Occupational safety & health...ii


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Occupational safety & health...ii

  1. 1. LOGO OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY & HEALTH Top priority of Human Resource Management……… Module : 7
  2. 2. Company Logo Contents Organizational Health1 Safety Management2 Employee Grievances3 Steps in Grievance procedure4
  3. 3. Company Logo
  4. 4. Occupational health should aim at  “the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well- being of workers in all occupations;  the prevention amongst workers of departures from health caused by their working conditions;  the protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health;  the placing and maintenance of the worker in an occupational environment adapted to his physiological and psychological capabilities; and, to summarize, the adaptation of work to man and of each man to his job.” Company Logo
  5. 5. "The main focus in occupational health is on three different objectives: (i) the maintenance and promotion of workers’ health and working capacity; (ii) the improvement of working environment and work to become conducive to safety and health and (iii) development of work organizations and working cultures in a direction which supports health and safety at work and in doing so also promotes a positive social climate and smooth operation and may enhance productivity of the undertakings. Company Logo
  6. 6. Company Logo Industrial Health Industrial health is essential to 1. Promote and maintain the highest degree of physical, social, mental well being of workers Improve productivity & quality of work Reduce accidents, injuries, absenteeism and labour turnover Protect workers against any
  7. 7. Company Logo Workplace hazards Physical & Mechanical Biological chemical Psychological & social issues • Employment of children • Falls • An engineering workshop • Machines • Confined spaces • Noise • Temperature extremes • Electricity • Bacteria • Virus • Fungi • Mold • Blood-borne • Tuberculosis • Acids • Bases • Heavy metals • Lead • Solvents • Petroleum • Work-related stress overwork • Violence • Bullying, • Sexual harassment • Mobbing • Burnout
  8. 8. LEGAL PROVISIONS REGARDING HEALTH Factories Act, 1948 lays emphasis on 1. Cleanliness 2. Wastes 3. Ventilation and temperature 4. Dust & fumes 5. Artificial humidification 6. Over crowding 7. Lighting 8. Drinking water 9. Latrine & Urinals 10.Spittoons Company Logo
  9. 9. Employee Safety The main purpose of effective safety programs is to prevent work related injuries and accident. 1. Slipping, tripping or falling on the floor hazard 2. Equipment hazard 3. Hazards from falling objects 4. Fire Hazards Company Logo
  10. 10. Effective Safety Management 1. Safety policy 2. Top Management support 3. Safety committee 4. Safety discipline motivation 5. Safety engineering 6. Safety training and communication 7. Accident investigation & Research 8. Evaluation of safety effort 9. Government support Company Logo
  11. 11. Legal provision regarding safety 1. Fencing of machinery 2. Employment of young persons 3. Employment of women, children near cotton openers 4. Hoists & Lifts 5. Revolving Machinery 6. Pressure plant 7. Floors, stairs and means of access 8. Excessive weights 9. Precaution with regard to portable lights 10. Excessive Weights 11. Dangerous fumes & gases 12. Precautions in case of fire 13. Explosive or inflammable gas or dust 14. Protection of Eyes Etc…. Company Logo
  12. 12. Occupational safety and health  Division of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) DOSH protects workers from safety hazards through its Cal/OSHA program and provides consultative assistance to employers.  In addition to ensuring safe and healthful working conditions, the Division of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) has two major units devoted to conducting inspections to protect the public from safety hazards: The Elevator and Ride and Tramway Units conducts public safety inspections of elevators, amusement rides -- both portable and permanent -- and aerial passenger tramways, or ski lifts. The Pressure Vessel Unit conducts public safety inspections of boilers, air and liquid storage tanks, and other types of pressure vessels. Company Logo
  13. 13. Company Logo
  14. 14. LOGO On April 28 The ILO celebrates "World Day for Safety and Health"[ “Healthy Cities” Since 2003
  15. 15. Company Logo
  16. 16. Employee Grievances 1.A grievance refers to any form of discontent or dissatisfaction with any aspect of the organization. 2. Dissatisfaction should arise out of employment and not due to personal or family problems. 3. The discontent may arise out of factual or imaginary reasons. 4. The discontent may be voiced or non voiced. 5. Broadly speaking, grievance is traceable to perceived non fulfillment of ones expectations from the organization Company Logo
  17. 17. Effects On production 1. Low productivity 2. Low quality and quantity of production 3. Increase in wastage of materials 4. Increase in cost of production per unit On employee 1. Increased rate of absenteeism 2. Reduces the level of commitment 3. Increases accidents 4. Reduce level of employee morale On Manager 1. Strain in superior- subordinate relation 2. Increase in the degree of supervision 3. Increase in indiscipline cases 4. Increase in unrest Company Logo
  18. 18. Steps in Grievance procedure Identify grievance Define correctly Collect data Analyze and solve Prompt redressal Implement & follow up Company Logo
  19. 19. Advantages of Grievance Handling Procedure The management can know the employees feeling and opinions about the company’s policies and practices. Employee get a chance to ventilate his feelings, through official channel. Keep a check on supervisors attitude and Behavior The morale will be high with an existence of a good grievance cell. Company Logo
  20. 20. Discipline- three interpretations Discipline is intercepted as a sort of check or restraint in the freedom of a person. Discipline is used to refer to the act of imposing penalties for wrong behavior. Negative discipline Positive discipline Self discipline & Control Company Logo
  21. 21. Disciplinary Action Issuing a letter of charge Consideration of explanations Show cause notice Holding a full fledged enquiry Making final order of punishment Follow up Or Punishment or Suspension/ Dismissal or Discharge Company Logo
  22. 22. Essentials of Good Disciplinary system To avoid conflict and law suits managers must administer discipline properly. Effective discipline should be aimed at behavior and not on the personality traits. Effective disciplinary procedures of an organization may be listed as 1. Rules and performance criteria 2. Documentation of facts 3. Consistent response to rule violation 4. Training of supervisors 5. Prompt action 6. Impersonal discipline 7. Reasonable penalty 8. Follow up Company Logo
  23. 23. Labour Legislations offering social security  The Workmen’s compensation Act, 1923- impose an obligation on the employer to pay compensation to the workman who suffers partial or total incapacity for more than 3 days leading to loss in the earning capacity  The Employee’s State Insurance Act, 1948- Offer social insurance to workers in respect of three contingencies- sickness, employment injury, and child birth.  The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961- applicable to establishments not covered under ESI Act, 1948.  The Employers Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Act, 1952- Benefit to workers in the form of pension, provident fund and deposit linked insurance.  Group Insurance Company Logo
  24. 24. LOGO Add your company slogan