Poland officially the Republic of Poland. It lies in Central Europe bordered by Germany tothe west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to thesouth; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east;and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, aRussian exclave, to the north. It has a population of over 38 million people.Warsaw is the capital city.
The culture of Polandis closely connectedwith its 1000 yearhistory.
Poland is a democracy, with apresident as a head of state. Thegovernment structure centerson the Council of Ministers, ledby a Prime Minister. Thepresident is elected by popularvote every five years.Prime MinisterDonald TuskPresident of PolandBronisław Komorowski
Pope John Paul IILech Wałęsa(ex-president) Wisława Szymborska(a poet)
Mikołaj Kopernik(an astronomer)Maria Curie –Skłodowska(a scientist)Fryderyk Chopin(a pianist)
Andrzej Wajda(a film director)Roman Polański(a film director)Daniel Olbrychski(an actor)
Violetta Villas(a singer)Aneta Kręglicka(Miss World 1989)Edyta Górniak(a singer)
The Republic of Poland is situated in the central region of theEuropean continent; it is mainly flat. However, you can findmountain ranges, highlands and plateaus in the south. In the norththere are lakes and the sea.
The Polish mountains have a lot to offer both in summer and inwinter as a destination for sightseeing and sports. Winter sports(skiing, snowboarding) can be practised in most regions. Insummer, they are popular with hikers, mountain bikers,paragliders and mountaineers.
The Tatras is a mountain range which forms anatural border between Slovakia and Poland.Rysy is the highest mountain (2,499 m).
Bieszczady is the Polish name fora mountain range in the extremesouth-east, extending into Ukraineand Slovakia.The highest parts are veryattractive areas for tourists, inparticular, for hiking and horseriding.You can find there many species ofanimals such as:deer, snake, wildcat, brownbear, wolf and golden eagle.
The Sudety Mountain region forms one ofthe best holiday destinations in Poland.You can see historic monuments, visitvintage spas and have an experience ofwell-conducted agro tourism.
The Polish Jura consists of a hilly landscapewith Jurassic limestone rocks, cliffs, valleysand vast limestone formations, featuringsome 220 caves. It is visited by roughly400,000 visitors a year.
The mine, built in the 13th century, is one of the worldsoldest salt mines still in operation. The mines attractionsinclude statues and a chapel that has been carved out ofthe rock salt by the miners. About 1.2 million people visitthe Wieliczka Salt Mine annually.
Białowieski National Park is the oldest national park inPoland and one of the oldest in Europe. This immense forest isthe home of some remarkable animal life including rare andinteresting mammals. Białowieski National Park has beeninscribed on the World Heritage List.
Malbork Castle is the largest castle in the world by surface area, and the largestbrick building in Europe, built in 1270.
The Masurian Lake District is a lake district in north-eastern Poland. There are more than 2,000 lakes. The districthas been elected as one of the 28 finalists of theNew7Wonders of Nature.
Słowiński National Park is situatedon the Baltic coast. The "movingdunes" are regarded as a curiosity ofnature on a European scale.
The Baltic Sea is one of the fascinatingareas with a rich history and an unspoilednature. Polish sea resorts offer wonderfulvacation opportunities.
Warsaw is the capital and largest city of Poland. Its populationis about 2 mln residents. It is an important economic center inCentral and Eastern Europe. Warsaw has many touristattractions; the Old Town, the Royal Castle and Nowy Świat.
Kraków was named the official European Capital of Culture for theyear 2000 by the European Union. It is a major attraction for bothlocal and international tourists, attracting seven million visitors ayear. Main landmarks include the Market Square with St. MarysBasilica and the Sukiennice Cloth Hall, the Wawel Castle and themedieval St Florians Gate.
The city lies on the southern edge of Gdańsk Bay (of the BalticSea) close to the cities of Gdynia and Sopot, which together forma metropolitan area called the Tricity. Gdańsk is Polandsprincipal seaport.
Sopot is a major health-spa and tourist resort destination. It hasthe longest wooden pier in Europe. The city is also famous forits Sopot International Song Festival, the largest such event inEurope after the Eurovision Song Contest.
Łódź is situated in the central Poland. It is the third-largest city with a population of 700,000. It is the capitalof Łódź Province.
Łódź first appears in the written record in a 1332document. A constant influx of workers, businessmenand craftsmen from all over Europe transformed Łódźinto the main textile industry city. Soon it became thesecond-largest city in Poland.Sigillum oppidi Lodzia 157
One of the most important Łódź industrialists wasKarl Wilhelm Scheibler. In 1852 he came here andtogether with Julius Schwarz started buying propertyand building several factories. Later on Scheiblerbought out Schwarzs share and thus became theowner of a large business.Scheibler’s factory
Łódź is famous for its Film School.The Leon Schillers National Higher School ofFilm, Television and Theatre in Łódź is the mostnotable academy for futureactors, directors, photographers, camera operators andTV staff in Poland.
The largest 19th century textilefactory complex which was builtby Izrael Poznanski has beenturned into a shopping centrecalled "Manufaktura" which isan example of a modernbusiness operating in restorednineteenth century buildings.Now it is the biggest shoppingcentre in Poland and one thelargest in Europe.Poznański’s Palace
Piotrkowska Street is the main artery andattraction stretching for over fivekilometres, making it (one of) the longestcommercial streets in the world.
Although Łódź does not have any hills nor any large body ofwater, one can still get close to nature in one of the citys manyparks; Łagiewniki - the largest city park in Europe.
Atlas Arena is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Łódź. Thebiggest concerts and sports events are held there. RogerWaters, A-ha, Depeche Mode, Rammstein, TokioHotel, Shakira, 30 Seconds to Mars, Sade and Rihanna havegiven their performances in the Atlas.