LESSONS LEARNT   FROM THE HISTORY  OF CYCLING DEVELOPMENT  IN GDANSK Kyiv, Veloforum 5 June 2011. Dr Piotr Kuropatwiński, ...
AGENDA IDENTIFICATION OF STRATEGIC DRIFT SECOND PLAN – LESSONS LEARNT OR NEGLECTED  RECENT DEVELOPMENTS SPEAKER AS SUCH BE...
SPEAKER  AS SUCH
One of  the  first five  certified  BYPAD  auditors  i n  Poland Dr (Econ.)  (senior lecturer in the Dept of Economic Poli...
BEGINNINGS –  TOP DOWN   &  BOTTOM UP
<ul><li>The first comprehensive plan of dedicated cycling tracks prepared in 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of the fi...
<ul><li>Annual cycling rallies from Wrzeszcz to Gdansk  - f rom  ca.  70 +  participants in 1997 to about 6000 participant...
THE FIRST VICTORY: THE GDANSK CYCLING INVESTMENT & PROMOTION PROJECT
THE GDANSK CYCLING INFRASTRUCTURE & PROMOTION PROJECT <ul><ul><li>30 km of dedicated cycling routes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
  SUCCESSFUL (?) IMPLEMENTATION PROMOTIONAL SUCCESS - GDANSK STARTS TO BE CONSIDERED AS THE LEADING POLISH CYCLING CITY   ...
IDENTIFICATION  OF STRATEGIC DRIFT
  Construction first – promotion later ? Many low hanging fruit lost   or   neglected Cycling considered to be safe only o...
  G rowth in  car  traffic levels Motorisation rate  (passenger cars/1000 inhabitants) Source: http://epp.eurostat.ec.euro...
  Construction first – promotion later ? Increased number of cars parked on walkways Source: http://infobike.pl/text.php?i...
Conflict: avoidance or exposure  ? <ul><li>In case  of conflicts – car parking places retained and construction of a cycli...
IDENTIFICATION  OF STRATEGIC DRIFT
Second cycling  development plan Inclusion of cycling into EU structural funding opportunities Continuation of routism Don...
CHALLENGE  FROM BELOW
Cycling development or regional development? <ul><li>Invitation of Tczew to the Partner Group of the Green Development of ...
źródło  :  Biuro Promocji Miasta  Tczew a First cycling rally in the city of Tczew – September 200 7
HANDING OVER THE  FIRST BYPAD CERTIFICATES  IN POLAND źródło: materiały PSWE
RECENT  DEVELOPMENTS
Strategic reorientation Change at the position of the Cycling Officer of the city of Gdansk Participation of 3 representat...
Awareness raising and extension of imagination <ul><li>Traffic calming </li></ul>
Traffic calming  and  contraflow cycling  allowed  in  the old  city centre
WDRAŻANIE BYPAD audit of the city in spring 2010 źródło: materiały BYPAD
<ul><li>BYPAD INSPECTION TOUR & DISCUSSION </li></ul>Source: PSWE materials
President  Adamowicz  receives the BYPAD certificate in CPH źródło: materiały PSWE
„ Bike Fridays” campaign organised in September 2010 źródło: materiały PSWE
Bike Fridays leaflet and partners źródło: materiały PSWE
The  First  Polish  Congress of Active Mobility organised in Gdańsk in September/October 2010
<ul><li>Decision to file the application to organise the Velo-city Global 2014 in Gdansk </li></ul><ul><li>Decision to org...
PUMA   POLSKA UNIA MOBILNOŚCI AKTYWNEJ POLISH UNION OF ACTIVE MOBILITY
<ul><li>Participation in the European project consortia: </li></ul><ul><li>Iron Curtain Trail (EuroVelo 13) </li></ul><ul>...
SUMMARY  & CONCLUSIONS
<ul><li>Avoid the trap  of  a  car oriented cycling development policy </li></ul><ul><li>Put stress on the challenges of m...
<ul><li>Do not fight directly with routism  – dedicated cycle routes along main  traffic  arteries and along attractive wa...
źródło  :  http://kerdipanbintang.files.wordpress.com/2008/05/paris-hilton-reading-the-art-of-war-by-sun-tzu2.jpg SUN TZU ...
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION  
THIS PRESENTATION WAS PREPARED BY A TEAM COMPOSED OF : TELEPHONE:   E-MAIL:   ANDRZEJ B. PIOTROWICZ  +48 502 200 559  [ema...
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Lessons from the history of cycling development in Gdansk

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A presentation by Dr. Piotr Kuropatwinski (Gdansk, Poland) at the Veloforum 2011 Conference in Kyiv, Ukraine (www.veloforum.org)

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  • 1 Co jest źródłem niepokoju? (zwykle brak harmonii) Ale dążenie do bezkonfliktowej harmonii jest bliskie dążeniu do autorytarnych rządów i zaniku przedsiębiorczości, innowacji i postaw obywatelskich (wybierzmy naszych przedstawicieli i niech oni za nas decydują…), a my sobie ponarzekamy: jeszcze nigdy tak nie było żeby jakoś nie było; jakoś to będzie… (ale nie koniecznie nijako – może być pełzanie po dnie na którym jest 2 metry mułu, a od czasu do czasu mogą się zdarzyć katastrofy: na przykład klimatyczna: powódź, trąba powietrzna, nawalne deszcze - nawet w wysoko cywilizowanych krajach.) Technologia rozwiązuje wiele, ale na pewno nie wszystkie sprawy.
  • 1 Co jest źródłem niepokoju? (zwykle brak harmonii) Ale dążenie do bezkonfliktowej harmonii jest bliskie dążeniu do autorytarnych rządów i zaniku przedsiębiorczości, innowacji i postaw obywatelskich (wybierzmy naszych przedstawicieli i niech oni za nas decydują…), a my sobie ponarzekamy: jeszcze nigdy tak nie było żeby jakoś nie było; jakoś to będzie… (ale nie koniecznie nijako – może być pełzanie po dnie na którym jest 2 metry mułu, a od czasu do czasu mogą się zdarzyć katastrofy: na przykład klimatyczna: powódź, trąba powietrzna, nawalne deszcze - nawet w wysoko cywilizowanych krajach.) Technologia rozwiązuje wiele, ale na pewno nie wszystkie sprawy.
  • Lessons from the history of cycling development in Gdansk

    1. 1. LESSONS LEARNT FROM THE HISTORY OF CYCLING DEVELOPMENT IN GDANSK Kyiv, Veloforum 5 June 2011. Dr Piotr Kuropatwiński, University of Gdańsk, Pomeranian Association „Common Europe”
    2. 2. AGENDA IDENTIFICATION OF STRATEGIC DRIFT SECOND PLAN – LESSONS LEARNT OR NEGLECTED RECENT DEVELOPMENTS SPEAKER AS SUCH BEGINNINGS – TOP DOWN AND BOTTOM UP FIRST VICTORY CHALLENGE FROM BELOW SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
    3. 3. SPEAKER AS SUCH
    4. 4. One of the first five certified BYPAD auditors i n Poland Dr (Econ.) (senior lecturer in the Dept of Economic Policy University of Gdańsk) Dr Piotr Kuropatwiński Took part in 8 Velo-city Congresses (Graz-Maribor, Edinburgh-Glasgow, Paris, Dublin, Munich, Brussels, Copenhagen and Sevilla) Member Polish Ecological Club East Pomeranian Branch Vice-President of the European Cyclists’ Federation Co-author „Concept of Development of the Cycling System in Pomeranian Voivodship „Green Paper” SPEAKER AS SUCH source: PSWE material
    5. 5. BEGINNINGS – TOP DOWN & BOTTOM UP
    6. 6. <ul><li>The first comprehensive plan of dedicated cycling tracks prepared in 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of the first riverfront car free walking and cycling route from Zaspa to Jelitkowo – immediate success in spite of poor quality of paving </li></ul><ul><li>Painting of a white line on the parallel walkway </li></ul>Beginnings – top down source:
    7. 7. <ul><li>Annual cycling rallies from Wrzeszcz to Gdansk - f rom ca. 70 + participants in 1997 to about 6000 participants in 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Formulation of postulates & their w illy-nilly acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Overall plan + Conceptual plan of the main cycling route along the main traffic a xis </li></ul>Beginnings – bottom up source:
    8. 8. THE FIRST VICTORY: THE GDANSK CYCLING INVESTMENT & PROMOTION PROJECT
    9. 9. THE GDANSK CYCLING INFRASTRUCTURE & PROMOTION PROJECT <ul><ul><li>30 km of dedicated cycling routes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic calming on 70 km of street network </li></ul></ul>Promotion of the project outcomes (in other cities of Poland – and – abroad) USD 2 MILLION FROM THE UNDP GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL FACILITY PLAN TO IMPLEMENT (IN TWO YEARS):
    10. 10. SUCCESSFUL (?) IMPLEMENTATION PROMOTIONAL SUCCESS - GDANSK STARTS TO BE CONSIDERED AS THE LEADING POLISH CYCLING CITY  IMPLEMENTATION TOOK SIX, NOT TWO YEARS  CONSTRUCTION OF 17 KM OF DEDICATED CYCLING ROUTES NUMBER OF TRAFFIC CALMED STREETS UNKNOWN
    11. 11. IDENTIFICATION OF STRATEGIC DRIFT
    12. 12. Construction first – promotion later ? Many low hanging fruit lost or neglected Cycling considered to be safe only off the carriage way – by drivers and decision makers (mixed traffic not formally allowed, but frequently practiced)
    13. 13. G rowth in car traffic levels Motorisation rate (passenger cars/1000 inhabitants) Source: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_OFFPUB/KS-DK-08-001/EN/KS-DK-08-001-EN.PDF
    14. 14. Construction first – promotion later ? Increased number of cars parked on walkways Source: http://infobike.pl/text.php?id=20385 Cycling facilities created only at the expense of green areas and pedestrian spaces
    15. 15. Conflict: avoidance or exposure ? <ul><li>In case of conflicts – car parking places retained and construction of a cycling facility postponed or abandoned </li></ul><ul><li>Neither cycling nor pedestrian traffic counted </li></ul><ul><li>Increased number of conflicts with pedestrians & roller skaters (in the internet discussions) </li></ul><ul><li>Little integration with public transport (local rail transit line) </li></ul>
    16. 16. IDENTIFICATION OF STRATEGIC DRIFT
    17. 17. Second cycling development plan Inclusion of cycling into EU structural funding opportunities Continuation of routism Don Quichoterie in the internet and formal cycling committee Cyclists do not cycle on the cycling routes only! Cutting of the initial plan
    18. 18. CHALLENGE FROM BELOW
    19. 19. Cycling development or regional development? <ul><li>Invitation of Tczew to the Partner Group of the Green Development of the Lower Vistula Valley </li></ul><ul><li>The first BYPAD audit </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion of Tczew in the OBIS & PRESTO project s </li></ul><ul><li>Idea to organise the Velo-city conference in Gdansk in 2013 put on the agenda </li></ul>
    20. 20. źródło : Biuro Promocji Miasta Tczew a First cycling rally in the city of Tczew – September 200 7
    21. 21. HANDING OVER THE FIRST BYPAD CERTIFICATES IN POLAND źródło: materiały PSWE
    22. 22. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    23. 23. Strategic reorientation Change at the position of the Cycling Officer of the city of Gdansk Participation of 3 representatives of the city administration in the Velo-city Conference in Brussels in 2009 Publication of the „Concept of development of the cycling system in Pomeranian Voivodship – Green Paper”
    24. 24. Awareness raising and extension of imagination <ul><li>Traffic calming </li></ul>
    25. 25. Traffic calming and contraflow cycling allowed in the old city centre
    26. 26. WDRAŻANIE BYPAD audit of the city in spring 2010 źródło: materiały BYPAD
    27. 27. <ul><li>BYPAD INSPECTION TOUR & DISCUSSION </li></ul>Source: PSWE materials
    28. 28. President Adamowicz receives the BYPAD certificate in CPH źródło: materiały PSWE
    29. 29. „ Bike Fridays” campaign organised in September 2010 źródło: materiały PSWE
    30. 30. Bike Fridays leaflet and partners źródło: materiały PSWE
    31. 31. The First Polish Congress of Active Mobility organised in Gdańsk in September/October 2010
    32. 32. <ul><li>Decision to file the application to organise the Velo-city Global 2014 in Gdansk </li></ul><ul><li>Decision to organise the Polish Union of Active Mobility (PUMA) – an association of local governments, business companies, academic institutions, NGOs and individuals </li></ul>
    33. 33. PUMA POLSKA UNIA MOBILNOŚCI AKTYWNEJ POLISH UNION OF ACTIVE MOBILITY
    34. 34. <ul><li>Participation in the European project consortia: </li></ul><ul><li>Iron Curtain Trail (EuroVelo 13) </li></ul><ul><li>Central Meet Bike (involvement of the cities from the Czech Republic, Slovakia and former GDR) </li></ul><ul><li>Ac c ess By Bike – promotion of intermodal solutions </li></ul>
    35. 35. SUMMARY & CONCLUSIONS
    36. 36. <ul><li>Avoid the trap of a car oriented cycling development policy </li></ul><ul><li>Put stress on the challenges of modern city life </li></ul><ul><li>– cycling considered as a tool, not an end in itself </li></ul><ul><li>Develop capacity to partnership co-operation or partnership management capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Sell successes to your local, regional and/or top politicians </li></ul>
    37. 37. <ul><li>Do not fight directly with routism – dedicated cycle routes along main traffic arteries and along attractive water fronts are O.K. </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to education and promotion </li></ul><ul><li>as much as to infrastructure development </li></ul><ul><li>Address your message to the small and slow: consider families, women and children as a target group </li></ul>
    38. 38. źródło : http://kerdipanbintang.files.wordpress.com/2008/05/paris-hilton-reading-the-art-of-war-by-sun-tzu2.jpg SUN TZU & PARIS HILTON
    39. 39. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION 
    40. 40. THIS PRESENTATION WAS PREPARED BY A TEAM COMPOSED OF : TELEPHONE: E-MAIL: ANDRZEJ B. PIOTROWICZ +48 502 200 559 [email_address] Dr PIOTR KUROPATWIŃSKI +48 501 069 616 [email_address]

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