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description and types of communicable strategies

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description and types of communicable strategies

  1. 1. Definition and Types of Communicative Strategies
  2. 2. Definition of Communicative Strategies • Communicative strategies are strategies that learners use to overcome these problems in order to convey their intended meaning. Strategies used may include paraphrasing, substitution, coining new words, switching to the first language. And asking for clarification.
  3. 3. Types of Communicative Strategies 1. Nomination 2. Restriction 3. Turn-Taking 4. Topic Control 5. Topic Shifting 6. Repair 7. Termination
  4. 4. Nomination • A speaker carries out nomination to collaboratively and productively establish a topic. Basically, when you employ this strategy, you try to open a topic with the people you are talking to.
  5. 5. Restriction • It refers to any limitation you may have as a speaker. When communicating in the classroom, in a meeting, or while hanging out with your friends, you are typically given specific instructions confine you as a speaker and limit what you can say.
  6. 6. Turn-Taking • Sometimes people are given unequal opportunities to talk because others take much time during the conversation . Turn-Taking pertains to the process by which people decide who takes the conversational floor. There is a code of behavior behind establishing and sustaining a productive conversation, but the primary idea is to give all communications a chance to speak.
  7. 7. Topic Control • It covers how procedural formality or informality affects the development of topic on conversations. For example, in meetings, you may only have the turn to speak after the chairperson directs you to do so. Contrast this with a casual conversation with friends over lunch or coffee where you may take the conversation floor anytime.
  8. 8. Topic Shifting • As the name suggests, it involves moving one topic to another. In other words it is where one part of a conversation ends and where another begins.
  9. 9. Repair • It refers to how speakers address the problems in speaking, listening, and comprehending that they may encounter in a conversation. For example, if everybody in the conversation seems to talk at the same time, give way to appreciate other's initiative to set the conversation back to its topic.
  10. 10. Termination • It refers to the conversation participants close- initiating that end a topic in a conversation. Most of the time, the topic initiator takes responsibility to signal the end of the discussion as well.