributions• Can be collaborated with other teachingmethods• Enhances both learning and learner’sinteraction skills
  12. 12. Thank you for watching 